Dante’s Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
Canto XVIII 8th circle Malebolge
The eighth circle is divided into ten moats
In the first chasm, they see demons
whipping running spirits
These are the panderers (pimps) and
seducers
The spirit of Venedico de’ Caccianimico
speaks to Dante
He pimped his own sister, Ghisola.
His father Alberto was head of ...
Whipped in the other direction are the
seducers
Here is Jason, who seduced and abandoned
both Hypsipyle and Medea
Hypsipyle had saved the Argonauts
And Medea had
made it possible for
Jason to capture the
golden fleece.
In the second ditch, they see spirits sunk in
excrement
These are the
flatterers
Alessio Interminei hails Dante
He points out Thais, who flattered her
lover
Canto XIX Circle 8, Chasm 3
Here are the simonists
Simon Magus
disputed with
St. Peter.
The simonists are inverted into rocky cracks;
their feet are in flames
The cracks remind Dante of baptismal fonts
Dante addresses one simonist whose legs are
writhing in particular agony
This simonist thinks Dante is Pope Boniface VIII,
come to push him deeper into the fissure
The man identifies himself as Pope
Nicholas III
Nicholas III
Nicholas III (1277-1280) 3 years He fixed his seat in the
Vatican and lived there most of the time. For that
...
Nicholas tells Dante that after Boniface will
come Clement
Dante speaks hotly against simony
Neither St. Peter nor St. Matthew, nor any
of the apostles, asked money for their
services
But Simon Magus fell straight to Hell
Dante speaks of the Revelations of St. John
the Divine
He compares corrupt
popes to the whore of
Babylon.
Dante traces the evil back to the donation of
Constantine and Pope Sylvester I
Pleased, Virgil carries Dante to the 4th
chasm
Canto XX: Circle 8, Chasm 4
Dante describes the seers and sorcerers
Their heads are on backwards, and their
tears flow to their butt cracks
When Dante weeps in pity, Virgil scolds him for
feeling for those who scorned God’s judgment
Virgil points
out
Amphiaraus
And Tiresias
The Theban seer. He spent seven years in the form of a woman after striking a pair
of coupling snakes. On str...
Aruns
The Etruscan seer who in
Lucan’s Pharsalia i 584-638
prophesied the Civil War in
Rome that ended in Julius
Caesar de...
And Manto, daughter of Tiresias
Though Virgil’s native
Mantua was named
for her, it was built
after her death,
without sorcery.
He points out Eurypylus, a seer in the Trojan war
"Now indeed I see how worthless the seers' doings are,
and how full of f...
Michael Scott
Michael Scott of Balwearie (c1190-1250) studied at
Oxford, Paris and Toledo. He followed the Emperor
Frederi...
Astrologer Guido Bonatti
The private astrologer to
Guido da Montefeltro. He
came from Forlì and was a
tiler by trade. He w...
And finally, Asdente
A shoemaker of Parma.
Asdente, “the toothless,”
whose real name was
Benvenuto, practiced as a
soothsa...
Virgil says they must hurry on
Canto XXI: Circle 8, Chasm 5
The next bolgia is full of boiling tar
Nothing can be seen but bubbles
Suddenly, a demon carrying a sinner runs
up
The sinner is thrown
into the pitch, while
other demons jab at
him.
These are the grafters, who used positions
of public trust to make money
Dante hides in fear
Virgil scolds the demons and demands an
escort
Malacoda provides the escort
One demon makes a trumpet of his butt
Canto XXII: Circle 8, Chasm 5
Escorted by ten
demons, Dante
observes sinners arching
above the boiling pitch,
then quickly sinking.
Dante asks Virgil to speak to one of the sinners
who was hanging on a demon’s pitchfork
The sinner is Ciampolo
He sold favors
while in the
employ of
Theobaldo II, who
was Count of
Champagne and
King of Navarre.
As demons tear at him, Ciampolo names
other Italians who are in the tar
• Friar Gomita
• Don Michel Zanche
Ciampolo breaks free of the demons
The demons quarreled, and the poets
moved on
Canto XXIII: Circle 8, Chasm 6
Fearing their escort, the poets run and
slide to the next bank themselves
Below them, they see hooded figures
circling slowly
Their monkish robes are golden on the outside,
but lined with heavy lead
These are the hypocrites
Two spirits approach Dante
They are Catalano
and Lederingo,
members of the
“Jovial Friars,” who
were supposed to
protect t...
Dante notices a spirit pinned to the ground
It is Caiphas
Caiphas convinced the Romans to crucify
Christ
Caiphas was supported by his father-in-law
Annas
The friars tell Virgil that there is a way out
without summoning the demons
Virgil is angry, but the
hypocrites remind
him...
Canto XXIV: Circle 8, Chasm 7
After an exhausting climb, the poets reach
chasm seven
Dante sees masses of snakes
The snakes encircled thieves
A serpent bites a sinner, who bursts into
flame, burns to ashes, and is then painfully
reconstituted
Virgil asks the man his name, it is Vanni
Fucci
When Dante, who knew Vanni, asks about his
crime, Vanni turns to him, saying he robbed a
church
Fucci then prophesizes the future of
Florence
Canto XXV: Circle 8, Chasm 7
At the end of his speech, Fucci aims an
obscene fig gesture at God
Dante sees Cacus, part dragon and part
man
Cacus, a centaur, stole Hercules’ cattle
Cacus runs off
Three spirits appear. One a serpent,
attacks another
Dante describes the double
transformations of Cianfa Donati and
Brunelleschi Agnello
And in detail, the exchange between
Francesco de Cavalcanti and Buoso
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
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ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV

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ENGL220 Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV

  1. 1. Dante’s Inferno Canto XVIII-XXV
  2. 2. Canto XVIII 8th circle Malebolge
  3. 3. The eighth circle is divided into ten moats
  4. 4. In the first chasm, they see demons whipping running spirits
  5. 5. These are the panderers (pimps) and seducers
  6. 6. The spirit of Venedico de’ Caccianimico speaks to Dante He pimped his own sister, Ghisola. His father Alberto was head of the Bolognese Guelphs. He himself was a leading Guelph, exiled in 1289, and a follower of Marquis Obizzo Il d’Este of Ferrara. He is in the eighth circle, first chasm, of pimps, go- betweens, and panders.
  7. 7. Whipped in the other direction are the seducers
  8. 8. Here is Jason, who seduced and abandoned both Hypsipyle and Medea
  9. 9. Hypsipyle had saved the Argonauts
  10. 10. And Medea had made it possible for Jason to capture the golden fleece.
  11. 11. In the second ditch, they see spirits sunk in excrement
  12. 12. These are the flatterers
  13. 13. Alessio Interminei hails Dante
  14. 14. He points out Thais, who flattered her lover
  15. 15. Canto XIX Circle 8, Chasm 3
  16. 16. Here are the simonists Simon Magus disputed with St. Peter.
  17. 17. The simonists are inverted into rocky cracks; their feet are in flames
  18. 18. The cracks remind Dante of baptismal fonts
  19. 19. Dante addresses one simonist whose legs are writhing in particular agony
  20. 20. This simonist thinks Dante is Pope Boniface VIII, come to push him deeper into the fissure
  21. 21. The man identifies himself as Pope Nicholas III
  22. 22. Nicholas III Nicholas III (1277-1280) 3 years He fixed his seat in the Vatican and lived there most of the time. For that purpose he had a palace built which was the early nucleus of the Vatican buildings. He built also the gardens and the famous "Passetto do Borgo.” He was considered nepotistic and miserly.
  23. 23. Nicholas tells Dante that after Boniface will come Clement
  24. 24. Dante speaks hotly against simony
  25. 25. Neither St. Peter nor St. Matthew, nor any of the apostles, asked money for their services
  26. 26. But Simon Magus fell straight to Hell
  27. 27. Dante speaks of the Revelations of St. John the Divine
  28. 28. He compares corrupt popes to the whore of Babylon.
  29. 29. Dante traces the evil back to the donation of Constantine and Pope Sylvester I
  30. 30. Pleased, Virgil carries Dante to the 4th chasm
  31. 31. Canto XX: Circle 8, Chasm 4
  32. 32. Dante describes the seers and sorcerers
  33. 33. Their heads are on backwards, and their tears flow to their butt cracks
  34. 34. When Dante weeps in pity, Virgil scolds him for feeling for those who scorned God’s judgment
  35. 35. Virgil points out Amphiaraus
  36. 36. And Tiresias The Theban seer. He spent seven years in the form of a woman after striking a pair of coupling snakes. On striking them again he was changed back. He was therefore called upon, by Jupiter, to judge an argument, between himself and Juno, as to whether men or women get the most pleasure from lovemaking. Deciding in favour of women, and so Jupiter, Juno struck him blind, Jupiter giving him the power of prophecy to compensate for his blindness.
  37. 37. Aruns The Etruscan seer who in Lucan’s Pharsalia i 584-638 prophesied the Civil War in Rome that ended in Julius Caesar defeating Pompey the Great.
  38. 38. And Manto, daughter of Tiresias
  39. 39. Though Virgil’s native Mantua was named for her, it was built after her death, without sorcery.
  40. 40. He points out Eurypylus, a seer in the Trojan war "Now indeed I see how worthless the seers' doings are, and how full of falsehood ... Why do we consult prophets? We ought to sacrifice to the gods and ask a blessing, but leave divination alone; for this was invented otherwise, as a bait for a livelihood, and no man grows rich by sacrifices if he is idle. But sound judgment and discernment are the best of seers." [Messenger. Euripides, Helen 745-755]
  41. 41. Michael Scott Michael Scott of Balwearie (c1190-1250) studied at Oxford, Paris and Toledo. He followed the Emperor Frederick II to his court, though he died in Scotland. He was a translator of Aristotle, and a famous astrologer.
  42. 42. Astrologer Guido Bonatti The private astrologer to Guido da Montefeltro. He came from Forlì and was a tiler by trade. He wrote Liber Introductorius ad Judicia Stellorum (c1170) and was credited with aiding Guido’s victory over the French Papal forces at Forlì in 1282.
  43. 43. And finally, Asdente A shoemaker of Parma. Asdente, “the toothless,” whose real name was Benvenuto, practiced as a soothsayer. He died c1284.
  44. 44. Virgil says they must hurry on
  45. 45. Canto XXI: Circle 8, Chasm 5
  46. 46. The next bolgia is full of boiling tar
  47. 47. Nothing can be seen but bubbles
  48. 48. Suddenly, a demon carrying a sinner runs up
  49. 49. The sinner is thrown into the pitch, while other demons jab at him.
  50. 50. These are the grafters, who used positions of public trust to make money
  51. 51. Dante hides in fear
  52. 52. Virgil scolds the demons and demands an escort
  53. 53. Malacoda provides the escort
  54. 54. One demon makes a trumpet of his butt
  55. 55. Canto XXII: Circle 8, Chasm 5
  56. 56. Escorted by ten demons, Dante observes sinners arching above the boiling pitch, then quickly sinking.
  57. 57. Dante asks Virgil to speak to one of the sinners who was hanging on a demon’s pitchfork
  58. 58. The sinner is Ciampolo He sold favors while in the employ of Theobaldo II, who was Count of Champagne and King of Navarre.
  59. 59. As demons tear at him, Ciampolo names other Italians who are in the tar • Friar Gomita • Don Michel Zanche
  60. 60. Ciampolo breaks free of the demons
  61. 61. The demons quarreled, and the poets moved on
  62. 62. Canto XXIII: Circle 8, Chasm 6
  63. 63. Fearing their escort, the poets run and slide to the next bank themselves
  64. 64. Below them, they see hooded figures circling slowly
  65. 65. Their monkish robes are golden on the outside, but lined with heavy lead
  66. 66. These are the hypocrites
  67. 67. Two spirits approach Dante They are Catalano and Lederingo, members of the “Jovial Friars,” who were supposed to protect the weak, but misused their positions.
  68. 68. Dante notices a spirit pinned to the ground
  69. 69. It is Caiphas
  70. 70. Caiphas convinced the Romans to crucify Christ
  71. 71. Caiphas was supported by his father-in-law Annas
  72. 72. The friars tell Virgil that there is a way out without summoning the demons Virgil is angry, but the hypocrites remind him that Satan is the father of lies.
  73. 73. Canto XXIV: Circle 8, Chasm 7
  74. 74. After an exhausting climb, the poets reach chasm seven
  75. 75. Dante sees masses of snakes
  76. 76. The snakes encircled thieves
  77. 77. A serpent bites a sinner, who bursts into flame, burns to ashes, and is then painfully reconstituted
  78. 78. Virgil asks the man his name, it is Vanni Fucci
  79. 79. When Dante, who knew Vanni, asks about his crime, Vanni turns to him, saying he robbed a church
  80. 80. Fucci then prophesizes the future of Florence
  81. 81. Canto XXV: Circle 8, Chasm 7
  82. 82. At the end of his speech, Fucci aims an obscene fig gesture at God
  83. 83. Dante sees Cacus, part dragon and part man
  84. 84. Cacus, a centaur, stole Hercules’ cattle
  85. 85. Cacus runs off
  86. 86. Three spirits appear. One a serpent, attacks another
  87. 87. Dante describes the double transformations of Cianfa Donati and Brunelleschi Agnello
  88. 88. And in detail, the exchange between Francesco de Cavalcanti and Buoso

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