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Pre Colonial Literature Philippines


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21st century Literature Philippines and the World

K TO 12 Program

Published in: Education
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Pre Colonial Literature Philippines

  1. 1. To trace our rich heritage of ideas and handed down to us from our forefathers For appreciation of our heritage. To Understand that we have noble traditions which can serve as the means to assimilate other cultures.
  2. 2.  Literature and history are closely interrelated.  In discovering history of a race, a country, we basically understand their own culture and traditions, hence the written customs and traditions of a country, the dreams and aspirations of its people is called Literature.  History can also be written down and this too, is literature. History therefore is an integral part of literature.
  3. 3.  The literature of a formative past by the various groups of people who inhabited the archipelago  A literature of varying human interest  Close to the religious and political organizations of the ancient Filipinos  The verses were addressed to the ears rather than the eyes
  4. 4.  Verses composed and sung were regarded as group property  Versification:  Octosyllabic  Legendary and religious poems  Dodecasyllabic  Romance
  5. 5. Dalawang Balon Hindi Malingon Sa araw ay Bunbong Sa gabi ay dahon
  6. 6. Sang dalagang marikit Nakaupo sa tinik Kung bayaa’y nabubuhay Kung himasi’y namamatay
  7. 7.  Made up of one or more measured lines with rhymes and may consist of 4 to 12 syllables  Showcase the Filipino wit, literary talent, and keen observation of the surroundings  Involves reference to one or two images that symbolize the characteristics of an unknown object that is to be guessed
  8. 8.  To entertain. Living in remote areas, before the advent of electricity, families would sit around the fire and the elders would quiz the younger generation with riddles.  To educate. Riddles serve the function of passing down knowledge from one generation to the next. They require thinking in order to solve them.  To titillate. Many old Filipino riddles contain double entendres that were intended to amuse the men and shock the women.  To curse, without expressly cursing. A riddle could be made up against an enemy, rival town, or suitor.  To preserve the culture. Riddles communicate the old ways from one generation to the next.
  9. 9.  Ate mo, ate ko, Ate ng lahat ng tao.(My sister, your sister, everyone's sister)  Atis (Sugar Apple)
  10. 10.  Epigrams/maxims/proverbs  Short poems that have been customarily been used and served as laws or rules on good behavior by our ancestors  Allegories or parables that impart lessons for the young  Often expressing a single idea, that is usually satirical and had a witty ending  Maxims- rhyming couplets (5,6,8 syllables)
  11. 11.  Ex of salawikain  Ang matapat na kaibigan, tunay na maaasahan. - - -You will know a true friend in time of need.
  12. 12.  Ex of Sawikain  kumukulo ang dugo "blood is boiling" = is very angry  isulat sa tubig "write on water" = forget about it Ex of Maxims  Pag hindi ukol, Hindi bubukol. -means What is not intended for one will not bear fruit.
  13. 13.  Used in witchcraft or enchantments  Sa hinaba-haba ng prusisyon Sa simbahan din pala ang tuloy Hele hele Bago kyeme
  14. 14.  Halimbawa (for example): Tabi, tabi po, Ingkong Makikiraan po lamang.
  15. 15.  Used in teasing or to comment on a persons’ acutations  “Catitibay ca tolos Sacaling datnang agos Aco’ I momonting lomot Sa iyo’ I popolopot”  Nag-almusal mag-isa Kaning lamig, tinapa; Nahulog ang kutsara Ikaw na sana, sinta
  16. 16.  A quatrain with seven syllables each with the same rhyme at the end of each line  No title  7-7-7-7  AABB  Ex. “Tahak ng tingin, tulak ng sulyap, yakap, lapat ng titig sa balikat. hatak pa, kindat, hakat”
  17. 17.  traditional poetry of the Hanunoo Mangyans of Oriental Mindoro which is normally inscribed on bamboo using a pre-Colonial syllabic writing system called the Surat Mangyan .  seven-syllable metric lines  can be composed of more than four lines  usually chanted  teaches lessons about life  recited by parents to educate their children, by the youth to express their love, by the old to impart experiences, or by the community in tribal ceremonies
  18. 18.  on some occasions like burial rites, the ambahan is used for entertainment Sugot nga maaw kunman Tangdayan no ma-amban Sabungan no manuywan Impad las yami daywan Hanggan buhok timbangan Hanggan sa balod pangdan Bugkat di way yamungan Bilang dayi bunlagan No kang tinaginduman Kang magpahalimbaw-an Ga bugtong ti bilugan
  19. 19.  (Isn't this the truth with all: If the wife is good and kind, the husband reasonable, you have always friends around, like long hair drooping so nice. Till the final burial mount, you'll be sleeping on one mat. You don't want to separate Putting down my thoughts like this: An example very clear, being TWO, you're only ONE.)
  20. 20.  derived from Philippine folk literature, which is the traditional oral literature of the Filipino people. This refers to a wide range of material due to the ethnic mix of the Philippines  There are many different creation myths in Philippine mythology, originating from various ethnic groups.  Story of Bathala  Visayan version  The legend of Maria Makiling
  21. 21.  Presence of different deities  Ex. Bathala  Lakambakod  Mythical creatures  Aswang  Dila  Diwata  Dwende  Tikbalang  Mankukulam
  22. 22.  Ifugao – Hudhud hi Aliguyon  Ilocos – Biagni Lam-ang  Bicol - Ibalon  Mindanao – Darangan  Panay – Hinilawod  Bagobo - Tuwaang  Kalinga – Ulaliim  Manobo – Agyu or Olahing  Subanon - Sandayo
  23. 23.  Aliguyon  the exploits of Aliguyon as he battles his arch-enemy, Pambukhayon  Biagni Lam-Ang  tells of the adventuresvof Lam-Ang who exhibits extraordinary powers at a very early age.  Ibalon  the story of three Bicol heroes: Baltog, Handiong, Bantiong  Hinilawod  oldest and longest epic poem in Panay  the exploits of three Sulodnon demigod brothers, LabawDonggon, Humadapnon and Dumalapdap of ancient Panay
  24. 24. IBALON FESTIVAL Hinilawod
  25. 25.  a form of folk lyric which expresses the people’s hopes, aspirations, and lifestyles  repetitive and sonorous, didactic and naive  traditional songs and melodies  inspired by the reaction of the people to their environment
  26. 26.  uyayi – lullaby  komintang – war song  kundiman – melancholic love song  harana – serenade  tagay – drinking song  mambayu – Kalinga rice-pounding song  subli – dance-ritual song of courtship /marriage  Tagulaylay- songs of the dead