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Philippine Contemporary Cinema


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Contemporary Arts Philippines and its Regions

K to 12 Program

Published in: Art & Photos
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Philippine Contemporary Cinema

  1. 1. Philippine Contemporary Cinema Josefino Tulabing Larena ,AB, CPS,MPA
  2. 2. Learning Objectives • Describe contemporary film in the Philippines regions • Identify the contemporary filmmakers and determine their contributions to the development of cinema • Analyze a film using the typology
  3. 3. 1950 • The 1950s was labeled as the first golden age of Philippine cinema. Four big production studios (LVN Pictures, Sampaguita Pictures, Premiere Productions and Lebran International) were at their peak in filmmaking, employing premier directors like Gerardo de León, Eddie Romero and César Gallardo while contracting the biggest stars of that period. The Filipino film industry was one of the busiest and bustling film communities in Asia, releasing an average of 350 films a year making Philippines second to Japan in terms of film productions a year.
  4. 4. Famous Actors of the Golden Cinema FPJ, SUSAN ROCES Amalia Fuentes and Romano Castellvi
  5. 5. Most Popular Stars
  6. 6. The premier directors of the era • Lamberto Avellana (1915- 1991) • Gerardo de León (1913- 1981)
  7. 7. Gregorio Fernández César Gallardo
  8. 8. Armando Garces Cirio Santiago (1936-2008)
  9. 9. Post-war Visayan Cinema and its resurgence • In the Visayas after the second world war, a resurgence of Visayan films came about through Lapu-Lapu Pictures, which produced Timbu Mata (1948), starring Eva de Villa and Lino Ramas and Damgo ni Adan (Adan's Dream), produced by Rudy Robles. Then came Mactan Films which produced Tahas (Mission; 1950), starring Luz Celeste and Dakay; Mat Ranillo was in this film. Then Balud (Wave; 1950) which starred Luz Celeste and Mat Ranillo. Another independent picture, Sa Kabukiran (In the Fields; 1948), was also produced during this time.
  10. 10. Post War Visayas the Cebuano musical Honi sa Gugma (Song of Love), topbilled by Priscilla Cellona and Mat Ranillo who came from Cebu.
  11. 11. Post War Visayan Actors Matt Ranillo Jr. Gloria Sevilla
  12. 12. Visayan Era • By 1951, Azucena Productions was established by the Arong Family (owners of Rene and Liberty Theaters). They produced Princesa Tirana (Princess Tirana), 1951 with Mat Ranillo and Gloria Sevilla (her first feature title role after she was discovered through a declamation contest at the University of the Visayas) as lead players. Their first feature together made such a box office success in the Visayas and Mindanao that other features immediately.
  13. 13. • followed: Leonora (1951), Pailub Lang (Be Forebearing; 1951), Utlanan(Border; 1952), Handumanan (Memoir; 1953), Inahan (Mother; 1952), starring Mat Ranillo and Caridad Sanchez; Antigan (1952) with Virgie Postigo and Arise Roa; Carmen 1 and 2 (from the famous radio drama in Cebu; 1953), Paabuta Lang Ako (Wait for Me; 1953), Gloria Kong Anak (Gloria My Child; 1953), and Gihigugma Kong Ikaw (I Love You; 1954). Mat and Gloria then became synonymous to Visayan pictures, and since then were called as the King and Queen of Visayan Movies
  14. 14. Eddie Sinco Romero • Romero was named National Artist of the Philippines in 2003, and his body of work delved into the history and politics of his country. His 1976 film Ganito Kami Noon…Paano Kayo Ngayon?, set at the turn of the 20th century during the revolution against the Spaniards and, later, the American colonizers, follows a naïve peasant through his leap of faith to become a member of an imagined community. Agila situated a family’s story against the backdrop of Filipino history, while Kamakalawa explored the folklore of prehistoric Philippines. Banta ng Kahapon, his "small" political film, was set against the turmoil of the late 1960s, tracing the connection of the underworld to the corrupt halls of politics..
  15. 15. Edgar Mortiz and Vilma Santos, and Nora Aunor and Tirso Cruz III
  16. 16. 1970 • The 1970s saw the emergence of more Visayan talents in the Tagalog film industry. Actresses such as Chanda Romero, Caridad Sanchez, Alma Moreno, Tessie Sevilla, Rebecca Torres, Aurora Villa, Eva de Villa, Rosita Fernandez, Virgie Postigo, Virgie Solis, Olivia Solis, Cora Real, Diana Arong, Luz Celeste, Annabelle Rama, Suzette Ranillo, Lady Ramos, Pilar Pilapil, and others stepped into the limelight. Male leads (to name a few) were Bert Nombrado, Ber Lopez, Tony Delgado, Riel Ylaya, Lino Ramas, Arturo Blanco, Arturo de Castille, Frankie Navaja Jr, Tony Cruz, Undo Juezan, Felix de Catalina, Arsie Roa, Warfi Engracia, Kadyo Roma and Romy Kintanar (who is now a sports commentator).
  17. 17. • In 1972, the Philippines was placed under the martial law, and films were used as propaganda vehicles. President Ferdinand Marcos and his technocrats sought to regulate filmmaking through the creation of the Board of Censors for Motion Pictures (BCMP). Prior to the start of filming, a finished script was required to be submitted to the Board and incorporate the "ideology" of the New Society Movement such as, a new sense of discipline, uprightness and love of country. Annual festivals were revived, and the Bomba films as well as political movies critical of the Marcos administration were banned
  18. 18. 1970s Film “Insiang” is Lino Brocka's 1976 Manila in the Claws of Light is a 1975 Filipino drama film directed by Lino Brocka
  19. 19. • The notorious genre of sex or bomba films still existed but in a milder, less overt way like female stars swimming in their underwear or taking a bath in their chemise, labeled as the "wet look." An example of the trend was the 1974 hit movie Ang Pinakamagandang Hayop sa Balat ng Lupa (The Most Beautiful Animal on the Face of the Earth) which featured former Miss Universe Gloria Díaz and filmed in the famed Sicogon Island in Carles, Iloilo.
  20. 20. 1974
  21. 21. Experimental Cinema of the Philippines • The Experimental Cinema of the Philippines (ECP) was a government-owned corporation of the Republic of the Philippines created to promote the growth and development of the local film industry. Created in 1982 after the first Manila International Film Festival through Executive Order 770, the ECP was primarily known as a production company
  22. 22. Experimental Cinema Himala Oro Plata Mata
  23. 23. Peque Gallaga • Peque Gallaga (born Maurice Ruiz de Luzuriaga Gallaga on August 25, 1943) is a multi- awarded Filipino film-maker. His most significant achievement in film is "Oro, Plata, Mata", which he directed after winning a scriptwriting contest sponsored by the Experimental Cinema of the Philippines. He has received an award from the International Film Festival of Flanders-Ghent, Belgium in 1983; a Special Jury Award from the Manila International Film Festival; and the 2004 Gawad CCP Para sa Sining.
  24. 24. Bagets
  26. 26. 1980s to 1900 • Around this period, most Filipino films were mass-produced with quality sacrificed for commercial success. Story lines were unimaginative and predictable, comedy was slapstick, and the acting was either mediocre or overly dramatic. Producers were antipathetic to new ideas, or risk-taking. Instead, they resorted to formulas that worked well in the past that cater to the standards and tastes of the masses. Teen-oriented films, massacre movies, and soft pornographic pictures composed the majority of the genre produced
  27. 27. 1980s Teen
  28. 28. 1990 Bomba Films or Pito-Pito Films • The film industry prospered and produced more than 200 films a year. Majority of them were pito-pito films, shot in seven to ten days and aimed at quickly recouping their minimal costs. Attendance in theaters rose and several productions became huge successes. New laws were also introduced that gave more rights to women, causing several female directors to launch careers
  29. 29. Pito –Pito Films
  30. 30. Historical Films • Sakay • Jose Rizal
  31. 31. Comedy Film
  32. 32. 2000's Decline of Movies and Emergence of Indie Films • The dawn of this era saw a dramatic decline of the Philippine movie industry. Hollywood films dominated mainstream cinema even more, and fewer than twenty quality local films were being produced and shown yearly. Many producers and production houses later stopped producing films after losing millions of pesos.There after, a new sense of excitement and trend enveloped the industry with the coming of digital and experimental cinema. Seemingly signalling this was the winning of the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival 2000 of Raymond Red's short film ANINO (Shadows). But truly pioneering this digital revolution was the 1999 digital feature film "STILL LIVES" by Jon Red. Many other digital filmmakers soon followed suit. Cheaper production cost using digital media over film has helped the rebirth of independent filmmaking.
  33. 33. Gay theme Films
  34. 34. Philippines in the International Film circle • The year 2009 brought the highest international esteem to a Filipino filmmaker when Brillante Mendoza was judged as the Best Director at the 62nd Cannes Film Festival for his film Kinatay (literally "Butchered"), about murder and police brutality. The film was notorious for being critically panned by Roger Ebert, a distinguished and world- famous film critic, who declared it the worst film ever to be shown at the Cannes Film Festival.
  35. 35. 2010s: Commercial Renaissance • In the year 2009, presence of box-office films in the Philippine Box Office has surged, with You Changed My Life starring Sarah Geronimo and John Lloyd Cruz generated ₱230 million, making it the first Filipino movies to breach the 200 million pesos mark. This started the commercial box office success trend in the Philippine Cinema. • In 2011 is the most fruitful year in Philippine Cinema history as 3 of its films (all from Star Cinema) landed in the top 3 of the highest grossing Filipino Film of All-Time. Vice Ganda's The Unkabogable Praybeyt Benjamin grossed ₱331.6 million in box office and became the highest grossing local film in the Philippines.[65] No Other Woman grossed ₱278.39 million while 2011 Metro Manila Film Festival ("MMFF") entry Enteng Ng Ina Mo, has a gross income of ₱237.89 million (as of January 7, 2012) and considered as the highest grossing MMFF entry of all time. However, Sisterakas , a Kris Aquino-Ai Ai delas Alas-Vice Ganda movie, replaced the title of Enteng ng Ina Mo and the Unkabogable Praybeyt Benjamin as it became the highest grossing Filipino film and highest grossing MMFF entry of all time.
  36. 36. Commercial Renaissance
  37. 37. Regional Influence • Bohol • Tawi Tawi
  38. 38. Pampanga Palawan
  39. 39. Iloilo Dumaguete
  40. 40. Thank you so much