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Gov. Demetrio Larena y de Sande


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My Tribute to a great man, Political Hero and my great grandfather Gov. Demetrio Larena y Sande

I hope relatives and cousins would give a tribute and do some historical research about Demetrio Larena better than this research

Published in: Government & Nonprofit

Gov. Demetrio Larena y de Sande

  1. 1. Demetrio Larena The 100 years death anniversary centennial Tribute 1916-2016
  2. 2. •A celebration of life and wonderful journey of a nobleman by the name of Governor Demetrio Larena y de Sande
  3. 3. History of the Larena Family • The Larena family started as a group of Moorish people from North Africa migrated to Iberian Peninsula ( now Spain and Portugal ).They were considered one of the faithful servant of the Queen Isabela of Aragon ,at first this people have no surname ,one of the adviser of the Queen told her to give them the surname “ Larena” meaning “ The Queen”,the Family was very thankful and honor. They settled in the place called Malaga in Southern part of Spain. • In the Middle 17th century due to the Manila Acapulco trade relationship, the Mexican Government send troops to the Philippines assign in different places. • Don Agustin de Sandes a Spanish Mexican descent was born in Malaga Southern Spain , but rise and grow up in Moralos Mexico the Patriach of the Larena /Slave Clan. Agustin was the pioneer Mexican mechant in Negros Island and Bais City .He was dealing tobacco,copra,hemp,distilled spirits ,sugar and salt industry .
  4. 4. • Family Motto : GOD, FUTURE, LIFE
  5. 5. Larena
  6. 6. General Family Tree • Don Agustin de Sandes- Verzaminia Larena • Meliton Larena –First Town Mayor of Dumaguete • Mariano Larena- Aurora Teves Pastor- Dumaguete • Demetrio Larena- Josefina Villacampa Rubio –Bais • Angelina Larena • Agustin Larena • Don Agustin de Sandes- Juana Salve • Modesto Salve – Gabina Ceriales
  7. 7. Demetrio Larena Early Life • Demetrio Larena was born in Dumaguete on Nov.10,1857.His parents were Don .Agustin de Sande and Dona Versamina Larena.There were seven children ,one son from other common law wife Juana Salve.He went with his parents to Manila when he was four years old and remained there thirteen years studying in Ateneo and San Juan de Letran. • Historical notes : Josefa Baena Villanueva Perez
  8. 8. Taclobo ,Dumaguete
  9. 9. Escolta,Manila
  10. 10. Education • Ateneo Municipal de Manila now Ateneo de Manila University
  11. 11. Education • Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Intramuros
  12. 12. Family Background • The decades following the Spanish colonization was characterized by massive movements in the archipelago. The Saga of the Larena Family of Bais City Negros Oriental began in 1800's. When the Spaniards touched in the island of negros and looking for a perfect plains to be able to introduce crop from latin America. As early as 1795 military officers by the name of Don Augustin Sandes a Spanish Mexican descent was born in Malaga Southern Spain, but rise and grow up in Morales Central Mexico, who was then a young man in his later 30's who serve as military soldier in honor of the Royal Family of Spain Don Agustin de Sandes was in Dumaguete together with the Spanish troops. • (Perez J.V.) biography of Demetrio Larena. As recounted by Honorable Maximiana Larena Alviola June 27, 1979 and Gloria Salve Diputado June 30, 1979.
  13. 13. • He saw the plant called "Arunting" in the bank of Banica River. the "Nipay" Fruits and asking his companions where this fruits came from .They're by putting then in his pockets. The Nipay fruits were very itchy and he began to burn with itch. He called out for help and asked the couple whose surname was Larena, nearby house in Taclobo to relieve his distress. The couple pettier him and took him to their home where they applied coconut ointment. Their daughters help him by using their long hair to remove the itchiness in the entire body ( an interview with Mrs. Asuncion Alviola Cunanan on November 24,1998).)
  14. 14. • The officer was so grateful for the relief that he was felt he began to visit the family often. He started to fall in love with the daughter Verzaminia with the charming face, the daughter of a watch Merchant Santiago Larena and Esperanza Catan. Tuting could not marry her us he was already married to a woman in Barcelona Spain. So,the offspring were all using the surname "Larena" they were Militon Auriolia who became the first town mayor of Dumaguete and Provincial board member during the American Regine Mariano prominent citizen and businessman of Dumaguete and Bais,later on married to Aurora Teves Pastor Angelina a woman civic leader who lived in (now Sra.Acion) San Jose all her life, Demitrio Larena who was first civil Governor of the Province and co-founder of Siliman University and Augustin Vicente Jr. the youngest. • (Perez J.V. Biography of Demetrio Larena as recounted by Hon. Maximiana Larena Alviola June 27, 1979
  15. 15. Sugar Industry in Dumaguete
  16. 16. Republic de Negros Aniceto Lacson- President Demetrio Larena –Vice President
  17. 17. • On November 27, 1898 the Cantonal Republic of Negros was established. It came under U.S. protection on April 30, 1899. On July 22, 1899 it was renamed Republic of Negros (República de Negros), but on April 30, 1901 this was extinguished by the United States. Leaders Presidents were: * 5 November 1898 - 22 July 1899 Aniceto Lacson (to 27 November 1898 in Negros Occidental only) * 24 November 1898 - 27 November 1898 Demetrio Larena (in Negros Oriental).
  18. 18. Meeting of the Federal Party in Negros
  19. 19. Aglipayan to Protestantism • Another reason why Hibbard was accorded such a friendly welcome was that he was not greeted by Roman Catholics. Larena and his family were members of the Philippine Independent Church – the church which had broken away from Catholics under the leadership of Gregorio Aglipay who was to become Supreme Bishop of the new church. With the departures of the Spanish friars from Negros Oriental, the parish churches of the province which had never been spiritually robust were left without priests. The Aglipayans quickly moved to the leadership vacuum and eventually usurped the church leadership. Since the Independent church had become the church of the revolution, it is easy to understand why Larena and other political leaders decided to belong to the new Independent church. The American Occupation of Oriental Negros as Revealed in the Pages of the Silliman Truth (1903-1920) By Dr. Earl Jude Paul L. Cleope
  20. 20. The marriage of Josefina & Demetrio ,Dec 23,1900
  21. 21. CAPT. JOHN A. RANDOLPH • CAPT. JOHN A. RANDOLPH (1850-1936), the Chaplain of the Sixth U.S. Infantry stationed in Dumaguete 1899 - 1902 DR. HIBBARD: "... probably Chaplain Randolph and Governor Larena had more to do with the location of the school at Dumaguete than any other two men...." from SILLIMAN UNIVERSITY TIMELINE: In October, 1899, Rev. David Sutherland Hibbard, after having seen the beauty and experienced the friendliness of the people of Dumaguete coupled with the encouragement of Rev. Captain John Anthony Randolph and the Larena brothers, Meliton and Demetrio, decides that Dumaguete is the ideal location for a third mission station as well as a school. This historic decision comes after Rev. Hibbard's exploratory trips to Manila, Masbate, Cebu, Iloilo, Jolo and Zamboanga.
  22. 22. • It was Captain Randolph who introduced Hibbard to the Larenas. • On January 18, 1901 Mr. Leon Hills arrived in Dumaguete to start the mission school with the teaching of Mathematics and English. It was Captain Randolph who hosted Mr. Hills. When Silliman opened as a grade school on August 28, 1901, Mrs. Laura Hibbard was the first faculty member. Later, Randolph assisted Mrs. Hibbard as a volunteer teacher. • Captain Randolph also went on evangelism trips around the island, the seed of faith he planted led to the birth of the congregation in Bais City, first protestant Church in the island of Negros (1909... now known as UCCP Bais City.) • Historical Footnotes : UCCP Church Historian Moses Joshua Atega
  23. 23. • The Hibbards made exploration trip to the whole Visayas and Mindanao,to find a suitable place to put up the first Presbyterian Protestant school.In his stopover in Cebu,there was a suggestion for him to proceed to Dumaguete in nearby Negros Island. After a busy schedule Pres. Larena had a short vacation in Bais and was invited at the Hacienda Canlargo of Don Emilio Abilla y Teves hosted the " Sipong " Post harvest festival of the Sugar Plantation in 1899,where he met for the second time his future wife Josefina Villacampa Rubio the sister of Don Romualdo Somoza a sugar planter and political elite,the sister in law of Don Juan Saavedra.The most celebrated wedding in Bais on Dec 23,1900 at Casa Rubio with prominent leaders of Negros Oriental with Capt.John Anthony Randolf an american chaplian of the U.S. Army was the officiating pastor.On May 1899 Randolph was stationed in Negros.He was one of the few American friend of the Larena family.
  24. 24. 1901 foundation of Silliman • It must have taken all the strength of guiding the Province through its infant years under his astute and forward administration the province grew in strength which prepared the people well to meet the change of the modern world with the Americans and the missionaries.Demetrio Larena and his son in law Sen.Bindoy Teves Villanueva were the two most responsible for the location in Dumaguete of what is now Silliman University.The two able to persuaded the Presbyterian missionaries to put up their school here in Dumaguete for the people at that time really need to have a good and proper education to cope up with the drastic change of life under the new system.
  25. 25. Silliman Hall in 1904
  26. 26. Dr. David S.Hibbard wife Laura
  27. 27. OFFICE OF THE CIVIL GOVERNOR OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS. Manila, P. I., May 14, 1902. Executive Order 1 No. 86. • J Henry A. Peed, treasurer of the Province of Oriental Negros; Albert H. Perkins, supervisor of the Province of Oriental Negros, and Otto Marshall, senior inspector of Constabulary, Province of Oriental Negros, are hereby appointed members of the committee convened by Executive Order Numbered Eighty-three, vice James D. Fauntleroy, supervisor of the Province of Occidental Negros; C. B. Franklin, postmaster at Bacolod, and H. B. Orwig, senior inspector of Constabulary, relieved. Like E. Wright, Acting Civil Governor.
  28. 28. First UCCP church in Dumaguete
  29. 29. First Meeting with Dr. Hibbard • Gov. Larena and Capt.RANDOLPH met the American Missionaries Dr.David & Mrs Laura Hibbards upon their arrival in Dumaguete,together with the town Mayor Meliton Larena,Rev.Leon Hills,Doña Josefina Rubio-Larena,,Hermenigildo and Asucion Larena-VIllanueva,Juan & Carmen Rubio- Saavedra,Mariano & Aurora Pastor-Larena and Doña Angelica Larena.A banca which brought them to the nearby shores,a group of men carried them to the beachfront, a small town band from Taclobo played gospel and Spanish songs.Mrs Larena brought white santan flowers and gave it the Hibbards.Rev.Randolph introduced them to the whole larena family and the people of Negros Oriental. The first breakfast with the American couple was held at the Larena Residence along Calle Marina ( now Jose Rizal Ave ). The breakfast was a combination of Filipino and Spanish dishes with native chocolate and prepared by the Cocineras of Hda. Katacgahan Bais a farm owned by the Rubio/Somoza Hermanas,for a while they were staying at the house of the larenas for a year as guests.This brought about the beginning of a very close & lasting friendship between the Larenas,the Hibbards and Silliman community.
  30. 30. Larena Administration 1902 • On 1 July 1902, the United States Congress passed a bill to conduct a Census of the Philippines for the year 1903. The general directors were J. P. Sanger and T. B. Taylor. Assisting them were Henry Gannett and Victor H. Olmsted. To supervise the 1903 Census in the province of Negros Oriental was Provincial Governor Demetrio Larena. Coordinating with the governor were H. A. Peed as treasurer and Santiago Gonzalez as clerk. Most of the municipal presidents (the old term for mayors) served as special agents of the census in the different towns.
  31. 31. • They were as follows: Antero Bandoquillo (Amblan); Felipe Remollo (Ayuquitan); Basilio Trumata and Ramon Cuadra (Bacong); Emilio Teves (Bais); Simon Galon and Sebastian Remalador (Bayawan); Petri Remalada and E. E. Webster (Dauin); Meliton Larena (Dumaguete); Simplecio Villegas (Guihulngan); Ramon Euraoba (Jimalalud); Hilario Caili (Manjuyod); Isaac Dionaldo (La Libertad); Bartolome Damooc and D. Rotter (Valencia); Santiago Tayco (Siaton); Diego Divinagracia and E. M. Buttler (Sibulan); Pelagio Lopez (Tanjay); Tomas Calijan (Tayasan); Rufino Lapig and Sebastian Remalador; and Filomeno Deloria (Zamboanguita). In the same census, it showed that in the province of Negros Oriental, there were 29 churches whose estimated value was 377,360 pesos. Those 29 churches had an estimated capacity of 34,869.
  32. 32. First Filipino Member of the Board of Trustees of Silliman Institute
  33. 33. Observances of Silliman Institute in 1905 from An Observer in the Philippines by John Bancroft Devins • “I trust that you will visit the Silliman Institute at Dumaguete," said Governor Taft when outlining our trip to the southern islands. "It is only a few days ago that one of the provincial officers from Negros was speaking with me about this school, and he made the remark that no effort of Americans had done more to bring about a good feeling between their government and the natives of that island than the establishment and conduct of this institution.
  34. 34. • The friendly spirit and practical co-operation of the Provincial Governor and other prominent persons at Dumaguete in all that pertains to the school enterprise and the general plans of the station are everywhere seen. That Dumaguete is a station of exceptional salubrity and exemption from disease has been shown in the fact that Dr. Henry Langheim, one of the instructors of the Institute, has by judicious and watchful care and sanitary precaution saved the community to a large extent from the fearful ravages of cholera which visited Iloilo. • The medical work of Dr. Langheim is varied and exacting; besides' his services at the Institute, he has important duties as general superintendent of the Board of Health for Oriental Negros.
  35. 35. • "The advantages of Dumaguete as the site for the Silliman Institute are: (1) Its accessibility to a large population. While the parish of Dumaguete has only about twelve thousand, yet, as already explained, the place is within easy reach of the populous islands of Bohol and lower Cebu. (2) The absence of competing schools. Superintendent Atkinson told me that while the Department of Public Instruction contemplates the establishment of an agricultural college on the other side of the island of Negros, and an industrial school at Cebu, it has no plans for anything in Dumaguete beyond the public schools, and that we could have a comparatively clear field for the development of the Institute. (3) The friendliness and intelligence of the officials and people. The opposition to American occupation in this region was slight, and there would have been none at all if it had not been for the malcontents from Cebu.
  36. 36. • Now an American can travel with perfect safety in any part of the island. The influence of Rome appears to be comparatively weak. The people have driven the friars off the island and the Roman Catholic churches are in charge of native priests for whom the people apparently care little. The Governor of the province, Senor Demetrio Larena, and his brother, the Presidente of the municipality, impressed me as unusually fine types of Filipinos intelligent, able and broad-minded. They, as well as the best people of the place, are outspoken in their gratification over the location of the Institute in their city, and give it their cordial support. The Governor sent the prospectus of the Institute to every village in the province, and his own son is one of the pupils."
  37. 37. • The need of a hospital building at Dumaguete is so imperative that the Mission Board allowed Dr. Langheim to use $1,200 granted by the Government for the superintendency of the medical work in the district, for the purpose of erecting a small hospital. The medical work of Oriental Negros, with a population of 150,000, has only three physicians : the army surgeon, a Filipino doctor and an American missionary. Dr. Langheim's work in a single year consisted of 1,655 treatments, including 210 surgical cases. In November, 1903, the Institute and Hospital buildings were dedicated. • The exercises were interesting, with tall palm trees waving above the visitors who had come from the United States, England, Ireland, Spain, China, Canada, Russia, as well as other provinces in the Philippines. The decorations of palm leaves and Japanese lanterns were pretty. The Governor of the province delivered an address, and the presidente of the city also spoke, closing his address with these words:
  38. 38. • Let us do all we can to help these people who have come over here to do this great work.“ • Meliton Larena One of the leading gentlemen of the province made a good speech in Visayan. The exercises were in English, Spanish and Visayan. The occasion was peculiarly interesting, too, because from that school were selected the two boys of all those in that province who were best fitted to go to the United States for an education.
  39. 39. Larena Death 1916 • Larena died on December 4,1916,having gone to Iloilo for treatment at the hands of his old friend,Dr.Andrew Hall a doctor and a Presbyterian Missionaries during his last days of his illness Doña Pinang Larena found her husband reading the bible which was given by Dr Hall .Knett and prayed to God for forgiveness and reception into his glory" Dos Padre Nuestro Que Estas un cielo perdona todos mis plecados y receibe me alma tu Gloria Amen ". When the news reached New York City ,Dr. Arthur Brown rendered to the next meeting of the board of foreign missions an account of the life and character of the former Governor. • His own memories of the visit during 1901 were supplemented by the Silliman Truth for December 1912.A letter of condolence written to the family expressing deep sympathy was also received from President Hibbard.We share the high opinion of all members of the cause of Christ in general and for the memory of his high Christian character and his influence for good.
  40. 40. Iloilo Mission Hospital
  41. 41. Una familia de servicios y la Fe de Dios • Larena Brothers Enrique,David,Dodong and Mariano with Sister Atching
  42. 42. Una Familia
  43. 43. Sra. Asuncion de la Pena Larena • Sra. Asuncion Larena was the eldest daughter of Don Demetrio Larena, the first governor of the Province of Negros Oriental. Being born out of wedlock to the bachelor Demetrio, she was sent to a convent in Cebu. She was married to Hermenegildo Teves Villanueva Jr., who succeeded her father Demetrio as governor of the province. They only had one child, Jesus Pablo Hermenegildo, whom they fondly called Monong. Sra. Ascion (or Mammy to relatives) was well-loved by her
  44. 44. • nephews and nieces. She treated them all as her own since Monong was born after 20 years of marriage. She was also a "matchmaker" to most of them, pairing them with prospective life partners. Having been raised by nuns, Sra. Ascion was deeply religious. She was a devout Catholic and a devotee of Nstra. Sra. de la Asuncion whose feast day is August 15, two days short of her birthday. She died in 1958. • Historical Footnotes : BM. Jessica Jane J. Villanueva ( 2015)
  45. 45. Sra.Ascion & Senator Bindoy with Monoy
  46. 46. Sra. Acion Brothers
  47. 47. Maximina Cielo Larena • A famous Lady Councilor of the 60s in Dumguete . • Women rights and welfare Advocate • She also belongs to one of the biggest clan in the city “Flores Clan”
  48. 48. Cristina Larena Alejandria
  49. 49. Eustaquio Cielo Larena • Former Vice Mayor of Manjuyod • World War II Veterans • He get married to a German American Erna Koch He also belongs to one of the biggest clan in the city “Flores Clan” ,
  50. 50. Demetrio Rubio Larena Jr. Mayor of Bais 1946-1947
  51. 51. Mariano Rubio Larena Mayor of Sibulan
  52. 52. Enrique Rubio Larena Sr.
  53. 53. David Rubio Larena Vice Mayor of Sibulan • David Rubio Larena Sr . With first wife Florenda Baena Villanueva daughter of Gov. Enrique Teves Villanueva ,their union made an impact in the world of politics in Negros Oriental being a member of the biggest clans including the Teveses, Villanuevas ,Pinilis, Baena and Villamil of Central & Southern Negros
  54. 54. David Rubio Larena Second wife Librada D.Arnaiz
  55. 55. Legacy • Larena Town , Siquijor
  56. 56. SU Founder's Day 1951. Don Demetrio Larena, represented by his granddaughter Minda Alviola, a graduate of that year.
  57. 57. • 50th SU Founder's Day 1951. SU President Ruiz inaugurates the Larena Hall... Looking on is Demetrio"Dodong" Larena, Jr., son of Don Demetrio Larena.
  58. 58. Protestantism Inheritance • God is Awesome! Thanking my late great grandfathers Demetri o Larena & Enrique Teves Villanueva for a wonderful Spiritual Inheritance for the past 116 years of Faith and Love ,Happy 100 Centennial Silliman University Church
  59. 59. Sra.Ascion ,San Jose Negros Oriental
  60. 60. Larena Cementerio since 1916
  61. 61. Katacgahan Bais City
  62. 62. Casa Rubio ( now Casa Larena 1790)
  63. 63. UCCP City Church of Bais
  64. 64. Larena third Generations
  65. 65. Salve Third Generations
  66. 66. Silliman U. History & Political Science Alumni Generations from the Larena Family
  67. 67. Larena St. in Valencia Negros Oriental
  68. 68. Golden Coconut Fruits
  69. 69. Larena Hall Silliman University
  70. 70. Meliton and Demetrio Larena Drive
  71. 71. Larena St. Guihulngan City, Negros Oriental
  72. 72. Great Grandson Josefino Tulabing. Larena Jr. Post Graduate in Public Administration Family and Cultural Historian Heritage Advocate Consumer Advocate Social Sciences, History and Tourism Professor :St. Paul University Dumaguete Heritage Tour Guide
  73. 73. Thank you so much • Board Member Jessica Jane “IKAY” Villanueva • Jim Stanley A. Herr & Family • Irene Villanueva Wicklein • Jojo Tulabing Larena & Family • Silliman University Church • UCCP Bais Church • Silliman University Library • University of Michigan • SPUD Philippine History Class SY 2016-2017
  74. 74. • Mark Larena Torres • SPUD College Arts & Education • Mr. Jaime Jesus Villanueva • National Historical Commission of the Philippines • Tiongco Images • Pinili Cultural Educational Heritage Society • Dumaguete City Festival & Arts Society Inc • SPUD GAS Senior High School St. Pio SY 2016-2017 • Bais City Public Library
  75. 75. Reference • From "Chapter 28: The Silliman Institute" of An Observer in the Philippines: or Life in Our New Possessions by John Bancroft Devins (New York: American Tract Society, 1905). • Silliman University Church Parish News Vol 14 volumne Nov. 15,2009 • Historical Notes of Rev. Fr. Roman C. Sagun Jr. in the Negros Chronicle • Perez, Josefa V. 1978 Life of Demetrio Larena