Althoff - Coaching the Coach


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Ideas and methods to aid the coach in session management and program design.

Published in: Sports, Health & Medicine

Althoff - Coaching the Coach

  1. 1. Andrew Althoff
  2. 2. <ul><li>The 5 W’s of Coaching </li></ul><ul><li>Program Design for Dummies </li></ul><ul><li>Battling Instant Gratification </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a Sniper Team </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Who is being coached? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each population will respond differently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the exercises/drills that will be performed that day? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What equipment is needed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dowels, dumbbells, extra plates, cones, yard sticks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What type of space is available? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Squats vs. walking lunge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What environment is needed for that session? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Music type and volume, lighting, intense or reserved coaching </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where is the training session going to be held? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which facility will you be using? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indoor or outside (weather) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where should I be located during the training session? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This changes with different exercises, sets or reps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 = 4, 4 = 8 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proximity effect </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>When should I coach? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1 – Name the exercise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Demonstrate the exercise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Step 3 – Demonstrate the lift with 2-3 main coaching points </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Step 4 – Athlete performs the lift </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Step 5 – Coach keeps his/her mouth shut when they are under the bar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Step 6 – After the set give them one cue to clean up their biggest mistake </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I will need to demonstrate more often and coach before and after the set </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t expect the athletes to be perfect after the first couple sets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each rep/set should look better </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>When should I coach? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermediate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remind the athletes of the 2-3 main coaching points </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personalize them if possible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As they become comfortable with the exercise, you can now coach during the set </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short cues </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>When should I coach? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Capable of taking cues during the rep </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Especially true if the entire staff uses similar coaching points </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>However, these athletes are typically going to be moving heavier loads which require them to be focused on moving the weight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As applicable, use them as assistant coaches </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>The average human mind can only remember 7 items at a time, +/- 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meaning the ‘best’ minds can remember 9 things and the ‘worst’ only 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assume your athletes can only remember 5 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep it short and simple </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be patient, it may take the entire training session to clean up 1 mistake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each rep/set should look better </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not ‘overcoach’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep cues short (1-3 words) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>“ Coach, why are we doing this?!?!?” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You better be able to answer this question! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach them why certain exercises/sets/reps were used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tell them </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guide them </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be unbiased – let them come to their own conclusions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Program Design “ Impossible to screw up! Trust me, I’ve tried” A reference of the rest of us!
  12. 13. <ul><li>What are your goals? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are you trying to get from that session, week month? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is your scenario? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How can you efficiently manage time, equipment and personnel? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>3. Control your variables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose your exercises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Explosive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Squat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Press </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pulls (2) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Injury Prevention </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set the ideal order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose reps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose sets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give rough estimation of rest periods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculate total session time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make changes depending on time/group size </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>When it is time to write a new set of programs... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think back to what went well and didn’t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choose your battles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make the changes that are necessary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are going to add something in, then most likely you need to take something out </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>A Money Problem </li></ul><ul><li>$100 in 28 days vs $120 in 31 days </li></ul><ul><li>$100 now or $120 in 3 days </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Scenario A </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Squat 300lbs. in 1 month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>400 in 1 year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>430 in 2 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>??? in 3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scenario B </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Squat 250lbs. in 1 month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>375 in 1 year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>450 in 2 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>??? In 3 years </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>It is okay to want to take what is in front of you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t misuse the want for need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand you could have gotten more in the long run </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The faster you progress your young athletes, the lower the ceiling </li></ul><ul><li>Overconfidence that you can make the right decision </li></ul><ul><li>Pessimism/ Optimism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P - He could never do that, I need to get what I can now </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O – I’m such a good coach!! </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>How do I know if I am pushing to fast? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If they plateau in their first 3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistently lack motivation </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. The team’s mission is to deliver precision fire This calls for a coordinated team effort
  20. 22. <ul><li>Observer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Point man </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selects appropriate target </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assists in range estimation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculates the effect of existing weather conditions on ballistics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sniper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reacts to point man’s actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locates and identifies target </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimates range to target </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports sight adjustment data to sniper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dials in proper windage and proper elevation </li></ul></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>Observer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Properly positions himself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has a closer range weapon to attack immediate threats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critiques performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sniper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Builds a steady, comfortable position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notifies the observer of readiness to fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes aim the designated target </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controls breathing at natural respiratory pause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executes proper trigger control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follows through </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes an accurate and timely shot call </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepares to fire subsequent shots, if necessary </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>Don’t waste bullets on targets that do not matter </li></ul><ul><li>“ One shot, one kill” </li></ul>