Bookpres Brammer Bianaca


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Bookpres Brammer Bianaca

  1. 1. Bianaca BrammerAnthropology 377“Ball State University”April 11, 2010<br />Brammer <br />
  2. 2. Introduction to Museum WorkG. Ellis BurcawThe American Association for State and Local History: 1983209 pages<br />Brammer <br />
  3. 3. Introduction to Museum Work<br />Written for the average student interested in museum work.<br />Information on museum practices and operations.<br />The most important function of a museum is its educational function and purpose.<br />(pg. vii) Brammer <br />
  4. 4. Museum Terminology<br />Object: a material, three-dimensional thing of any kind<br />Specimen: a representative member of a class of objects<br />Artifact: an object produced or shaped by human workmanship or a natural object used by humans<br />Collections: objects acquired and preserved because of their potential value as examples<br />Accession: acquiring one or more objects from one source<br />Cataloguing: assigning an object to one or more categories<br />Display: the showing of objects, depending on the viewer<br /> (pg. 3-5) Brammer <br />
  5. 5. What Is A Museum?<br />A building or space within a building significant chiefly for preservation and/or exhibition of collections<br />An institution for the safekeeping of objects and for the interpretation of these objects through research and exhibition<br />An institution for the preservation of those objects which best illustrate the phenomena of nature and the works of man<br />A permanent establishment, administered for the purpose of preserving, studying, and enhancing<br />(pg. 9) Brammer <br />
  6. 6. The History of Museums<br />Museums were perpetuated by the desire to accumulate objects and the desire to show them to other people<br />The first museums created were not open to the public<br />The World Fair’s created a need for museums<br />Objects and exhibits from these fairs had to be housed somewhere<br />The American Museum of Natural History, Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Boston Museum of Fine Arts were all created from the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia<br />(pg. 20) Brammer <br />
  7. 7. Museum Practices<br />The American Association of Museums is the professional organization of museums and museum employees<br />Principles of Good Exhibit Practice<br />The exhibit must first attract the visitor’s interest<br />It must inspire confidence in the exhibitor and in what they have to say or offer<br />Having gained the visitor’s confidence, the exhibit must re-ward them by showing something seriously worth seeing and by enabling them to understand what the creator sees<br />It must do this in a pleasing way and in good taste<br /> (pg. 24,26) Brammer <br />
  8. 8. Categorizing Museums<br />A museum is characterized mainly by the kinds of objects it collects<br />Art Museums- art plays on the senses by the selection, ordering, and arrangement of that which will produce sensation<br />Fine Art, Applied Art, Folk Art <br />Science Museums- Technology/Science Industry or Natural History Museums<br />History Museums- objects must be collected to serve the purpose of public education<br />(pg. 31-33) Brammer <br />
  9. 9. Museum Organization<br />Regardless of who owns the museum it should have a board of trustees to whom the director reports<br />Director- chief administrative officer of a museum; hires and fires and is in direct charge of operation<br />Trustees- responsibility limited to matters of board policy and of ensuring the adequate financing of the museum<br />Curator- in charge of a museum collection<br />Volunteers- essential for museum operation due to their time, effort, and affordability <br />(pg. 37,39) Brammer <br />
  10. 10. Collecting Theory<br />Only the museum if founded on the principle that selecting and preserving objects is of importance to people today and in the future<br />Museums cannot collect all objects that exist, collecting must be selective<br />Collecting Theory:<br />Geography- with what physical area will the museum be concerned?<br />Subject- what is the museum concerned with?<br />Time- what time frame will your museum be limited to?<br />(pg. 47-49) Brammer <br />
  11. 11. What To Collect<br />Items to eliminate:<br />Lie outside the defined scope of the museum<br />Are not significant and which cannot be used for research, exhibition, or loan<br />Are so badly damaged or deteriorated that they are of little or no use<br />Would accomplish more good in another museum<br />Are duplicated many times<br />(pg. 62) Brammer <br />
  12. 12. Care And Security Of Collections<br />Storerooms must be provided and the collections must be organized and accessible<br />Objects on public view may be less than ½ of the total collections <br />Space required: 40% collections, 40% exhibits, 20% everything else (hallways, information center, etc.)<br />Security involves the care of collections, insurance against severe financial loss, and physical security<br />(pg. 93,98) Brammer <br />
  13. 13. Museum Interpretation <br />An exhibit should be designed so as to produce a particular result<br />The exhibit must possess these seven qualities:<br />Safety and security<br />Visibility<br />Eye catching<br />Good looking<br />Attention grabbing<br />Worthwhile<br />Good <br />(pg. 118) Brammer <br />
  14. 14. Interpretation Cont.<br />Objects alone, without explanation, organization, and selection—would not support the educational aim of the modern museum<br />Interpretation is a communication between the museum staff and the public, if the public does not walk away with a greater understanding of the exhibit; the museum staff has not done their job<br />(pg. 135) Brammer <br />
  15. 15. Museum Visitors<br />Keeping the visitor in mind, exhibits can be classified as aesthetic, entertaining, systematic, ecological, permanent, or temporary<br />Every museum worker needs to understand the basic techniques of good exhibit production, as well as knowing the needs and behavior of the museum visitor<br />The museum worker is required to see each exhibit from multiple sides, the side of the curator and the side of the visitor<br />(pg. 115-116) Brammer <br />
  16. 16. Starting A Career In Museum Work<br />Museum training:<br />College and university courses for credit<br />Correspondence study<br />On-the-job practical training<br />Short-term workshops and seminars<br />Professional meetings<br />Scholarships, fellowships, and internships<br />Vocational training <br />And more<br />(pg. vii) Brammer <br />
  17. 17. Museum Professions<br />A museum worker, especially one in a decision-making position, must be or become a professional<br />AAM bulletins regularly list position opening<br />Begin by volunteering and work your way up through the museum professions<br />The student or beginner should be willing to take a job that is not exactly what he/she wants for the rest of their life<br />You must feel that your work in a museum is of great importance<br />(pg. viii, 184,186) Brammer <br />
  18. 18. Applied Information<br />Limiting your exhibit to a specific geographical, time, and subject matter will make your museum more professional and organized<br />You cannot collect everything<br />A career in museum work involves experience in the field and education<br />Focus on the audience is of particular importance<br />Specifically what they will find most meaningful<br />Brammer <br />
  19. 19. Any Questions?<br />Brammer <br />