5 nations iroquois

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5 nations iroquois

  1. 1. 5 Nations Iroquois <br />B. Scott Tucker<br />
  2. 2. Meaning of The Name<br />Refer to themselves as “Haudenosaunee” which means “People of the Longhouse,” or more accurately “They Are Building A Longhouse”.<br />It implies that the nations of the League should live together as families in the same longhouse.<br />French translation of the word irinakhoiw, a Huron name for the Haudenosaunee, meant “black snakes” or “real adders”.<br />French linguists translated the Algonquian word hilokoa as “killer people.”<br />
  3. 3. Formation of The League<br />Members of the League speak Iroquoian languages that are distinctly different from those of other Iroquoian speakers.<br />The Iroquois League was established prior to major European contact.<br />According to tradition the League was formed by the efforts of 2 men, Deganawida (The Great Peacemaker) and Hiawatha. <br />The nations who joined the league were the Seneca, Onandaga, Oneida, Cayuga, and Mohawk.<br /> Once the infighting ceased among the tribes, the became one of the strongest forces in 17th and 18th century North America.<br />
  4. 4. Beaver Wars<br />1609 the League engaged in the Beaver Wars with the French and their allies the Huron. <br />The wars were a way to control the lucrative fur trade. <br />1628, The Mohawks defeated the Mahicans to gain a monopoly in the fur trade with the Dutch at Fort Orange, New Netherland. <br />The Mohawks would not allow the Canadian Indians to trade with the Dutch. <br />

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