Bsi introducing standards


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Bsi introducing standards

  1. 1. raising standards worldwideTMIntroducing standards
  2. 2. Standards matter. They contribute at least £2.5bneach year to the UK economy and play a key rolein enabling innovation, improving competitiveness,increasing reliability, ensuring safety, improvingaccessibility, controlling quality, managing risk andimproving business performance.As the world’s firstnational standardsbody, BSI BritishStandards has aglobally recognisedreputation forindependence,integrity andinnovation. It is alsoa leading provider ofstandardization andconsortia services through BSI ProfessionalServices. Part of the BSI Group operating in 86markets worldwide, British Standards serves theinterests of a wide range of industry sectors, aswell as government, consumers, employees andsociety overall to make sure not just British butEuropean and international standards are useful,relevant and authoritative.Introducing standardsAssist seniormanagementin developing‘next practices’(strategic solutions)AdvisorPartnerLeader &AuthorityImplement & assistdevelopment of“new” best practicesShow vision,leadership and constantimprovementStrategy (Leadership)‘Next practices’, innovation, lastingimprovements, integrated/cross functionsolutions, pushing the limitsTactics (Operational advantages)Best practices, management processes,systems and frameworksVisionProcessesFigure 1: Role ofBritish Standardsin adding valueMechanics (Operational ‘hygiene’)Minimum requirements, minimumperformance level, compliance with rulesand regulations, ‘levelling ofthe playing field’, kite marks, qualityassurance
  3. 3. A standard is a documentdefining best practice,established by consensusand approved by a recognizedbody (such as BSI). Each standardis kept current through a processof maintenance and review wherebyit is updated, revised or withdrawnas necessary.Standards are designed to set outclear and unambiguous provisionsand performance objectives in orderto help trade and communicationbut may also meet other needs.For example, they might improvethe use of resources, assist withbringing products fromdevelopment to market, stimulateinnovation through the quick andefficient dissemination of criticalinformation, or improve the qualityof life through health, safety andenvironmental requirements.Although standards are voluntaryand separate from legal andRegulatory systems, they can beused to support or complementlegislation.Some European Standards havebeen developed to support certainEuropean (EU) directives byproviding the simplest way ofproving conformity. These standardsin many cases are performancebased rather than prescriptive.BSI manages UK interactions withthe standards bodies for Europe:the European Committee forStandardization (CEN) and,through the British ElectrotechnicalCommittee, the EuropeanCommittee for ElectrotechnicalStandardization (CENELEC).Similarly, BSI is the British pointof contact for the worldwidestandards bodies: the InternationalOrganization for Standardization(ISO) and, through the BritishElectrotechnical Committee, theInternational ElectrotechnicalCommission (IEC).Figure 2: Roleof standards insupportingtechnologyWhat is a standard?Science Base Technology Applications MarketsProduct development& commercialisationPull through fromR&D to marketIntellectual propertygeneration & value addPureresearchAppliedresearchanddevelopmentStandards
  4. 4. Standards are developed whenthere is a defined market needthrough consultation withstakeholders and a rigorousdevelopment process. Newareas for standardization areoften developed through fast-trackmechanisms like the publiclyavailable specification (PAS) viaBSI Professional Services. Formalstandards in more mature areasare developed through acommittee structure that operatesat the national, European andinternational levels.For fast track standards,stakeholders are drawn togetherin a consortium model whereconsultation takes place throughsteering groups and review panelschosen to be representative andclose to the business issues, andalso through any standingcommittees in related areas.For formal standards, nationalcommittees represent theircommunities in order to developstandards and related documentsby consensus. They includerepresentatives of government,testing laboratories, suppliers,consumers, academic institutions,societal interests, business,manufacturers, regulators andtrade unions. European andinternational committees representthe countries interested in thesubject matter with the aim ofreaching consensus, through expertdelegations nominated by therelevant national standards bodies.BSI supports almost 2,500 technicaland subcommittees which betweenthem have more than 22,500places. BSI also provides thesecretariat to over 200 Europeanand international committees, andpublishes 2,000 new or revisedstandards per annum as part of itscurrent library of 27,000 standards.BSI Professional Services has set upover 40 fast track-standardizationprojects and published more than90 PAS’s as the commissioned routeto standardization has seen rapidgrowth in the last few years.The standards making process
  5. 5. Formal British (BS), European(EN) and internationalstandards (ISO/IEC) aredeveloped according tostrict rules to ensure thatthey are transparent and fair.They follow the technical committeeprocess which incorporates thefollowing stages:• Proposal for new work• Project acceptance• Drafting• Public comment period• Approval• Publication.There is, however, also a rangeof other documents with partialconsensus:• Draft for development – DD• Guide – European Committeefor Standardization CEN/CLC,or ISO• Technical specification –CEN/CLC/TS, ISO or IEC/TS• Technical report – CEN/CLC/TR,ISO or IEC/TR.Figure 3: Thestandardscontrol/consensus dynamicTypes of standardBenefits:Consumer AwarenessMarketing PotentialRisk ManagementCredibilityTypes of documents:Technical SpecificationsCodes of PracticeMethodGuideISO/ IECEuropean StandardBritish StandardPublicly Available SpecificationPrivate StandardCompany ManualsConsensusControl
  6. 6. For some users of standards,particularly those in fast-changingtechnology sectors, it is often moreimportant to agree on a businesssolution and publish it quicklybefore going through the checksand balances needed to become afull consensus standard. Therefore,BSI, CEN / CENELEC and ISO / IEChave developed a range of productswhich are not full standards butallow publication before fullconsensus. These publications are:• Publicly available specification –PAS (the new deliverables of fast-track standardization)• Private standard – PS(commissioned by specificorganisations)Figure 4: Thestandards cycle• international publicly availablespecification – ISO/PAS• European or internationalworkshop agreements –CWA/IWA/ITA• business related books, CD-ROMs(e.g. Guides, Codes of Practice,compliance workbooks, texttargets, surveys etc)• Published document – PD.Lead times for standards vary froma matter of months to several years.British standards are usuallydeveloped within 12–15 months,whilst international standards takearound 3 years. Commissionedstandards such as PAS and PS canbe developed within months tomeet customer requirements.Continuousimprovement inexisting standardsprovisionCollectingbest practiceindustry-wide orcross-industry tocreate newstandardsDevelopingstandards ofindustry-widerelevanceAssisting companiesin developingprivatestandardsShared (standards of general relevance)Private (company-specific standards)Process-driven Vision-driven
  7. 7. British Standards facilitates thedevelopment of full consensusstandards through committeesrepresenting interested parties.Committee membership is voluntaryand DTI funding is available forsome activities. Complementary tothis, BSI Professional Servicesfacilitates a full range ofcollaborative and consortia serviceswhich are funded directly byparticipating organisations.Committees develop nationalstandards and provide the UK inputto international projects. BSI staff,Programme Managers andCommittee Managers providedefined levels of support to thecommittees based on an agreedallocation of service that has beencalculated according to the levelsof importance and activity of thecommittee’s current workprogramme. For national projectsadditional support is provided byeditorial staff, Content Developers.Delegates and experts tointernational committees andworking groups are nominatedby national committees.Figure 5:InternationalrepresentationCommittees and consortiaBSI committeeUK delegation UK expertISO/IEC or CEN/CENELECtechnical committeeor subcommitteeISO/IEC or CEN/CENELECworking group
  8. 8. Consortia develop the fast tracknew deliverable like PASs as wellas offering a full range of supportservices like post standardizationmarketing and PR.There are state-of-the-art meetingfacilities at BSI’s Head office inChiswick and committeeinteractions are facilitated by amodern electronic workingenvironment ‘eCommittees’ thathas been developed by BSIspecifically for that purpose. Allcommittees meet as often asrequired but the increase inelectronic working means morestandardization work is being donewithout meeting around a table.Consortia can be facilitated at BSI,client premises, or third partyvenues as required.BSI committees usually includerepresentatives from tradeassociations, academic institutions,government departments and otherinterested groups. Companies maynominate people to committeesthrough their trade association.If someone has a specific areaof expertise, a committee mayco-opt them for a specific taskor an allotted time. A memberof a UK committee may benominated or appointed to attendinternational meetings either as aUK expert to a working group oras a national delegate to a technicalcommittee or sub-committee.Similarly BSI consortia cancommission expert input.
  9. 9. The development of standardsrequires specialist knowledgeand a range of skills for whichBSI provides world-classtraining. Although participation instandards making is voluntary andunpaid, committee members andexperts benefit from helping todevelop standards by:• influencing the content ofstandards• gaining detailed advanceknowledge of standards and soanticipate requirements andtrends• getting to know peers and otherswho influence industry such asthe business community,consumers, users, governmentand regulators• winning recognition throughassociation with leaders in thefield and in media coveragepromoting the standard• being nominated for Europeanor international committees.Members of BSI fast-trackstandardization consortia derivekey business benefits including:• brand visibility and credibility bysponsorship of good practice• strategic influence of standardsin emerging new areas• cost reduction, risk management,and product or servicedifferentiation.Benefits of participation
  10. 10. Several publications describe the benefits of using standardizationto achieve broader organisational and national strategicobjectives. Information about these is available both from BSI and theNational Standardization Strategic Framework (NSSF, ajoint initiative between BSI, the Confederation of British Industry (CBI),the Department for Trade and Industry (DTI) and the United KingdomAccreditation Service (UKAS).The website at describes the work of BSIand gives a range of information on British Standards.Projectline, the free service that enables anyone to search for BritishStandards, is at information on national committees and access to documentsin the public domain are studies of working with BSI Professional Services to add valueto businesses are available PSS/About/index.xalterFurther information
  11. 11. BSI Group headquarters389 Chiswick High RoadLondon W4 4ALTel +44 (0)20 8996 9000Fax +44 (0)20 8996