STAGE 1 - Somone Breaks The Law After someone has brocken the law, the victim will tell the police what has happened, This is called making a statement
STAGE 2 - CHARGES Questioning: If they can't find anything the have the option of: 1. Let the person go 2. Ask the magistrate for 24 hours more questioning time 3. Charge the person
STAGE 3 - REMAND The person appears at a Magistrates' Court. The Magistrates decide whether to remand into custody or on bail. REMAND IN CUSTODY: someone who has been charged must stayed locked up until they appear in court again. REMAND ON BAIL: This means they're charged with a crime but can go free intil they appear in court again. Bail conditions mean a promise to behave in a certain way maybe not to go near the crime victim
STAGE 4 - GET READY TO GO TO COURT The accused person and their solictior write down exactly what they say has happened The police help the other people who may have seen what happened to write down what they saw. (witnesses) The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) get all of the police's information and decide if there is enough evidence to prove the person did the crime.
STAGE 5 - The Magistrates' Court Most defendants now appear in this kind of court. The defendant has to say if they are 'GUILTY' or 'NOT GUILTY' If the defendant says that they are guilty then the magistrates make their decision over what their punishment will be - also called sentencing For the most serious crimes, like murder, the defendant has to go to the Crown Court If the defendant says they are not guilty then the Crown Prosecution Service tells the court why they think they are guilty.
STAGE 6 - The Crown Court The more serious crimes are dealt with in this court. it would have a judge and a jury. The jury is a group of 12 ordinary people chosen. When the jury have heard the reasons for the defendant being guilty and the reasons for them being innocent they make their decision. At least ten of the people on the jury must agree for them to be able to give their 'verdict'.
STAGE 7 - The Sentance The judge has to think about the facts of the crime and the kind of person the criminal is when deciding their 'sentence'. Only the more serious crimes may end in the criminal going to prison, many criminals have to pay fines or do good work for their community instead If it is found that the defendant is guilty, the judge decides the punishment. The defendant now becomes a convicted criminal.