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Workshop Innovation in Africa - Context, challenges & opportunities for urban transport modernization in Africa by Ramon Munoz

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On 2018 the BRT+ CoE hosted the Workshop Innovation in Africa, on Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. These are the slides of the main sessions of the event.

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Workshop Innovation in Africa - Context, challenges & opportunities for urban transport modernization in Africa by Ramon Munoz

  1. 1. CONTEXT, CHALLENGES & OPPORTUNITIES FOR URBAN TRANSPORT MODERNIZATION IN AFRICA 29TH JUNE, 2018 || DAR ES SALAAM, TANZANIA BRT INNOVATION IN AFRICA WORKSHOP RAMON MUNOZ-RASKIN SR. TRANSPORT SPECIALIST
  2. 2. Low average density POOR CITIES IN AFRICA: FEATURELESS PLAINS Source: Llal, through http://citypopulation.de/ Source: Munoz-Raskin
  3. 3. Most people walk or take public transport But street are very congested THE WALKING AND CONGESTION PARADOX Source: International Association of Public Transport 2010. Source: World Bank Flickr
  4. 4. Nairobi and Gauteng are more fragmented and less well-connected than its siblings in Asia or Latin America African cities are different: they are more fragmented Source: Henderson and Nigmatulina 2016. Source: LSE Cities. https://lsecities.net/media/objects/articles/measuring-density/en-gb/ http://brandondonnelly.com/post/140880939048/residential-population-densities-compared
  5. 5. In Nairobi, 70% walk or take the matatu to work… Source: Avner and Lall 2016. …limiting access to opportunities 28% Matatu % of jobs within 60 minutes 42% Walk How do people get to their jobs? 11 % 20% In London, a central resident can reach 54% of all jobs within 45 minutes using public transit, in Nairobi, the corresponding share is 20%
  6. 6. Increase in motorization threatens competitiveness and quality of life in cities Source: Lee Schipper, Universidad de California, Berkeley, 2009 Trends for emerging economies • Individuals buy vehicles as soon as they can afford them • Real vehicle value decreases and access to credit increases income = motorization
  7. 7. With the entire investment in the BRT network, the number of people who will be able to access the center of the city in 1 h using PT to increase from 42% to 73%. Source: World Bank staff simulation through the OTPA tool developed by the World Bank. Estimated impact of the Dar es Salaam BRT on Accessibility to CBD Estimated impact of a hypothetical BRT in Kigali on employment accessibility Implementation of a BRT in Kigali could increase accessibility to employment opportunities by as much as 75% in some areas. LEVERAGING TRANSPORT SYSTEMS TO IMPROVE MOBILITY AND ACCESSIBILITY: THE EVIDENCE
  8. 8. Built Form and Urban Planning/Governance as a foundation for the vision for the city Source: Munoz-Raskin SSA cities growing at 4% annually and generate > 50% GDP; 2/3 of urbanization still needs to happen; 180M jobs need to be created within cities by 2030.
  9. 9. Virtuous cycle: walking, cycling and high quality, clean and affordable public transport Source: DART
  10. 10. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT MODERNIZATION
  11. 11. Mobility for All • Focus on improving mobility and accessibility for all, including the poor • Multi-modalism AND integration as a response to demand patterns. Including demand- responsive services for low density environment(e.g. minibuses/e-hauling) Source: Munoz-Raskin Source: unknown
  12. 12. Service Planning • Adaptation of solutions to travel market and land use. Infrastructure as a facilitator to the service plan. • Building the infrastructure is not enough. Coordination to facilitate service provision and priority along the routes • Anticipate for teething problems Source: DART
  13. 13. Policy Considerations • Axiomatic assumptions (e.g. BRT = Fare recovery) have serious policy implications • Technical tariff vs. fare to the user- service providers in the business of operating and public sector to establish policies, planning and contractual management as applicable • Adequate risk sharing arrangements between public and private sector to attract professional private sector service providers (local and international) Source: unknown Source: Munoz-Raskin Source: unknown
  14. 14. Regulatory & Institutional Considerations • Institutional set-up with institutional architecture, funding and teeth to favor public transport (e.g. metropolitan authorities) • Institutional coordination is complex and requires many stakeholders during planning, development and operations • Regulate the market so that public transport modernization is set for success (e.g. Who can operate in the corridors? Enforcement approach? Who decides?) Source: Munoz-Raskin Source: Munoz-Raskin
  15. 15. Human Capital • Early and serious investment: capacity and capability + project management • Greater global knowledge base but still African cities have less experience in implementing public transport modernization, coupled with less resources. • Insider + Outsider: co-producing knowledge and empowering the local Source: Munoz-Raskin Source: Munoz-Raskin
  16. 16. THANKS! ASANTE! Source: Munoz-Raskin

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