Workshop Innovation in Africa - BRT, Minibus System and Innovation in African Cities by Jacqueline Klopp
BRT, Minibus Systems and Innovation in
African Cities Jacqueline M. Klopp
Minibus systems often missing in transportation
planning despite ubiquity and importance
Nairobi Vision 2030/Thika Highway
This has transferred over to mass transit planning….
Minibuses are in the white empty spaces?
Little holistic data and analysis
based on data of actual minibus
systems, rail, NMT (fragmented,
BRT planning: Missing Data for an
Addis Ababa City Administration Transport
Programs Management Office
BRT-Project Management Unit
Source: Transaction Capital 2017 from SA Taxi telematics data as at 11 October 2016 |
National Land Transport Strategic Framework 2015
Emerging trends: Minibuses not
going to disappear
Growing work on paratransit, policies, practices,
operations (Paratransit in African Cities, Taken for a
Ride, Ghana on the Go, )…growing literature but no
systematic review or learning across cities.
Signs of innovation within minibus sector (is BRT
necessary as a catalyst for change and for introducing
Some innovation within cities eg. in South Africa with
the greatest experience of BRT…
“A Review of Minibus-Taxi Reform Initiatives in
South African Cities” World Bank forthcoming
Smart Matatu and drivers!
Erin Kelley Greg Lane David Scḧonholzer and Peter Wagacha Waiganjo (2017)
Increases in productivity drivers, owners/higher incomes… safety
improvements, driver income increases needed.
Improvements in Fleet Management:
Accra and smart Matatu
Saddier and Johnson
2016)- need for rank
changes average waiting
3.5 hours a day!
Saddier, S, Z. Patterson, A.
Johnson and N. Wiseman.
Fickle or Flexible?
Reliability (quite reliable!)
Improve Infrastructure Wallacedene Taxi
Rank Cape Town
Maputo: Passenger Information Improving
Public Transport with Minibus Mapping
for planning, passenger service, and as a new engagement strategy
Nairobi (DigitalMatatus) Maputo (Mapos dos Chapas)
Mapping Can Support Formalization/More
Map of collective
Map owned by
Maputo: City has started to formalize stops
DEVELOP OPEN DATA= CHANGE
APPS AND INFO
IN (GTFS) STANDARD
Leverage Growing Cellphone Use to Collect
Missing Transit Data
Disorganized transit systems “planned” by the actions of many private actors do
naturally evolve certain forms of efficiency, but they do not naturally evolve into
the most efficient and productive network for the whole city. That final push
into coherence requires network design!
Jarett Walker 2014
Network Analysis and Design
Nairobi’s Matatus on Google Maps:
Accessing transport is also information
Looking at actual travel…. NMT always there on map!
New Passenger Services: Increases Business
World Bank 2016
Measuring Access to Services
Displace and Replace or Embrace?
• We need a balanced, holistic approach with BRT fitting
into a bigger picture on integrated transit
• We need better data and analysis of the whole system
including minibuses… also for better pre, post analysis
and assessment of options
• Better to work with minibuses on a more respectful
basis (no politics can be skirted via BRT processes)
• Incremental approach- better idea?
• Can we build on the ongoing innovation in the minibus
sector for better more equitable transport in African