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Webinar Session: "BRT in India – a way forward"

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Webinar Session presented by Pranjali Deshpande (ITDP India), on March 31th, 2016.
BRT Centre of Excellence

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Webinar Session: "BRT in India – a way forward"

  1. 1. Pranjali Deshpande-Agashe Program Manager (Maharashtra) March 2016 BRT in India- a way forward
  2. 2. BRT in India: Old approach
  3. 3. It started with ‘National Urban Transport Policy’ Many cities proposed BRT in their city for building road infrastructure with national government funding!
  4. 4. Indian BRTs timeline 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Pune(pilot)Delhi
  5. 5. Delhi BRT – plans for 257km, but only 5km in operations! Source: TRIPP, Delhi
  6. 6. Pune BRT plans for 100km but only 15km in operations
  7. 7. Major stumbling blocks • Failure to integrate with the existing bus operations – Open or close bus operations? – Special purpose vehicle? Same bus company? – Existing fleet? New fleet? • Lack of clarity and understanding • Lack of political will • Poor implementation • Hastiness
  8. 8. BRT means ‘just a bus lane’! BRT corridor being used by BRT buses as well as state transport, school buses Pune BRT pilot corridor
  9. 9. BRT means ‘just a bus lane’! Delhi BRT
  10. 10. Uncomfortable boarding Pune BRT pilot corridor
  11. 11. Less efforts on infrastructure development Pune BRT pilot corridor
  12. 12. Old buses plying inside the corridor Pune BRT pilot corridor
  13. 13. Poor corridor enforcement Delhi BRT Source: mail today
  14. 14. BRT was badly criticised!
  15. 15. BRT in India: New approach
  16. 16. Indian BRTs timeline 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Punepilot Janmarg,Ahmedabad Delhi
  17. 17. Janmarg, Ahmedabad BRT changed the approach towards BRT! Janmarg BRT received international Sustainable Transport Award, 2009
  18. 18. Indian BRTs timeline 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Punepilot Janmarg,Ahmedabad Delhi Rajmarg,Rajkot Citilink,Surat Rainbow,Pune Ibus,Indore
  19. 19. Rainbow, Pune- Pimpri Chinchwad
  20. 20. Type of bus operations Open system Close system Delhi Pune pilot Ahmedabad (initially) Indore Rajkot Source: TRIPP, Delhi
  21. 21. Type of bus operations Hybrid system Jaipur Rainbow, Pune Bhopal Source: TRIPP, Delhi Ahmedabad (now)
  22. 22. Pune Pimpri Chinchwad: BRT service plan
  23. 23. No of locations in PMR- 45 Survey hours- 16 Data collected- Route number, occupancy of each bus, timings FO locations Max passenger load observed- 120 Pune Pimpri Chinchwad: Frequency Occupancy (FO) Survey
  24. 24. No of locations in PMR- 19 Survey hours- 3 Data collected- origin destination, mode and purpose of travel, waiting time at transfer location PT locations Pune Pimpri Chinchwad: Passenger Transfer (PT) Survey
  25. 25. 0.00 10,000.00 20,000.00 30,000.00 40,000.00 50,000.00 60,000.00 70,000.00 80,000.00 90,000.00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Passengertrips Time Hr Modnay Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Source: E ticket Machine data 2011 Pune Pimpri Chinchwad: daily travel pattern
  26. 26. 1,618 PMPML buses Daily 12 lakh passenger trips Existing condition 2,640 PMPML buses Target 14.5 lakh passenger trips BRT without route rationalisation 1,980 PMPML buses Target 14.5 lakh passenger trips BRT with route rationalisation Pune Pimpri Chinchwad: Fleet requirement
  27. 27. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Headway less than 10 min 10- 20 min headway More than 20 min BRT without rationalisation BRT After rationalisation Target of 14.5 lakh trips Pune Pimpri Chinchwad: waiting time analysis
  28. 28. Chinchwad Hinjewadi Pimpri Sangavi Bhosari Rupinagar Pune Pimpri Chinchwad: hybrid BRT extensions
  29. 29. Warje malwadi Dhayari phata katraj Hadapsar Ravet Chinchwad gaon IT park Akurdi BRT corridor segregation BRT hybrid routes Pune Pimpri Chinchwad: hybrid BRT extensions
  30. 30. Buses suitable for hybrid operations: both side docking availability Right side door for median stations Left side door for outside corridor operations
  31. 31. Hybrid BRT for Pune-Pimpri Chinchwad Use of Right side door in BRT corridor Left side doors off corridor Passengers Bus lane BRT station Regular Bus Stop BRT Bus
  32. 32. BRT Services
  33. 33. Regular Services
  34. 34. 5000 pphpd 3,000 pphpd 6,500 pphpd 6,000 pphpd 7,000 pphpd 7,000 pphpd Proposed BRT corridor ridership 2,000 pphpd 3,200 pphpd
  35. 35. Various Indian BRTs (new approach)
  36. 36. Organisational structure of various BRTs • Ahmedabad: – Janmarg is special purpose vehicle for BRT – AMTS operates non BRT buses • Pune- Pimpri Chinchwad – PMPML operates pubic transport buses – Rainbow BRT cell is a part of PMPML • Indore – AICTSL operates public transport buses – I bus is a part of AICTSL
  37. 37. BRT Branding • Pune – Pimpri Chinchwad branded the system with ‘Rainbow’ to change the image of old pilot corridor • Indore branded it with ‘ibus’ • Ahmedabad named their system’ Janmarg’ • Rajkot used the name ‘Rajmarg’ • Surat used ‘Citilink’
  38. 38. Dedicated BRT lane
  39. 39. Central island station (median station)
  40. 40. Central island station (median station)
  41. 41. Step- less boarding
  42. 42. Step less boarding saves up to 80% dwell time Step less boarding
  43. 43. Automated doors
  44. 44. EURO IV CNG BRT buses with passenger information system
  45. 45. BRT priority at the intersection
  46. 46. Comfortable closed bus stations
  47. 47. Bus operations monitoring
  48. 48. Buses don’t get stuck in traffic!
  49. 49. Overtaking lanes at stations
  50. 50. Passenger information system
  51. 51. Enforcement efforts
  52. 52. New approach: supporting infrastructure
  53. 53. Supporting infrastructure- terminals
  54. 54. Supporting infrastructure- terminals
  55. 55. Supporting infrastructure- depots Surat
  56. 56. Passenger information designs
  57. 57. Rapid expansion of Janmarg BRT, Ahmedabad
  58. 58. Expansion plans of Rainbow BRT, Pune metropolitan region Public transport demand pattern Public transport demand pattern 2015 30km 2017 80 km Rainbow BRT corridors: new approach BRT corridors: old approach Pilot BRT corridor will be redesigned with better infrastructure
  59. 59. Frequency comparisons (actual/ planned) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Rainbow, Punep Pimpri Chinchwad Rajmarg, Rajkot Janmarg, Ahmedabad My bus, Bhopal I bus, Indore Jaipur Source: TRIPP
  60. 60. Daily ridership 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 Rainbow Janmarg My bus I bus Surat Rajmarg Jaipur Dailyridership Pune,PimpriChinchwad Ahmedabad Bhopal Indore Rajkot 30 km 89 km 24 km 11 km 11 km 11 km 7 km Source: ITDP surveys and CEPT
  61. 61. Acceptance by citizens: mode shift Car 7% 2W 12% Bus 59% Shared auto 7% Auto 13% Other 2% Car 0% 2W 8% Bus 88% Shared auto 4% Janmarg, Ahmedabad month 20 Source: Janmarg Rainbow, Pune Pimpri Chinchwad month 03 Source: ITDP surveys Car 6% 2W 18% Bus 48% Shared auto 18% I bus, Indore Initial months Source: I bus 24%8%19% Shift from private vehicles to BRT
  62. 62. BRT in India : current status Operational Under construction/ tendering stage
  63. 63. Indian BRTs timeline 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Punepilot Janmarg,Ahmedabad Delhi Rajmarg,Rajkot Citilink,Surat DelhiwasscrappedRainbow,Pune Ibus,Indore
  64. 64. Delhi BRT scrapped! but new corridors with fresh designs have been announced
  65. 65. Pune plans to redesign pilot BRT corridor with better infrastructure and facilities
  66. 66. Indian BRTs timeline 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Punepilot Janmarg,Ahmedabad Delhi Rajmarg,Rajkot Citilink,Surat DelhiwasscrappedRainbow,Pune DelhiBRTnewphase wasannounced Puneoldpilotcorridor redesigningplans Ibus,Indore Rainbowexpansion
  67. 67. Time to invest for right mode of transport Capacity= 3,000 pphpd
  68. 68. Elevated road Capacity= 5,000 pphpd Min. Rs 100 Cr/km Capacity increases only 1.5 times
  69. 69. BRT system Capacity= 12,000 pphpd* Rs 15 Cr/kmCapacity increases 5 times *with overtaking lanes ridership of 35,000-40,000 pphpd can be achieved Administration budget of cities like Pune focuses mainly on sustainable transport and gives no priority to grade separators.
  70. 70. Future of BRT in India “Build Metro with Buses!!!” and many of such Metros to come……. 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Future
  71. 71. Thank You! contact: pranjali.deshpande@itdp.org

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