Land use planning


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Land use planning

  1. 1. Land-Use Planning: A Shopping Center Phipps Shopping Plaza
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Shopping centers are frequently constructed with inadequate total planning. Communities are quick to see the potential positive economic </li></ul><ul><li>spinoff of a shopping center being developed, but tend to downplay potential negative impacts of such development. Environmental considerations </li></ul><ul><li>are not always properly addressed, and often surface later as problems. To understand what environmental problems may arise from </li></ul><ul><li>the construction of a shopping center, it is necessary to analyze an existing or proposed facility </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. Objectives <ul><li>After surveying people at a local shopping mall, the student will: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Understand that land-use decisions may not always be carefully thought through. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Recognize that most types of land use may have unwanted or negative environmental results. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Understand the relationship between the development of shopping centers and the decline of central business districts. </li></ul>
  4. 4. v. Procedure <ul><li>ure </li></ul><ul><li>1. Decide whether the whole class will go to the mall and interview respondents, or whether students will divide up into groups, survey </li></ul><ul><li>people, and report their results during the next lab class. </li></ul><ul><li>Conducting the survey: </li></ul><ul><li>2. Use the following questions as a basis for your survey. Add other questions that are pertinent to your situation. </li></ul><ul><li>3. When surveying people, be polite, and ask them if they would be willing to take a few minutes to answer some questions. Regardless </li></ul><ul><li>of their answer, thank them and wish them a good day. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Sample questions: </li></ul><ul><li>a. Did you live in this area before the shopping center was constructed? </li></ul><ul><li>b. If so, what was the area like before the shopping center was built? </li></ul><ul><li>c. What problems do you notice that are associated with the shopping center (noise, traffic, etc.)? </li></ul><ul><li>d. Is the shopping center's interior aesthetically pleasing to you? </li></ul><ul><li>e. Is the shopping center's exterior aesthetically pleasing to you? </li></ul>
  5. 5. PROCEDURE <ul><li>178 Part 5 Lifestyle Choices </li></ul><ul><li>f. Do you feel crime in your neighborhood has changed with the construction of the shopping center? </li></ul><ul><li>g. Were you consulted in any way before the shopping center was built? </li></ul><ul><li>h. If so, in what way and by whom? </li></ul><ul><li>5. After the survey, construct a tally sheet with all answers, and bring this sheet to class. </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of the shopping center: </li></ul><ul><li>6. Sometime before the next lab class, return to the shopping center, and look around. Answer the following questions, and be prepared </li></ul><ul><li>to discuss them in the next class. </li></ul><ul><li>a. Estimate the total area of impervious (e.g., concrete surfaces, parking lots, buildings, etc.) surfaces where water cannot seep into </li></ul><ul><li>the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Estimate the number and average height of trees in the shopping center. </li></ul><ul><li>c. How are the trees planted? In boxes, in beds, or in areas filled in with wood chips? </li></ul><ul><li>d. Estimate the percentage of the parking lot that is filled with cars. </li></ul><ul><li>e. Where does all the water that falls onto the shopping center drain into? </li></ul><ul><li>f. Is the area aesthetically pleasing to you? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>180 Part 5 Lifestyle Choices </li></ul>
  6. 6. PROCEDURE <ul><li>VI. Questions </li></ul><ul><li>1. Did your respondents seem to feel positively about the mall? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What were some of the major problems respondents cited about having the mall in their community? </li></ul><ul><li>3. What environmental problems did you see that were associated with the mall (e.g., water runoff, aesthetics, wildlife, loss of </li></ul><ul><li>habitat, traffic)? </li></ul><ul><li>4. What functions does this mall play in this community? </li></ul><ul><li>5. How can the negative environmental problems associated with malls be minimized? </li></ul><ul><li>6. Are several small shopping centers better than one large one? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>7. If you were designing a mall, what important factors would you incorporate that weren't included in this mall? </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 22 Land-Use Planning: A Shopping Center 179 </li></ul><ul><li>g. Were the roads leading to the mall there before the construction of the mall? Were additional roads built to accommodate the </li></ul><ul><li>additional traffic? Were existing roads widened? </li></ul><ul><li>h. What types of stores are in the mall? How many stores (total) are there? </li></ul><ul><li>i. Is there evidence that the mall was constructed where a farm, residential area, or open fields used to be? </li></ul><ul><li>j. Is there evidence that large trees were removed for the shopping center? If so, how could they have been incorporated into the </li></ul><ul><li>design of the mall, rather than being removed? </li></ul><ul><li>k. What type of wildlife is present at the mall? </li></ul>
  7. 7. PHIPPS MALL <ul><li>The Mall at Stonecrest is designed as a collection of buildings arranged in a continuous, curvilinear configuration that forms an interior park. Textures support the premise of a collection of buildings and help to distinguish the spaces within the project. The roof line extends out to form a canopy over each of the five primary entrances and the food court, all with full-height curtain wall glass to enhance visibility of the interior spaces. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pt. VI questions <ul><li>Did your respondents seem to feel positive about the mall? </li></ul>
  9. 9. What were some of the major problems respondents cited about having the mall in their community?
  10. 10. What were the environmental problems associated with building this structure? <ul><li>There was a dairy farm that used to be in place of the mall before it was there. </li></ul><ul><li>Said by the nice 68 year old European American lady. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What functions does this mall play in this community?
  12. 12. How can environmental problems minimized by the mall
  13. 13. Are several malls better than on mall? why? <ul><li>In miss Swain opinion yes because they are more convenient and you can get in & get out. </li></ul>
  14. 14. How many stores? <ul><li>There are quite a few malls even though it feels small and the types of stores are luxury and upscale all the way said by the two old ladies in Belk. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Evidence of trees? <ul><li>There were no evidence of trees and there were no trees in the surrounding areas to do research on. </li></ul>
  16. 16. INTERVIEWED QUESTIONS <ul><li>Did you live this area before the shopping center was constructed ? </li></ul><ul><li>65% said yes </li></ul><ul><li>25% said no </li></ul><ul><li>15% said they don’t know </li></ul>