www.brac.net
Challenging the Frontiers of
Poverty Reduction
Targeting the Ultra Poor
(CFPR-TUP)
Presented by: Rozina Haque...
www.brac.net
Ultra Poverty Record: Bangladesh
• A country of 153m people of which 17% live
in ultra poverty (BBS 2010)
• D...
www.brac.net
Background of CFPR-TUP
• BRAC started its journey in 1972
• In 1985, BRAC started Income Generation
for Vulne...
www.brac.net
Goal and Objective
• Assist the ultra poor to improve their
livelihood and bring about positive
changes in ac...
www.brac.net
Strategies
• Special Investment Programme (SIP)
model for the Specially Targeted Ultra
Poor (STUP)
• Grant Pl...
www.brac.net
Definition of the Ultra Poor
• Household with less than 10
decimals of land
• Earn livelihood as beggars, day...
www.brac.net
Beneficiary Selection Process
Three steps selection process
 Participatory Rural Appraisal Method
- Social M...
www.brac.net
Programme Components
Four Programme Components:
1.Enterprise Development Training
2.Asset Transfer
3.Tailor M...
www.brac.net
www.brac.net
www.brac.net
www.brac.net
www.brac.net
GDBC Meeting
Free Coaching
Donating Warm
Cloths
Donating School Bags
www.brac.net
Other Targeted Ultra Poor
(OTUP)
• The household owns no more than 30 decimals
of land ( home stead plus arab...
www.brac.net
Support Package for OTUP members
• Enterprise Development and life skill
training
• Soft Loan from
• Subsiste...
www.brac.net
Addressing Climate Change related
destitution (ACCD)
• Selection Criteria: Same as OTUP
• Support Package:
– ...
www.brac.net
Graduation from the Programme
Length of Programme Intervention: 2
years
• Graduating from ultra poor to a bet...
www.brac.net
www.brac.net
Achievements
Total Districts Covered: 40
Category 1st Phase
(Achieved)
2nd Phase
(Achieved)
3rd Phase
(On goi...
www.brac.net
SOME OF THE KEY LESSONS
LEARNED
• Capturing the
heterogeneity of the
poor is critical for
designing and
imple...
www.brac.net
Special efforts needed to change the
“mind set at all levels” .
Social mobilization is necessary to create
...
www.brac.net
Include urban poorest
In house capacity
building
CFPR-TUP Replication
CHALLENGES
www.brac.net
At URBAN STUP: From 2010
OTUP: From 2013
Urban Street Children Project:
From 2013
www.brac.net
Thank You
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Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty-Targeting the Ultra Poor

  1. 1. www.brac.net Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction Targeting the Ultra Poor (CFPR-TUP) Presented by: Rozina Haque Programmw Manager, Ultra Poor Programme (CFPR-TUP) BRAC
  2. 2. www.brac.net Ultra Poverty Record: Bangladesh • A country of 153m people of which 17% live in ultra poverty (BBS 2010) • Daily per capita calorie intake is equal or below 1800 kcal (avg.) • Although microfinance plays a role for improving livelihoods of the poor, ultra poor are often bypassed. • Ultra Poor are largely left out of the mainstream development programmes.
  3. 3. www.brac.net Background of CFPR-TUP • BRAC started its journey in 1972 • In 1985, BRAC started Income Generation for Vulnerable Groups Development (IGVGD) • Since the traditional microfinance was not reaching the extreme poor people, special interventions were needed to „push down‟ • BRAC has launched the programme called in short “CFPR-TUP” in 2002.
  4. 4. www.brac.net Goal and Objective • Assist the ultra poor to improve their livelihood and bring about positive changes in achieving economic, social and asprirational changes • Assist the ultra poor to access mainstream development services
  5. 5. www.brac.net Strategies • Special Investment Programme (SIP) model for the Specially Targeted Ultra Poor (STUP) • Grant Plus credit Support ( GPCS) model for the Other Targeted Ultra Poor (OTUP) • Addressing Climate Change related destitution (ACCD)
  6. 6. www.brac.net Definition of the Ultra Poor • Household with less than 10 decimals of land • Earn livelihood as beggars, day laborers and/or domestic aid • Household with no productive assets • Children of school-going age taking up paid work • No adult active male member in the household
  7. 7. www.brac.net Beneficiary Selection Process Three steps selection process  Participatory Rural Appraisal Method - Social Mapping - Wealth Ranking  Mini survey through questionnaire  Final selection of eligible households through verification
  8. 8. www.brac.net Programme Components Four Programme Components: 1.Enterprise Development Training 2.Asset Transfer 3.Tailor Made Essential Health Care 4.Tailor Made Community Mobilization Works
  9. 9. www.brac.net
  10. 10. www.brac.net
  11. 11. www.brac.net
  12. 12. www.brac.net
  13. 13. www.brac.net GDBC Meeting Free Coaching Donating Warm Cloths Donating School Bags
  14. 14. www.brac.net Other Targeted Ultra Poor (OTUP) • The household owns no more than 30 decimals of land ( home stead plus arable) • Could not send children to school after primary level • Dependent on seasonal / irregular income • Unable to make productive or effective use of NGO services • could not afford fish, meet or egg in any meal in past three days before the interview
  15. 15. www.brac.net Support Package for OTUP members • Enterprise Development and life skill training • Soft Loan from • Subsistence allowance • Input supplies to support the enterprise development . • Tailor made health care services • Tailor made community mobilization works
  16. 16. www.brac.net Addressing Climate Change related destitution (ACCD) • Selection Criteria: Same as OTUP • Support Package: – Asset transfer for Livelihood Development – Enterprise Development and life skill Training – Training on Early Warning and Coping Mechanism – Social Forestry – Infrastructure Development – Special Health care – Mobilizing community support
  17. 17. www.brac.net Graduation from the Programme Length of Programme Intervention: 2 years • Graduating from ultra poor to a better economic and social condition • Graduating into the mainstream development programmes
  18. 18. www.brac.net
  19. 19. www.brac.net Achievements Total Districts Covered: 40 Category 1st Phase (Achieved) 2nd Phase (Achieved) 3rd Phase (On going) Total Coverage (achieved and planned) Year 2002-2006 Year 2007-2011 Year 2012-2016 Year 2002-2016 STUP 1,00,000 HH 2,71,700 HH 1,55,000 HH 5,26,700 HH OTUP (BDP- TUP) 6,50,000 HH 3,29,000 HH 1,62,000 HH 11,41,000 HH ACCD - - 1,00,000 HH 1,00,000 HH
  20. 20. www.brac.net SOME OF THE KEY LESSONS LEARNED • Capturing the heterogeneity of the poor is critical for designing and implementing extreme poverty reduction programmes • „Intensive hand holding‟ has to have a central focus
  21. 21. www.brac.net Special efforts needed to change the “mind set at all levels” . Social mobilization is necessary to create an enabling environment for the ultra poor Facilitated access to formal health care services is necessary
  22. 22. www.brac.net Include urban poorest In house capacity building CFPR-TUP Replication CHALLENGES
  23. 23. www.brac.net At URBAN STUP: From 2010 OTUP: From 2013 Urban Street Children Project: From 2013
  24. 24. www.brac.net Thank You

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