An Overview of HS&E Issues for CCS Tim Hill  Vice-chair CCSA Group Head Environmental Modelling Power Technology E.ON UK
Content <ul><li>Overview CCSA </li></ul><ul><li>Context: CCS in the UK </li></ul><ul><li>What are the issues for HS&E? </l...
Officers of the CCSA <ul><li>President:  Lord Ron Oxburgh </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman:  Gardiner Hill, BP </li></ul><ul><li...
Founder Members <ul><li>Air Products </li></ul><ul><li>Alstom Power </li></ul><ul><li>AMEC </li></ul><ul><li>BP </li></ul>...
New Members <ul><li>BG Group </li></ul><ul><li>BGS </li></ul><ul><li>BOC </li></ul><ul><li>Chevron </li></ul><ul><li>Clima...
What is the CCSA? <ul><li>It is: </li></ul><ul><li>A Business Association formed in the UK to represent the interests of i...
Work Streams <ul><li>Public Perception </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Project...
Summary of activities <ul><li>Recognise CCS in EU ETS </li></ul><ul><li>Establish M&V protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Establish...
CO2 Capture, Transportation and Storage CAPTURE Transportation Well Injection Storage Power Plant H2 plant HC streams Chem...
CO2 Capture, Transportation and Storage CAPTURE Transportation Well Injection Storage Physical Chemical Impurities 1-50 ba...
Proposed UK Projects <ul><li>Pre-combustion capture from gas in a 450MWe project at Peterhead by SSE/BP and others </li></...
 
CO2 v Nat Gas in NTS  <ul><li>NG pressure up to 86 bar, CO2 70 -140 bar </li></ul><ul><li>Density CO2 ~ 700 kg/m3 </li></u...
What’s new about CCS? <ul><li>Big volumes CO2 produced on land and transported long distances </li></ul><ul><li>Integratin...
What experience is there already? <ul><li>Capture of CO2 from flue gas /  nat gas </li></ul><ul><li>Large scale CO2 pipeli...
Standards <ul><li>UK – no standards specific to CO2 pipes – standards for other gases applied </li></ul><ul><li>Standards ...
Health & Environment I <ul><li>CO2 health effects well understood </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals covered by COSHH regs </li><...
Health & Environment II <ul><li>Safety of controlled releases e.g pipeline purge </li></ul><ul><li>Impurities with CO2 e.g...
Incident Stats in US 1986 - 2001 U.S DOT Statistics 0.32 0.82 0.17 Incidents per 1000 km pipeline, per year 0 249 217 Inju...
R&D  <ul><li>EU Framework 6&7 programmes </li></ul><ul><li>- HSE issues covered in many projects </li></ul><ul><li>Zero Em...
Gaps Summary  <ul><li>Regulatory & legal framework </li></ul><ul><li>Safety standards for pipelines, facilities </li></ul>...
Way Forward  <ul><li>Regulators work with Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Look for, learn from or use existing best practice  <...
Dr Jeff Chapman Chief Executive The Carbon Capture & Storage Association Suites 142-152 Grosvenor Gardens House 35/37 Gros...
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Tim Hill

  1. 1. An Overview of HS&E Issues for CCS Tim Hill Vice-chair CCSA Group Head Environmental Modelling Power Technology E.ON UK
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>Overview CCSA </li></ul><ul><li>Context: CCS in the UK </li></ul><ul><li>What are the issues for HS&E? </li></ul><ul><li>Existing experience </li></ul><ul><li>Areas for development </li></ul>
  3. 3. Officers of the CCSA <ul><li>President: Lord Ron Oxburgh </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman: Gardiner Hill, BP </li></ul><ul><li>Vice Chairs: Tim Hill, E.ON – UK </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Whitton, Progressive Energy </li></ul><ul><li>CEO: Jeff Chapman </li></ul><ul><li>Co. Secretary: David Green OBE </li></ul><ul><li>Head of Marketing: Emma Penney </li></ul>
  4. 4. Founder Members <ul><li>Air Products </li></ul><ul><li>Alstom Power </li></ul><ul><li>AMEC </li></ul><ul><li>BP </li></ul><ul><li>ConocoPhillips </li></ul><ul><li>E-ON </li></ul><ul><li>Mitsui Babcock </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Schlumberger </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish & Southern Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Shell </li></ul>
  5. 5. New Members <ul><li>BG Group </li></ul><ul><li>BGS </li></ul><ul><li>BOC </li></ul><ul><li>Chevron </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change Capital </li></ul><ul><li>Coal Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Denton Wilde Sapte </li></ul><ul><li>DNV </li></ul><ul><li>Drax Power </li></ul><ul><li>ERM </li></ul><ul><li>Herbert Smith </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Linklaters </li></ul><ul><li>Nexen Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Norton Rose </li></ul><ul><li>PWC </li></ul><ul><li>Renew Tees Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Rio Tinto </li></ul><ul><li>RWE </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish Ctre for Carbon Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Statoil </li></ul><ul><li>Watson Farley & Williams </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is the CCSA? <ul><li>It is: </li></ul><ul><li>A Business Association formed in the UK to represent the interests of its members in the development of business in geo-CCS wherever opportunities may exist. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not: </li></ul><ul><li>A technical forum, a professional institute or an environmental or climate campaign group. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Work Streams <ul><li>Public Perception </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Project & Technical </li></ul>
  8. 8. Summary of activities <ul><li>Recognise CCS in EU ETS </li></ul><ul><li>Establish M&V protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Establish licensing procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure capacity in New Entrant Reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile establish CDM position & methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Bridging incentives for early projects </li></ul><ul><li>Health, Safety & Environment </li></ul>
  9. 9. CO2 Capture, Transportation and Storage CAPTURE Transportation Well Injection Storage Power Plant H2 plant HC streams Chemical Industry I&S, cement Pipeline Ship Lorry Offshore Onshore HC reservoirs Saline Aquifers
  10. 10. CO2 Capture, Transportation and Storage CAPTURE Transportation Well Injection Storage Physical Chemical Impurities 1-50 bar Chemicals CO2 100 bar in pipe SC phase Rail/Road/Ship CO2 liquid Some impurities 100 bar Injection Offshore Onshore
  11. 11. Proposed UK Projects <ul><li>Pre-combustion capture from gas in a 450MWe project at Peterhead by SSE/BP and others </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-combustion capture from coal in an 800MWe IGCC by Progressive Energy at Teesside </li></ul><ul><li>450MWe precombustion capture project by E.ON at Killingholme, Humberside. </li></ul><ul><li>Post-combustion or oxyfuel capture from coal by RWE in a 1000Mwe project at Tilbury </li></ul><ul><li>A 500MWe supercritical capture ready retrofit by Scottish & Southern Energy at Ferrybridge </li></ul>
  12. 13. CO2 v Nat Gas in NTS <ul><li>NG pressure up to 86 bar, CO2 70 -140 bar </li></ul><ul><li>Density CO2 ~ 700 kg/m3 </li></ul><ul><li>In 2004 - 81 Mt NG transported, 334k t/day </li></ul><ul><li>8600 km NTS pipework </li></ul><ul><li>500 MW power plant – 1-2 CO2 Mt pa </li></ul><ul><li>50 – 500 km pipelines ( few to 200 km onshore ) </li></ul><ul><li>Current NTS transports a mass ~ roughly same as that that could be captured from all power plant </li></ul>
  13. 14. What’s new about CCS? <ul><li>Big volumes CO2 produced on land and transported long distances </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating chemical & power plant </li></ul><ul><li>Large volumes of some chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Handling high pressure supercritical CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent storage of large volumes of CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>Requires a new infrastructure </li></ul>
  14. 15. What experience is there already? <ul><li>Capture of CO2 from flue gas / nat gas </li></ul><ul><li>Large scale CO2 pipeline transportation – US 3000 km </li></ul><ul><li>Injection CO2 > 1Mt pa , Sleipner, In Salah, US > 40 Mt pa </li></ul><ul><li>CO2 in nat gas, considerable operating experience - well control, blowouts, corrosion issues </li></ul><ul><li>Handling of amines and other capture chemicals </li></ul>
  15. 16. Standards <ul><li>UK – no standards specific to CO2 pipes – standards for other gases applied </li></ul><ul><li>Standards exist for sub-critical tank storage CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>US – DOT code Pt 195 Transportation of Hazardous Liquids by Pipeline: </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically covers safety standards, reporting, </li></ul><ul><li>high pressure CO2, includes specs for pipeline material, laying, valves, venting, handling and pumping etc. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Health & Environment I <ul><li>CO2 health effects well understood </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals covered by COSHH regs </li></ul><ul><li>Dispersion of CO2 from high pressure pipelines or tanks less information for risk analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Solid and gas phases on decompression </li></ul><ul><li>high energy release </li></ul><ul><li>Cold dense gas </li></ul><ul><li>Materials failure due to CO2 corrosion </li></ul>
  17. 18. Health & Environment II <ul><li>Safety of controlled releases e.g pipeline purge </li></ul><ul><li>Impurities with CO2 e.g. H2S </li></ul><ul><li>CO2 migration to potable ground water </li></ul><ul><li>Deep injection into saline aquifers ( onshore ) </li></ul><ul><li>Risks low of upwards migration </li></ul><ul><li>Onshore geo-injection legislation not specific to CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>Leakage risk assessment methodology </li></ul>
  18. 19. Incident Stats in US 1986 - 2001 U.S DOT Statistics 0.32 0.82 0.17 Incidents per 1000 km pipeline, per year 0 249 217 Injuries 0 36 58 Fatalities 10 3035 1287 Incidents no. CO2 (1990-2001) Haz. Liquids Nat Gas Pipeline
  19. 20. R&D <ul><li>EU Framework 6&7 programmes </li></ul><ul><li>- HSE issues covered in many projects </li></ul><ul><li>Zero Emissions Technology Platform –HSE issues identified for FP7 </li></ul><ul><li>CCP oil company led consortium </li></ul><ul><li>CCSA members R&D programmes </li></ul><ul><li>US EPRI, DoE </li></ul><ul><li>IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D programme </li></ul><ul><li>UK Research Councils </li></ul>
  20. 21. Gaps Summary <ul><li>Regulatory & legal framework </li></ul><ul><li>Safety standards for pipelines, facilities </li></ul><ul><li>H&S of sc CO2 releases </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental effects – CO2 geological migration </li></ul><ul><li>Risk assessment methodology for leakage from storage site </li></ul>
  21. 22. Way Forward <ul><li>Regulators work with Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Look for, learn from or use existing best practice </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt to the UK situation </li></ul><ul><li>Build on existing UK practices and guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Learn by doing - ‘first of a kind’ projects give a focus for HS&E work </li></ul>
  22. 23. Dr Jeff Chapman Chief Executive The Carbon Capture & Storage Association Suites 142-152 Grosvenor Gardens House 35/37 Grosvenor Gardens London, SW1W 0BS United Kingdom   Tel: +44 (0) 20 7821 0528 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7828 0310 Mob: +44 (0) 7747 761 065 Email: jeff.chapman@ccsassociation.org www.ccsassociation.org

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