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David Garman Under Secretary U.S. Department of Energy Why Hydrogen?
U.S. Energy Flows OIL COAL NATURAL GAS NUCLEAR RENEWABLE
The Growing Dependence on Foreign Oil Gap Domestic Crude Oil Production Transportation Petroleum Consumption
The President’s Commitment <ul><ul><li>President Bush commits a total $1.7 billion over first 5 years: </li></ul></ul><ul>...
. Distributed Generation Transportation Biomass Coal Nuclear Natural Gas Oil With Carbon Sequestration HIGH EFFICIENCY  & ...
Hydrogen Economy Timeline
Selected Major Milestones <ul><li>Critical Path Technology Barriers: </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen Storage (>300-mile range) ...
Multiple Technologies are in Play
Interim Technologies Materials High temperature and lightweight material structures and processing Engines & Emission Cont...
Key Technology Areas <ul><li>Advanced Combustion Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Electric Propulsion Systems </li></ul><ul><li>E...
Recent Technical Accomplishments <ul><li>Hydrogen Production </li></ul><ul><li>Approaching R & D target of $3/gge for hydr...
Technology Validation Teams (1) (1) Fuel cells supplied by Ballard Under Negotiation Signed Cooperative Agreements (1)
Vehicles on the Street
Fueling Technology Validation Chino, CA   LAX refueling station DTE/BP Power Park, Southfield, MI Hydrogen and gasoline st...
Future Scenarios
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David Garman Under Secretary U.S. Department of Energy

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David Garman Under Secretary U.S. Department of Energy

  1. 1. David Garman Under Secretary U.S. Department of Energy Why Hydrogen?
  2. 2. U.S. Energy Flows OIL COAL NATURAL GAS NUCLEAR RENEWABLE
  3. 3. The Growing Dependence on Foreign Oil Gap Domestic Crude Oil Production Transportation Petroleum Consumption
  4. 4. The President’s Commitment <ul><ul><li>President Bush commits a total $1.7 billion over first 5 years: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$1.2 billion for hydrogen and fuel cells RD&D ($720 million in new money) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$0.5 billion for hybrid and vehicle technologies RD&D </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accelerated, parallel track enables industry commercialization decision by 2015. </li></ul></ul>Fuel Cell Vehicles in the Showroom and Hydrogen at Fueling Stations by 2020
  5. 5. . Distributed Generation Transportation Biomass Coal Nuclear Natural Gas Oil With Carbon Sequestration HIGH EFFICIENCY & RELIABILITY ZERO/NEAR ZERO EMISSIONS Hydro Wind Solar Geothermal
  6. 6. Hydrogen Economy Timeline
  7. 7. Selected Major Milestones <ul><li>Critical Path Technology Barriers: </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen Storage (>300-mile range) </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Cell Cost ($30 per kW) </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen Cost ($2.00 - 3.00 per gge) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic/Institutional Barriers: </li></ul><ul><li>Codes and Standards (Safety, and Global Competitiveness) </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen Delivery (Investment for new Distribution Infrastructure) </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul>
  8. 8. Multiple Technologies are in Play
  9. 9. Interim Technologies Materials High temperature and lightweight material structures and processing Engines & Emission Control Advanced combustion regimes and waste heat conversion to electricity for improved efficiency of light- and heavy-duty vehicles Fuels Advanced fossil and alternative fuel formulations for domestically-sourced feed-stocks and renewables Vehicle Systems Optimized connection and control of complex components. Deployment Advanced vehicle testing, fleets, and student competitions Hybrid Propulsion Hybrid systems, energy storage, and power electronics, to increase the system efficiency for a viable interim step to energy security
  10. 10. Key Technology Areas <ul><li>Advanced Combustion Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Electric Propulsion Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen-Fueled ICEs </li></ul><ul><li>Materials Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen Production, Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Cells </li></ul>
  11. 11. Recent Technical Accomplishments <ul><li>Hydrogen Production </li></ul><ul><li>Approaching R & D target of $3/gge for hydrogen from distributed natural gas reforming at 5000 psi (APCI, GE) </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Compounds predicted for potential storage materials of ~ 6 to 8 wt% (NREL, SNL, PNNL) </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Cells </li></ul><ul><li>5X increase in activity of Pt and Pt alloys on nano-structured thin film over catalysts on conventional high-area carbons reducing cost to <$200/kW (3M) </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Validation </li></ul><ul><li>Signed four cooperative agreements, fuel cell vehicles delivered and opened hydrogen refueling stations in Michigan, California and Washington, D.C. (BP, Shell) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Technology Validation Teams (1) (1) Fuel cells supplied by Ballard Under Negotiation Signed Cooperative Agreements (1)
  13. 13. Vehicles on the Street
  14. 14. Fueling Technology Validation Chino, CA LAX refueling station DTE/BP Power Park, Southfield, MI Hydrogen and gasoline station, WA DC
  15. 15. Future Scenarios

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