05 SOLE.ppt

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05 SOLE.ppt

  1. 1. SOLE-mar (Sistemas Operacionales de Lucha por el Entorno marino) José A. PEREZ AGUNDEZ 1 Juan FREIRE 2 , Juan López 3 … 1 IFREMER, Service d’Economie Martime (SEM) Technopole Centre de Brest BP 70 29820 Plouzané, France  [email_address] 3 Professional association of fishers’ organizations affected by the Prestige oil spill Maritime safety operations within the Community Initiative Interreg III B; Stavanger, 19 th and 20 th April 2004 2 Departamento de Bioloxia Animal, Bioloxia Vexetal e Ecoloxia Universidade da Coruña Campus da Zapateira s/n E-15071 A Coruña, Spain  [email_address]
  2. 2. Partners - Spain University of A Coruña ( biologists, sociologists, anthropologists and geographers ) Comision de Cofradías afectadas por la marea negra del Prestige (Professional association of fishers’ organizations affected by the Prestige oil spill) University of Vigo (economists) Universidad de Santiago Eco-Desarrollo-GAIA WWF-ADENA - France Local or regional institution Ifremer (economists, biologists, others) CEDRE University of Brest UBO-CEMEM (economists) Comité Régional de pêche de Bretagne (Professional association) Section Régionale Conchylicole Bretagna Nord et Sud (Professional association) - United Kingdom Cemare (+ Cefas ?) - Portugal Ipimar
  3. 3. Objectives of SOLE - Recent accidents : ecological impacts activities harvesting natural resources - Necessity for managers to have information - Utility - Manage risk : ex. Definition of “security-refuge ports” - Identification of economic and ecologic sensitive areas for preventive protocols - Accelerate evaluation and compensation processes of oil spills Build a tool to help decision making processes by an aggregated geographic information system
  4. 4. High habitat diversity Source : Ifremer Critical habitats for some high economic value species
  5. 5. Labor in fishing sector (vulnerability) in Galicia By activity Source : University of A Coruña
  6. 6. Research Actions RA 1.- Analysis of natural coastal resources and natural capital RA 2.- Analysis of coastal fishing activities RA 3.- Analysis of the shellfish farming sector RA 4.- Development of methods for analysing recreational fishing activities RA 5.- Management of oil spill crises analysed with economic methods RA 6.- Creation of an instrument to help decision making processes for management of oil spills crisis RA 7.- Institutional analysis and insertion of SOLE in existing protocols
  7. 7. Summary-discussion - Difficulty and slowness to evaluate risks and economic impacts of oil spills - Interest for managers to improve information sources - Necessity to improve and complete tools for management of crisis - Possibility to integrate multidisciplinarity using a common tool - New technologies allow to obtain information quickly
  8. 8. End
  9. 9. <ul><li>RA 1.- Analysis of natural coastal resources and natural capital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design of environmental monitoring plans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention of risks in case of oil spills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop geo-referenced data bases (identification of habitats, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>biotic communities, natural resources, socioeconomic and technological characteristics of coastal fishers’ communities, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey methods: sampling and inventory methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop impact tables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation of pollutants and biomarkers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish ecological indicators </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>RA 2.- Analysis of coastal fishing activities and social impacts </li></ul><ul><li> on dependent populations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Description of coastal fisheries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic analysis of the fishing sector </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of coastal populations depending on harvesting natural resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fishing monitoring systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social analysis of fishery-dependent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>populations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global and local surveys of fishing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Setting indicators </li></ul></ul></ul>- Socioeconomic structure by community - Fishing analysis by community - Traditional Ecological Knowledge analysis and use to evaluate oil spill damages
  11. 11. <ul><li>RA 3.- Analysis of the shellfish farming sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Description of the sector </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic analysis of enterprises in the short- and long run </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cadastral analysis of shellfish farming concessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National survey of enterprises and activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting indicators </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>RA 4.- Development of methods for analysing recreational fishing activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtaining information about economic damages in recreational fisheries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measuring sensitiveness of recreational fisheries to oil spills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems to determine the population concerned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic methods for analysing recreational activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic evaluation of important recreational fisheries : ex : “bass” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulation of impacts in case of environmental damages </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>RA 5.- Management of oil spill crises analysed by economic methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Assess the ways in which responses to pollution could influence the consequences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of an oil spill for natural resource harvesters in the coastal zone. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Analysis of individual and collective response mechanisms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Short-term costs and revenues due to a pollution event </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Exploring - adaptations by economic agents to these variations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- the role of institutional constraints and associated economic incentives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- The approach will be based in empirical analysis of case studies in a European context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Development of bio-economic modeling approaches to these issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed case studies include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Fisheries: United Kingdom ( Braer , Sea Empress ); Spain ( Urquiola, Aegean Sea , Prestige ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Aquaculture: France ( Erika ), Spain ( Prestige ) … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Salt production: France ( Erika ) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>RA 6.- Creation of an instrument to help decision-making processes </li></ul><ul><li> for management of oil spills crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Providing a geographical data sets of ecological and economical indicators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Providing the necessary reference geographical data (administrative limits, areas under regulation, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Providing tools to access and visualize data sets (interactivity by internet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - Data aggregation from observation data sets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - User oriented indicator processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - Geographical indexation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - Map visualizations (on several layers to let users comparing several indicators on a single view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Results </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>RA 7.- Institutional analysis and insertion of SOLE in existing protocols </li></ul><ul><li>- Analysis of present tools for urgent decision-making processes </li></ul><ul><li>     analysis of management protocols for crises in France, Spain, United Kingdom and Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>     description of tools and its usefulness for the management of crises </li></ul><ul><li>- How to insert the new tools for management of crises </li></ul><ul><li>   integrated cartography (GIS) </li></ul><ul><li>    modeling of impacts (economic and environmental risk analysis) </li></ul><ul><li>    documentary data base (including costs, techniques, guides) </li></ul><ul><li> - Evolution of financial systems </li></ul><ul><li>    institutional financial instruments </li></ul><ul><li>impact of IOPC on the future management of crises </li></ul>
  16. 16. Description of French fisheries activity (all « métiers », 2000) Source : Ifremer
  17. 17. Shellfish farming in France Source : Ifremer
  18. 18. G eneral System Architecture Observed data database (Continuously managed) Data aggregation Indicator processing Geographical indexation User oriented database (with geographical features) Data input Quality control User web interface
  19. 19. E xample of data visualization on a web site (including map representations) Float maps All profiles for one float Individual profiles

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