Indigenous people[1]

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Indigenous people[1]

  1. 1. Indigenous People<br />By: Stacy & Colette<br />
  2. 2. Peopling the land<br />How did the Indigenous people get here?<br />The Beringia Land Bridge is now under water<br />Splitting into multiple groups<br />
  3. 3. Population Distribution<br />Approximately 40-60 million people living in the Americas.<br />Hunter-Gathers<br />Within the groups there was a trade network . <br />Conflict <br />
  4. 4. Paleo-Americans<br />Paleo-Americans were the descendants of the people who once crossed the Beringia land bridge. <br />This tribe was made up of four different groups:<br />Labrador Archaic<br /> Maritime Archaic<br /> Intermediate Indians<br /> Recent Indians<br />
  5. 5. Labrador Archaic<br />The Labrador Archaic's arrived in Newfoundland approximately 9000 years ago.<br />The tools of the Labrador Archaic were very distinct.<br />Were hunters of both land and marine mammals.<br />Flaked stoned knives<br />Dart points<br />
  6. 6. Maritime Archaic<br />Maritime Archaics were the first to settle in Newfoundland.<br />The tools they left behind told us how they lived.<br />Ramah chert spear points<br />Woodworking tools<br />
  7. 7. Intermediate Indians<br />Intermediate Indians were living in Southern and Central Labrador between 2000 and 3500 years ago.<br />Only a few traces of artifacts were found belonging to the Intermediate Indians.<br />Projectile points <br />
  8. 8. Recent Indians<br />The Recent Indians were direct ancestors of the Beothuk. <br />The tools they left behind were much like the Labrador Archaic tools, they were very distinctive<br />Arrowheads<br />
  9. 9. Paleo-Eskimos <br />The Paleo-Eskimos moved to Newfoundland around 2100 BCE<br />The Paleo-Eskimos lived in sheltered inner-areas along the Northern Labrador Coast.<br />This tribe was made up of two different groups:<br /> Pre-Dorset<br /> Groswater Paleo-Eskimos<br />
  10. 10. Pre-Dorset<br />The Pre-Dorset were biologically and culturally related to the Inuit.<br />The Pre-Dorset eventually became adapted to their new lifestyle.<br />
  11. 11. Groswater Paleo-Eskimos<br />Around 3000 BP there was a drastic increase in Newfoundland and Labrador's population.<br />Groswater Bay.<br /> Many of the tools used by the Groswater people are similar enough to those of the earliest Paleo-Eskimos<br />

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