NS1 3.3 National Defense

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Bishop Kenny NS1 NJROTC Lesson 3.3 National Defense

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NS1 3.3 National Defense

  1. 1. CHAPTER 3 National Defense 1
  2. 2. The Defense Structure Of The United States The Constitution, Article I, gives Congress the power to: • Declare war. • Raise and support armies. • Provide and maintain a navy. 2
  3. 3. The Constitution, Article II, places the President as Commander-In-Chief Theodore Roosevelt Lyndon Johnson 3 George W. Bush
  4. 4. Because the military falls under two elected bodies, official actions of the military have the weight of the Constitution and the American people 4 behind them.
  5. 5. Military officers swear an oath to serve and defend the Constitution. 5
  6. 6. Congress: • Makes the rules • Appropriates funds • Declares wars • Confirms military officer promotions 6
  7. 7. Appropriate To decide to spend money for a specific use 7
  8. 8. The President is at the top of the chain of command. As Commander-In-Chief, he directs the actions of the military in peace or wartime. Who is the current President? 8
  9. 9. Chain of Command The system by which authority passes down through the military ranks, with each level accountable to a superior 9
  10. 10. What or whom do military officers swear to serve and defend when they are commissioned? A. The US Constitution B. The President C. Congress D. Their service branch 10
  11. 11. What or whom do military officers swear to serve and defend when they are commissioned? A. The US Constitution B. The President C. Congress D. Their service branch 11
  12. 12. Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) • A member of the President's cabinet • Responsible for all military matters • Runs the Department of Defense • A member of the Who is the National Security current SECDEF? 12 Council (NSC)
  13. 13. National Security Council (NSC) The President chairs the NSC. President Vice President Its statutory members include: Secretary of State Secretary of Defense 13
  14. 14. National Security Council The President’s committee for considering national security and foreign policy matters with advisers and cabinet officials; the President, Vice President, Secretary of State, Secretary of the Treasury, and Secretary of Defense are members 14
  15. 15. Non-statutory members include the Secretary of the Treasury National Security Adviser and other members the President may appoint. 15
  16. 16. Department of Defense (DoD) Three military departments report to the Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) SECDEF Air Force Presidential appointments with Army Senate confirmation Navy 16
  17. 17. The Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) heads the Department of the Navy and is responsible for • outfitting, • equipping, • recruiting, and • training Who is the the U.S. Navy and Marine current SECNAV? Corps. 17
  18. 18. What title is given to the Cabinet member who handles military matters? A. Chief of Staff B. Defense Minister C. Security Advisor D. Secretary of Defense 18
  19. 19. What title is given to the Cabinet member who handles military matters? A. Chief of Staff B. Defense Minister C. Security Advisor D. Secretary of Defense 19
  20. 20. Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) Under the SECNAV, the CNO is: • the Navy’s senior military officer • responsible for • operating forces • shore establishment • the principal naval Who is the advisor to the President current CNO? and SECNAV 20
  21. 21. Operating Forces Those forces whose primary mission involves combat, plus their integral supporting forces Shore Establishment The land-based facilities that support the fleet 21
  22. 22. Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) • Chairman • Vice-Chairmen • Army Chief of Staff • Chief of Naval Operations • Air Force Chief of Staff 22 • Commandant of the Marine Corps
  23. 23. Joint Chiefs of Staff A committee made up of the senior officer from each branch of the armed services; it gives the President and the National Security Council military advice 23
  24. 24. Chairman JCS Senior military adviser to the President, SECDEF, and NSC However, Chairman does not exercise command over Joint Chiefs or field Who is the commands. current Chairman of the JCS? 24
  25. 25. Which of these people is NOT a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff? A. Chief of Naval Operations B. Army Chief of Staff C. Commandant of the Marine Corps D. The Vice President 25
  26. 26. Which of these people is NOT a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff? A. Chief of Naval Operations B. Army Chief of Staff C. Commandant of the Marine Corps D. The Vice President 26
  27. 27. The U.S. Navy The mission of the Navy is to maintain, train, and equip combat-ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression, and maintaining freedom of the seas. 27
  28. 28. Shore Establishments Operating Forces 28
  29. 29. The operating forces are responsible for: USS John C. Stennis (CVN 70) • Winning wars • Deterring aggression 29 • Maintaining freedom of the seas
  30. 30. The shore establishment is responsible for maintaining, training, and equipping 30 the operating forces.
  31. 31. Operating Forces 2nd 6th 7th Norfolk Gaeta Yokosuka Italy Japan 3rd 4th 5th San Diego Mayport Manama Bahrain 31 U. S. Navy Fleets
  32. 32. Based in Gaeta, Italy, the U.S. 6th Fleet’s primary operating area is the Mediterranean Sea as the operating force for US Naval Forces Europe headquartered in London, England. 32
  33. 33. 33 U.S. Sixth Fleet Area of Responsibility
  34. 34. U.S. Naval Forces Central Command U.S. Naval Forces Central Command (CENTCOM) operates the 5th Fleet located in Manama, Bahrain. 34
  35. 35. 35 U.S. Navy's 5th Fleet Area of Operation
  36. 36. The Commander, U.S. Atlantic Fleet (COMLANTFLT), is located in Norfolk, Virginia. The U.S. Second Fleet is responsible for this area. 36
  37. 37. The Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet (COMPACTFLT), is located at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The 3rd Fleet is located at San Diego, California, responsible for the eastern Pacific Ocean Located in Yokosuka, Japan, the 7th Fleet is responsible for the western Pacific 37
  38. 38. Some fleet numbers are missing: a result of renumbering following World War II 38
  39. 39. The Navy’s mission is to ensure a combat-ready naval force that can win wars, deter _______, and maintain freedom of the seas. A. attack B. enemies C. aggression D. combatants 39
  40. 40. The Navy’s mission is to ensure a combat-ready naval force that can win wars, deter _______, and maintain freedom of the seas. A. attack B. enemies C. aggression D. combatants 40
  41. 41. Ships are organized by type under Type Commands • Commander Naval Air Forces • Aircraft carriers, aircraft squadrons, air stations • Commander Submarine Force • Submarines • Commander Naval Surface Force • All other ships Type Commands control ships during 41 primary and intermediate training cycles
  42. 42. Military Sealift Command provides ocean transportation of equipment, fuel, supplies, and ammunition to American forces worldwide during peacetime or in wartime. 42
  43. 43. The Operational Test and Evaluation Force inspects and assesses new systems 43
  44. 44. The U.S. Navy Reserve Forces are called upon to serve with the active operating forces in time of war or national emergency. COMNAVRESFOR is headquartered in New Orleans, LA. 44
  45. 45. The Naval Special Warfare Command (NSWC) provides special forces (SEALS) personnel and equipment for fleet operations. 45
  46. 46. The Navy also groups commands according to _______, such as the Surface Force Command and the Submarine Command. A. mission B. purpose C. type D. position 46
  47. 47. The Navy also groups commands according to _______, such as the Surface Force Command and the Submarine Command. A. mission B. purpose C. type D. position 47
  48. 48. The Shore Establishment The primary responsibility of the shore establishments is to support the operating forces. Their responsibilities fall into seven major responsibilities: 48
  49. 49. Naval Aviation Depot Naval Shipyard • Facilities for repair and maintenance of ships, submarines, aircraft, and 49 related equipment
  50. 50. Naval Communication Stations • Facilities that provide secure and reliable communications for the fleet 50
  51. 51. • Facilities that provide recruiting 51 and training of naval personnel
  52. 52. • Facilities that provide intelligence and 52 meteorological support
  53. 53. • Facilities that provide storage areas and procurement of repair parts, fuel, 53 and munitions
  54. 54. • Facilities that provide medical and dental health care to naval personnel 54
  55. 55. • Facilities that provide maintenance and 55 operation of air bases
  56. 56. Which of these responsibilities does NOT come under the administration of the Shore Establishment? A. Repairing and maintaining facilities for ships, submarines, and aircraft and their equipment B. Transporting equipment, fuel, and supplies to wherever they are needed around the world C. Maintaining the naval air bases D. Providing intelligence and meteorological support 56
  57. 57. Which of these responsibilities does NOT come under the administration of the Shore Establishment? A. Repairing and maintaining facilities for ships, submarines, and aircraft and their equipment B. Transporting equipment, fuel, and supplies to wherever they are needed around the world C. Maintaining the naval air bases D. Providing intelligence and meteorological support 57
  58. 58. Relationship With the Marine Corps SECNAV CNO Commandant 58
  59. 59. Commandant of the Marine Corps The senior military officer in the USMC who directs the operations of: • 3 combat divisions • 3 aircraft wings Who is the • Other supporting current Commandant of the USMC? units 59
  60. 60. The U.S. Marine Corps is organized into two major commands: • Fleet Marine Force Pacific, Honolulu, HI • Fleet Marine Force Atlantic, Norfolk, VA 60
  61. 61. The Navy and Marine Corps support each other 61
  62. 62. True or False: The Commandant of the Marine Corps reports directly to the Secretary of the Navy. 62
  63. 63. True or False: The Commandant of the Marine Corps reports directly to the Secretary of the Navy. True 63
  64. 64. The United States Coast Guard and Merchant Marine The CG serves under the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime but in 64 wartime it becomes part of the Navy.
  65. 65. The smallest of U.S. armed forces, the jobs of the Coast Guard include: • Law enforcement in U.S. waters • Port security • Safety and maintenance of navigational aids • Search and rescue at sea • Interdiction of illegal drugs at sea • Pollution control of ecological contamination • Immigration control 65
  66. 66. Port Security Measures taken to protect a harbor or other marine facility against crime, espionage, or sabotage 66
  67. 67. Navigational Aids A general term for lighthouses, buoys, beacons, lanterns, and radio signals; the Coast Guard maintains these to help mariners of all kinds find their way on the water 67
  68. 68. Interdiction The blocking, intercepting, or preventing the passage of something 68
  69. 69. U.S. Merchant Marine The U.S. Merchant Marine functions under the Department of Transportation’s Maritime Administration. 69
  70. 70. The Merchant Marine: • Regulates rates and practices of ocean shipping lines • Operates ocean-going vessels 70
  71. 71. Although not part of the Navy, during wartime the Merchant Marine carries the military supplies and people our armed forces need. 71
  72. 72. The US Coast Guard is part of the _______, but in time of war becomes part of the _______. A. Department of Homeland Security, Marines B. Marines, Department of Homeland Security C. Navy, Department of Homeland Security D. Department of Homeland Security, Navy 72
  73. 73. The US Coast Guard is part of the _______, but in time of war becomes part of the _______. A. Department of Homeland Security, Marines B. Marines, Department of Homeland Security C. Navy, Department of Homeland Security D. Department of Homeland Security, Navy 73
  74. 74. U.S. Army and Air Force June 14, 1775 Second Continental Congress adopts existing Continental Army. Forms committee to draft rules and regulations. 74
  75. 75. U.S. Army The oldest of the armed services After Constitution National Security ratified, under Act 1947, under Department of Department of 75 War Defense
  76. 76. U.S. Army mission: Provide forces able to conduct prompt, sustained combat on land as well as stability and reconstruction operations, as required. 76
  77. 77. Ready to defend vital national interests at home and overseas. Similar to U.S. Air Force mission though methods vary greatly. 77
  78. 78. U.S. Air Force: organizes, trains, equips for offense, defense or reconnaissance in skies or space Began in the early 20th century as the Army Air Corps National Security Act of 1947 created an independent department with own funding and broader mission 78
  79. 79. U.S. Air Force mission: • defend by controlling and exploiting air and space over hostile nations • maintain security of vital areas of national interest • interdict potentially hostile aircraft • operate US military satellites • support US ground forces through bombing and air defense 79
  80. 80. Exploit Employ to the greatest possible advantage 80
  81. 81. U.S. Military Forces June 2006 352,620 Airmen 496,362 Soldiers 178,923 Marines 353,496 Sailors 81
  82. 82. What significant military event occurred on June 14, 1775? A. The British surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia. B. General George Washington crossed the Delaware River and led the Continental Army to its first victory at Trenton, New Jersey. C. The Continental Congress authorized the establishment of the Navy. D. The Continental Congress adopted the existing Continental Army. 82
  83. 83. What significant military event occurred on June 14, 1775? A. The British surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia. B. General George Washington crossed the Delaware River and led the Continental Army to its first victory at Trenton, New Jersey. C. The Continental Congress authorized the establishment of the Navy. D. The Continental Congress adopted the existing Continental Army. 83
  84. 84. Conclusion The U.S. armed forces answer to the will of the people through elected civilian leaders Constitution authorizes Congress to “raise and support” the Army, “provide and maintain” the Navy Congress enacts rules and provides funds President is Commander-In-Chief 84
  85. 85. Commander-In-Chief Department of Defense Secretaries Navy Army Air Force CNO Air Force & Army Chief of Staff Commandant Chief of Staff USMC 85
  86. 86. + + + = • Chairman • Vice-Chairmen • Army Chief of Staff • Chief of Naval Operations • Air Force Chief of Staff • Commandant of the Marine Corps JCS provides professional military advice to President, National Security Council, and Secretary of Defense 86
  87. 87. U.S. Navy mission: Maintain, train, and equip combat-ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression, and maintaining freedom of the seas. 87
  88. 88. Operating forces: • Win wars • Deter aggression • Maintain freedom of seas Shore establishments: • Maintain • Train • Equip forces for combat 88
  89. 89. Two service chiefs report to the Secretary of the Navy SECNAV CNO Commandant 89
  90. 90. Missions differ but the Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Merchant Marine, Army, and Air Force defend every American’s liberties. 90
  91. 91. Who is responsible for appropriating money for national defense? A. Joint Chiefs of Staff B. Secretary of Defense C. President D. Congress 91
  92. 92. Who is responsible for appropriating money for national defense? A. Joint Chiefs of Staff B. Secretary of Defense C. President D. Congress 92
  93. 93. What term is used to refer to the group of top officials appointed to administer the president’s policies? A. National Security Council B. Cabinet C. Executive Council D. Advisory Council 93
  94. 94. What term is used to refer to the group of top officials appointed to administer the president’s policies? A. National Security Council B. Cabinet C. Executive Council D. Advisory Council 94
  95. 95. What term is used to refer to the setting aside of money for a specific use? A. Appropriation B. Assignment C. Allotment D. Ascription 95
  96. 96. What term is used to refer to the setting aside of money for a specific use? A. Appropriation B. Assignment C. Allotment D. Ascription 96
  97. 97. The system by which authority passes down through the military ranks with each level accountable to a superior is known as the _______ of command. A. line B. order C. chain D. flow 97
  98. 98. The system by which authority passes down through the military ranks with each level accountable to a superior is known as the _______ of command. A. line B. order C. chain D. flow 98
  99. 99. Which of these statements is NOT accurate? A. As commander-in-chief of the armed forces, the President has the power to declare war. B. Congress is empowered to confirm the promotions of military officers. C. When military officers are commissioned, they swear an oath to serve and defend the Constitution. D. The US military is under the authority of elected officials and thus has the 99 power of the people behind it.
  100. 100. Which of these statements is NOT accurate? A. As commander-in-chief of the armed forces, the President has the power to declare war. B. Congress is empowered to confirm the promotions of military officers. C. When military officers are commissioned, they swear an oath to serve and defend the Constitution. D. The US military is under the authority of elected officials and thus has the 100 power of the people behind it.
  101. 101. The President, Vice President, and the Secretaries of the Treasury, State, and Defense are members of a group called the _______, which discusses foreign policy and matters that pertain to the country’s safety. A. Cabinet B. National Security Council C. Joint Chiefs of Staff 101 D. Executive Council
  102. 102. The President, Vice President, and the Secretaries of the Treasury, State, and Defense are members of a group called the _______, which discusses foreign policy and matters that pertain to the country’s safety. A. Cabinet B. National Security Council C. Joint Chiefs of Staff 102 D. Executive Council
  103. 103. Which of these departments is NOT overseen by the Secretary of Defense? A. Army B. Navy C. Merchant Marine D. Air Force 103
  104. 104. Which of these departments is NOT overseen by the Secretary of Defense? A. Army B. Navy C. Merchant Marine D. Air Force 104
  105. 105. What title is held by the Navy’s top military officer? A. Secretary of Defense B. Director, Naval Staff C. Secretary of the Navy D. Chief of Naval Operations 105
  106. 106. What title is held by the Navy’s top military officer? A. Secretary of Defense B. Director, Naval Staff C. Secretary of the Navy D. Chief of Naval Operations 106
  107. 107. Which of the following characteristics do the Commander- in-Chief of the armed forces and the Secretary of the Navy share? A. They are required to be graduates of one of the military academies. B. They hold elected positions. C. They are both civilians. D. They are both overseen by the Department of Defense. 107
  108. 108. Which of the following characteristics do the Commander- in-Chief of the armed forces and the Secretary of the Navy share? A. They are required to be graduates of one of the military academies. B. They hold elected positions. C. They are both civilians. D. They are both overseen by the Department of Defense. 108
  109. 109. Which of these statements is NOT accurate regarding the Secretary of the Navy? A. He is appointed by the President. B. He has two service chiefs reporting to him. C. He is a Naval or Marine Corps officer. D. He reports to the Secretary of 109 Defense.
  110. 110. Which of these statements is NOT accurate regarding the Secretary of the Navy? A. He is appointed by the President. B. He has two service chiefs reporting to him. C. He is a Naval or Marine Corps officer. D. He reports to the Secretary of 110 Defense.
  111. 111. Which of these people is NOT a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the group which advises the President and the National Security Council about military matters? A. Secretary of Defense B. Army Chief of Staff C. Air Force Chief of Staff D. Chief of Naval Operations 111
  112. 112. Which of these people is NOT a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the group which advises the President and the National Security Council about military matters? A. Secretary of Defense B. Army Chief of Staff C. Air Force Chief of Staff D. Chief of Naval Operations 112
  113. 113. Which of these relationships is NOT accurate? A. 2nd Fleet: Mediterranean B. 3rd fleet: Eastern Pacific C. 5th Fleet: Arabian Gulf, Red Sea D. 7th Fleet: Western Pacific 113
  114. 114. Which of these relationships is NOT accurate? A. 2nd Fleet: Mediterranean B. 3rd fleet: Eastern Pacific C. 5th Fleet: Arabian Gulf, Red Sea D. 7th Fleet: Western Pacific 114
  115. 115. Which of these locations is NOT home to a fleet? A. Norfolk, Virginia B. San Diego, California C. London, England D. Naples, Italy 115
  116. 116. Which of these locations is NOT home to a fleet? A. Norfolk, Virginia B. San Diego, California C. London, England D. Naples, Italy 116
  117. 117. The Navy has groups of ships known as _______ commands, such as the Surface Force Command and the Submarine Command. A. purpose B. type C. position D. mission 117
  118. 118. The Navy has groups of ships known as _______ commands, such as the Surface Force Command and the Submarine Command. A. purpose B. type C. position D. mission 118
  119. 119. What is the job of the Operational Test and Evaluation Force? A. To serve with active-duty forces in time of war or national emergency B. To inspect and assess new ships, aircraft, submarines, and equipment C. To oversee the Navy’s sea, air, and land special forces called the Navy Seals D. To take equipment and supplies to wherever they are needed around the world 119
  120. 120. What is the job of the Operational Test and Evaluation Force? A. To serve with active-duty forces in time of war or national emergency B. To inspect and assess new ships, aircraft, submarines, and equipment C. To oversee the Navy’s sea, air, and land special forces called the Navy Seals D. To take equipment and supplies to wherever they are needed around the world 120
  121. 121. What service does the Military Sealift Command provide? A. Transportation of equipment and supplies to wherever they are needed around the world B. Inspection and assessment of new ships, aircraft, submarines, and equipment C. Part-time service with active-duty forces in time of war or national emergency D. Responsibility for the Navy’s sea, air, and land special forces called the Navy Seals 121
  122. 122. What service does the Military Sealift Command provide? A. Transportation of equipment and supplies to wherever they are needed around the world B. Inspection and assessment of new ships, aircraft, submarines, and equipment C. Part-time service with active-duty forces in time of war or national emergency D. Responsibility for the Navy’s sea, air, and land special forces called the Navy Seals 122
  123. 123. What operating force includes people, ships, equipment, and air craft that serve with active-duty forces in time of war or national emergency? A. Military Sealift Command B. Operational Test and Evaluation Force C. Naval Reserve D. Naval Special Warfare 123 Command
  124. 124. What operating force includes people, ships, equipment, and air craft that serve with active-duty forces in time of war or national emergency? A. Military Sealift Command B. Operational Test and Evaluation Force C. Naval Reserve D. Naval Special Warfare 124 Command
  125. 125. What operating force is the home of the Navy’s sea, air, and land special forces called the Navy Seals? A. Operational Test and Evaluation Force B. Military Sealift Command C. Naval Reserve D. Naval Special Warfare Command 125
  126. 126. What operating force is the home of the Navy’s sea, air, and land special forces called the Navy Seals? A. Operational Test and Evaluation Force B. Military Sealift Command C. Naval Reserve D. Naval Special Warfare Command 126
  127. 127. Which of these responsibilities does NOT come under the administration of the Shore Establishment? A. Maintaining the naval air bases B. Providing intelligence and meteorological support C. Repairing and maintaining facilities for ships, submarines, and aircraft and their equipment D. Inspecting and testing new ships, submarines, aircraft, equipment, 127 and space systems
  128. 128. Which of these responsibilities does NOT come under the administration of the Shore Establishment? A. Maintaining the naval air bases B. Providing intelligence and meteorological support C. Repairing and maintaining facilities for ships, submarines, and aircraft and their equipment D. Inspecting and testing new ships, submarines, aircraft, equipment, 128 and space systems
  129. 129. Which of these statements is accurate regarding the Marine Corps? A. Its operating forces are divided into the Fleet Marine Force Pacific and the Fleet Marine Force Atlantic. B. It is part of the Department of Homeland Security but becomes part of the Navy in war time. C. In war time it is the primary carrier of supplies and personnel for the armed services. D. It began as part of the Army in the early 20th century but was given its own 129 department in 1947.
  130. 130. Which of these statements is accurate regarding the Marine Corps? A. Its operating forces are divided into the Fleet Marine Force Pacific and the Fleet Marine Force Atlantic. B. It is part of the Department of Homeland Security but becomes part of the Navy in war time. C. In war time it is the primary carrier of supplies and personnel for the armed services. D. It began as part of the Army in the early 20th century but was given its own 130 department in 1947.
  131. 131. Which of these statements accurately describes the Merchant Marine? A. Its responsibilities include port security and search and rescue for those lost at sea. B. In war time it is the primary carrier of supplies and personnel for the armed services. C. It repairs and maintains facilities for ships, submarines, air craft and their related equipment. D. It maintains lighthouses, buoys, beacons, and radio signals to help 131 direct ships of all kind.
  132. 132. Which of these statements accurately describes the Merchant Marine? A. Its responsibilities include port security and search and rescue for those lost at sea. B. In war time it is the primary carrier of supplies and personnel for the armed services. C. It repairs and maintains facilities for ships, submarines, air craft and their related equipment. D. It maintains lighthouses, buoys, beacons, and radio signals to help 132 direct ships of all kind.
  133. 133. What organization is responsible for port security, immigration control, and navigational aid safety? A. Marines B. Navy C. Coast Guard D. Merchant Marine 133
  134. 134. What organization is responsible for port security, immigration control, and navigational aid safety? A. Marines B. Navy C. Coast Guard D. Merchant Marine 134
  135. 135. The Coast Guard is part of the _______ in peace time. A. Navy’s operating forces B. Navy’s shore establishment C. Department of Homeland Security D. Department of Defense 135
  136. 136. The Coast Guard is part of the _______ in peace time. A. Navy’s operating forces B. Navy’s shore establishment C. Department of Homeland Security D. Department of Defense 136
  137. 137. What general term is used to refer to lighthouses, buoys, beacons, lanterns, and signals that help direct ships? A. Coastal support B. Seaway services C. Maritime guides D. Navigational aids 137
  138. 138. What general term is used to refer to lighthouses, buoys, beacons, lanterns, and signals that help direct ships? A. Coastal support B. Seaway services C. Maritime guides D. Navigational aids 138
  139. 139. The _______ is the smallest of the US armed forces. A. Navy B. Coast Guard C. Marine Corps D. Air Force 139
  140. 140. The _______ is the smallest of the US armed forces. A. Navy B. Coast Guard C. Marine Corps D. Air Force 140
  141. 141. Which one of these responsibilities does not belong to the Coast Guard? A. Regulation of the rates and practices of shipping lines B. Pollution control in instances of ecological contamination such as oil spills. C. Prevention of crimes, espionage, or sabotage of ports or related facilities D. Search and rescue for those in peril or lost on the sea 141
  142. 142. Which one of these responsibilities does not belong to the Coast Guard? A. Regulation of the rates and practices of shipping lines B. Pollution control in instances of ecological contamination such as oil spills. C. Prevention of crimes, espionage, or sabotage of ports or related facilities D. Search and rescue for those in peril or lost on the sea 142
  143. 143. To stop, interrupt, or prevent the passage of something, such as illegal drugs or hostile aircraft, is known as _______. A. Containment B. Appropriation C. Interdiction D. Prohibition 143
  144. 144. To stop, interrupt, or prevent the passage of something, such as illegal drugs or hostile aircraft, is known as _______. A. Containment B. Appropriation C. Interdiction D. Prohibition 144
  145. 145. In defense of the country, the Air Force must _______ air space over hostile nations, meaning to use something to its greatest possible advantage. A. exploit B. utilize C. manipulate D. maximize 145
  146. 146. In defense of the country, the Air Force must _______ air space over hostile nations, meaning to use something to its greatest possible advantage. A. exploit B. utilize C. manipulate D. maximize 146
  147. 147. The _______ is the oldest branch of the Armed Forces (1775), while the _______ is the youngest (1947). A. Army, Air Force B. Navy, Marines C. Army, Marines D. Navy, Air Force 147
  148. 148. The _______ is the oldest branch of the Armed Forces (1775), while the _______ is the youngest (1947). A. Army, Air Force B. Navy, Marines C. Army, Marines D. Navy, Air Force 148
  149. 149. The Navy’s mission is to ensure a combat-ready naval force that can win wars, deter _______, and maintain freedom of the seas. A. attack B. enemies C. combatants D. aggression 149
  150. 150. The Navy’s mission is to ensure a combat-ready naval force that can win wars, deter _______, and maintain freedom of the seas. A. attack B. enemies C. combatants D. aggression 150

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