Introduction to DrillThe NJROTC drill manual wasdeveloped from the Marine CorpsDrill and Ceremonial Manual(MCDCM) and tailored to meet theneeds of NJROTC at the companyand battalion level.This manual is the primary sourcedocument for all NJROTC drill issuesat the company and battalion level.
Military Drill Overview• Units may access the MCDCM at http://www.usmc.mil• NJROTC Drill Manual at http://www.njrotc.org
Training Time Out (TTO) D1-0040.w mv• Called when there is concern for safety• A means for a cadet to obtain relief
Purpose of Drill• Move units from one place to another in astandard, orderly manner.• Provide simple formations from which combatformations may be readily assumed.• Teach discipline by instilling habits of precisionand automatic response to orders.
Purpose of Drill (cont.)• Increase the confidence of cadets through theexercise of command, by the giving of propercommands, and by the control of drilling troops.• Give cadets an opportunity to handle individualweapons.
Purpose of Formations• Build unit cohesion and esprit de corps.• Maintain continuous accountability.• Provide frequent opportunities to observe appearance and readiness.• Keep individual cadets informed.
Purpose of Formations (cont.)• Develop command presence in unit leaders.• Instill and maintain high standards.• Add color and dignity to the daily routine.
Important Drill Terms• Alignment • Cadence• Assembly Area • Center• Arms • Ceremony• Base • Column
Important Drill Terms (cont.)• Commander of Troops (COT) • Depth • Distance
Important Drill Terms (cont.)• Double Time • Flank• Element • Formation• Extended Mass • Front Formation • File
Important Drill Terms (cont.) • Guide • Head • Interval• Close Interval • Normal Interval
Important Drill Terms (cont.)• Left (Right) • Loosened Sling• Line • Mass Formation• Line of March • Muffling• Line of Troops • Pace
Important Drill Terms (cont.)• Parade • Rank• Parade Sling • Review• Piece • Rigged• Point of Rest • Slow Time• Quick Time
Important Drill Terms (cont.)• Snap • Step • Unit Leader• Strong Grip • “V” Grip
Good Leaders• Follow regulations strictly.• Have energy, patience, and spirit.• Have military neatness and bearing.• Observe cadets closely.
When instructing drill movements,remember:Purpose of movementCounts involved in its executionWhen the movement may be executedCommands to cause the movement
Things for a Leader to Remember• When a movement is corrected, it should immediately be repeated.• Before a drill period, study the movements.• The leader should place themselves wherever they can best control the cadets.
Things for a Leader to Remember (cont.)• Briefly explain and demonstrate each new movement.• Drill periods should be short but frequent.
Types of Commands• PREPARATORY COMMAND – such as “Forward,” “Left,” “Platoon”• COMMAND OF EXECUTION – such as “MARCH,” “FACE,” “ATTENTION”
Types of Commands (cont.)• COMBINED COMMAND – such as “AT EASE,” “REST,” “FALL IN”• SUPPLEMENTARY COMMAND – such as “Column of Files From the Right”
CommandsWhen giving commands, face cadetsand repeat all preparatory commandsexcept: • Combined commands • Unit in mass formation • Parades and ceremonies
Commands (cont.)If at halt, commands for movementsother than Front require no preparatorycommands.Use unit designations only with“Attention” and “HALT.”
Command VoiceCommands must be understood byeveryone. Practice the following:• Good posture and proper breathing• Projecting your voice• Proper use of diaphragm
Command Voice (cont.)• Use of throat, mouth, and nose• Proper bearing• Distinct enunciation• Voice inflection
Command Voice (cont.)Projection – enables a command to beheard at maximum range. Use thefollowing exercises:
Command Voice (cont.)• Yawning• Counting and saying vowel sounds• Giving commands at a uniform cadence, prolonging each syllable• Stand erect, breathe properly, keep mouth wide open, and relax the throat
The diaphragm ismost important.Develop it by:Using deepbreathing exercisesTaking deepbreaths, thensnapping out fast“hats” or “huts”
Giving Commands• The throat should be relaxed.• The lower jaw and lips should be loose.• The mouth should be open wide.• Vowel sounds should be prolonged.• Consonants should be curt.
Proper BearingAttention is theproper position forgiving commands.Exceptional bearingwill be imitated withsnap and precision.Cadets commandingarmed troops will bearmed.
Distinction - distinct commands inspirecadets to give distinct commands.• Emphasize enunciation• Use of the tongue, lips, and lower jaw• Practice giving commands slowly• Increase rate of delivery
INFLECTION - the rise and fall in pitch of the voice • Preparatory commands • Command of execution • Combined commands
General Rules for Drill• The Cadet Field Manual explains movements in one direction only. To move to the other direction, substitute “left” for “right” as shown in parenthesis.• “AS YOU WERE” cancels a movement or order.• While marching, alignment is toward the right.
General Rules for Drill (cont.)• Slight changes in directions are made by substituting the word “left” or “right” into the preparatory command for turning or column movements or in the command “Incline To The Right (Left).”• Platoons, cadets, and squads are numbered according to the set-up of the formation.
General Rules for Drill (cont.)• Posts of officers, non-commissioned officers, guidon bearers, and special units are explained later.• Changes of post are made by the most direct route.• After initial formation, guidon bearers and special units maintain their positions with respect to the flank or end.
General Rules for Drill (cont.)• When marching, the command of execution is given as the appropriate foot strikes the ground.• Cadence of commands is quick time.• Pause between preparatory commands and commands of execution.
Drill by the NumbersDrill movements may be divided intoindividual motions for instruction.• First motion on command of execution• Subsequent motions are made in proper order.• “BY THE NUMBERS” precedes the preparatory command.• “WITHOUT NUMBERS” ends this method.
Mass Commands• Used to develop confidence and team spirit• Teaches cadets to give and execute commands properly
Mass Commands (cont.)• “AT YOUR COMMAND” or• “ALL MOVEMENTS UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE WILL BE AT YOUR COMMAND”• Only simple movements• “AT MY COMMAND”
Individual Commands From Ranks• Trains cadets to give commands• Cadets may be designated
Advanced Drill ProceduresCadence Drill (Speed Drill)• Cadets who have learned basic drill• Preparatory commands abbreviated and pauses are deletedTrick Drill• Cadets who have thoroughly learned prescribed and cadence drill• Trick drills not described• Limited only by the imagination
Q.9. What is a flank?A.9. The right or left extremity of a unit, either in line or in column. The element on the extreme right or left of the line. A direction at a right angle to the direction an element or a formation is facing.
Q.10. What are the elements of a proper command?
Q.10. What are the elements of a proper command?A.10. a. Loudness b. Distinctness (pronouncing of words) c. Inflection d. Cadence of commands
Q.11. On which foot is the command of execution given for a column right?
Q.11. On which foot is the command of execution given for a column right?A.11. Right
Q.12. TRUE or FALSE. The cadence of commands should be that of quick time whether or not marching is involved.
Q.12. TRUE or FALSE. The cadence of commands should be that of quick time whether or not marching is involved.A.12. TRUE.
Q.13. What do you do on the command, “AS YOU WERE?”
Q.13. What do you do on the command, “AS YOU WERE?”A.13. Resume what you were doing.
Q.14. In what direction do you normally guide?
Q.14. In what direction do you normally guide?A.14. To the right
Q.15. TRUE or FALSE. Correct commands have a tone, cadence and snap that inspire immediate response and smart execution of a movement.
Q.15. TRUE or FALSE. Correct commands have a tone, cadence and snap that inspire immediate response and smart execution of a movement.A.15. TRUE.
Q.16. What movements are to be executed with snap?
Q.16. What movements are to be executed with snap?A.16. All movements