1 2 6 Developing Good Study Habits

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1 2 6 Developing Good Study Habits

  1. 1. UNIT 1 CHAPTER 2.6 Developing Good Study Habits 1
  2. 2. Developing Good Study Habits It should be clear that finishing high school is essential to getting a good job and enjoying a successful career. 2
  3. 3. Four things will help you succeed in high school: • Learning good study habits • Managing your time • Becoming skilled in test taking 3 • Listening and taking notes
  4. 4. By studying, you reinforce the material presented in your classes by: • Reviewing textbook chapter or class notes • Working some exercises or problems This makes the material your own and leads to better grades. 4
  5. 5. Tips on the importance of studying: • It doesn’t have to be boring or hard. • When done right, it is interesting and fun. • Start at the beginning of the course. • Most classes start easy and get harder. • Master the first lesson or you will be lost. Studying, when done right, can be interesting and enjoyable. 5
  6. 6. Strengthening your understanding of the material that was presented to you in school is called _______. A. acquiring test-taking skills B. managing time well C. studying D. improving listening and note taking skills 6
  7. 7. Strengthening your understanding of the material that was presented to you in school is called _______. A. acquiring test-taking skills B. managing time well C. studying D. improving listening and note taking skills 7
  8. 8. Where to Study Library Home School Friend’s house 8
  9. 9. • Choose one place you go just to study. • The library, with its quiet atmosphere and availability of reference material, will put you in the right frame of mind to study. 9
  10. 10. • Any good place to study should have good lighting, seating, and writing 10 space with few interruptions.
  11. 11. • Organize your study materials and have them at hand! 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. • Avoid listening to music while you study. Music may relax you but ultimately may prove to be a distraction and keep the material from sticking. 13
  14. 14. • Studying with a friend can be productive if you are working on the same assignment. 14
  15. 15. • But random conversation and visiting can be a distraction! 15
  16. 16. • Try experimenting with “study buddies” to find out who you work best with so you can get the most out of the experience. 16
  17. 17. When to Study Set regular times to study. What time is best for you? Right after school? Evenings? 17
  18. 18. Which of these locations is the least effective environment for studying? A. School library B. A friend’s home C. Your after-school workplace D. Your home 18
  19. 19. Which of these locations is the least effective environment for studying? A. School library B. A friend’s home C. Your after-school workplace D. Your home 19
  20. 20. What is the most important reason to have just one place you go to study? A. You will associate it only with schoolwork and not with recreation. B. All of your materials will be in once place so you will be organized. C. This place will always be quiet and have good lighting. D. You will be more relaxed in a familiar place. 20
  21. 21. What is the most important reason to have just one place you go to study? A. You will associate it only with schoolwork and not with recreation. B. All of your materials will be in once place so you will be organized. C. This place will always be quiet and have good lighting. D. You will be more relaxed in a familiar place. 21
  22. 22. Immediately attack the material for: • Term papers • Science projects • Other big assignments 22
  23. 23. Remember even the scariest assignment can be tamed with just a little planning: • Break the work down into steps. • Plot them on your calendar. Mastering this technique will give you a skill that will help you the rest of your life. 23
  24. 24. Some guidelines for studying are: 1. Take breaks during long study sessions. 24
  25. 25. Some guidelines for studying are: 1. Take breaks during long study sessions. 2. Don't spend all your time on one subject. 25
  26. 26. Some guidelines for studying are: 1. Take breaks during long study sessions. 2. Don't spend all your time on one subject. 3. Begin with the most boring or hardest subject and work toward the easiest one. 26
  27. 27. Some guidelines for studying are: 1. Take breaks during long study sessions. 2. Don't spend all your time on one subject. 3. Begin with the most boring or hardest subject and work toward the easiest one. 4. Keep a schedule for at least a week. Be sure to include time for recreation, sleep, exercise, food, 27 and friends.
  28. 28. Which of these study techniques is recommended? A. Taking regular fifteen-minute breaks during long sessions but getting back to work immediately. B. Limiting the study session to only one subject. C. Beginning with the most difficult material then progressing to the easiest. D. Making a monthly schedule and sticking to it. 28
  29. 29. Which of these study techniques is recommended? A. Taking regular fifteen-minute breaks during long sessions but getting back to work immediately. B. Limiting the study session to only one subject. C. Beginning with the most difficult material then progressing to the easiest. D. Making a monthly schedule and sticking to it. 29
  30. 30. Study Methods A couple of study methods that will help you with the material in your book go by the following initials: OK4R PQRST O. Overview R2. Recall P. Preview S. State K. Key Ideas R3. Reflect Q. Question T. Test R1. Read R4. Review R. Read 30
  31. 31. OK4R O. Overview R2. Recall K. Key Ideas R3. Reflect R1. Read R4. Review 31
  32. 32. O. OVERVIEW Read the title, the introductory and summarizing paragraphs (often at the beginning or end of a chapter, often in bold type), and all headings. 32
  33. 33. K. KEY IDEAS Skim for the key ideas (usually found in the first sentence of each paragraph). Read italics and bold type; study pictures, graphs, and tables. 33
  34. 34. KEY IDEAS 34
  35. 35. Which of these activities is included in the Key Ideas step of the OK4R study method? A. Relating what you just read to your previous knowledge of the subject, comparing it to the last chapter’s material B. Skimming the text, noting italics or bold type, carefully observing pictures, tables and graphs C. Closing the book, thinking about or writing down the main points, discussing them with a study buddy D. Reading the title, introduction, chapter 35 headings, and summarizing paragraphs
  36. 36. Which of these activities is included in the Key Ideas step of the OK4R study method? A. Relating what you just read to your previous knowledge of the subject, comparing it to the last chapter’s material B. Skimming the text, noting italics or bold type, carefully observing pictures, tables and graphs C. Closing the book, thinking about or writing down the main points, discussing them with a study buddy D. Reading the title, introduction, chapter 36 headings, and summarizing paragraphs
  37. 37. R1. READ Read the entire assignment. 37
  38. 38. 38
  39. 39. R2. RECALL Put aside the material and say or write the major points of the reading. (This is where a study buddy can help.) 39
  40. 40. RECALL 40
  41. 41. R3. REFLECT Fix the material in your mind, and relate it to any other information you may have studied about the subject. 41
  42. 42. REFLECT 42
  43. 43. R4. REVIEW Do this step before the next test or quiz on the material. 43
  44. 44. REVIEW 44
  45. 45. In the OK4R study method, which of the four Rs involves relating what you just read to your previous knowledge of the subject? A. Read B. Recall C. Reflect D. Review 45
  46. 46. In the OK4R study method, which of the four Rs involves relating what you just read to your previous knowledge of the subject? A. Read B. Recall C. Reflect D. Review 46
  47. 47. Now let’s take a look at this study method. PQRST P. Preview S. State Q. Question T. Test R. Read 47
  48. 48. P. PREVIEW Briefly glance through the material scanning topic sentences, pictures, graphs, tables, and summaries just for main points. Do not yet worry about details. 48
  49. 49. PREVIEW 49
  50. 50. Q. QUESTION Make up questions about the material. Many textbooks include questions at the end of the chapter. Read the questions to get an idea of the material you are going to read. 50
  51. 51. 51
  52. 52. R. READ Effective reading is reaction. Think about what you are reading. Read all the information, but try to figure out each point and concentrate your thoughts. 52
  53. 53. 53
  54. 54. In the PQRST study method, what does the Q stand for? A. Qualify B. Quiet C. Quiz D. Question 54
  55. 55. In the PQRST study method, what does the Q stand for? A. Qualify B. Quiet C. Quiz D. Question 55
  56. 56. S. STATE Say aloud what you have read. Put into your own words the facts, thoughts, and ideas you have read. In some cases, you may prefer to write out sentences or notes to recall your readings. 56
  57. 57. STATE 57
  58. 58. T. TEST Think of this as a review step. Sometime after the first reading and saying, test how much you remember about the material. If you have written out notes or sentences, check back and see if you still recall the important information. 58
  59. 59. TEST 59
  60. 60. In the PQRST study method, what version of the State step should be tried by students who learn best by listening? A. Writing down what they’ve learned and having a friend read the sentences back to them. B. Making a recording of the first sentence of each paragraph then listening to it after they’ve read the chapter. C. Stating aloud the ideas and facts in their own words after reading the material D. Ask the instructor to let them review or borrow any relevant audio-visual materials 60
  61. 61. In the PQRST study method, what version of the State step should be tried by students who learn best by listening? A. Writing down what they’ve learned and having a friend read the sentences back to them. B. Making a recording of the first sentence of each paragraph then listening to it after they’ve read the chapter. C. Stating aloud the ideas and facts in their own words after reading the material D. Ask the instructor to let them review or borrow any relevant audio-visual materials 61
  62. 62. Tests And Exams The best preparation for examinations is keeping up with assignments using good study behavior. 62
  63. 63. "I'm prepared for this exam!" 63
  64. 64. "I sure wish I would have started studying sooner!" 64
  65. 65. Effective Exam Preparation • Keep up with assignments. • Study regularly. • Anticipate teacher's questions. • Review emphasized class discussions. 65
  66. 66. Ideas for Test Taking If faced with an objective or short answer test – pay attention to details. If taking an essay exam – write about the big ideas of the material and their 66 relationships.
  67. 67. Ineffective Exam Preparation • Cramming - will make you less likely to remember the material. • Excessive worrying 67
  68. 68. Cramming Preparing for an exam at the last minute 68
  69. 69. Effective test taking: • Read directions carefully. •Ask for clarification of directions. 69
  70. 70. True or False: Cramming for an exam is ineffective because you are unlikely to be able remember the information during the test. 70
  71. 71. True or False: Cramming for an exam is ineffective because you are unlikely to be able remember the information during the test. True 71
  72. 72. Example of Multiple Choice Test In which of the following activities may an NJROTC cadet participate while in uniform? A. Political activities B. Private employment C. Commercial interests D. School activities 72
  73. 73. Example of True/False Test True or False. The sword salute on the march is the survival of fancy moves made by officers in military revues of the 17th century. A. True B. False 73
  74. 74. Strategies to use on short answer and true/false tests: • Make a 30-second survey. • Pay attention to details. • Penalty for guessing? • Use a steady pace. • Skip and mark difficult questions. 74
  75. 75. Example of Completion Test 1. Socialism means that all work is cooperative and no competition is allowed. 2. Monarchies claimed that their power to rule came from divine inspiration. 3. Mikhail Gorbachev became the new leader in 1985, of the communist party in the USSR and immediately began a major reform campaign. 75
  76. 76. COMPLETION TEST 1. Socialism means that all work is cooperative and no competition is allowed. Strategies to use on completion tests: • Do not leave blanks. • Check doubtful questions. 76
  77. 77. Example of Matching Test Match the body part to the adverse effect that alcohol has on it. Brain Weakens the pumping action and decreases the amount of blood to this body part Stomach Affects the cortex of this body part causing the drinker to feel the "high" of intoxication Liver Causes this body part to secrete more gastric acid, which contributes to the formation of peptic ulcers Heart Affects this body part's cells and decreases its ability to metabolize fat 77
  78. 78. Matching Tests Strategies to use on matching tests: • Answer easy questions first. • Follow directions; sometimes answers may be used more than once. 78
  79. 79. True or False: On a short-answer test, do the difficult questions first and come back to the easy ones later. 79
  80. 80. True or False: On a short-answer test, do the difficult questions first and come back to the easy ones later. False 80
  81. 81. Example of Essay Test 1. What is the difference between prejudice and discrimination? 2. What are the two main sources from which you learn prejudice? 3. What are the three possible outcomes in a situation of conflict? Which is the most positive? 81
  82. 82. Essay Test Essay tests usually require long written answers to complex questions. Unlike matching, true-false, and other short answer tests, essay tests show your: • Mastery of the material • Writing skills • Organizational skills 82
  83. 83. Essay Test 1. What is the difference between prejudice and discrimination? 2. What are the two main sources from which you learn prejudice? Strategies to use on essay tests: • Read all questions first. • Note phrases in margin. • Know meaning of cue words. 83
  84. 84. 84
  85. 85. Outlining techniques: • Organize the answer. • Write legibly. • Read and check. 85
  86. 86. Essay Test 1. What is the difference between prejudice and discrimination? 2. What are the two main sources from which you learn prejudice? Write legibly, and review your answers before turning your paper in. Sometimes to fill the blank space, you may write things that are interesting and true, but not the answer to the question. 86
  87. 87. Essay Tests The questions on essay tests are often not really questions, but commands: “Explain the causes of the American Revolution.” These commands are often given in language you don’t use every day. The matching drill on words in the next few slides will prevent any unpleasant surprises on test day. 87
  88. 88. Matching Drill #1 - Match the cue with its definition. CUE DEFINITION A. ANALYZE a. To show differences or similarities between two or more things B. COMPARE b. To give a clear, undetailed, but precise meaning C. CONTRAST c. To examine critically, to show essential features D. DEFINE d. To show differences when compared e. To develop a theme or idea E. ELABORATE in greater detail 88
  89. 89. Matching Drill #1 - ANSWERS CUE DEFINITION A. ANALYZE a. To show differences or similarities between two or more things B. COMPARE b. To give a clear, undetailed, but precise meaning C. CONTRAST c. To examine critically, to show essential features D. DEFINE d. To show differences when compared e. To develop a theme or idea E. ELABORATE in greater detail 89
  90. 90. Matching Drill #2 - Match the cue with its definition. CUE DEFINITION A. EVALUATE a. To set down under each other a series of facts, dates, words, names, or data B. EXPLAIN b. To appraise carefully, giving both the positive and negative C. ILLUSTRATE aspects c. To clarify and interpret the details of a problem, theory or D. LIST subject d. To organize facts or to show E. OUTLINE relationships e. To explain or clarify by giving an 90 example
  91. 91. Matching Drill #2 - ANSWERS CUE DEFINITION A. EVALUATE a. To set down under each other a series of facts, dates, words, names, or data B. EXPLAIN b. To appraise carefully, giving both the positive and negative C. ILLUSTRATE aspects c. To clarify and interpret the details of a problem, theory or D. LIST subject d. To organize facts or to show E. OUTLINE relationships e. To explain or clarify by giving an 91 example
  92. 92. Before writing your response to an essay test question, what should you do first? A. Make marginal notes using key words and phrases you plan to cover B. Organize your ideas, possibly using an outline structure to check for weaknesses C. Look up any command words in the question such as “illustrate,” “compare” and “evaluate. D. Read the question carefully to make 92 sure you understand it.
  93. 93. Before writing your response to an essay test question, what should you do first? A. Make marginal notes using key words and phrases you plan to cover B. Organize your ideas, possibly using an outline structure to check for weaknesses C. Look up any command words in the question such as “illustrate,” “compare” and “evaluate. D. Read the question carefully to make 93 sure you understand it.
  94. 94. Listening and Note-taking Skills Good listening skills are important to success in school. Listening is a lot more than just hearing. 94
  95. 95. Listening Focused, conscious activity Hearing Continuous, unfocused, and unconscious 95
  96. 96. Listening is the neglected communication skill. 96
  97. 97. What communication skill is the most neglected? A. Writing B. Speaking C. Listening D. Reading 97
  98. 98. What communication skill is the most neglected? A. Writing B. Speaking C. Listening D. Reading 98
  99. 99. You become a better listener by understanding the four types of listening: • Passive • Competitive • Active 99 • Reflective
  100. 100. Passive listening is one-way communication. You may or may not understand what you’ve heard. Listening to your MP3 player or television or a teacher 100 who doesn’t take questions are examples.
  101. 101. Competitive listening takes place when you are not listening closely. You only listen long enough to get the necessary information. 101
  102. 102. Active listening is two-way communication. You pay full attention and think about the 102 information.
  103. 103. Reflective listening involves not only actively listening to the speaker, but also interpreting the speaker’s feelings. Good friends often engage in reflective listening. 103
  104. 104. What type of listening involves interpreting what the speaker is saying and observing body language? A. Competitive B. Reflective C. Active D. Passive 104
  105. 105. What type of listening involves interpreting what the speaker is saying and observing body language? A. Competitive B. Reflective C. Active D. Passive 105
  106. 106. When friends have a conversation, they usually use _______ listening. A. active B. competitive C. passive D. reflective 106
  107. 107. When friends have a conversation, they usually use _______ listening. A. active B. competitive C. passive D. reflective 107
  108. 108. Effective Listening Techniques To be a good listener, you need to focus on what the speaker is saying. The following techniques can help you. 108
  109. 109. • Clarify. Ask specific questions to ensure you’ve understood the speaker. Example: “When you say the research paper is due on the 15th, do you mean in 109 class, or by the end of the day?”
  110. 110. • Restate. Use the speaker’s words as your own and repeat what you think the speaker has said. Example: “Did I understand you correctly? Did you say that classes will be canceled if the temperature falls below zero degrees 110 Fahrenheit?”
  111. 111. • Acknowledge. Let the speaker know you have understood the message and that you appreciate the speaker’s point of view. Example: “I appreciate the fact that you can’t attend every meeting. I realize that you live much farther from school than 111 most students do.”
  112. 112. • Summarize. Touch on the main ideas or conclusions, not each individual point. You restate the main ideas and set the tone for the next subject or conversation. This can be useful when you are discussing several issues. Example: “OK. We’ve agreed that I’ll work your shift on Thursday evening and you’ll 112 work mine on Friday morning, right?”
  113. 113. • Frame. You present information in a neutral way. You can then find areas of agreement on which to focus. This helps shape the conversation. Example: “I can see your point that we need new team equipment, but we won’t get it soon. Do you think we can make better use of what we have?” 113
  114. 114. Active listeners use the technique of _______ when they indicate that they understand and appreciate the speaker’s message and point of view. A. acknowledging B. clarifying C. framing D. restating 114
  115. 115. Active listeners use the technique of _______ when they indicate that they understand and appreciate the speaker’s message and point of view. A. acknowledging B. clarifying C. framing D. restating 115
  116. 116. Note Taking One way to remember what a speaker or teacher says is to take notes. 116
  117. 117. Note taking tips: • Don’t try to write down every word. • Too many notes lead to poor listening skills. • Jot down words, phrases, diagrams. • Draw arrows and use bullet points. • Make a sentence or two of the main points. 117
  118. 118. If your teacher says, “Some differences between the Greeks and Romans were that the Greeks were a philosophic and poetic culture; whereas, the Romans were a practical and engineering culture.” You could write down: • Gs-philosophic, poetic 118 • Rs-practical, engineering
  119. 119. Read over your notes soon after you take them, while the speaker’s ideas are still fresh in your mind. 119
  120. 120. Traits of a Successful Student Successful students: • Set goals, so they have a clear idea why they are in school. 120
  121. 121. • Practice good study habits. 121
  122. 122. • Manage time well. 122
  123. 123. • Become skilled in test taking. 123
  124. 124. True or False: Since you shouldn’t try to write down everything you hear during a lecture, you should just jot down words and phrases as reminders of the main points, then review them several hours later. 124
  125. 125. True or False: Since you shouldn’t try to write down everything you hear during a lecture, you should just jot down words and phrases as reminders of the main points, then review them several hours later. False 125
  126. 126. Conclusion Long-Term Goals It is never too early for thinking about what your goals in life should be, Short & Mid-Term Goals especially your career goals. 126
  127. 127. Whether you go to college or not, you’ll want a satisfying career, not just a string of jobs. 127
  128. 128. The NJROTC program is an excellent source of information for any career program that you may want to consider. 128
  129. 129. Naval science instructors will assist you if you are considering the military as a career. 129
  130. 130. The least effective way to prepare for a test is to _______, since it is unlikely that students will be able to remember the information they tried to learn at the last minute. A. skim B. summarize C. review D. cram 130
  131. 131. The least effective way to prepare for a test is to _______, since it is unlikely that students will be able to remember the information they tried to learn at the last minute. A. skim B. summarize C. review D. cram 131
  132. 132. The Nuclear Power, Electronics, and _______ Programs are the three particularly demanding programs offered to Naval enlistees. A. Technical B. Medical and Dental C. Law Enforcement D. Mechanical 132
  133. 133. The Nuclear Power, Electronics, and _______ Programs are the three particularly demanding programs offered to Naval enlistees. A. Technical B. Medical and Dental C. Law Enforcement D. Mechanical 133
  134. 134. Which of these study techniques is not considered effective? A. Studying with a friend B. Starting with the hardest subject C. Listening to music D. Making a weekly schedule 134
  135. 135. Which of these study techniques is not considered effective? A. Studying with a friend B. Starting with the hardest subject C. Listening to music D. Making a weekly schedule 135
  136. 136. In the OK4R study method, what phase involves thinking about how the material fits in with prior knowledge about the subject? A. Key ideas B. Reflect C. Review D. Recall 136
  137. 137. In the OK4R study method, what phase involves thinking about how the material fits in with prior knowledge about the subject? A. Key ideas B. Reflect C. Review D. Recall 137
  138. 138. On an essay test, what should students do before they begin writing their response? A. Look up command words in the question such as “evaluate” and “contrast.” B. Make notes in the margins to plan the key words and phrases they will include. C. Read the question carefully to make sure they understand what they are being asked to do. D. Outline their ideas and look for any weaknesses or omissions. 138
  139. 139. On an essay test, what should students do before they begin writing their response? A. Look up command words in the question such as “evaluate” and “contrast.” B. Make notes in the margins to plan the key words and phrases they will include. C. Read the question carefully to make sure they understand what they are being asked to do. D. Outline their ideas and look for any weaknesses or omissions. 139

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