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How to Publish an Ethical Paper BJUI Author Workshop July 2009 Part Four Roger Kirby


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Presented by Roger Kirby at the BJUI Author Workshop on 23rd June 2009.This presentation details the importance of ensuring that all papers submitted to BJUI are ethical, reasonable, avoid plagiarisms and conflicts of interest. This is a good presentation that is relevant to all who are writing or going to write a paper.

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How to Publish an Ethical Paper BJUI Author Workshop July 2009 Part Four Roger Kirby

  1. 1. How to Publish an Ethical Paper BJUI Author Workshop, Tuesday 23 rd June 2009 Roger Kirby
  2. 2. Key words in Ethical publishing <ul><li>Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Probity </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict of interest </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ethical Scientific Publishing <ul><li>Honest reporting of results. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding claims of plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Ghost writers </li></ul><ul><li>The peer review process </li></ul><ul><li>Impact factor </li></ul><ul><li>Editorial Conflicts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Honest reporting of results <ul><li>Never massage results to make a negative finding positive </li></ul><ul><li>Be honest and straightforward in your interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to stand by and defend your conclusions </li></ul>
  5. 5. Avoiding plagiarism <ul><li>Do not reproduce chunks of other peoples work </li></ul><ul><li>Be cautious about cutting and pasting your own work </li></ul><ul><li>Beware dual publication </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism usually picked up by reviewers but software detection programmes now available </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conflicts of interest <ul><li>Usually financial, sometimes political </li></ul><ul><li>If there is even a hint of a conflict, say so </li></ul><ul><li>Dug company or instrument manufacturer support of a study as an investigator or consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t let inter-departmental rivalries cloud your judgement </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ghost writers <ul><li>Professional writers paid to produce copy </li></ul><ul><li>Often used to write up multi-institutional studies or prepare pharmaceutical reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Should be acknowledged as an author or at the end of the paper </li></ul><ul><li>Can produce excellent material, but make sure as an author you can stand by every word </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Peer Review Process <ul><li>A welter of papers coming in from all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>Four reviewers selected for each </li></ul><ul><li>Brief timely review and decision required </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewer fatigue a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing sub-specialisation increasing </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewer conflicts need to be considered </li></ul>
  9. 9. Impact factor <ul><li>Impact factor calculated annually </li></ul><ul><li>Increasingly important to journals and authors </li></ul><ul><li>Gaming can occur by “self-citation” </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimate techniques include increasing rejection rate (> 80%) and publishing more full length reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Other parameters define a journal such as readability and web traffic </li></ul>
  10. 10. 2008 Subject Category Rankings Urology & Nephrology Journal IF Journal IF 1 J AM SOC NEPHROL 7.505 14 NAT CLIN PRACT UROL 2.874 2 EUR UROL 6.512 15 SEMIN NEPHROL 2.867 3 KIDNEY INT 6.418 16 NEUROUROL URODYNAM 2.733 4 NAT CLIN PRACT NEPHR 5.594 17 BJU INT 2.704 5 J SEX MED 5.393 18 WORLD J UROL 2.699 6 AM J KIDNEY DIS 4.822 19 SEMIN DIALYSIS 2.671 7 CLIN J AM SOC NEPHRO 4.361 20 UROL ONCOL-SEMIN ORI 2.662 8 CURR OPIN NEPHROL HY 4.00 21 AGING MALE 2.622 9 J UROLOGY 3.952 22 CURR OPIN UROL 2.619 10 AM J PHYSIOL-RENAL 3.89 23 INT UROGYNECOL J 2.375 11 NEPHROL DIAL TRANSPL 3.568 24 PEDIATR NEPHROL 2.321 12 AM J NEPHROL 3.164 25 INT J IMPOT RES 2.276 13 PROSTATE 3.069 26 UROLOGY 2.242
  11. 11. Editorial Conflicts <ul><li>Too much work, not enough time to do it </li></ul><ul><li>Potential pressure from pharmaceutical companies to publish </li></ul><ul><li>Orders for reprints and advertisements in the journal </li></ul><ul><li>Supplements </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining fairness, balance and objectivity </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conclusions <ul><li>You are what you write </li></ul><ul><li>Check PubMed or MedLine to review your publication status </li></ul><ul><li>Write clearly, concisely and honestly </li></ul><ul><li>Do not be tempted to massage results </li></ul><ul><li>Check anything that has your name on it carefully </li></ul><ul><li>State any possible conflicts of interest </li></ul>