4th Qatar BIM User Day, BIM Guides and Standards


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4th Qatar BIM User Day, BIM Guides and Standards

  1. 1. 1Mark Baldwin BIM Guides and Standards Mark Baldwin // mark@baldwin.com.de
  2. 2. 2Mark Baldwin Develops and maintains international standards for openBIM interoperability Data Model - IFC Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) - (ISO/PAS 16739-2005) Process Manuals - IDM Information Delivery Manuals (ISO 29481-1:2010) Data Dictionary - IFD International Framework Dictionary (ISO 12006-3:2007) Current initiative to review all major BIM Guides online BIM Guide Wiki searchable by topic goal to develop international framework
  3. 3. 3Mark Baldwin A. Reference Standards A.1. ISO Standards A.2. Normative Standards A.3. Conformance Specifications A.4. Terminology Definition B. Technical Specifications B.1. Benchmark Specifications B.2. Reference Processes (eg. IDM’s) B.3. Information Exchanges (eg. COBie) B.4. Reference Examples C. Guidelines and Applications C.1. Goal and Strategy Definition C.2. Delivery Specifications C.3. Templates and Tools C.4. Best Practice Guides C. Guidelines and Applications B. Technical Specifications A. Reference Standard Standards, Technical Specifications & Guides Based on the NBIMS – US Content Model, courtesy of Deke Smith
  4. 4. 4Mark Baldwin Standard Technical Specification Guideline or Guide International National Associational Organisational IFC / ISO 9001 QNBS UK BIM Maturity Level NBIMS-US AIA LOD AGC MIT modeling specifications GSA BIM Guides COBie Standards, Technical Specifications & Guides
  5. 5. 5Mark Baldwin Common Themes and Methodology Definitions • BIM functions • BIM specification • BIM roles • Project phases • Model element definition (IFD) • LOD • BIM maturity Technical Specifications Implementation Guidance Supporting Tools Legal Aspects • Building/element classification systems • Modelling requirements • File formats • Model progression • IDM / Information exchanges • Project Scope and deliverables • BIM Management (or Execution) Planning • Process maps and workflows • Collaboration procedures •Handovers • Software selection • Hardware selection • File storage and management • QA/QC protocols • Fee structure • Contracting • Procurement Strategies • Intellectual Property (ownership and access rights) • Liability, risk and insurances References (standards, regulations , other documents, projects)
  6. 6. 6Mark Baldwin Major BIM Guides in Use
  7. 7. 7Mark Baldwin Major BIM Guides in Use COBIM Intention: • to define more precisely what is being modelled and how the modelling is done • result of a broad-based development project across all project phases Author: Various authors – typically 1-2 per section Overseen and managed by The Building Information Foundation RTS, Finland - 2012 Key Features: • Extensive treatment of the application of BIM – almost 400 pages • General principles, requirements and concepts of BIM-based projects • 14 parts dealing with distinct aspects and disciplines • based on the Senate Properties BIM Guidelines published 2007. Personal Assessment: • Practical and easy to follow descriptions of how to apply BIM in specific use-cases • Despite the size of the volume it remains generally applicable (software neutral)
  8. 8. 8Mark Baldwin Major BIM Guides in Use NBIMS – US Version 2 Intention: • To provide standards for building information technologies and the necessary structure and framework for collaborative processes • To encourage further productive practices by all members of the AECOO industry Author: US National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS) - 2012 Key Features: • A ‘comparatively expansive treatment of BIM’ – 678 pages (largely ref. material) • Covers philosophies, policies, plans and working methods • Major Reference Standards and Information Exchange standards • Guidelines and applications Personal Assessment: • Essentially a compendium of major standards and reference documents • Not a ‘hands-on’ or directly applicable approach
  9. 9. 9Mark Baldwin Major BIM Guides in Use Penn State BIM Project Execution Planning Guide Version 2.1 Intention: • A guide for the creation of project-specific BIM Execution Plans (BEP’s) Author: The Pennsylvania State University, CIC Research Group - 2010 Key Features: • Clear methodology for establishing project goals and mapping the execution process • Clarification of projects roles, participants and collaboration processes • Definitions of BIM Functions • Guidance and worksheets for process maps and information exchanges Personal Assessment: • The definitive, and still the best, template for project execution planning • Should be a reference for any major BIM project
  10. 10. 10Mark Baldwin Major BIM Guides in Use Australian National Guidelines for Digital Modelling Intention: • “to assist in and promote the adoption of BIM technologies” • a Managers Guide for BIM Author: CRC Construction Innovation (an Australian national research centre) - 2009 Key Features: • Overview of essential BIM concepts • Definitions for Model, Element and Project/Company Maturity Levels • National BIM Roadmap (developed with Aust. Institute of Architects) • General Principles and Guidance for model generation, management and use cases Personal Assessment: • Excellent template for national guidelines • Too general as a stand alone guide, would rely on supporting documents • Tends to focus on architectural discipline and software
  11. 11. 11Mark Baldwin Major BIM Guides in Use The VA BIM Guide Intention: • “moving both the organization and its service providers to BIM as effectively and efficiently as possible, and to integrating BIM process requirements and Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) methodologies into its delivery requirements.” Author: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs - 2010 Key Features: • Good overview and mandate for BIM delivery • Definitions of roles, processes and delivery requirements • Requirements for modelling, collaboration and information exchange • Basis for other guides such as the NATSPEC National BIM Guide (Australia) Personal Assessment: • Good template for organisational or project guidelines • Requires detailed reference documents, such as BEP.
  12. 12. 12Mark Baldwin BIM Guide Purpose DEFINITIVE Establishing Definitions and Principles Typically national guidelines EXAMPLES: NBIMS-US, Australian National Guidelines STRATEGIC PRESCRIPTIVE SUPPORTIVE Declaring Goals and Strategy Typically national or company EXAMPLES: UK BIM Protocol Defining Delivery Requirements / Specifications Typically organisation- or project- specific EXAMPLES: Georgia Tech, VA BIM Guide Providing Templates and Tools Typically associational or independent EXAMPLES: AIA, Penn State Execution Planning Guide
  13. 13. 13Mark Baldwin BuildingSMART initiative to review all major BIM Guides • BIM Guide Project International Users Group - Process Room Project: • Initial Goal: Build a compendium of guides, best practices, and references for implementing BIM – Guide search engine • Long Term Goal: Facilitate creating Standards from guides and best practices - Guide Framework • Project team represents 9 countries (through buildingSMART Chapters) • Template based review (multiple reviewers)
  14. 14. 14Mark Baldwin BuildingSMART BIM Guide Project http://bimguides.vtreem.com Currently 57 documents listed About 10 reviews completed.
  15. 15. 15Mark Baldwin • Follow a Structured and Proven Framework (eg. ISO/TS 12911) • Clarify Purpose, Goals and Scope (what type of document is it to be) • Consider Author and Intended Audience • Recognise and Utilise Reference Standards and Documents • Consider Level of Compulsion • Engage Industry to reflect actual perceptions and relevant objectives Methodologies for developing new guides and standards
  16. 16. 16Mark Baldwin BIM Guides and Standards Mark Baldwin // mark@baldwin.com.de