Removal of Extortionary Corruption :
Key to Empowering Indian Citizens
•Prepared & presented by :
Sheth Bhaumik L.
Institute ofTechnology , Nirma University
• “Corruption is like a Ball of snow – once
its set a rolling , it must increase.”
Charles caleb colton
Mujhko pahechan lo..
• What is corruption..?
• Lack of integrity or
• Use of a position of trust
for a dishonest gain..
• An impairment of
integrity, virtue, or moral
‘The multi headed Ravana..’
Activity called ‘corruption’ includes :
A moral issue..
• Because it is consider as WRONG, SINFUL, EVIL
according to some code or theory of ethics.
• It is clear betrayal of public trust. It breaks promises of
impartiality made when they were invested with the
authority to govern.
• It generate a sense of shame, a sense of guilt.
• Really ..??
C = Monopoly + Discretion – Accountability
Do I have a choice?
Are there alternatives?
Complexity, flexibility, lac
k of objective
criteria, impossibility of
complete control and
Who to whom, and how?
relevant, exact, accessible (in
time, space and economically
Necessary, but not sufficient
condition for accountability
Includes power to sanction
Roots of corruption
‘’Why this Corruption dii..??’’
• Lack of democracy
• Ineffective judiciary
• Unfair elections
• Lack of free media
• Lack of effective management and organization of administrative
• Lack of economic stability.
• Lack of effective political leadership
Roots of corruption
‘’Why this Corruption dii..??’’
Personal factors :
• Lack of Responsibility!
• Lack of values & humanity!
• Diminishing values in the society.
• Diminishing patriotism.
• Lack of awareness about policies and procedure
• Low literacy rate.
Extortionary & Collusive Corruption
Bade miyaan VS. Chotte Miyaan..!
•This corruption is spread in day to
day life of a common man.
•Forced by government bodies &
•Ends up with compulsion on
common man to pay bribe.
•Lose of time, money & opportunities
•Economically may looks like a small
scale than the other but affects
middle class to poor.
•It is very less talked about by print
and electronic media.
•Can be removed through proper
• The person who is paying up is in
collusion with public authority to
fleece general public.
• All big scams .
• Much talked in print & electronic
• Do not affect Common man
• It can not be completely removed.
Corruption : Rampant in all Sphere
Politics & Corruption
‘Hum saath saath Hai..!’
•Politics can be told one of the
major reason of corruption In
•December 2008, 120 of India's
522 parliament members were
facing criminal charges .
•Politician use their power at
best for corruption activities & at
the result of it , common man
has to suffer a lot.
•Despite state prohibitions
against torture and custodial
misconduct by the
police, torture is widespread in
police custody, which is a
major reason behind deaths in
•The police often torture
innocent people until a
confession is obtained to save
influential and wealthy officers.
Babu - Samjo ishare..!
•A study done by Transparency
International in India found that more
than 50% of the people had firsthand
experience of paying bribe or peddling
influence to get jobs done in a public
•In 2009 survey, Indian economy &
bureaucracy was found to be the least
efficient among all leading economies
•Further, There was a statement :
working with Indian civil servants was
a slow & painful process..!
‘The REAL Culprit..’
• Easy way to vanish Black money.
• No provision of incentive for black
money involvement in Real estate
• Officials often steals state property.
• Mafia raj consisting of municipal &
officials, politicians, real estate
developers acquire, develop and sell
land in illegal ways.
Corruption is rampant in the
judicial system of
India..According to TII, judicial
corruption in India is
attributable to factors such as ;
delays in the disposal of
cases, shortage of
judges, complex & lengthy
procedures, fake witnesses
etc. all of which are
exacerbated by a
preponderance of new laws.
Other service sectors
‘Hum bhi hai JOSH mai..!’
Apart from the above mentioned major sectors , collusive corruption is to
be found on many other field in day to day life of a layman.
Following are the fields :
• Medical services
The BLACK MONEY..
‘Hum kaale hai to kyaa hua…’
•Money slashed in Foreign Banks
70 lakh Crores in Foreign Countries.
•India is Champion on Black
•13 times of Foreign debt can be
•45 crore poor people can get
•We need not pay any tax
Role of MEDIA..
•Is media playing its role neutrally ??
•“Almost all media—organizations and
journalists—have political connections
either directly through the political parties
or indirectly through oligarchs and
organized crime……Ordinary people were
seldom included in stories and how an issue
affected them was rarely reported.
Instead, members of the political elite set
the news agenda and were the ones who
were quoted and portrayed in stories...
Source: Nieman Reports, ‘Where Western Perceptions Clash With
Eastern European Realities’ by Drew Sullivan -
Why do people pay bribe ??
• Favourable judgement
• Speeding up judgement
• Other activity ( middle man)
• Obtaining bail
• Manipulating witnesses
• To escape from actual legal process / fine
Consequences of Corruption..
• Loss of National wealth
• Hindrance and obstruction in development
• Authority and power in wrong hands
• Brain drain
• Unhealthy climate for investment
• Rise in terrorism and crimes
• Rise in suicide cases
• Psychological and social disorders
6 pillars of anti-corruption strategy
• Institution Building
• Situational Prevention
• Social Prevention (Awareness Raising)
• Evaluation and Monitoring
• International Legal Cooperation
How Does Corruption
Prevention, Education & Awareness
Create a culture of integrity (long-term):
• Bring together all important parties in the fight against corruption (e.g.
government, civil society, media, public).
• Educate about integrity and what to expect from elected officials civil
• Stimulate societies to move from a culture of acceptance of corruption
to one of rejection of corruption.
• Promote access to information (e.g. through transparency portals or e-
Set an example..
• NGOs and other institutions also need to take steps to avoid becoming
• Human rights organizations and NHRIs should be financially
• Information needs to be socially contextualized. information available in
an appropriate form to those who have a legitimate interest in their
• Codes of conduct that clearly identify and sanction corrupt forms of
behavior, promote good practices (on recruitment of staff for
example), and protect staff when attempts are made to corrupt
them, may be useful.
(Source: International Council on Human Rights Policy and Transparency
International, Corruption and Human Rights: Making the Connection;
Get simple but effective laws..
• Dangers from corruption may lead many
countries to consider revising laws
• Frustration with court delays may also
encourage law reform
• Success with such reform would be shown
– A higher percentage of convictions
– Judges would understand cases better
– Prosecutors avoid less certain cases
– Cases take less time in court
– Criminals deterred by risk of conviction
• Those within the system can act as whistle-blowers
• They can inform about the corruption
• Govt. of India has given approval to enact a law to
safeguard the whistle-blowers
• The law shall be stringent for those who discloses the
identity of whistle-blowers
We Salute Them
Satyendra Dubey Manjunath Amit Jethava
Pay them Bribe..!
A Zero rupee note is a tool to help you achieve the goal of
zero corruption. The note is a way for any human being to
SAY NO to corruption without the fear of facing the
encounter with persons in authority.
So next time someone asks you for bribe, take out your
zero rupee note & PAY THEM BRIBE…!
Some simple but effective ways..
• No tainted MPs and MLAs • No discretionary powers to
•All political parties should
stop fielding candidates with
•No politician or govt official be
allowed to have discretionary
powers to distribute land, financial
grants, jobs or any other kind of
favour like free TVs, laptops .
•Tax payers’ money must not be
28 days time limit for any public services
‘No more Tarikh pe Tarikh..!’
All applications to any public
office should be replied
granted, certificates given and
any other services should be
provided to the public within 28
days or early. Officials who fail
to observe this limit must be
No transfers before 5 years
‘No more Hera Pheri..!’
There is a possible threat of
transfer in case of negation
Political leaders should not
have powers to transfer
And govt officials must have
secure tenure of at least 5
years to work at one place.
Use of public money must be disclosed
Any leader or govt official who
uses any public money must
publish its full details on their
official website. For Example if
a development officer has
spent Rs 5 crores to build a
village school, hospital or road
, he/she must make a full
disclosure of the money
spent, so that people can see
Chase the money..
• Investigate excessive riches
• Require those who may receive bribes to
• Declare: require a declaration of assets
– Then we need to verify: but how? (costly process)
– Use ‘spot checks’
– Punish through courts those ‘caught’
– Often an effective deterrent
• Publish: let public see declarations
– Then press / media will ‘verify’!
A Second Chance..
• Warn for first and not-too-large corrupt offences
don’t prosecute. Cost effective!
– saves costs and time of courts
– evidence that many staff then go straight
– and work as loyal members of team
• Avoid prosecution where possible!
– It costs much money
– It uses vast resources
– It causes delays
– The results are not guaranteed
– But should not be misused by the bribe givers & takers..so, adequate
proportion of warning is necessary.
Fast & Furious…!
• Use courts only if conviction virtually certain
• This may mean dropping old cases
– But try to avoid statutes of compulsory time limitation
• If possible have priority allowed for some new cases as best way to get
fast and fair justice
• That may deter people more than expecting trial ten years from now
• and concentrate resources more on present investigations than trying
to retrieve ‘dead’ evidence
Raise your voice against corruption..
‘Don’t be Barfi..!
Proper use of social media for awareness
Proper use of print media
( newspaper, magazine etc. )
& electronic media ( news
channels, facebook, internet
etc. for corruption
Lage Raho Munnabhai..!
• The acid test … is not so much in the measures that
have been formulated, but the sincerity and
determination in enforcing them.
(Chinese proverb, quoted by Chua Cher Yak, (then) Director of the Corrupt Practices
Investigation Bureau, Singapore)
• Success depends on us doing the job well more than on our
choice of strategies, systems, tools…
• We need to know the ‘broader picture’, have clear
objectives, choose priorities, keep simple, select and
change targets ..
We will try to contain the
Jab tak hai Jaan..!Yes, we will.
Through sustained efforts.
Through transparency and
Through dedication and complete
Through education, media and
Through faith, conviction and