What is the Open High SchoolProgram (OHSP)? The OHSP is an alternative modeof secondary education that usesdistance learning. It caters to learners who areunable to attend the regular classprogram due to physicalimpairment, work, financialdifficulties, distance of home toschool.
The Education for All (EFA) goal is tomaking every Filipino functionallyliterate by 2015. Its philosophy: Provision of BatasangPangbansa (BP) 232 or the EducationAct of 1982 “The state shall providethe right of every individual torelevant quality educationregardless of: sex, age, creed,socioeconomic status physical andmental conditions racial or ethnicorigin, political and others.”
FOREWORDIt is an inalienable right of every individual to receiveeducation which will enable him/her to become a productive citizen.The Constitution, recognizing this right, explicitly mandates thatevery individual regardless of age, sex, race, political or socio-economic status must enjoy access to quality and relevant basiceducation. To this end, the Bureau of Secondary Education hasdesigned the open High School Program (OHSP), as an alternativemode of secondary education. The program offers an opportunity tothose who desire to complete the high school curriculum outside ofthe formal school structure.This OHSP Handbook aims to guide the schools interested inimplementing the program. The implementers are encouraged to modifyor adapt the content of the handbook to suit their local conditionswithin the framework of an open learning system.DR. LOLITA M. ANDRADADirector IV,Bureau of SecondaryEducationDepartment of EducationJuly 2008
(The background and Rationale)Reaching the unschooled and retaining the under schooledhave always been a major challenge to the public school system. Inthe SY 2011-2012, the net enrollment rate at the secondary level wasplaced at 61.14%, indicating that 39% of children of high school ageremained out of school. Compounding the problem of lowparticipation is the high early-school leaving rate w/c in the sameschool year was placed at 8%.The cohort survival rate in the same school year was registeredat 78.44%, implying that some 22% of those in school were being leftbehind.The completion rate was recorded at 73.34% in the same schoolyear confirming the problem of high attrition rate at the secondarylevel. Across indicators, the problem was greater among boys thangirls.We must look at schools as no longer a place, but a process thatcan take place anytime and anywhere is like in school. And w/c anopen learning system that will make education accessible toeveryone.
(The Issue and Challenges)The open High School Program was designedoriginally as an alternative learning system for those whoare unable to start or complete secondary education dueto problems of:TimeDistanceEducation designPhysical impairmentFinancial difficultiesLiving areasThis design inadvertently created the impressionthat the program was for at-risk students only.Moreover, the belief being that the only way to learnis by going to school.
Goal and Objectives of the OHSPThe OHSP is aligned with the SchoolImprovement Plan.To produce functionally literate learner/graduateor one who has a mastery of:1. basic competencies2. problem – solving,3. productive member of his family andcommunity.Provides opportunity to all elementary graduates,high school drop-outs, and successful examineesof the Philippine Educational Placement Test(PEPT) to complete secondary education.
Its philosophy is based on theprovision of Batasang Pangbansa (BP)232 or the Education Act of 1982 “Thestate shall provide the right of everyindividual to relevant qualityeducation regardless of: sex, age, creed, socioeconomic statusphysical and mental conditions
racial or ethnic origin, political and otheraffiliation.”Prevents potential school leavers and encouragesthose who are out of school to finish secondaryeducation.Reduces high school drop outs and increasesparticipation rate.Increase achievement rate through qualitydistance education.
Who can participate in the program? What are therequirements forparticipation?The program is open to all public or private secondaryschools. Secondary schools interested in implementing theprogram should meet the followingRequirements: 1. Submit a Letter of Intent (LOI) addressed to theSchools Division Superintendent (SDS), copy furnished theRegional Office and the Director of the Bureau of SecondaryEducation (BSE).
2. Undergo a capacity building program to be conductedby the BSE in preparation for accreditation as aparticipating school. 3. Make available learning facilities and equipment inthe school e.g., library, computer room, laboratory room,workshop room, gymnasium, etc. 4. Link with the community for the students’ access tofacilities like public library, baranggay learning center,internet cafe, public sports facilities and those that will helpthe students in their self-managed learning.
Who are qualified to enrol in the OHSP?The program is open to Filipino learnerswho can demonstrate capacity for independentlearning and are willing to undertake self-directedlearning.Below are pre-requisites for enrolment:1. Submission of any of the following: High School Report Card (in case of drop-outs) Elementary Report Card (for high schoolentrants) PEPT qualifying certificate
2. Passing of the Independent LearningReadiness Test (ILRT) and the Informal Reading Inventory (IRI) test(Appendices B and C). The ILRTassesses the learner’s reading level asbasis for class grouping.3. Interview of parent/guardian to get acomplete profile of the learner.
How shall the learner be evaluated?1. Evaluation of learning in each subjectcan include written and oral tests and theassessment of required outputs.2. Promotion is based on the fulfillmentof requirements and mastery of at least75% of the competencies in each subjectarea.
3. Acceleration by learning area and by yearlevel shall be determined in highly meritoriouscases upon fulfillment of the requirements andmastery of at least 90% of the competencies inthe subject area.4. Retention of the learner in the program is fora maximum period of six years with the optionto be mainstreamed in the regular programanytime within the period ofstudy.
The following shallConstitute a Portfolio:Initial Summary – states the total rating of thelearners in the subject areaGeneral essay – states the past experiences and thekind of learning for which recognition is soughtThe following supporting documents shall be needed: Written examinations Performance ratings Products/outputs submitted Eyewitness’ testimonies from peers, community leaders andEmployer (if employed) Other documents that will provideevidence of meritorious performance.
Mechanism of Implementation:1. Independent Learning ReadinessAssessment. Learners who wish to participate in theOpen High Sschool Program shall takethe Independent Learning ReadinesAssessment to be administered by theschool, the results of w/c shall be thebasis for placing them in theappropriate learning mode:
a) Learners, who are not yet ready for (ILRS),are placed in the transition program w/c willprovide a bridging curriculum focused on thedevelopment of the learning-to-learn skills.The program is school-based, teacher-guided,and is self-paced. There is no definite timeperiod required for completing this program.As soon as learners who are placed under theguidance of the teacher have acquiredadequate mastery of the learning-to-learnskills, then they can move to the next level.
b.) When the learners are assessed to be almostready for independent learning, then they maybe placed in the blended learning program whenundertaking the required curriculum. This acombination of school-based, face-to-facelearning and distance learning or homeschooling. This means that learners may be inschool for lesson that required guided learning ifthe teacher feels that learners need directsupervision in accomplishing the task.
c.) Learners who are ready for theindependent learning may do theentire curriculum on their own, or behome-schooled, w/ the option toseek teacher’s guidance or help fromthe experts or resource person in thecommunity.
2. Learning Contract. Once the learners get into theprogram, they and theirparents/guardians are require tosign a learning contract.Afterthey are oriented on themechanics and the requirementsof the curriculum includingassessment.
3. Curriculum. The core curriculum prescribed foe these in theformal learning system is the same curriculum thatlearners in the OPEN HIGH SCHOOL will gothrough, the only difference being the mode oflearning. Modules shall be used. These are arrangedfollowing the phase of learning for understanding.The tasks as contained in the learning materialsare aligned w/ the standards and are differentiatedbased on the capacity of the learners.
4. Working w/ Teacher-Facilitators. Teacher-facilitators will schedule a period ofinteraction w/ learners, the frequency of w/c willdepend on need. The purpose is to ensure thatlearners are making progress and assistance isprovided on a timely basis.5. Assessments . Assessment are a critical component of the learningmaterials. The emphasis is on formative ordevelopmental assessment as a quality assurancetool.
For the OHSP to succeed, the followingconditions are necessary:a) The learners must be ready for self-directed learning.b) The program must be owned by the schooland community.c) A rigid monitoring and evaluation systemmust be in place and so the school must beable to keep of the learners’ progress andapply the appropriate intervention whennecessary.