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Music in
indonesia
1Philippine and Asian Music
Indonesia is
an
archipelago in
Southeast
Asia
comprising
approximately
17, 500
islands.
2Philippine and Asian Music
With over 238
million,
Indonesia is
the world’s
fourth most
populous
country and is
the fourth
biggest nation
of the world...
Contemporary Music
Today, the contemporary music of
Indonesia is popular not only in the region
but also in the neighborin...
Generally, these gong-and-drum
ensembles accompany ritual and religious
activities.
Throughout the islands, historical and...
1. Slendro – has five notes with equal
distance per octave.
There are two basic kinds of
Indonesian Music Scale
6Philippin...
2. Pelog – has seven pitches per octave.
7Philippine and Asian Music
8Philippine and Asian Music
Gamelan music
The GAMELAN MUSIC when heard
is POLYPHONIC it’s because they used
the common technique in playing the
gongs ...
TEMPO is a very popular Italian term
used in music. It means TIME or the
timing of the song, the flow, or the beat.
In Ind...
The Gamelan Orchestra – is the most
popular form of music in indonesia. The
word gamelan comes from the javanese
word game...
• The main instruments in the gamelan
orchestra :
– Gongs
– Bronze Xylophones
– Drums
– Flutes
– Zithers
Philippine and As...
GONGS
Philippine and Asian Music 13
Bronze xylophones
Philippine and Asian Music 14
drums
Philippine and Asian Music 15
Flutes
Philippine and Asian Music 16
zithers
Philippine and Asian Music 17
The gamelan performs both in an
instrumental role as well as in supportive
role for dance and puppet performance.
Philippi...
Vocal Music is usually
important with gamelan but its
role is for ornamentation
purposes only of the gamelan.
Philippine a...
Types of vocal music
The most common interpretation of musical
composition is SINGING.
Philippine and Asian Music 20
1. PEDINDHEN – is a
female soloist singer
who sings with a
gamelan.
Philippine and Asian Music 21
2. GERONG – this refers to the unison
male chorus that sings with the gamelan.
3. BERONG BECAYAN – this is a mixed
chorus....
Three major gamelan styles in
indonesia
It is based on :
1. Sundanese Culture
2. Central Javanese Culture
3. Balinese Cult...
Traditional gamelan of bali
The Island of BALI has a long and rich
tradition of gamelan music. The gamelan
is a large ense...
The Gong Gede – is the oldest and largest
of the gamelan orchestras in BALI.
- it was also used to
accompany ritual dances...
Music in BALI – Culture of the
Balinese
The people of Bali hold a special place
in their heart for music and traditional
B...
Function of Music
Balinese gamelan is closely associated with
the local religious tradition – therefore
this music is perf...
Balinese Gamelan
Instruments
1. CENG CENG
Philippine and Asian Music 28
2. GONGS
Philippine and Asian Music 29
3. GANGSAS
Philippine and Asian Music 30
4. KENDANG
Philippine and Asian Music 31
5. REYONG
Philippine and Asian Music 32
6. TROMPONG
Philippine and Asian Music 33
7. REBAB
Philippine and Asian Music 34
CLASSICAL GAMELAN OF
JAVA
Philippine and Asian Music 35
KARAWITAN – is the term used for every
kind of gamelan music in Java.
Philippine and Asian Music 36
FUNCTIONS OF GAMELAN
ORCHESTRAS
1. They are used to accompany dances and
Wayang kulit (Puppet shadow).
2. They are believe...
The chart below shows the
difference between Balinese and
Javanese Gamelan Orchestra
Philippine and Asian Music 38
• ANGKLUNG
Philippine and Asian Music 39
BURUNG KAKA TUA
Traditional folk song of Indonesia – this is an
Indonesian Song about a Parrot.
Philippine and Asian Music...
Prepared By:
Philippine and Asian Music 41
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Music in indonesia

  1. 1. Music in indonesia 1Philippine and Asian Music
  2. 2. Indonesia is an archipelago in Southeast Asia comprising approximately 17, 500 islands. 2Philippine and Asian Music
  3. 3. With over 238 million, Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous country and is the fourth biggest nation of the world. 3Philippine and Asian Music
  4. 4. Contemporary Music Today, the contemporary music of Indonesia is popular not only in the region but also in the neighboring countries. Indonesian Music, the music of the peoples of the islands of the Indonesian Archipelago. 4Philippine and Asian Music
  5. 5. Generally, these gong-and-drum ensembles accompany ritual and religious activities. Throughout the islands, historical and religious epics are sung, and they are often accompanied by a stringed instrument or a flute. Another common element is the belief that music is a means of communicating with unseen powers. 5Philippine and Asian Music
  6. 6. 1. Slendro – has five notes with equal distance per octave. There are two basic kinds of Indonesian Music Scale 6Philippine and Asian Music
  7. 7. 2. Pelog – has seven pitches per octave. 7Philippine and Asian Music
  8. 8. 8Philippine and Asian Music
  9. 9. Gamelan music The GAMELAN MUSIC when heard is POLYPHONIC it’s because they used the common technique in playing the gongs which is interlocking or inter- connecting of sounds. 9Philippine and Asian Music
  10. 10. TEMPO is a very popular Italian term used in music. It means TIME or the timing of the song, the flow, or the beat. In Indonesia, tempo is called IRAMA. 10Philippine and Asian Music
  11. 11. The Gamelan Orchestra – is the most popular form of music in indonesia. The word gamelan comes from the javanese word gamel, which means a hammer. Philippine and Asian Music 11
  12. 12. • The main instruments in the gamelan orchestra : – Gongs – Bronze Xylophones – Drums – Flutes – Zithers Philippine and Asian Music 12
  13. 13. GONGS Philippine and Asian Music 13
  14. 14. Bronze xylophones Philippine and Asian Music 14
  15. 15. drums Philippine and Asian Music 15
  16. 16. Flutes Philippine and Asian Music 16
  17. 17. zithers Philippine and Asian Music 17
  18. 18. The gamelan performs both in an instrumental role as well as in supportive role for dance and puppet performance. Philippine and Asian Music 18
  19. 19. Vocal Music is usually important with gamelan but its role is for ornamentation purposes only of the gamelan. Philippine and Asian Music 19
  20. 20. Types of vocal music The most common interpretation of musical composition is SINGING. Philippine and Asian Music 20
  21. 21. 1. PEDINDHEN – is a female soloist singer who sings with a gamelan. Philippine and Asian Music 21
  22. 22. 2. GERONG – this refers to the unison male chorus that sings with the gamelan. 3. BERONG BECAYAN – this is a mixed chorus. Philippine and Asian Music 22
  23. 23. Three major gamelan styles in indonesia It is based on : 1. Sundanese Culture 2. Central Javanese Culture 3. Balinese Culture The BALINESE form, gamelan gong kebyar, has a faster tempo than the others. Philippine and Asian Music 23
  24. 24. Traditional gamelan of bali The Island of BALI has a long and rich tradition of gamelan music. The gamelan is a large ensemble, consisting up to 40 musicians playing varying sizes of gongs, xylophones, and drums. It performs for traditional occasions and ceremonies. Philippine and Asian Music 24
  25. 25. The Gong Gede – is the oldest and largest of the gamelan orchestras in BALI. - it was also used to accompany ritual dances and war dances. Today, nearly every village has at least one gamelan orchestra. Philippine and Asian Music 25
  26. 26. Music in BALI – Culture of the Balinese The people of Bali hold a special place in their heart for music and traditional Balinese gamelan has won fans around the globe. The origins of Balinese music are said to be traced back to java around 230 AD. It is said to have been originally developed in Java as a means to summon the gods. Philippine and Asian Music 26
  27. 27. Function of Music Balinese gamelan is closely associated with the local religious tradition – therefore this music is performed during: 1. Important religious ceremony 2. Rituals 3. Feasts 4. Wedding Ceremony 5. Balinese shadow puppet shows (wayang kulit) Philippine and Asian Music 27
  28. 28. Balinese Gamelan Instruments 1. CENG CENG Philippine and Asian Music 28
  29. 29. 2. GONGS Philippine and Asian Music 29
  30. 30. 3. GANGSAS Philippine and Asian Music 30
  31. 31. 4. KENDANG Philippine and Asian Music 31
  32. 32. 5. REYONG Philippine and Asian Music 32
  33. 33. 6. TROMPONG Philippine and Asian Music 33
  34. 34. 7. REBAB Philippine and Asian Music 34
  35. 35. CLASSICAL GAMELAN OF JAVA Philippine and Asian Music 35
  36. 36. KARAWITAN – is the term used for every kind of gamelan music in Java. Philippine and Asian Music 36
  37. 37. FUNCTIONS OF GAMELAN ORCHESTRAS 1. They are used to accompany dances and Wayang kulit (Puppet shadow). 2. They are believed to possess supernatural powers. 3. Their instruments are considered sacred therefore stepping over the instrument is a sign of disrespect. 4. The musicians take a bow to their instruments before they start playing to show respect. Philippine and Asian Music 37
  38. 38. The chart below shows the difference between Balinese and Javanese Gamelan Orchestra Philippine and Asian Music 38
  39. 39. • ANGKLUNG Philippine and Asian Music 39
  40. 40. BURUNG KAKA TUA Traditional folk song of Indonesia – this is an Indonesian Song about a Parrot. Philippine and Asian Music 40
  41. 41. Prepared By: Philippine and Asian Music 41
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