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Opportunity Side of Open


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Paul Stacey University of Northern BC 3-Feb-2011 presentation exploring synergies between open source software, open access research publishing, open educational resources and open government/data.

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Opportunity Side of Open

  1. 1. The Opportunity Side of Open Paul Stacey February 3, 2011
  2. 2. BCcampus 3 Strategic Activities <ul><li>Federated, secure, and trusted data network for data exchange between institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative programs and educational technology shared services </li></ul><ul><li>System wide educator support through online communities of practice, funding for online program development, and shared re-usable tools and resources </li></ul>
  3. 3. Challenging Times Going Digital Access Copyright’s Royalty Demands Spark Interest in OER
  4. 4. Opportunity Side of Open
  5. 5. Open Source Software Open-Source Software (OSS): Computer software that is available in source code form for which the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license that permits users to study, change, and improve the software.
  6. 6. Open Source Software <ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>$0 licensing fee </li></ul><ul><li>easily and quickly adapted </li></ul><ul><li>customization and enhancements don't require large investments </li></ul><ul><li>not dependent on proprietary vendors implementation decision or timeline </li></ul><ul><li>source code bugs, improvements and feature requests are all openly shared and managed </li></ul><ul><li>education institutions can join forces to form community based developer networks or share hosting & support </li></ul><ul><li>participants in the developer communities are also users of the software </li></ul>
  7. 7. Moodle
  8. 8. Royal Roads University Moodle
  9. 9. Lots Of OSS in Education
  10. 10. Open Access Research Publication Open Access (OA): Free, immediate, permanent online access to the full text of research articles for anyone, webwide. There are two roads to OA: 1. the &quot;golden road&quot; of OA journal-publishing , where journals provide OA to their articles (either by charging the author-institution for refereeing/publishing outgoing articles instead of charging the user-institution for accessing incoming articles, or by simply making their online edition free for all) 2. the &quot;green road&quot; of OA self-archiving, where authors provide OA to their own published articles, by making their own eprints free for all.
  11. 11. Open Access Press
  12. 12. Open Access Journals
  13. 13. Open Access Journals
  14. 14. Open Government & Data Open Government: A policy and legal framework to open up access to publicly held information, promoting transparency and enabling wider economic and social gain. <ul><li>promote creative and innovative activities, which will deliver social and economic benefits </li></ul><ul><li>make government more transparent and open in its activities, ensuring that the public are better informed about the work of the government and the public sector </li></ul><ul><li>enable more civic and democratic engagement through social enterprise and voluntary and community activities </li></ul>
  15. 15. Open Government/Data
  16. 16. Open Educational Resources (OER) Open Educational Resources (OER): Learning materials that are freely available under a license that allows them to be: <ul><li>reused - you have the right to reuse the content in its unaltered / verbatim form </li></ul><ul><li>revised - you have the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself </li></ul><ul><li>remixed - you have the right to combine the original or revised content with other content to create something new </li></ul><ul><li>redistributed - you have the right to make and share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others </li></ul>Implementation involves licenses, tools (store, search distribute, …), processes (design, development, …) and resulting content (full courses, modules, learning objects, media elements, …)
  17. 17. Foundation Funded OER
  18. 18. Publicly Funded OER
  19. 19. Open Textbooks <ul><li>An emerging development in OER is open textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>An open textbook is an openly-licensed textbook offered online by its author(s). </li></ul><ul><li>The open license sets open textbooks apart from traditional textbooks by allowing users to read online, download, or print the book at no additional cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Open textbooks help solve the problems of the high cost of textbooks, book shortages, and access to textbooks as well as providing the capacity to better meet local teaching and learning needs. </li></ul>Students spending roughly $900-$1,000 a year on texts.
  20. 20. Open Textbooks “ Gov. Schwarzenegger Launches First-in-Nation Initiative to Develop Free Digital Textbooks for High School Students” “ Texas seeks open textbooks.”
  21. 21. Open Textbooks
  22. 22. FlatWorld Knowledge
  23. 23. Online Program Development <ul><li>Starting in 2003 BCcampus issued an annual Online Program Development Fund (OPDF) Request for Proposals (RFP) to all of BC's public post secondary institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>The OPDF call for proposals emphasizes inter-institutional collaboration and partnerships for development of online learning resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Development is focused on for-credit online learning resources that give students access to more programs leading to complete degrees, diplomas and certificates. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Online Program Development <ul><li>8.25 million (2003-2009); 2010 $750K </li></ul><ul><li>1 31 grants awarded (2003-2009) </li></ul><ul><li>100% participation across the post-secondary system </li></ul><ul><li>83% partnerships - mostly inter-institutional but also with K-12, health authorities, not-for-profits, professional associations, e-learning companies, First Nations, foundations, amongst others. </li></ul><ul><li>41 credentials developed in whole or part via OPDF </li></ul><ul><li>317 courses, 10 workshops, 18 web sites/tools and 338 course components (learning objects, labs, textbooks, manuals, videos) developed across almost all academic fields of study </li></ul><ul><li>100% licensed for open free sharing & reuse by all post-secondary </li></ul>
  25. 25. UNBC OPDF Projects <ul><li>19 developments as lead or in partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Partnered with: CAM, CAP, CNC, CoTR, ECUAD, RRU, SFU, TRU, UBC, VIU 10 of 25 institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Courses: 41 Web Sites/Tools: 3 Learning Objects: 69 </li></ul><ul><li>Local Government Education Program </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Collaborative Baccalaureate Nursing Program </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Soil Forming Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Diploma in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Passports of Participation </li></ul><ul><li>BC OpenSim </li></ul>
  26. 26. Making OER Open <ul><li>Intellectual Property </li></ul><ul><ul><li>creations of the mind for which property rights are recognized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>common types of intellectual property include copyrights, trademarks, patents, industrial design rights and trade secrets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a set of exclusive rights granted by law to the author or creator of an original work, including the right to copy, distribute and adapt the work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>uses require permission and copyright owners can license or permanently transfer or assign their exclusive rights to others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exceptions and limitations balance the public interest and include fair dealing (Canada) and fair use (US) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Licenses that enable reuse, revision, remix and redistribution </li></ul>
  27. 27. Creative Commons
  28. 28. Creative Commons
  29. 29. BC Commons
  30. 30. Open Licenses
  31. 31. Finding Open Education Resources
  32. 32. Repository
  33. 33. Repository
  34. 34. The University of Open <ul><li>What do all these open initiatives have in common? </li></ul><ul><li>“ A simple but powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that the Internet provides an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge.” Wayne Mackintosh OERF </li></ul><ul><li>What is the synergistic potential? </li></ul><ul><li>“ The University of Open” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  35. 35. Q&A – Followup <ul><li>Paul Stacey Director Communications, Stakeholder & Academic Relations </li></ul><ul><li>BCcampus 555 Seymour Street, Suite 200 Vancouver, BC V6B 3H6 </li></ul><ul><li>web site: phone: 604-412-7736 blog: </li></ul>