The trend is clear. Online course delivery is here to stay. The same report indicates that 63% of institutions polled by Babson Survey Research Group indicated that online learning is a “critical part” of long term strategy.Reports from public institution chief academic officers asked to rate the learning outcomes associated with online education have improved steadily since the survey was first offered in 2003.
During the mid 1990’s online learning became a hot topic. The idea of applying “tel-control” to the use of lab equipment remotely was part of new movement.*The use of remote science instrumentation is not new in industrial research. NASA experiments via the Space Station, Mars Exploration Rover, and other space science applications have used remotely manipulated robotics for years.**Just as online learning struggled against the perception that it was not ‘real,’ the integration of science laboratory experiments into online learning mechanisms has generated concern from faculty. * Lindsay, E.D., and M.C. Good. "Effects of Laboratory Access Modes Upon Learning Outcomes." IEEE Transactions on Education 48.4 (2005): 619-31. Print.** Doody, Dave. "Chapter 12. Typical Science Instruments." Redirect Basics of Space Flight Section II. Space Flight Projects. NASA. Web. 01 Sept. 2011. <http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/basics/bsf12-1.php>.
Proponents of online learning in the early days struggled against the perception that online learning was inferior to face-to-face.The use of online science laboratory experiences into online learning mechanisms has generated concern from faculty.
The overall goal of the NANSLO project is to extend access to University-level science education for many previously underserved learner audiences. We aim to do this through the integration of first-semester core curriculum with innovative distance delivery technologies
The NANSLO project will duplicate the efforts of the BCcampus teamin Colorado and further develop RWSL technology.
NANSLO PARTNERSThere are eight primary partners in the NANSLO project: WICHE, BCcampus, Colorado Community College System, Montana State University, University of Wyoming, Laramie County Community College, Colorado School of Mines, MSU-Great Falls College of Technology. BCcampus and Colorado Community College System bring faculty from multiple of their consortia members.
Our objectives include:Developing high-quality first-semester core curriculum for Biology, Chemistry, & PhysicsDeveloping comprehensive lab learning experiences which meet learning outcomes while accommodating flexible delivery optionsIntegrating innovative technologies for mediating science learning, including remote equipment (RWSL technology) and lab kits
licensing of resources - Creative Commons vs. BC Commons - Paul
RWSL is a critical part of the NANSLO missionHopefully, we can avoid an overwhelming experience by designing the interface to be simple and easy to understand.
It is not the objective of RWSL to displace current laboratory experiments, but to enhance the laboratory experience where possible. Many laboratory education objectives can be met adequately with lab kits such as this one pictured here. Laboratory experiments are carried out via use of LabKits or remote access via web-based software to laboratory equipment. LabPaq is the vendor providing laboratory kits for the Colorado Community College System. Each kit comes complete with all equipment required for each laboratory assignment.
The unique portion of the RWSL, compared to similar efforts, is the real-time, low-latency audio/video observation. This is also the greatest challenge with current internet speed and bandwidth limitations
North American Network of Science Labs Online
NANSLO: WORKING TOGETHER INTERNATIONALLY Moderator: Patricia Shea, WICHE (CO) Presenter: Paul Stacey, BCcampus (British Columbia)Presenter: Dan Branan, Colorado Community College System (CO) October 27, 2011
Next Generation Learning Challenges The North American Network of Science Labs Online (NANSLO) was selected from more than 600 Wave I pre-proposals and 50 finalists 15-month, $750,000 grant One of two international projects funded The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation helped design Next Generation Learning Challenges and fund the initiative Multiyear, collaborative initiative focused on identifying and accelerating the growth of effective education technology that can help improve college readiness and completion in the United States, especially among low-income individuals NGLC is focused on early-stage innovations that look promising but require significant technology investments EDUCAUSE, dedicated to advancing higher education through the use of technology, leads the NGLC initiative
The Numbers: Online Learning 21% growth rate for online enrollment far exceeds the 2% growth in the overall higher education student population 2010 Sloan Survey of Online Learning* interviewed 2,500 colleges and universities nationwide Approximately 5.6 million students were enrolled in at least one online course in fall 2009 Nearly 30% of all students take at least one online course Over 75% of surveyed academic leaders in public institutions report that online instructions is as good as or better than Allen, Elaine, and Jeff Seaman. Class Difference$. face-to-face instruction Rep. BABSON Survey Research Group, Nov. 2010. Web. 26 Aug. 2011. <http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey /class_differences>.
Remote Access to ScientificInstrumentation Remote access to scientific instrumentation has been in practice for many years NASA Mars Rover and Space Station Remote Sensing in Oceanographic Study
Remote Access to Scientific Laboratories Remote access to science lab equipment started in the mid- 1990s in higher education Wide-spread adoption is slow Perception that “remote” is not “real” Initial cost of equipment and maintenance Technical complexity Strong student outcomes challenge perceptions Remote lab pedagogy is evolving
Benefits of Remote Laboratories Remote access benefits underserved students Rural, disabled, and working students with difficult schedules can access scientific experiments 24x7 Networked laboratories promote efficiency Expensive scientific resources are shared by multiple institutions and scheduled for maximum efficiency Students enjoy benefits of remote access Extended opportunity for repeated experimentation Preferred over use of simulations Equipment and materials are controlled Access to expensive or dangerous materials
NANSLO Mission Statement NANSLO provides a consortium approach to the development and deployment of high-quality, modular, openly licensed courseware integrating learner-centered and immersive web-based labs using software, video and robotics for the study of science courses
North American Network of Science Labs Online - NANSLO British Wyoming Columbia Montana Colorado 8
NANSLO Deliverables Three open courses including course curriculum and laboratory experiments for first-semester biology, chemistry & physics NANSLO Network & Expansion Resources establishes a federated network of US and Canadian post- secondary institutions collectively collaborating on and using open core science courses and remote web-based science labs. Environmental Scan of remote science education labs in the US and Canada How-to adoption manual of case studies, policies and procedures that others can use to guide their own adoption of RWSL Scale network template that provides guidance on scaling use of remote labs across all institutions collaborating in NANSLO as well as a sustainability model. Evaluator Report
Remote Web-Based Science Laboratories• Allows participation in laboratory experiments for students who may otherwise be unable to attend a traditional classroom/laboratory setting• Students interact with and manipulate remote scientific laboratory equipment• Class works in small groups or individually to collect authentic real-world scientific data in real time• Ideally, students feel like they are “in the lab”, or at least, “in the next room”
Lab Kits for Remote Student Use Students are provided with all laboratory equipment necessary for remote experimentation Physics lab kit example
Equipment for Remote Access Lab Server (required) Desktop computer, Video archive storage National Instruments’ LabVIEWwith virtual instruments Video/Audio (required) Cameras, Capture Card, Video Multiplexer, Streaming Audio/Video Server Various Hardware Frame, Robotic Slides and Tables Robotic Positioning Slides and Rotary Tables, Robotic Arm, Spectrometer, Digital Microscope, Air Track
RWSL Overview Observation Video/Audio PhysicalStudents Observation Manipulation Manipulation LabInternet RWSL Equipment Data Communications Data Acquisition 16 Text Chat Skype Elluminate 16
Observation Pan Tilt Zoom Camera Video Streamer Video Mixer 17
Physical Manipulation Robotic Arm Linear Slides Rotary Tables Slide Loader 18
Data Acquisition Chemistry/PhysicsSpectrometer – properties of light such as intensity, polarization, wavelength LabVIEW Software 19
NANSLO Considerations for the Future Further partners & funding are being sought for expansion of North American Network, ideas include: Continuation and expansion of discipline panels of faculty collaborating on development of open courses A development “sand box” environment for faculty to explore RWSL hands on and devise new experiments Developing or adopting an open textbook for the open biology, chemistry and physics courses Expanding development of online science courses using the RWSL from first year to second, third, and fourth years toward a complete credential Partnering with other existing science lab online initiatives to broaden the areas of science beyond physics, biology, and chemistry to other scientific domains Instructionally designing a pedagogy that optimally blends lab kits, simulations, and RWSL Sustaining and expanding the RWSL as a shared service to rural students/tribal councils, other institutions or states/provinces
CONTACT INFORMATION Pat Shea, NANSLO PI email@example.com, 303.541.0302Catherine Weldon, NANSLO Project Coordinator firstname.lastname@example.org, 303.541.0220 Project Overview http://www.wiche.edu/nanslo NANSLO Wiki http://nanslo.pbworks.com