The	
  terrifying	
  and	
  libera0ng	
  process	
  of	
  
disrup0ng	
  higher	
  educa0on	
  
AN	
  OPENNESS	
  TO	
  OPE...
"Ivory	
  Towers"	
  by	
  James	
  F	
  Clay	
  is	
  licensed	
  under	
  CC	
  BY-­‐NC	
  4.0	
  	
  
•  Half	
  of	
  Bachelor’s	
  degree	
  graduates	
  
rely	
  on	
  student	
  loans	
  
•  In	
  Sept.	
  2010	
  Federa...
•  Half	
  of	
  Bachelor’s	
  degree	
  graduates	
  
rely	
  on	
  student	
  loans	
  
•  In	
  Sept.	
  2010	
  Federa...
•  Half	
  of	
  Bachelor’s	
  degree	
  graduates	
  
rely	
  on	
  student	
  loans	
  
•  In	
  Sept.	
  2010	
  Federa...
•  Half	
  of	
  Bachelor’s	
  degree	
  graduates	
  
rely	
  on	
  student	
  loans	
  
•  In	
  Sept.	
  2010	
  Federa...
•  Half	
  of	
  Bachelor’s	
  degree	
  graduates	
  
rely	
  on	
  student	
  loans	
  
•  In	
  Sept.	
  2010	
  Federa...
•  Half	
  of	
  Bachelor’s	
  degree	
  graduates	
  
rely	
  on	
  student	
  loans	
  
•  In	
  Sept.	
  2010	
  Federa...
•  Half	
  of	
  Bachelor’s	
  degree	
  graduates	
  
rely	
  on	
  student	
  loans	
  
•  In	
  Sept.	
  2010	
  Federa...
"Crazy	
  Stunt"	
  by	
  Ross	
  G.	
  Strachan	
  is	
  licensed	
  under	
  CC	
  BY-­‐NC-­‐ND	
  4.0	
  
"circa	
  1890	
  -­‐	
  Hamlin's	
  Wizard	
  Oil"	
  by	
  clotho98	
  is	
  licensed	
  
under	
  CC	
  BY-­‐NC	
  4.0	...
!"!"!"
"!"!
!"!"
"!"
!"
"
60%+ do not purchase textbooks
at some point due to cost 
35% take fewer courses due to
textbook...
 	
  
Retain	
   Redistribute	
  
Revise	
   Remix	
  
Reuse	
  
Source:	
  David	
  Wiley,	
  	
  h1p://opencontent.org/b...
"Opening	
  the	
  Curriculum:	
  Open	
  Educa_on	
  Resources	
  in	
  U.S.	
  Higher	
  Educa_on,	
  2014"	
  by	
  I.	...
0.00	
  
10.00	
  
20.00	
  
30.00	
  
40.00	
  
50.00	
  
60.00	
  
70.00	
  
Strongly	
  disagree	
   Disagree	
   Neutr...
Overall,	
  I	
  am	
  sa0sfied	
  with	
  the	
  convenience,	
  
access,	
  &	
  portability	
  of	
  the	
  open	
  text...
The	
  cost	
  savings	
  that	
  come	
  with	
  an	
  open	
  
textbook	
  are	
  important	
  to	
  me	
  
0.00	
  
10....
What	
  is	
  the	
  average	
  cost	
  of	
  the	
  textbooks	
  that	
  
you	
  purchase	
  for	
  your	
  other	
  cour...
I	
  would	
  have	
  preferred	
  to	
  pay	
  for	
  a	
  tradi0onal	
  
textbook	
  for	
  this	
  course	
  
0.00	
  
...
I	
  like	
  how	
  the	
  theories	
  are	
  explained	
  in	
  
more	
  understandable	
  ways	
  compared	
  to	
  
oth...
Hilton	
  &	
  Laman	
  (2012)	
  
•  7	
  psychology	
  faculty	
  
•  Houston	
  Community	
  College	
  
•  23	
  sec_o...
Robinson	
  et	
  al.	
  (2014)	
  
•  Quasi-­‐experimental	
  design	
  
•  Propensity-­‐score	
  matched	
  groups	
  
•...
Jhangiani	
  et	
  al.	
  (in	
  progress)	
  
•  8	
  sec_ons	
  of	
  introductory	
  psychology	
  
•  Tradi_onal	
  vs...
Access	
  
Cost	
  savings	
  
Portability	
  
Course	
  performance	
  
Adapt,	
  update,	
  &	
  remix	
  
Enrolment	
  ...
"Ice	
  climbing	
  -­‐	
  Symphonie	
  d'automne"	
  by	
  Kévin	
  k.	
  is	
  licensed	
  under	
  CC	
  BY-­‐SA	
  4.0...
Source:	
  "One	
  Heck	
  of	
  a	
  Hackfest,	
  I’d	
  Say"	
  by	
  Leva	
  Lee,	
  BCcampus	
  is	
  licensed	
  unde...
Source:	
  "Pencil"	
  by	
  sylviaduckworth.	
  Reproduced	
  with	
  permission.	
  
The	
  Great	
  Psychology	
  Testbank	
  Sprint	
  
The	
  Great	
  Psychology	
  Testbank	
  Sprint	
  
The	
  Great	
  Psychology	
  Testbank	
  Sprint	
  
Academics aim for educational history in Chilliwack
By Chilliwack Times
Published: July 23, 2014 02:00 PM
Updated: July 23...
Building	
  a	
  Culture	
  
•  280	
  students	
  collec_vely	
  saved	
  $46,000	
  
Psychology
"A	
  sec_on	
  of	
  the	
  Nellis	
  Solar	
  Power	
  Plant"	
  by	
  U.S.	
  Air	
  Force	
  photo/Airman	
  1st	
  Cl...
Don’t	
  just	
  
adopt	
  a	
  textbook	
  
	
  
	
  Foster	
  a	
  textbook	
  
"hold-­‐544519_1280.jpg"	
  by	
  johnha...
Access	
  
Transparency	
   Collabora0on	
  
This	
  is	
  a	
  deriva_ve	
  work	
  of	
  "Teaching	
  Open	
  Source	
  ...
Open	
  
hypotheses	
  
&	
  analysis	
  
plan	
  
Open	
  
research	
  
materials	
  
Open	
  data	
  
Open	
  
source	
 ...
Open	
  
hypotheses	
  
&	
  analysis	
  
plan	
  
Open	
  
research	
  
materials	
  
Open	
  data	
  
Open	
  
source	
 ...
RECORD	
  PROFITS	
  
+	
  volunteer	
  work	
  =	
  Public	
  funding	
  
Open	
  
textbooks	
  &	
  
other	
  OER	
  
Open	
  
assignments	
  
Open	
  &	
  
flexible	
  
learning	
  
pathways	
  
...
Open	
  
textbooks	
  &	
  
other	
  OER	
  
Open	
  
assignments	
  
Open	
  &	
  
flexible	
  
learning	
  
pathways	
  
...
Open
Scholarship
Open
pedagogy
better
Scholarship
better
pedagogy
=
=
Are	
  you	
  sure	
  you	
  want	
  to	
  change	
  the	
  default	
  to:	
  
rajiv.jhangiani@kpu.ca	
  
	
  
@thatpsychprof	
  
Thank	
  you!	
  
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education
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An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education

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by Rajiv Jhangiani, Ph.D.
@thatpsychprof
Faculty Fellow, BC Open Textbook Project
Dept. of Psychology, Kwantlen Polytechnic University
Open Learning Faculty Member, Thompson River University

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An Openness to Openness - The terrifying and liberating process of disrupting higher education

  1. 1. The  terrifying  and  libera0ng  process  of   disrup0ng  higher  educa0on   AN  OPENNESS  TO  OPENNESS   Rajiv  Jhangiani,  Ph.D.   @thatpsychprof   Faculty  Fellow,  BC  Open  Textbook  Project   Dept.  of  Psychology,  Kwantlen  Polytechnic  University   Open  Learning  Faculty  Member,  Thompson  Rivers  University   Except  where  otherwise  noted,  this  presentaJon  is  licensed  under  a   CreaJve  Commons  ALribuJon-­‐NonCommercial  4.0  InternaJonal  License   Credit:  Simon  Vogt,  Ge1y  Images   Source:  h1p://i.huffpost.com/gen/2308966/images/o-­‐TEXTBOOKS-­‐facebook.jpg  
  2. 2. "Ivory  Towers"  by  James  F  Clay  is  licensed  under  CC  BY-­‐NC  4.0    
  3. 3. •  Half  of  Bachelor’s  degree  graduates   rely  on  student  loans   •  In  Sept.  2010  Federal  student  loan   debt  surpassed  $15  billion   •  Average  BC  student  debt  in  2011  was   $29,497   •  3  years  a^er  gradua_ng,  only  34%   are  debt  free   •  BC  students  now  work  180%  more   hours  than  they  did  in  1975  to  pay  for   PSE   •  When  debt  reaches  $10,000,   program  comple_on  rates  drop  from   59%  to  8%   •  The  cost  of  textbooks  has  increased   by  812%  over  30  years   h1p://www.soundonsight.org/mousterpiece-­‐cinema-­‐episode-­‐112-­‐the-­‐sixth-­‐sense/the-­‐sixth-­‐sense-­‐screenshot-­‐opt-­‐1/   Image  sources:   h1p://rlv.zcache.com/i_see_debt_people_shirts-­‐r0aafee62c5f9431bb36d47a917ee5453_f0yq2_1024.jpg  
  4. 4. •  Half  of  Bachelor’s  degree  graduates   rely  on  student  loans   •  In  Sept.  2010  Federal  student  loan   debt  surpassed  $15  billion   •  Average  BC  student  debt  in  2011  was   $29,497   •  3  years  a^er  gradua_ng,  only  34%   are  debt  free   •  BC  students  now  work  180%  more   hours  than  they  did  in  1975  to  pay  for   PSE   •  When  debt  reaches  $10,000,   program  comple_on  rates  drop  from   59%  to  8%   •  The  cost  of  textbooks  has  increased   by  812%  over  30  years   "Kids  Giving  you  problems?  Hire  an  Elephant"  by  peasap  is  licensed  under  CC  BY  2.0  
  5. 5. •  Half  of  Bachelor’s  degree  graduates   rely  on  student  loans   •  In  Sept.  2010  Federal  student  loan   debt  surpassed  $15  billion   •  Average  BC  student  debt  in  2011  was   $29,497   •  3  years  a^er  gradua_ng,  only  34%   are  debt  free   •  BC  students  now  work  180%  more   hours  than  they  did  in  1975  to  pay  for   PSE   •  When  debt  reaches  $10,000,   program  comple_on  rates  drop  from   59%  to  8%   •  The  cost  of  textbooks  has  increased   by  812%  over  30  years  
  6. 6. •  Half  of  Bachelor’s  degree  graduates   rely  on  student  loans   •  In  Sept.  2010  Federal  student  loan   debt  surpassed  $15  billion   •  Average  BC  student  debt  in  2011  was   $29,497   •  3  years  a^er  gradua_ng,  only  34%   are  debt  free   •  BC  students  now  work  180%  more   hours  than  they  did  in  1975  to  pay  for   PSE   •  When  debt  reaches  $10,000,   program  comple_on  rates  drop  from   59%  to  8%   •  The  cost  of  textbooks  has  increased   by  812%  over  30  years   Source:  h1p://www.vancitybuzz.com/2014/06/ubcgrad-­‐campaign-­‐backfires-­‐cheeky-­‐ student-­‐response/  
  7. 7. •  Half  of  Bachelor’s  degree  graduates   rely  on  student  loans   •  In  Sept.  2010  Federal  student  loan   debt  surpassed  $15  billion   •  Average  BC  student  debt  in  2011  was   $29,497   •  3  years  a^er  gradua_ng,  only  34%   are  debt  free   •  BC  students  now  work  180%  more   hours  than  they  did  in  1975  to  pay  for   PSE   •  When  debt  reaches  $10,000,   program  comple_on  rates  drop  from   59%  to  8%   •  The  cost  of  textbooks  has  increased   by  812%  over  30  years  
  8. 8. •  Half  of  Bachelor’s  degree  graduates   rely  on  student  loans   •  In  Sept.  2010  Federal  student  loan   debt  surpassed  $15  billion   •  Average  BC  student  debt  in  2011  was   $29,497   •  3  years  a^er  gradua_ng,  only  34%   are  debt  free   •  BC  students  now  work  180%  more   hours  than  they  did  in  1975  to  pay  for   PSE   •  When  debt  reaches  $10,000,   program  comple_on  rates  drop  from   59%  to  8%   •  The  cost  of  textbooks  has  increased   by  812%  over  30  years   Source:  h1p://mfi-­‐miami.com/2015/05/the-­‐game-­‐of-­‐loans/  
  9. 9. •  Half  of  Bachelor’s  degree  graduates   rely  on  student  loans   •  In  Sept.  2010  Federal  student  loan   debt  surpassed  $15  billion   •  Average  BC  student  debt  in  2011  was   $29,497   •  3  years  a^er  gradua_ng,  only  34%   are  debt  free   •  BC  students  now  work  180%  more   hours  than  they  did  in  1975  to  pay  for   PSE   •  When  debt  reaches  $10,000,   program  comple_on  rates  drop  from   59%  to  8%   •  The  cost  of  textbooks  has  increased   by  812%  over  30  years  
  10. 10. "Crazy  Stunt"  by  Ross  G.  Strachan  is  licensed  under  CC  BY-­‐NC-­‐ND  4.0  
  11. 11. "circa  1890  -­‐  Hamlin's  Wizard  Oil"  by  clotho98  is  licensed   under  CC  BY-­‐NC  4.0     "'THAT  WAS  EASY!'"  by  joepopp  is  licensed  under  CC  BY-­‐NC-­‐ND  2.0    
  12. 12. !"!"!" "!"! !"!" "!" !" " 60%+ do not purchase textbooks at some point due to cost 35% take fewer courses due to textbook cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to textbook cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to cost 14% have dropped a course due to textbook cost 10% have withdrawn from a course due to textbook cost Source: 2012 student survey by Florida Virtual Campus There  is  a  direct  rela0onship  between   textbook  costs  and  student  success  
  13. 13.     Retain   Redistribute   Revise   Remix   Reuse   Source:  David  Wiley,    h1p://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221   March  5,  2014,  CC-­‐BY     OER Global Logo by Jonathas Mello is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Unported 3.0 License
  14. 14. "Opening  the  Curriculum:  Open  Educa_on  Resources  in  U.S.  Higher  Educa_on,  2014"  by  I.  Elaine  Allen  &  Jeff  Seaman,   Babson  Survey  Research  Group  is  licensed  under  CC  BY  4.0     Those  who  have  adopted  OER  rate  the   quality  of  OER  as  significantly  higher:   F(1,  35)  =  7.88,  p  =  .008,            =  0.18     (Jhangiani  et  al.,  2015)   ηp 2
  15. 15. 0.00   10.00   20.00   30.00   40.00   50.00   60.00   70.00   Strongly  disagree   Disagree   Neutral   Agree   Strongly  agree   Rajiv   Richard   Overall,  I  am  sa0sfied  with  the  quality  of  the   modules/chapters  in  the  open  textbook   Jhangiani  &  Le  Grand  (2014)   N  =  105   %  
  16. 16. Overall,  I  am  sa0sfied  with  the  convenience,   access,  &  portability  of  the  open  textbook   0.00   10.00   20.00   30.00   40.00   50.00   60.00   70.00   Strongly  disagree   Disagree   Neutral   Agree   Strongly  agree   %   Jhangiani  &  Le  Grand  (2014)  
  17. 17. The  cost  savings  that  come  with  an  open   textbook  are  important  to  me   0.00   10.00   20.00   30.00   40.00   50.00   60.00   70.00   80.00   90.00   100.00   Strongly  disagree   Disagree   Neutral   Agree   Strongly  agree   %   Jhangiani  &  Le  Grand  (2014)  
  18. 18. What  is  the  average  cost  of  the  textbooks  that   you  purchase  for  your  other  courses?   0.00   10.00   20.00   30.00   40.00   50.00   60.00   <$50   $51-­‐$100   $101-­‐$150   $151-­‐$200   >$200   Rajiv   Richard   Jhangiani  &  Le  Grand  (2014)   %  
  19. 19. I  would  have  preferred  to  pay  for  a  tradi0onal   textbook  for  this  course   0.00   10.00   20.00   30.00   40.00   50.00   60.00   Strongly  disagree   Disagree   Neutral   Agree   Strongly  agree   Rajiv   Richard   Jhangiani  &  Le  Grand  (2014)   %  
  20. 20. I  like  how  the  theories  are  explained  in   more  understandable  ways  compared  to   other  textbooks  where  the  author  tends  to   talk  in  circles  before  explaining  what  is   being  talked  about   I  would  not  have  bought  the  text  book  for   this  course  because  it's  an  elec0ve.  I   would  have  possibly  walked  away  with  a   C,  now  I  might  actually  get  an  A-­‐     It  is  easily  accessible  and   convenient.  Material  is  easy   to  understand  and  follow     I  personally  really  like  the  convenience  of   having  the  complete  set  of  chapters  on  my   computer  and  even  accessible  from  my   phone  if  I  need  it.  I  like  that  I  don't  have  to   lug  around  another  text  book   It's  free  and  it's  a  great  money  saver    
  21. 21. Hilton  &  Laman  (2012)   •  7  psychology  faculty   •  Houston  Community  College   •  23  sec_ons  (690  students)   Tradi0onal  textbook   (Spring  2011)   Open  textbook   (Fall  2012)   GPA   1.6   2.0   Withdrawal  rate  (%)   14   7.1   Final  examina0on  (%)   67.6   71.1   Hilton,  J.,  &  Laman,  C.  (2012).  One  college’s  use  of  an  open  psychology  textbook.  Open   Learning,  27(3),  265-­‐272.  h1p://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02680513.2012.716657  
  22. 22. Robinson  et  al.  (2014)   •  Quasi-­‐experimental  design   •  Propensity-­‐score  matched  groups   •  OT  students  scored  slightly  higher  on  end-­‐of-­‐ year  standardized  science  tests   •  Significant  gains  in  chemistry   •  No  differences  in  physics  or  earth  systems   Robinson  T.  J.,  Fischer,  L.,  Wiley,  D.  A.,  &  Hilton,  J.  (2014).  The  impact  of  open  textbooks  on   secondary  science  learning  outcomes.  EducaJonal  Researcher,  43(7),  341-­‐351.  doi:   10.3102/0013189X14550275    
  23. 23. Jhangiani  et  al.  (in  progress)   •  8  sec_ons  of  introductory  psychology   •  Tradi_onal  vs.  open  textbook   •  Digital  open  textbook    vs.  print  open  textbook   •  Measures  of  course  performance,  study   habits,  personality  factors,  demographic   factors,  etc.  
  24. 24. Access   Cost  savings   Portability   Course  performance   Adapt,  update,  &  remix   Enrolment   Student  reten0on   Program  comple0on  
  25. 25. "Ice  climbing  -­‐  Symphonie  d'automne"  by  Kévin  k.  is  licensed  under  CC  BY-­‐SA  4.0  
  26. 26. Source:  "One  Heck  of  a  Hackfest,  I’d  Say"  by  Leva  Lee,  BCcampus  is  licensed  under  CC  BY  4.0  
  27. 27. Source:  "Pencil"  by  sylviaduckworth.  Reproduced  with  permission.  
  28. 28. The  Great  Psychology  Testbank  Sprint  
  29. 29. The  Great  Psychology  Testbank  Sprint  
  30. 30. The  Great  Psychology  Testbank  Sprint  
  31. 31. Academics aim for educational history in Chilliwack By Chilliwack Times Published: July 23, 2014 02:00 PM Updated: July 23, 2014 02:362 PM Tucked in a corner of the Cheam Mountain Golf Course clubhouse, twenty academics pored over textbooks and tapped away on laptops Saturday in an effort to make educational history. The participants, who all have doctorates in psychology, gathered from around British Columbia to create a body of high-quality test questions for the Open Textbook Project. “These are freely licensed textbooks that are available for faculty to use and to replace publisher’s content—which can often cost $250 for a textbook for a course,” said Clint LaLonde. “We’re trying to lower the cost of education for
  32. 32. Building  a  Culture   •  280  students  collec_vely  saved  $46,000   Psychology
  33. 33. "A  sec_on  of  the  Nellis  Solar  Power  Plant"  by  U.S.  Air  Force  photo/Airman  1st  Class  Nadine  Y.  Barclay  is  in  the  Public  Domain    
  34. 34. Don’t  just   adopt  a  textbook      Foster  a  textbook   "hold-­‐544519_1280.jpg"  by  johnhain  is  in  the  Public  Domain,  CC0  
  35. 35. Access   Transparency   Collabora0on   This  is  a  deriva_ve  work  of  "Teaching  Open  Source  Prac_ces,  Version  4.0"  by  opensource.com  is  licensed  under  CC  BY-­‐SA  2.0  Shaped  mask  and  text  added.  
  36. 36. Open   hypotheses   &  analysis   plan   Open   research   materials   Open  data   Open   source   sta0s0cal   so^ware   Open  peer   review   Open   publishing   Open Scholarship
  37. 37. Open   hypotheses   &  analysis   plan   Open   research   materials   Open  data   Open   source   sta0s0cal   so^ware   Open  peer   review   Open   publishing   Open Scholarship
  38. 38. RECORD  PROFITS   +  volunteer  work  =  Public  funding  
  39. 39. Open   textbooks  &   other  OER   Open   assignments   Open  &   flexible   learning   pathways   Open  course   development   Open pedagogy
  40. 40. Open   textbooks  &   other  OER   Open   assignments   Open  &   flexible   learning   pathways   Open  course   development   Open pedagogy
  41. 41. Open Scholarship Open pedagogy better Scholarship better pedagogy = =
  42. 42. Are  you  sure  you  want  to  change  the  default  to:  
  43. 43. rajiv.jhangiani@kpu.ca     @thatpsychprof   Thank  you!  

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