A Law In An Ordinance


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A Law In An Ordinance

  1. 1.                             [ t ¢ ¦ " ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜ ˜˜ ˜ ˜˜ ˜
  2. 2. 1.) An indifferent act become morally good or morally evil depending on the circumstances. For artist Ana Rosas to be standing nude showings her naked breast and genitals in front of a mirror and purposes of checking to improve the shape of the body means morally good. Her act becomes morally evil, however, if she stands in front on national television to simply show public her nude body. The place and audience as circumstance change the amorally of the act to moral evilness.
  3. 3. An act that is evil in itself be(.2 converted good by circum stances. The evil act of murder, for intake, can be justified to become good by .any circumstances
  4. 4. A circumstance which is not gravely (.3 evil does not totally damage the goodness of an objectively good act. Attending Holy Mass without paying attention to the bible readings and Eucharistic Celebration does not entirely demerit the Christian. His presence in the mass is still of value .to him
  5. 5. THE NORMS OF MORALITY The second factor by which the morality of human act is .measured is the norms
  6. 6. ?What is norms Ignacio defines it as a rule, standard, or measured. It is something by which we gauge the goodness or evilness of an act. It is something with an act conforms to be morally good: or a violate to be morally evil; and neutral to be morally .indifferent
  7. 7. There are two norms of :morality The law of God and human reason of man (barbor:180).God's eternal law is the norm of human acts. This ultimate in independent of any measure, hence called objective. On the other hand human reason is the conscience of a person telling him internally what ought he to do. This norms called .subjective
  8. 8. LAW ? What is Law In the words of Babor, Is a rule of action or a principle of conduct (Babor: 165). It is best defined by St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1247). The Angelic Doctor of the Church, as "an ordinance of reason promulgated for the common good by one who has charge of ".society
  9. 9. “A LAW In An Ordinance” (.1 Is an order coming from a legitimate authority. As an order. As an order, it is binding upon the subject to obey. A law is not a .requires but a command
  10. 10. 2.) "A law is an ordinance of reason." A law is not a product of the whims of the lawmakers, but the result of intellectual and rational study. As a product of reason, the law saw to it that the following qualities are present (Ignacio: 46-48).
  11. 11. .A. A law must be just .B. A law must be honest .C. It is possible to be fulfilled D. It is useful as guide to attain a goal .E. It must be relatively permanent .F. It must be promulgated
  12. 12. A law must be" .3 promulgated." This means that the law must be publicized in order to be make known to the people who will be subjected to it. The law takes effect only when the .subjects are aware of it
  13. 13. A law must be for the common good."" .4 In the first place, a law which covers not a mere single individual but a group of people or society, must serve the public good. A law should be a "liberating agency and not an enslaving one" (Glenn: 75). A true law directs men towards the attainment of their goals, .temporary and ultimate
  14. 14. A law must be promulgated in".5 society." Unlike a precept to both individuals and society, a law is a applicable only. Senate or in Conventions or Malacnang Palace and are promulgated nationwide for the people to know. So with the Church law for its members, like the .Ten Commandments
  15. 15. A law must be promulgated one who "(.6 has charged of society." The," one" refers to the legitimate lawgivers, must be it a one-person or group of persons, like a President or the senate or Congress for the state in the church, this may be the Pope or Bishop, or Church Council (ex. Vatican II, PCP II). Whether it be a single official or a council or leaders, these are the ones who have .charge and care of society
  16. 16. <<<<<<<<TO BE Continue
  17. 17. CLASSIFICATION OF LAW THE ETERNAL LAW .1 There are various ways of classifying laws. But we shall present and Eternal Law? important classes. The Eternal What is discuss first the Law, the Naturaldefines it as “the Divine Reason Divine Positive St. Augustine Law, and Human Positive Law. and will Law, being theological in natureorder of things be preserved and commanding that the natural shall not be included in this (course (Glenn: 78 be disturbed.” St. Thomas Aquinas defines it as forbidding that it God‘s eternal plan and providence for all created things. Directing them towards their ultimate and (Summa Theological (1-11, 93,1 In the words of Glenn, “the Eternal Law extends to all acts and movements in the universe. Thus, bodies obey the tendencies of their nature and follow the laws of cohesion, gravity, inertia, etc.; animals follow the guidance of instinct; the earth turns upon its axis; the heavenly bodies swing through their mighty orbit; all in accordance with the Eternal Law, power- (less to reject its influence, or to disobey.” Glenn: 79
  18. 18. Man‘s body, as member of creation in the universe, also obey the eternal law in so far as physical law is concerned. But man alone can disobey the same law in terms of free choice. This is due to the fact that man is endowed with FREE WILL. So in his human acts, he can reject the direction of the eternal law. His body obeys the law of gravity, for instance, but he may refuse to obey the Ten Commandments. Man .is given the free choice in doing human acts 2. THE NATURAL LAW The conscience of man silently dictates. “Do good and avoid evil” This is an innate universal command engraved in the very heart of every man and woman regardless of time and place.