Architectural styles


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Architectural styles

  1. 1. Architectural Styles
  2. 2. Architectural Styles <ul><ul><li>An architectural style is defined as a set of structural design features that makes one type of building different from others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional: customs of habits established in the past; traditional architecture is usually related to a period of history </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contemporary: current style; not related to a specific period or tradition; they are part of the times and customs of the period in which they are built </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Identify Architectural Styles <ul><ul><li>Shape of the structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roof design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chimney style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior building materials </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Formal Design <ul><ul><li>Formal design in architecture means that buildings follow set patterns. These patterns relate to the appearance of a building and to its uses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Columns </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Symmetrical design </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Informal Design <ul><ul><li>Informal designs are usual contemporary. They tend to have features such as: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>open kitchens </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>breakfast bars </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>non symmetrical </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Traditional Styles <ul><ul><li>English Tudor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French Mansard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French Provincial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early American </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American colonial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Ranch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Adobe </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. English Tudor <ul><ul><li>Exposed heavy timbers on outside walls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows are tall and narrow often with diamond-shaped panes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High, decorative chimneys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steep roof with at least one gable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor plans are usually informal </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. French Mansard <ul><ul><li>Developed by Francois Mansard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roof with double slope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dormers thrust out from the slanting sides of the 2 nd floor exterior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Typically finished in brick with quoins at the corners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows and doors have full-length shutters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor plan frequently contains a double-sided fireplace </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. French Provincial <ul><ul><li>Developed in the provinces of France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-pitched hip roof </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large chimneys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shutters for doors and windows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can have quoins on the corners, brick siding, and curved lintels over windows and doors </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Early American <ul><ul><li>Floor plan is usually rectangular and balanced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior walls are often plain with wood siding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple gable roof </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows are usually double-hung with shutters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor plan often has a story and a half of living area </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. American Colonial <ul><ul><li>More elaborate than Early American </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical trim boards at corners and simple columns on the sides of the front door </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch colonial is a variation with brick or stone siding, wood shaked roofs, and gambrel roofs </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Western Ranch <ul><ul><li>Informal and spread out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-pitched gable roofs with overhangs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior materials include wood or stone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior designs are often rustic or country and can include exposed wooden beams </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Western Adobe <ul><ul><li>Similar to a ranch home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One level and spread out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequently has a u-shaped floor plan and a courtyard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low roofs covered with tile </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Contemporary Styles <ul><ul><li>Doesn’t identify one specific style, but borrows features from traditional styles. </li></ul></ul>