Architects and builders


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Architects and builders

  1. 1. Architects and Builders
  2. 2. Design Teams <ul><ul><li>An architects designs buildings to serve certain purposes which may involve the needs for residential design, business offices, medical facilities, and factories. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each architect decides how involved to be with each project – from just creating the design to being onsite during construction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each building project takes a team effort to complete. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Team Members <ul><ul><li>Architects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landscape architects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architectural drafters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other specialists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade specialists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior designers </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Architects <ul><ul><li>An architect must have the combined talents of an artist, engineer, builder, planner, and manager. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architects typically use a computer-aided drafting (CAD) software to complete designs. This enables the architects to make very fast drawings for the clients to review while they are reviewing the overall design. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Client conferences help the architects get a full picture of how the building will be used and what the client expects. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Landscape Architects <ul><ul><li>The external environment of a building site is the interest of a landscape architect. These specialists deal with all outside areas around a building. The plan plantings, roads, parking areas, and uses of the land. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Architectural Drafters <ul><ul><li>Drafters prepare the drawing and plans that communicate the basic design of the architect. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An experienced architectural drafter often assists with the actual design of a structure or works in tandem with an architect on a building project. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Engineers <ul><ul><li>Civil – design roads, bridges, and water and utility systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air conditioning engineers – design heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acoustical engineers – design equipment and systems to control sounds withi a structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical engineers – design a variety of ducts to carry air, plumbing, and other support systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural engineers use calculations to insure the structure’s components with be safe </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Other Specialists <ul><ul><li>Estimators examine architectural drawings to determine construction costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specification writers add important details to architectural plans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surveyors prepare the survey plans and plot plans for the building site. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Contractors <ul><ul><li>Contractors oversee actual construction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They handle all the materials and provide all the services needed to complete construction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subcontractors usually handle once type of works such as carpentry, plumbing, heating, ventilating, air conditioning, masonry, electrical or landscaping. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Trade Specialists <ul><ul><li>Carpenters complete wood frames for buildings as well as finish carpentry – paneling, cabinets, and trim. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Masons work with cement, stone, and ceramic materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricians install electrical outlets and lighting fixtures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HVAC specialists work on heating, ventiliating, and air conditioning. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. More Trade Specialists <ul><ul><li>Painters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wallpaper hangers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landscapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawall specialists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roofers </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Interior Designers <ul><ul><li>Interior designers select colors furnishings surface covers lighting systems and decorations for the inside of a house. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually hired by the owners or occupants of a residence, the job of the interior designer is to turn a building into a livable space. </li></ul></ul>