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Labour Day


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An Australian primary school slideshow that explores the significance of the Labour Day public holiday.

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Labour Day

  2. 2. RELEVANT AUSTRALIAN CURRICULUM*: HUMANITIES FOUNDATION Distinguish between the past, present and future (ACHHS016) Pose questions about the past using sources provided (ACHHS017) Explore a point of view (ACHHS020) YEAR 1 Differences and similarities between students' daily lives and life during their parents’ and grandparents’ childhoods, including family traditions, leisure time and communications. (ACHHK030) YEAR 2 The history of a significant person, building, site or part of the natural environment in the local community and what it reveals about the past (ACHHK044) YEAR 3 ONE important example of change and ONE important example of continuity over time in the local community, region or state/territory; for example, in relation to the areas of transport, work, education, natural and built environments, entertainment, daily life (ACHHK061) Days and weeks celebrated or commemorated in Australia (including Australia Day, Harmony Week, ANZAC Day, NAIDOC week) and the importance of symbols and emblems (ACHHK063) YEAR 5 The nature of a convict or colonial settlement in Australia, including the factors that influenced patterns of settlement, aspects of the daily life of its different inhabitants, and how they changed the environment. (ACHHK094) YEAR 6 Experiences of Australian democracy and citizenship, including the status and rights of Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islanders, migrants, and women. (ACHHK114) The contribution of individuals and groups, including Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islanders and migrants, to the development of Australian society, for example in areas such as the economy, education, science, the arts, sport. (ACHHK116)
  3. 3. Labour Day is an Australian public holiday held on different days depending on where you live. WA - the first Monday in March VIC/TAS - the second Monday in March ACT/NSW/QLD/SA - the first Monday in October
  4. 4. Many early labourers began their lives in Australia as convicts, sent out on penal transportation.
  5. 5. State Library of Victoria: Public Domain The Royal Anne, a convict ship that transported prisoners from Ireland to New South Wales at the beginning of the 19th century.
  6. 6. Freed convicts, labourers and servants had very few rights in society.
  7. 7. The Master and ServantsActs (1845) were laws thatenforced rules betweenbosses and their workers. Some bosses took advantage of their workers.
  8. 8.­day "During the mid to late 1800s the working day was long and arduous, where some employees would work up to 12 hours a day, six days a week."
  9. 9. "As little as one hour’s absence by a free servant without permission could precipitate a punishment of prison or the treadmill."
  10. 10. "On 18 August 1855 the Stonemasons Society in Sydney issued an ultimatum to employers that in six months time, masons would only work an eight-hour day."
  11. 11. Melbourne, 1856 Wikipedia: Public Domain What do you think about this campaign?
  12. 12. Wendy Lewis, Simon Balderstone and John Bowan (2006). Events That Shaped Australia. New Holland. p. 57. ISBN 978­1­74110­492­9. "On 21 April 1856 Stonemasons and building workers on building sites around Melbourne stopped work and marched from the University of Melbourne to Parliament House to achieve an Eight hour day. Their direct action protest was a success, and they are noted as being among the first organised workers in the world to achieve an 8-hour day, with no loss of pay."
  13. 13.­day "The history of Labour Day in Australia spans over a century. It is an important annual event that remembers those who struggled and succeeded to ensure decent and fair working conditions in Australia."
  14. 14. Eight Hour Procession, 4 October 1909 Wikipedia: Public Domain
  15. 15. "Labour Day commemorates the achievements of the Australian labour movement. The celebration of Labour Day has its origins in the eight hour day movement, which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest ... In Tasmania the public holiday is called Eight Hours Day and in the Northern Territory it is called May Day."
  16. 16. See the Eight Hour Day Monument in Melbourne, Victoria What does this monument tell us about the past?
  17. 17. Mastery Learning Group creates educational tools to assist Australian teachers to meet the differentiated learning needs of their students. Supported by the free Flashcard Club, Mastery Learning Folders give teachers a manageable tool to address the remediation needs of struggling students. Primary reference desk mats called Infomats, support student learning throughout the school day. They're available in two levels, and being the same colour they discretely provide scaffolding at the appropriate point of need. Mastery Learning Folders Infomats
  18. 18. *All material identified by AC is material subject to copyright under the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth) and is owned by the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. This slideshow contains an extract from the Australian Curriculum. Disclaimer: ACARA neither endorses nor verifies the accuracy of the information provided and accepts no responsibility for incomplete or inaccurate information. In particular, ACARA does not endorse or verify that: The content descriptions are solely for a particular year and subject; All the content descriptions for that year and subject have been used; and The author’s material aligns with the Australian Curriculum content descriptions for the relevant year and subject. You can find the unaltered and most up to date version of this material at  This material is reproduced with the permission of ACARA.