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Kenya Agricultural Research Institute                            www.kari.org              Mainstreaming Biodiversity     ...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute                      www.kari.org                           Introduction –KARI     •...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute                www.kari.org            KARI goals and thematic areas     • Instituti...
KARI CentresMandate Districts                    4
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute           www.kari.org      Background-problem statement      • About a third (10 mi...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute           www.kari.org          Background-Scope of project     • Will seek to contr...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute              www.kari.org            Site Description -Busia County     • Total popu...
Socio-economicindicatorsIndicator      ValueMean HH         5,142incomeAbsolute        66%povertyFood poverty   61.4%     ...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute                       www.kari.org                                        Kenya Pove...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute                   www.kari.org                    Targeted Biodiversity   • Traditio...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute                  www.kari.org                     Targeted Biodiversity…• Sorghums• ...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute   www.kari.org      Targeted Biodiversity: Livestock        •   Indigenous chicken  ...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute                      www.kari.org             Activities: Knowledge base        1.1 ...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute         www.kari.org                             Knowledge base   • Baseline Studies...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute     www.kari.org             Activities: Knowledge base     • Production        – Se...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute              www.kari.org             Activities: Knowledge base     • Inventory and...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute                              www.kari.org                      Activities:          ...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute   www.kari.org      Participatory Market Systems Dvpt     • DEMAND and       SUPPLY ...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute                              www.kari.org      Activities: Awareness & Outscaling   ...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute          www.kari.org                Awareness raising strategy          • Local NGO...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute      www.kari.org                    Promotion techniques     • School gardens and m...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute                        www.kari.org         Integrating Gender and Gender Analysis  ...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute            www.kari.org                              Country Partners     • Kenya Ag...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute               www.kari.org           Capacity Building –strengths     •   Socio-econ...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute         www.kari.org                    Capacity Building-Needs     •   Market devel...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute           www.kari.org                                Opportunities       •   Public...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute              www.kari.org                       Immediate Next Steps     •   Nationa...
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute       www.kari.org                             AHSANTE SANA
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BFN Project - Kenya component

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The presentation describes the baseline situation, project activities, partners, as well as country management and implementation plans

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BFN Project - Kenya component

  1. 1. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use for Improved Human Nutrition and Wellbeing Country Presentation for Kenya 1st ISC Meeting Rio de Janeiro 25th April 2012 Maureen Miruka & Festus Murithi Kenya Agricultural Research Institute 1
  2. 2. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Introduction –KARI • Established through an Act of Parliament (Cap 250, revised 1979) and became operational in 1986. • Accounts for more than half of the total research and development (R&D) expenditure in Kenya • Is responsible for research on crops (except research on coffee, tea and sugarcane), livestock, and land and water resources. • Has a network of national, commodity factor & regional research centres responsible for applied and adaptive research in respective regions. • It currently has a staff capacity of 2,930 with 543 being researchers and the rest support staff. 2
  3. 3. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org KARI goals and thematic areas • Institutional goals: i) generating and promoting technologies and innovations; ii) developing and promoting markets and marketing strategies; iii) facilitating and advocating policy options; iv) strengthening capacity for value chain research; and v) enhancing availability of knowledge, information and technologies. • Thematic research areas: crops; livestock; integrated natural resource management; biotechnology and genetic resources management; socio-economic and applied statistics; and adaptive research, outreach and partnerships. 3
  4. 4. KARI CentresMandate Districts 4
  5. 5. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Background-problem statement • About a third (10 million) of an estimated 38 million people in Kenya suffer from chronic food insecurity • An estimated 1.8 million children (30%) are classified as chronically undernourished • 35 and 14 percent of children under five are stunted and severely stunted respectively (KDHS 2008/9)-Even in years of self sufficiency • The national per capita calorie supply per day is less than the FAO recommended rates 5
  6. 6. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Background-Scope of project • Will seek to contribute to on-going efforts to improve dietary diversification using local foods • Dietary Diversity 1 and 2 -understanding the potential of local agrobiodiversity in contributing to dietary diversity for nutrition and health • This project-informing and influencing policy and thus mainstreaming 6
  7. 7. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Site Description -Busia County • Total population: 488,075 Male: 232,075 Female: 256,000 • The County falls within the Lake Victoria basin. • Altitude : 1130m to 1375 masl • Agro-ecological Zones: LM1-LM4 (medium to low potential) • There are two rain and cropping seasons; The long rains: March to May/June ; Short rain season starts in August and ends in October/November. • The are moderately deep, generally rocky and stony and of low natural fertility 7
  8. 8. Socio-economicindicatorsIndicator ValueMean HH 5,142incomeAbsolute 66%povertyFood poverty 61.4% 8
  9. 9. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Kenya Poverty Map Busia 9
  10. 10. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Targeted Biodiversity • Traditional Vegetables – Spider plant- Cleome gynandra – Cowpea –Vigna unguiculata – African nightshade –Solanum villosum, Solanum scabrum – Slenderplant – Crotolaria ochroleuca, Clotolaria brevidens – Jute mallow –Corchorus olitorius – Pumpkin leaves- Cucurbita moschata, C. maxima – Vegetable amaranths – Amaranthus spp. (A. blitum (A. lividus etc.) – Vine spinach – Basella alba – African/Ethiopian kale – Brassica carinata – Mushrooms 10
  11. 11. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Targeted Biodiversity…• Sorghums• Millets (Finger millets)• Nuts and oil crops – Groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea), simsim (Sesamum orientale (S. indicum)), – Bambara groundnuts (Vigna subterranea)• Indigenous fruits: – Purple (Carissa spinarum (C. edulis)) – black fruits (Vitex doniana) – Guava 11
  12. 12. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Targeted Biodiversity: Livestock • Indigenous chicken • Dried meats • Termites • Quails 12
  13. 13. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Activities: Knowledge base 1.1 Assessments in Pilot Sites – Baseline studies – Nutritional value of select biodiversity – Nutritional status of target population – Training in participatory food, nutrition and health assessment methodology 1.2 Information Management – Production information on species – Food composition of target species – Comparative studies 13
  14. 14. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Knowledge base • Baseline Studies – KAP Agricultural/Farming systems Market systems Household • Socio-cultural/economic • Food consumption (Dietary diversity/ Diversity scores from 24 hr and 7 day recalls) 14
  15. 15. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Activities: Knowledge base • Production – Seeds selection and bulking-esp. vegetables – Soil preparation – Spacing – Weeding – Pest control – Harvesting – Post harvest handling 15
  16. 16. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Activities: Knowledge base • Inventory and analysis of IK, development of guidelines – Document IK on crops/animals in the study site – Amalgamate IK into a county database which can be queried (think of ownership, IPR, updating) – Promote and use IK – Raise awareness in the community about the value of IK – Help communities record and document their local practices – Make IK available: disseminate IK back to the community through newsletters, videos, books and other media 16
  17. 17. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Activities: Policy & Regulatory Framework • 2.1 Developing policies and strategies to mainstream – Analysis and synthesis of sector policies • 2.2 Establishing cross sectoral platforms – Creation of local, regional and national fora • 2.3 Drafting policy guidance – Development of evidence-backed policy recommendations & guidelines • 2.4 Improving marketing options – Value chain analysis of target species – Identification and analysis of input and output markets – Value addition of the species – Capacity building of target groups -market linkages, collective marketing 17
  18. 18. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Participatory Market Systems Dvpt • DEMAND and SUPPLY • SERVICES & INFRASTRUCTURE • INSTITUTIONS Laws, Codes & Practices 18
  19. 19. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Activities: Awareness & Outscaling • 3.1 Best Practices for mobilising agrobiodiversity – Packaging & dissemination of best practices for mobilizing biodiversity • 3.2 Improving capacity of relevant actors – Development of guidelines and training modules • 3.3 National information campaigns – Development of awareness materials – Publicity fora- seed fairs, print and electronic media, exhibitions • Guidelines for improved use of nutritionally rich foods – Development of training modules • Documentation of tools & methods for mainstreaming – Development and sharing of information using policy briefs, journal articles and project reports 19
  20. 20. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Awareness raising strategy • Local NGOs to reach communities • Flagship crops & livestock • Diversity of markets • Institutional markets • Key selling points – Good sources of micro-nutrients • Stakeholder participation in promotion 20
  21. 21. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Promotion techniques • School gardens and meals programs • Education and awareness material (T-shirt, brochures, banners, posters) • Use of the media (FM radios, TV stations) • Fairs -Food and seed fairs involving famer groups, restaurants and manufacturers • Cultural events hosted by large hotels and serving local foods • Publications and resources 21
  22. 22. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Integrating Gender and Gender Analysis Integrating gender in project implementation approaches Integrating gender into each research component Specific research and interventions on gender
  23. 23. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Country Partners • Kenya Agricultural Research Institute • Kenyatta University • National Museums of Kenya • Ministries of Agriculture, Health & Education • NGOs -Rural Outreach Program & market linkages • National Environmental Management Authority *Role of Private Sector *Role of ASCU & MoA Policy Division 23
  24. 24. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Capacity Building –strengths • Socio-economics, policy and marketing research • Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation • Nutrition, public health & epidemiology • Documentation of indigenous knowledge • Seed science and biodiversity conservation • Ethno-botany and agro-biodiversity promotion • Food nutrition and dietetics • Public health nutrition • Policy Analysis • Gender mainstreaming and analysis 24
  25. 25. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Capacity Building-Needs • Market development and linkages • Policy Engagement • Nutrient and phytochemical analysis • Product development • Climate change • Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation • Public awareness • Partnerships 25
  26. 26. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Opportunities • Public awareness on health foods • Political good will –e.g. ASDS, FSNP • Studentships • International partners • Outreach and partnerships focus in KARI and CGIAR 26
  27. 27. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org Immediate Next Steps • National Steering Committee Meeting • Administrative issues • Specific site selection (Village level) • Reconnaissance visits • Baseline studies planning and execution Studentships 27
  28. 28. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute www.kari.org AHSANTE SANA

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