Supervison in Teaching & Learning Slides

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Supervison in Teaching & Learning Slides

  1. 1. SUPERVISION OF TEACHING AND LEARNING Instructional Leaderhip ( EDM 703 ) Faculty of Education Lecturer : Prof. Dr. Gurnam Kaur Sidhu Prepared By : Noor Azreen Jalaludin Matric No : (UB 2013557299)
  2. 2. CONTENTCONTENT  WHAT IS SUPERVISION  PURPOSE OF SUPERVISION  PRINCIPLES OF SUPERVISION  ROLES OF SUPERVISOR RESPONSIBILITIES  TYPES OF SUPERVISION  ETHICAL PRINCIPLES OF SUPERVISION
  3. 3. CONTENT Cont....  WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR SUPERVISION  MAIN FOCUS IN SUPERVISION  6 MAJOR CONCEPTION OF SUPERVISION IN THE MODERN LITERATURE  ISSUES
  4. 4. TEACHING & LEARNING Teaching is a skill that can be improved and teachers are at different developmental levels. Learning is commonly defined as a process that brings together cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences and experiences for acquiring, enhancing, or making changes in one's knowledge, skills, values, and world views (Illeris, 2000; Ormorod, 1995). Learning as a process focuses on what happens when the learning takes place.
  5. 5. The success of a school depends on supervision "is the function in schools that draws together the discrete elements of instructional effectiveness into whole- school action" According to Glickman Et Al (1998 ) SUPERVISIO N
  6. 6. WHAT IS SUPERVISION Supervision is a process of facilitating the professional growth of a teacher primarily by giving the teacher feedback about classroom interactions and helping the teacher make use of that feedback in order to make teaching more effective
  7. 7. cont... “Supervision is assistance for the improvement of instruction. This definition allows supervision to be viewed as a function and process rather than a role or position.” Agree / Not agree Why ?
  8. 8. Purpose of Supervision Classroom teachers  providing feedback  identfying needs for staff development  identfying potential for promotion  conducting quality assurance checks  ensuring teacher motivation and morale  providing professional support&guidance to the teacher Management (teacher is operating)  attending to the welfare of teachers  checking on the availability of teaching learning materials.  assessing staff levels  promoting curriculum change&innovation  timetabling
  9. 9. Principles of Supervision • 1. People must always understand clearly what is expected of them. • 2. People must have guidance in their work (information, techniques enabling better work, coaching, and personality improvement suggestions). • 3. Good work always should be recognized. • 4. Poor work deserves constructive criticism.
  10. 10. cont... • 5. People should have opportunities to show that they can accept greater responsibility. • 6. People should be encouraged to improve themselves. • 7. People should work in a safe and healthful environment.
  11. 11. Supervisor's  90% -guidance 10% - performance appraisal  Identfying the potentials of subordinates.
  12. 12. Role & Responsibilities of Supervisor • Supervisor is a interlink between management & teachers/workers "is a KEY person in any organization" "a person who instructs,directs and control the teachers in the performance of their duties.
  13. 13. Roles & Responsibilities Supervisor Guidance Motivator Link Listener Coach/Communicator Observe Evaluator Record Plan Analyze Set an example
  14. 14. TYPES OF SUPERVISION Clinical Supervision Peer Review Supervision Informal Supervision Self Reflection Supervision Administrative Supervision
  15. 15. • Harris and Bessent define supervision from administrative perspective as : • “what a school personnel do with adults for the purpose of maintaining and changing the operation of the school in oerder to directly influence the attainment of major instructional goals of the school.”
  16. 16. Who is Responsible to Supervisor ? • Typical supervisors are school principals, assistant principals, instructional lead teachers, department heads, master teachers, teachers, program directors, central office consultants and coordinators, and associate or assistant superintendents.
  17. 17. Ethical Of Supervision Respect for the Dignity of Person Responsible Caring Integrity in Relationships Responsibility to Society
  18. 18. Main focus in Supervision • Techical • Clinical • Personal • Critical
  19. 19. Technical Competency • Understanding of teaching approaches • Specific skills • Selection of content from curriculum • class management / • enhance your organization’s ability to deliver quality supervision
  20. 20. Clinical Competency • " face to face contact with teachers with the intent of improving instruction and increasing professional growth" • develop new skill and strategies • management/enhance your organization’s ability to deliver quality supervision
  21. 21. Personal Competency Self Awareness Team dynamic Professional Style Interpretative Skills
  22. 22. Critical Competency • Emphasizing quality • make decisions in a critical • make an ethical stance
  23. 23. At least six major conceptions of supervision are found in the modern literature: 1. Supervision as an act of administration 2. Supervision as an act of curriculum 3. Supervision as an instructional function 4. Supervision as an act of human relations 5. Supervision as management 6. Supervision as a generic leadership role.
  24. 24. ISSUES - Most teachers react defensively and hostilely towards supervision. - Most teachers view supervision as a threat.
  25. 25. cont...(Issues) • Not focusing on the improvement ofNot focusing on the improvement of instructioninstruction • Not having a strong human relationshipNot having a strong human relationship • Not preparing yet to help them in the studyNot preparing yet to help them in the study of teachingof teaching
  26. 26. cont..  Control  Boring  Paperwork  Bureaucrat  Authority  Irrelevant  Intimidating  Stress  Unrealistic
  27. 27. Summary • Supervision is important in teaching and learning • Effective supervision is an important way of improving staff performance and reducing the time spent on school problems.
  28. 28. Good Suprvisor is a powerful motivator
  29. 29. References: • Teaching Supervision Chapter 37 by;Bernard J. Badiali • Supervision of instruction by; Glickman,Carl D,Gordon StephennP,and Ross Gardon (1998) • Article by SM Kilminster & BC Folly U.K(2000)-Effective Supervision in clinical practice • Part 2, Chapter 1, Clinical Supervision and Professional • http://www.faculty.londondeanery.ac.uk/e- learning/supervision

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