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Bandages and its types

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HNBGU

Bandages Meaning and type of bandages

1 of 11
Subject -: Athletics Care and Rehabilitation
Unit-1
Topic-:Bandage
By- AZHAR HUSSAIN ANSARI
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION
BIRLA CAMPUS H.N.B.G.U.
SRINAGAR GARHWAL
The terms ‘dressing’ and ‘bandage’ are often used synonymously. In fact, the term ‘dressing’ refers more
correctly to the primary layer in contact with the wound. A bandage is a piece of material used either to covering
wounds, to keep dressings in place, to applying pressure controlling bleeding, to support a medical device such
as a splint, or on its own to provide support to the body. It can also be used to restrict a part of the body.
Bandage
Bandages are available in a wide range of types, from generic cloth strips to specialized shaped bandages
designed for a specific limb or part of the body. Bandages can often be improvised as the situation demands,
using clothing, blankets or other material.
In American English, the word bandage is often used to indicate a small gauze dressing attached to an adhesive
bandage.
They are necessary for
• Dressing and bandage
• covering wounds,
• applying pressure
• controlling bleeding, or
• supporting a strain or sprain.
There is a specific bandage made for each of these tasks
Types of Bandages
The three major types of bandages are:
Roller
bandages,
Tubular
bandages
Triangular
bandages.
Roller bandages are long strips of material. Basically there are two types of roller
bandages :
• An elastic roller bandage is used to apply support to a strain or sprain and is wrapped
around the joint or limb many times. It should be applied firmly, but not tightly enough to
reduce circulation.
• Cotton or linen roller bandages are used to cover gauze dressings. They come in many
different widths and are held in place with tape, clips or pins.
They can also be used for wound compression if necessary, as they are typically sterile.
Roller bandages
Tubular bandages are used on fingers and toes because those areas are difficult to
bandage with gauze. They can also be used to keep dressings in place on parts of the body
with lots of movement, such as the elbow or knee.
Tubular bandages
Triangular bandages are made of cotton or disposable paper.
They have a variety of uses:
• When opened up, they make slings to support, elevate or
immobilize upper limbs. This may be necessary with a broken bone
or a strain, or to protect a limb after an operation.
• Folded narrowly, a triangular bandage becomes a cold compress
that can help reduce swelling.
They are used also for applying pressure to a wound to control
bleeding.
Triangular bandages
Each bandaging technique consists of various basic forms of bandaging.
The following five basic forms of bandaging can be used to apply most types of bandages:
circular
bandaging
spiral
bandaging
figure-of-eight
bandaging
recurrent
bandaging
reverse spiral
bandage
BASIC BANDAGING FORMS

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Bandages and its types

  • 1. Subject -: Athletics Care and Rehabilitation Unit-1 Topic-:Bandage By- AZHAR HUSSAIN ANSARI DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION BIRLA CAMPUS H.N.B.G.U. SRINAGAR GARHWAL
  • 2. The terms ‘dressing’ and ‘bandage’ are often used synonymously. In fact, the term ‘dressing’ refers more correctly to the primary layer in contact with the wound. A bandage is a piece of material used either to covering wounds, to keep dressings in place, to applying pressure controlling bleeding, to support a medical device such as a splint, or on its own to provide support to the body. It can also be used to restrict a part of the body. Bandage Bandages are available in a wide range of types, from generic cloth strips to specialized shaped bandages designed for a specific limb or part of the body. Bandages can often be improvised as the situation demands, using clothing, blankets or other material. In American English, the word bandage is often used to indicate a small gauze dressing attached to an adhesive bandage.
  • 3. They are necessary for • Dressing and bandage • covering wounds, • applying pressure • controlling bleeding, or • supporting a strain or sprain. There is a specific bandage made for each of these tasks Types of Bandages The three major types of bandages are: Roller bandages, Tubular bandages Triangular bandages.
  • 4. Roller bandages are long strips of material. Basically there are two types of roller bandages : • An elastic roller bandage is used to apply support to a strain or sprain and is wrapped around the joint or limb many times. It should be applied firmly, but not tightly enough to reduce circulation. • Cotton or linen roller bandages are used to cover gauze dressings. They come in many different widths and are held in place with tape, clips or pins. They can also be used for wound compression if necessary, as they are typically sterile. Roller bandages Tubular bandages are used on fingers and toes because those areas are difficult to bandage with gauze. They can also be used to keep dressings in place on parts of the body with lots of movement, such as the elbow or knee. Tubular bandages
  • 5. Triangular bandages are made of cotton or disposable paper. They have a variety of uses: • When opened up, they make slings to support, elevate or immobilize upper limbs. This may be necessary with a broken bone or a strain, or to protect a limb after an operation. • Folded narrowly, a triangular bandage becomes a cold compress that can help reduce swelling. They are used also for applying pressure to a wound to control bleeding. Triangular bandages
  • 6. Each bandaging technique consists of various basic forms of bandaging. The following five basic forms of bandaging can be used to apply most types of bandages: circular bandaging spiral bandaging figure-of-eight bandaging recurrent bandaging reverse spiral bandage BASIC BANDAGING FORMS
  • 7. circular bandaging Circular bandaging is used to hold dressings on body parts such as arms, legs, chest or abdomen or for starting others bandaging techniques. For circular bandage we used strips of cloth or gauze roller bandage or triangular bandage folded down to form strip of bandage. In the circular bandaging technique the layers of bandage are applied over the top of each other: • With the roll on the inner aspect, unroll the bandage either toward you or laterally, holding the loose end until it is secured by the first circle of the bandage. • Two or three turns may be needed to cover an area adequately. Hold the bandage in place with tape or a clip. Almost all bandaging techniques start and end with a few circular bandaging turns.
  • 8. spiral bandaging Spiral bandages are usually used for cylindrical parts of the body. An elasticated bandage can also be used to apply spiral bandaging to a tapered body part. Despite the increasing diameter of the body part, the elasticity will allow the bandage to fit closely to the skin. With each spiral turn, part of the preceding turn is covered generally by 1/3 of the width of the bandage
  • 9. Figure-of-eight bandaging Figure-of-eight bandage involves two turns, with the strips of bandage crossing each other at the side where the joint flexes or extends. It is usually used to bind a flexing joint or body part below and above the joint. The figure-of-eight bandage can be applied using a roller bandage in two ways: • Following a circular turn around the middle of the joint, the bandage should fan out upwards and downwards. The turns should cross at the side where the limb flexes. • The figure-of-eight turns can also be applied from a starting point located below or above the joint crease, working towards the joint itself. The cross-over points will be located at either the flexing or extending side of the joint; the side where the turns do not cross remains uncovered.
  • 10. Recurrent bandaging Recurrent bandaging is used for blunt body parts consists partly of recurrent turns. The bandage is applied repeatedly from one side across the top to the other side of the blunt body part. To be able to fix the recurrent turns well, not only the wound, but the entire length of the blunt body part should be covered. Depending on the width of the bandage and the body part, successive turns either cover the preceding turn fully or partially. Recurrent bandages are fixed using circular or spiral turns.
  • 11. Reverse spiral bandage Reverse spiral bandage is a spiral bandage where the bandage is folded back on itself by 180° after each turn. This V-shaped fold allows the bandage to fit to the tapered shape of the body part all the way along. This type of bandaging is required when using non-elasticated bandages. The development of elasticated fixing bandages, which are applied to tapered body parts using the spiral technique, means that the reverse spiral technique is far less commonly used nowadays.