Advanced Sentence Structures

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  • well, you can use fragment sentences in stories:

    Running. Away from the lake and over the fence.

    Me and my brother. The only people in the world who have survived.

    just some examples and yet fragment was still used by many great authors
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Advanced Sentence Structures

  1. 1. Advanced Sentence Structures-II• Parallelism• Sentence Fragments• Run-on Sentences
  2. 2. Parallelism• We wanted to cook and to go swimming. We wanted to cook and to swim.• He is talented, intelligent and has charm. He is talented, intelligent and charming.• Mary likes hiking, swimming, and to ride a bicycle. Mary likes hiking, swimming, and riding a bicycle.
  3. 3. Parallel structure means that two or more ideas in a sentence are expressed in similar form. And, but and or usually join similar terms—two or more nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, phases or clauses.• My ambition is to be a doctor and to specialize in surgery. (Parallel)
  4. 4. ACTIVITY1. Mr. Garcia has promised me a good job and to pay me a fair salary.2. The manager asked both groups to meet and share their differences and finally arriving at an agreement.3. The magazine contains news, pictures, ads, tell you where to shop, and feature columns.4. Tennis, modeling and to read suspense novels took up most of her time.5. This is the life –to live, working and cooking outdoors.6. Running towards the end zone, he slipped, got up, and was keeping on going as fast as he could.7. Let’s go down to the store for a hamburger, donuts and drinking some coffee or tea.
  5. 5. Sentence FragmentsEvery sentence has to have a subjectand a verb in order to be complete. If itdoesnt, its a fragment. Thats easyenough if you have something like–Ran into town. (no subject)–The growling dog. (no verb)
  6. 6. • A fragment may be missing a SUBJECTThrew the baseball. (Who threw the baseball?)• A fragment may be missing a VERBMark and his friends. (What about them?)• A fragment may be missing BOTHAround the corner. (Who was? What happened?)
  7. 7. You can correct a fragment by adding the missing part of speech.Add a subject: Rob threw the baseball.Add a verb: Mark and his friends laughed.Add both: A dog ran around the corner.
  8. 8. Run-on Sentences Two sentences that the writer has not separated with an end punctuation mark, or has not joined with a conjunction.Here are three examples of run-ons:1. Tyler delivered newspapers in the rain he got very wet.2. Kevin and his dog went for a walk it was a beautiful day.3. On Monday we went outside for recess it was fun.
  9. 9. There are three ways tocorrect a run-on:1.Add a period and a capital letter.2.Add a semicolon.3.Add a comma and a conjunction.
  10. 10. Let’s correct a sentence using a period and a capital letter.• Tyler delivered newspapers in the rain he got very wet. WRONG! RUN-ON!• Tyler delivered newspapers in the rain. He got very wet. RIGHT SENTENCE!
  11. 11. Let’s correct a sentence using a semicolon.• Kevin and his dog went for a walk it was a beautiful day. WRONG! RUN-ON!• Kevin and his dog went for a walk; it was a beautiful day. RIGHT SENTENCE!
  12. 12. Let’s correct a sentence using a comma and a conjunction.• On Monday we went outside for recess it was fun. WRONG! RUN-ON!• On Monday we went outside for recess, and it was fun. RIGHT! SENTENCE!

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