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International Dental Journal 2013; 63: 2–3    ORIGINAL ARTICLE                                                            ...
Dental bleaching3. Joiner A. The bleaching of teeth: a review of the literature. J                Correspondence to:   Den...
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FDI policy statement on dental bleaching materials adopted by the fdi general assembly 17 september 2011 – mexico city, mexico*id j12013


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FDI policy statement on dental bleaching materials adopted by the fdi general assembly 17 september 2011 – mexico city, mexico*id j12013

  1. 1. International Dental Journal 2013; 63: 2–3 ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi: 10.1111/idj.12013FDI policy statement on dental bleaching materialsAdopted by the FDI General Assembly: 17 September 2011 – Mexico City,Mexico*FDI World Dental FederationFDI World Dental Federation, Geneva, Switzerland. and according to the professional directions for use.INTRODUCTION This technique is the practice of dentistry and shouldFor the purpose of this Statement, dental bleaching not be performed by those who are not dental profes-materials are peroxide-containing materials that are sionals. On the grounds of public safety, the over-the-intended to remove intrinsic and/or extrinsic tooth counter sales of these products is not supporteddiscolorations. Professional in-office tooth bleaching Dentists and patients should consider the following:products have been used in dentistry for more than a • Products vary in formulation, concentration, dosagecentury. In contrast, at-home tooth bleaching products and the method of treatmentintended for patient use under limited professional • To maximize benefits and minimize risks, individu-supervision were introduced in 1989. There are two als should seek professional guidance to determinetypes of professional bleaching systems currently if bleaching is suitable for their specific condition(s)available for treating natural teeth: (1) in-office • The most common side-effects from tooth bleachingbleaches prescribed by dentists; (2) products that are are transient tooth sensitivity and soft tissue irrita-issued to patients for in-home use under the dentists’ tion during or immediately following treatmentsupervision. Currently, the most commonly used pro- • High-concentration hydrogen peroxide productsfessional formulations are gel preparations of hydro- should not be used without gingival protectiongen peroxide or carbamide (urea) peroxide. • For nightguard home vital bleaching, the use of In recent years a variety of over-the-counter prod- minimal amounts of low-dose hydrogen/carbamideucts, formulations and delivery systems have been peroxide is preferred, which is facilitated by the useintroduced to the profession and general public. There of custom-made trays which reduce both theis ongoing controversy and confusion as to whether amount used and swallowedbleaching products should be regulated as cosmetic or • Activation of bleaching agents by heat, light ortherapeutic devices, or if dental bleaches should be laser remains controversial and dentists should con-sold over-the-counter or used without direct profes- tinue to review the evidence base for these proce-sional supervision. dures, as they may have an adverse effect on pulpal tissueSTATEMENT • The long-term effects from higher concentrations (> 6% H2O2 or equivalent) of bleaching agents onFDI supports the appropriate use of dentist-prescribed the dental pulp, dentine, enamel and oral soft tis-and -supervised tooth bleaching procedures. Dentists sues are not fully understood. They have the poten-must complete a comprehensive examination to assess tial to cause harm and should be used with cautionthe patient’s oral health conditions, treatment needs and only in the dental surgery.and desires before initiating any tooth-bleaching treat-ment. Peer-reviewed studies indicate that peroxide-containing tooth bleaching products are safe and REFERENCESeffective when used under the supervision of a dentist 1. Buchalla W, Attin T. External bleaching therapy with activation by heat, light or laser – a systematic review. Dent Mater 2007 23: 586–596.*Revised version adopted by the General Assembly: 17 September 2. Dahl JE, Pallesen U. Tooth bleaching – a critical review of2011 – Mexico City, Mexico. Original version adopted by the FDI the biological aspects. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 2003 14:General Assembly: 26 August 2005 – Montreal, Canada. 292–304.2 © 2013 FDI World Dental Federation
  2. 2. Dental bleaching3. Joiner A. The bleaching of teeth: a review of the literature. J Correspondence to: Dent 2006 34: 412–419. FDI World Dental Federation,4. Tredwin CJ, Naik S, Lewis NJ, Scully C. Hydrogen peroxide Avenue Louis Casai 84, tooth-whitening (bleaching) products: review of adverse effects and safety issues. Br Dent J 2006 200: 371–376. Case Postale 3,5. Scientific Committee on Consumer Products. SCCP OPINION CH–1216 Geneva, Switzerland. ON Hydrogen peroxide, in its free form or when released, in oral Email: hygiene products and tooth whitening products. 2007, Brussels.© 2013 FDI World Dental Federation 3