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Plagiarism and ways of avoiding

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An overview of plagiarism based on University of Cape Town's Science Faculty postgraduate student guide.

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Plagiarism and ways of avoiding

  1. 1. Plagiarism ADAPTED FROM SCIENCE FACULTY STUDENTS GUIDE
  2. 2. Plagiarism Oxford English Dictionary online "The action or practice of taking someone else's work, idea, etc., and passing it off as one's own; literary theft."
  3. 3. Plagiarism You commit plagiarism ◦ Intentionally or not intentionally ◦ When using another person’s sentences, ideas or opinions without acknowledging the owner ◦ If you do not acknowledging your own published work
  4. 4. Plagiarism … University of Cape Town (www.uct.ac.za) Policy: ◦ About UCT  Policies  Plagiarism  Avoiding plagiarism: a guide for students Main Points ◦ Current science is build on previous findings ◦ referring to them is ethical ◦ Plagiarising = Cheating = Stealing = Deception = Offence  Penalty
  5. 5. Plagiarism … Obvious Forms ◦ Copying a borrowed or bought paper ◦ Hiring someone to write a paper or thesis for you ◦ Cutting and pasting large portions of text ◦ Word-for-word copying of a sentence, or paragraph without any proper acknowledgement
  6. 6. Plagiarism … ◦ Obvious Forms … ◦ Using direct translation of a paper written in another language or large sections of it ◦ Citing sources that you didn’t actually use ◦ Using substantive extracts from your own earlier work without acknowledgement
  7. 7. Plagiarism … ◦ Less Obvious Forms ◦ Not giving proper credit to ideas or findings of another person ◦ Any written text: book, article, blog … ◦ Diagram / Illustration / Picture: E.g. Google search images ◦ Table / Data ◦ An idea: spoken in any form
  8. 8. Plagiarism … ◦ Less Obvious Forms … ◦ No need to cite ◦ Your new findings: graphs, illustrations, diagrams, descriptions, arguments … ◦ Your new ideas
  9. 9. Plagiarism … ◦ Less Obvious Forms … ◦ Improper paraphrasing ◦ Do not change accepted terms or expressions for a field of research ◦ Summarise in your own writing style using the terms
  10. 10. Plagiarism … ◦ Less Obvious Forms … ◦ Failing to give a proper reference or in-text citation ◦ Missing element of reference for a publication type ◦ Citing a work and forgetting to add in reference list ◦ Inconsistent in-text citation and referencing ◦ Order of elements ◦ Punctuation …
  11. 11. Plagiarism: how to avoid 1. Make a habit of reading and taking notes with annotation that differentiate sources ◦ Q = for direct quotation ◦ P = Paraphrased ◦ M = your own information
  12. 12. Plagiarism: how to avoid … 2. As you take notes, make a habit of recording source publication’s ◦ Author ◦ Title: book, article, journal, conference proceeding ◦ Year of publication, volume, issue / part ◦ Publisher & place of publication
  13. 13. Plagiarism: how to avoid … 3. During writing your document, use in-text citation to acknowledge Example: Skin colour and resistance to diseases in onion plant is determined by quercetin compounds (Lee, Patil & Yoo, 2015: 108).
  14. 14. Plagiarism: how to avoid … 4. At the end of your document / each section, provide full information of the source Example: Lanzotti, V. 2006. The analysis of onion and garlic. Journal of Chromatography A. 1112(1–2): 3-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2005.12.016
  15. 15. Plagiarism: how to avoid … 5. Use one referencing / citation convention ◦ UCT Author-Date Convention ◦ APA (American Psychological Association) 6th Ed. Convention ◦ African Journal of Marine Science ◦ many more … 6. Be consistent

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