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Tefl group 3


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Tefl group 3

  1. 1. TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSEGroup 3:Asnidewita ( 1100954)Desty Febria ( 18225)Indah Permata Sari ( 54614)Nancy Rahayu (54573)Widya Febrina ( 17367) TEFL
  2. 2. Total Physical Response(TPR) What is TPR?TPR is an approach to teaching a secondlanguage, based on listening linked tophysical activities which are designed toreinforce comprehension.
  3. 3. Total Physical Response(TPR) W is the connection to the classroom?   hat TPR is not always dancing and singing songs! Generally, we refer to body movement with instruction to engage learners. Students learn by identifying a certain key point to some action. TPR can be used for all curriculum, literacy, science, math, and so on.
  4. 4. Total Physical Response: TheIdea Total Physical Response is a language learning method based on the coordination of speech and action. This method of learning was developed by James Asher.
  5. 5. The Approach To Total PhysicalResponse According to Asher, some views :  Second language learning is parallel to first language learning and should reflect the same naturalistic processes.  Listening should develop before speaking.  Once listening comprehension has been developed, speech develops naturally and effortlessly out of it.  Adults should use right-brain motor activities, while the left hemisphere watches and learns.
  6. 6. When do we use TPR? Vocabulary connected with actions (smile, chop, headache, wriggle) Tenses past/present/future and continuous aspects (Every morning I clean my teeth, I make my bed, I eat breakfast) Classroom language (Open your books) Imperatives/Instructions (Stand up, close you eyes) Story-telling
  7. 7. How can we use TPR in class? In the classroom the teacher plays the role of parent. It is more effective if the students are standing in a circle around the teacher and you can even encourage them to walk around as they do the action.
  8. 8. The Secret of Learning There is a secret to this way of learning in many age groups but one that is more acknowledged is that of an infant learning their first words. When a parent says “Look at daddy”, and the baby turns to the father and the father then responds, this becomes a “Language-Body Conversation.” Although the child is not yet speaking they are internalizing the patterns and sounds of the target language.
  9. 9. Advantages It is fun and easy. "TPR is aptitude-free." according to Asher. It is inclusive working well with a mixed ability class. It is good for kinesthetic learners who need to be active in the class. It is a good tool for building vocabulary. It is memorable. Actions help strengthen the connections in the brain.
  10. 10.  It can be used in large or small classes. It doesnt require a lot of preparation or materials. It is very effective with teenagers and young learners. It involves both left and right-brained learning.
  11. 11. Disadvantages While it can be used at higher levels TPR is most useful for beginners. It is also at the higher levels where preparation becomes an issue for the teacher. Students are not generally given the chance to express their thoughts in a creative way. It is easy to overuse TPR. "Any novelty, if carried on too long, will trigger adaptation." Asher writes, "No matter how exciting and productive the innovation, people will tire of it.“ One of this method flaws is that when a teacher uses TPR in their lesson, they will have trouble teaching abstract vocabulary or expressions. TPR can be ineffective if the teacher uses it for a long period of time without switching it with other activities that help teach the target language.