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[ARCHIVE] Aviva Working Lives report


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A research report into employer and employee attitudes to saving in the workplace. The start of automatic enrolment in October 2012 will affect all of the UK’s working population and forever change how people save for their retirement.

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[ARCHIVE] Aviva Working Lives report

  1. 1. Working LivesA research report into employer and employee attitudes to saving in the workplaceEdition 1
  2. 2. Overview of the report Introducing Aviva’s first Working Lives report• Working life in the UK today 3 More than half of employees (56%) agree that pensions are the When David Lloyd George introduced the first state pension in Britain over best way to save for retirement – with employees who contribute 100 years ago (January 1909), it had the simple aim of giving people the putting aside 5.45% of their salary and employers contributing 6.40%. possibility in older age of living free of poverty and the workhouse. Today, being able to sustain a comfortable standard of living when• Transforming workplace pensions 5 they finally stop working is a goal for most UK workers. However, the While 70% of employers are aware of automatic enrolment, pressures of family life and daily living expenses, a lack of job security and 68% of employees have little or no knowledge of the subject. economic uncertainty leaves today’s workers juggling their short-term needs with long-term financial goals. Planning for retirement is therefore• Beyond pensions – the value of workplace benefits 7 an easy decision to put off until tomorrow. Almost all (96%) companies agree that their employees are critical The simple fact is that people in the UK are not saving enough for their to their success and 78% of employers offer some type of benefits retirement. In a 2010 study, Aviva identified the annual pension gap (the difference between to encourage motivation and staff retention. what is needed to live comfortably in retirement and actual expected income) to be £318 billion or £10,300 per person, per year in the UK for those retiring over the next 40 years1.• he Savings Engagement in Employment (SEE) Index T 8 The first SEE Index shows low level of engagement among employers and employees. The solution is not a simple one, and neither is there an immediate solution. Just as the Government 100 years ago made a landmark decision to introduce a pension to help Britain’s• The critical lever – communication and engagement 9 workers plan for the long-term, so today’s Government is on the brink of implementing Almost one in three companies (30%) say they tend not to communicate pension reforms that will mean every employee in the country will be automatically enrolled to employees about pensions (beyond the basic requirements), as the into a workplace pension. From later this year, millions of people who have so far not been majority of employers look for support when discussing this issue. saving for their retirement will begin putting money aside for the first time. The Working Lives report from Aviva - one of the UK’s leading providers of workplace• Pensions mean different things to different age groups 10 pensions - aims to analyse the UK’s rapidly evolving workplace savings market, asking Younger age groups focus on more immediate benefits but are hungry employers and employees about their attitudes to saving in the workplace. for knowledge on money management skills and pensions. This fresh perspective on savings in the workplace contrasts the views of more than 200• Confident in the future of workplace saving 12 private sector UK companies against the opinions of more than 2,000 private sector workers. A new Savings Engagement in Employment (SEE) Index also creates a benchmark, which will Recommendations for employees, employers and the pensions industry. be tracked over time, to measure the overall level of savings engagement in the workplace.• Appendix 1 – Questions on automatic enrolment answered 13 We look forward to monitoring the results and working towards a healthy workplace saving culture in the UK.• Methodology 15 Graham Boffey Managing Director, Corporate Benefits, Aviva UK Life Working Lives Report 2
  3. 3. Working life in the UK todayThe start of automatic enrolment in October 2012 will affect all of the UK’s working population and forever change how people save for their However, the importance of financial rewardsretirement2. More than 29 million adults in the UK are employed – of whom 23.17 million are employed in the private sector3. cannot be underestimated, with 53% of workers reporting that their key workplaceBut what is the current workplace environment onto which we are pinning so many of our hopes for Britain’s savings future? Despite the current concern is how their pay compares to theeconomic uncertainty, Aviva’s research shows that Britain’s private sector workers are generally happy, with 27% saying that they really enjoy their cost of living, whilst 37% are concernedwork and a further 45% saying they quite enjoy their work. about job security. Against this backdrop, 96% of UK private sector employers say thatEmployee Job Satisfaction their employees are absolutely critical to theMeasuring employees’ happiness in the workplace by age group success of the business - so ensuring they feel Employee age range motivated and valued is a key consideration. 22-24 25-29 30-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 Despite this, when asked about their other key business concerns, it is not employees Really enjoy work but commercial success that’s top of employers’ minds – 58% state that keeping up with the competition is critical, and 50% said they worry about adopting more efficient systems and technology. Of their employee 27% 23% 28% 27% 28% 26% priorities, 50% of employers indicate that their focus for the next 12 months is on developing their existing workers. Quite enjoy work Who is saving for retirement: More than half (56%) of UK private sector employees agree that pensions are the top way to save for their retirement, followed by 41% 46% 44% 47% 46% 40% property (43%) and a range of savings accounts (43%). But not everyone has a pension.enjoy their work According to employees, 54% say their TOTAL who employer offers a workplace pension. However, when asked, only 35% of employees say they have one and 58% say they do not. 68% 70% 72% 74% 73% 66% = 2% of the age group Working Lives Report 3
  4. 4. Median Employer and Employee Pension Contributions EmployeeTypical pension contributions: 5.22% EmployerThe typical amount that a UK employee with a workplace pension is contributing to the scheme is 5.45% £1,205of their salary (or £1,592 per year). The typical amount that a UK company contributes to an individual’s pension 5.69% % % of salaryscheme is 6.40% of an employee’s salary (or £1,783 per year). £1,371 Employees in the North West ScotlandHowever, while these sums are not insignificant, 11% of employees say they have no idea how much contribute most (5.77%)they contribute and a further 17% have no idea how much their employer pays in. Employers in the South West contribute most (6.82%)Employees workplace pension provision: 5.43% Ireland £1,357 5.80% 5.43% £1,402 N. West N. East £1,357 5.75% £1,437 5.77% £1,376 5.50% £1,425 6.50% 5.60% £1,743 £1,292 Yorks Humber 38% 28% 15% 4% 4% 4% 2% E. Midlands 5.00% Employer does not offer a Contribute to their pension Employer offers Company Not eligible to join Simply don’t Pay into a £1,536 company pensions scheme as does their employer a scheme but neither contributes but their company know what is company pension, party contributes they do not pension scheme on offer but their employer does not 5.30% 5.50% £1,833 5.45% £1,413 5.57% £1,976 5.89%Actively decided against: £1,578 £1,571 5.93%Of those employees who are offered a pension scheme and actively decide not to contribute, the largest proportion (55%) £2,212 6.50% W. Midlandssay that they simply don’t have the additional cash to put into a pension at this time. More immediate costs appear to hamper £2,275 E. Angliapension saving with some saying they have to repay debts (28%) and others citing the need to pay for immediate family costs 5.48%(20%), as a barrier to saving. Wales £2,200 London S. WestA total of 17% of those who were offered an employer pension but do not contribute to one themselves, said this was because 5.58% 5.88%they didn’t trust pensions, and 4% said they did not trust their employer. One in five (21%) 25-34 year olds said they did not £1,441 £2,352 S. Easttrust pensions, the highest percentage among those surveyed, and the group who - it could be argued - have been making some 6.82%of the biggest financial decisions of their lives against the backdrop of the most turbulent economic climate of recent times. £1,810 6.78% 5.50% £2,328 £1,925 Working Lives Report 4
  5. 5. Transforming workplace pensionsTop Five Reasons People Don’t Contribute to Workplace Pensions Levels of Planning for Automatic Enrolment by Company How prepared companies feel for the new legislation by company size No spare cash to Fully prepared Well advanced Startedcontribute 55% 57% 31% planning to a 9% pension Debts to pay off 28% Over 1000Immediate family needs 20% are more importantDon’t trust pensions 17% Fully prepared Well advanced Started planning Need to start No plans 3% 33% 19% 28% discussion Company Size by employees 17% Rather have the 13% cash now 100 to 249During the next few years all UK private sector businesses will be required to pay into aworkplace pension for eligible employees under the automatic enrolment regulations.Employers will be required to contribute to an employee’s pension scheme if the individualchooses not to opt out. Some of the most common questions about what automatic enrolmentmeans for employers and employees are answered in Appendix 1 of this report (page 13). Fully prepared Well Started planning Need to start discussion No plans 22% advanced 28% 28% 11% 11%It is not surprising that automatic enrolment is something that many employers are aware of,70% say they know about the new legislation and 43% have actively started planning forits introduction. However, when their understanding and intended actions are more closely 1 to 49examined, the picture is less clear and perhaps suggests that many employers have not thoughtthrough the long-term requirements beyond their initial staging dates.Overall, just under a quarter of companies (23%) said they feel fully prepared and understand whatthey will put in place, 11% said their planning is well advanced and 28% have started planning.On the other hand, 11% of those who have heard of the legislation have no plans at all, and 27%say that they have not started discussing the legislative implications for their business. Working Lives Report 5
  6. 6. The consumer awareness gap: Those who are undecided amount to 21% and it is largely these ‘undecided’ workers whoWhile a high proportion of employers are at least aware of automatic enrolment (70%), a significant employers, the Government and the broader industry must target.number of private sector employees (68%) have little or no knowledge of the subject. This illustrates a Over a third (37%) of employees think they will opt out. This breaks down into: 18% who say theycritical challenge that will need to be overcome if automatic enrolment is to gain traction in the workplace. cannot afford it, 16% will opt out as ‘they prefer to make their own arrangements’, and 3% willEven those employees who said they had some knowledge on the subject, when questioned opt out when they get around to it.further actually had little depth of understanding as to what it might mean for them personally. When asked what they think their employees’ opt out rates will be, employers’ estimations are26% 36% generally in line with those of employees. Almost a quarter of employers (23%) think that none of had no idea how it said that as they their staff will opt out and 27% said they are unsure of how many of their staff will opt out. might affect them were already in a pension, it would Of those who feel that some of their staff will opt out, the typical percentage of workers they13% felt it would have not impact on them believe will actively decide to leave the scheme is 33%. 15% an impact but did felt they would Employers Views On % Of Employees Who Will Opt Out not know what receive less money The percentage of employers that don’t know how many employees will opt out that would be in their pay packet 9% 24% were aware that they would be automaticallyONLY 33% enrolled into a pension for the first time 27%The choice to adapt or change: 21% 15%For those companies who have started planning for automatic enrolment and currently offer apension, the majority of these (67%) have indicated that they intend to maintain their current scheme.The remainder (32%) will adopt a two-tier system by maintaining their current pension provision andadding a compliant second scheme for those employees who are not yet scheme members. 1000+On an encouraging note, 42% of employers say they don’t think this change will have an impact on 50-99their business and 31% say it will have a positive impact on their business. 1 to 49 250-999To opt out or not to opt out: 100-249One of the key factors in measuring the success of automatic enrolment will be the level of Size of company by employeeemployee opt out rates. Large companies (+1000 employees)4 are least likely to believe that their employees will opt out,When asked about how they will respond to automatic enrolment, 43% of those employees without predicting that just 12% will choose not to belong to the scheme. On the other hand, smalla pension currently said they will remain within the scheme once enrolled. This breaks down into: 27% businesses (1-19 employees) are most likely to predict that their employees will opt out (37%).said they will be very pleased to have a pension, 8% said they will contribute more than the minimumlevels, and 8% said they will stay in because they could not be bothered to opt out. Working Lives Report 6
  7. 7. Beyond pensions – the value of workplace benefitsThe vast majority (96%) of employers agree that their employees are critical to their success and Most common UK workplace benefits:are increasingly expecting high levels of creativity and initiative (92%) from their staff. However, Excluding pensions, the most common benefits UK workers are offered are annual/performance-people are already working on average 42.7 hours per week5 and many are concerned about how based bonuses (35%), life insurance / death in service benefit (24%), health insurance (23%) andthe rising cost of living will be met by their salaries alone. entry into the company share scheme (14%). Not all benefits are directly financial and over one in five (22%) UK workers say their employer provides items such as luncheon vouchers, subsidised gymWage increases are not always possible as companies need to continue to be prudent with their membership, crèche facilities or the opportunity to take a sabbatical.spending. Indeed, over a third (39%) of businesses are looking for ways to motivate staff ‘withoutunduly increasing remuneration’ and 46% of businesses say they design their remuneration Not all benefits are equal:packages carefully to control costs. What an employee is offered and what they value is not always the same but it does appear that UK private sector employers are beginning to embrace a broader range of options.Attracting and keeping employees:With the cost of recruitment standing at an average £5,311 per hire6, the importance of a Benefits employers’ offer vs. those most valued by employeesgood benefits package as a retention and motivational tool cannot be overlooked. This fact isrecognised by many UK businesses as over three-quarters (78%) offer their employees benefits Healthbeyond their basic salary. Annual Bonus Insurance 35% Pension scheme* Life 23%Not surprisingly, salary / wages is highly valued by the majority of employees with half (50%) Non- 33% Insurance / financialrating this as the most important element of their job. However, almost the same amount (46%) Death In Service benefits Health Benefitwant a healthy work-life balance, 46% see working within a good team as important and 40% Insurance 22% 24%say that ‘doing a job they love’ is key to job satisfaction. Annual Bonus Pension 15% 36% scheme Life Insurance Non-financialTop Five Most Important Aspects of a Persons Job 16% benefits 14% 14% Employer offers Employee values Pension scheme* = Money purchase / Defined contribution pension scheme Top five benefits employers offer employees, broken down by age TOTAL 18-24 25-34 35-54 55+ Flexibility and Annual bonus or performance based bonus 35% 34% 41% 35% 28% work-life balance Doing a job I love 40% Money Purchase / Defined Contribution 33% 19% 36% 36% 31% 46% Pension Scheme Life insurance / death in service insurance 24% 15% 23% 27% 22% Good facilities / Health insurance 23% 19% 24% 24% 19% environment at work Non-financial benefits 22% 29% 27% 21% 16% 28% Working within a good Although pensions are considered the second most valuable benefit by employees, when asked The salary / wages quality team how they would prefer to save for retirement they came out on top – pensions (56%), and property 50% 46% retains a strong foothold (43%) despite stagnation in the housing market. Working Lives Report 7
  8. 8. First SEEThe SEE Index Index score - score employers SEE Q1 2012 38 score employees 29As part of the Working Lives report, a new Savings Engagement in SEE Index Breakdown - level of engagementEmployment (SEE) Index has been devised to track the overall level by employer size and employee ageof savings engagement in the workplace including awareness levels, Employer by size with level of engagement scoresownership and enthusiasm for workplace savings (including pensions) on Employee by age with level of engagement scoresthe part of UK private sector employers and employees.These factors were given different weightings to produce a score out of100 that will be tracked over the coming months and years. The initial SEEIndex shows a worrying lack of engagement by both employees (29 out of100) and employers (38 out of 100) in the workplace savings arena.Employee enthusiasm, ownership and awareness – the key areas trackedby the SEE Index – rose in proportion to their annual earnings – 24 outof 100 (under £20,000 per year) to 44 out of 100 (over £50,000 peryear). Concerns over immediate spending priorities are frequently statedas a reason not to save for retirement by employees, and therefore it isunderstandable that those who feel more cash-strapped may be less likely 34 36 38 44 47to save for retirement. This highlights the challenge ahead for automatic 1 - 49 50 - 99 100 - 249 250 - 999 1000 +enrolment, which stands to most benefit those on lower incomes, and Size of companythose who are also less likely to be interested in saving into a pension.For employers, the level of interest seems to be down to company size, 24with firms of 1–49 employees (34) being less engaged than those with 27over 1,000 employees (47).This may be because only the largest companies will need to meet their 30 31automatic enrolment requirements in the next year or so, and mayalready have a company pension, while small companies will meet theirautomatic enrolment staging over the next few years, and may not haveany current pension provision.This is the first SEE Index and will act as a benchmark for future tracking. 18 - 24 25 - 34 35 - 44 55 + Age of Employee Working Lives Report 8
  9. 9. The critical lever – communication and engagementHow employers communicate and engage with their employees about pensions and other Attracting employees’ attention:workplace benefits is likely to be integral to changing the long-term savings culture in the UK. While some employees (43%) jumped at the chance to be kept abreast of developments withinHow employees gather information about their company pension scheme workplace savings (and 37% trust themselves to make decisions), a similar amount displayed a worrying apathy (41%). Almost a fifth (18%) would be interested in information on a regular basis in their payslip, 17% would like accessible information on the intranet and 7% would like to be informed if their Annual statements sent Use the From a Read company From situation changes (for example due to a promotion). to their home company intranet financial adviser newsletter colleagues 31% 22% 18% 16% 14% However, 8% of employees said they don’t want to know about workplace savings, 6% want information less than once a year, and 19% said once a year was enough. Despite this apathy, some employees are clearly in need of guidance as 16% say they didn’t knowWhen employees were asked to think of sources of information about workplace pensions – how they wanted to receive information.other than their employer, personal initiative came to the fore. Helping companies support their staff:24% say that they use the media for information As pensions and benefits are a complex area, the guidance that companies can give is strictly regulated,21% speak to their family and friends and the majority of UK companies need support when they are communicating with their staff.17% use financial advisers for information on workplace pensions Larger companies tend to have specialists on hand – such as HR departments – and half (50%)15% get information from the Department of Work and Pensions of companies with more than 5000 employees cite this as one of the sources they use to gather information to explain workplace savings and pensions to their employees.Currently, the level of communication and engagement about workplace savings within However, this is not necessarily practical for smaller companies where the most common sources ofcompanies seems to be relatively low, and the methods used broadly traditional. information are financial advisers / investment consultants (31%), pension providers (31%) and theHow employers communicated with employees about pensions Department for Work and Pensions website (19%). Encouraging workplace saving: 20 % 24% With workplace pensions becoming increasingly important, the ultimate question facing the pensions 30% only explained the 16% said that they industry is – how do you encourage more employees to save and plan more for their long-term said they ‘tend looked to the pension future? Employees say this comes down to money with 52% saying that they would save more into benefits of a pens ion waited until there not to communicate trustee or provider to when someone were legislative their workplace pension for their retirement if they had an increase in salary / bonus. with employees communicate with joined the changes before about their communicating their staff However, ‘understanding’ also plays a major role as many employers realise that if employees were company pensions’ with their staff aware of how to make the most of their money, they would be in a better position to save into a pension. Indeed, 22% of employees want to know how much they should save, 12% want advice on how to manage their money and 11% want to understand the importance of saving. Working Lives Report 9
  10. 10. Pensions mean different things to different age groupsWhile automatic enrolment offers the potential of transforming many UK employees’ Age Group Engagement Differencesretirements, workplace pensions are perceived differently by different age groups. What would make employees save more for their retirementFocus on immediate benefits: 32%While 21% of 35-44s say that a pension scheme is a valued workplace benefit only 7%of 22-24s agree. The younger age group is more likely to be focused on lifestyle benefits such 30%as gym membership and a subsidised canteen (21% of 22-24s vs. 13% of 35-44s)as they struggle to get their careers off the ground. 18-24 25-34 35-54 55+This differing focus appears to be due to the fact that the younger generation believesthey are ‘too young’ to start a pension. Almost a third (32%) of 22-24s who have theopportunity to start a pension through their workplace agree with this statement comparedto just 3% of 30-34s. 24% 23%Access to savings key: Percentage of engagementHowever, while the older generation focuses on pensions, the younger generation focuses 20% 20% 20%on what they see as more immediate financial solutions – shorter term savings. Indeed, 7%of 18-24s and 6% of 25-34s say that the benefits they would most value in the workplaceare access to a wider range of savings or investment vehicles, compared to just 2% of 34-54s.But while the younger age groups focus on more immediate benefits, they are hungry forknowledge about pensions as sustained communication from the industry and Government 15%about retirement saving begins to hit home. 14% 14% 13%Almost a quarter (24%) of 18-24s said they would save more for their retirement if ‘shownhow to manage their money better’. 20% said they would do this if they ‘understood more 11%about the benefits of saving’ for the long term and a further 20% said they would do this if 10%‘someone showed them how to save more’. 9% 8% 8%If these barriers are overcome, especially at this early age, younger people may develop asavings habit which they will carry with them throughout their working adult life. 5% 5% 5% 4% If someone If someone If someone If someone If someone showed me how showed me what showed me how showed me what showed me to save more the benefits of to manage my I might lose if I what I personally saving are money better didn’t save need to save for retirement Working Lives Report 10
  11. 11. Engagement:Education, communication and Talking about pensions – Magic Moneyengagement are key to helping the 38% of UK As part of its campaign to recognise individuality andyounger age groups get their retirement employers say that they engage with customers via an age appropriate medium,savings on track. have no plans to adapt Aviva launched its Magic Money social media campaign their existing retirement in late 2011 – aimed at Generation Y (25-34s).However, 38% of UK employers say communication strategiesthat they have no plans to adapt their to suit younger workers In a series of short film clips shot on the streetsexisting retirement communication and in the bars of Brighton and London, magicianstrategies to suit younger workers and Pete Hathway used magic tricks with money as15% say that it is not their place to the central theme to bring home the savingsencourage saving amongst employees. 15 % message to this generation of workers. These clips not theirYounger workers who have their entire say that it is were then uploaded onto social media websites uragecareers ahead of them arguably need the place to enco and it was viewed 685,445 times. This perfectly gstmost guidance, so it is disappointing to saving amon illustrates that communication around pensions employe essee that employers do not intend to cater can be fun and age their needs and send them on the pathto further financial security.Some UK employers have recognised the importance of reachingthe under-35s and 31% intend to explain the benefits of tax andemployer contributions, 19% intend to highlight the fact that bynot saving, they are giving away ‘free money’ and 15% intend totalk less about retirement and more about long-term saving. 31% 15% intend to talk less intend to explain the benefits of tax 19% intendct about retirement and more about and employer to highlight the fa long-term saving contributions that by not saving, ay they are giving aw ‘free mon ey’ Working Lives Report 11
  12. 12. Confident in the future of workplace savingThe advent of automatic enrolment is a significant change for the UK pensions market andis likely to put the workplace at the heart of not only most employees’ income generation,but also their financial planning and wealth generation.However, as the SEE Index shows, a significant amount of work needs to be done on thelevel of engagement employees and employers indicate they have in workplace saving.This places a huge responsibility on the Government, pensions industry and advisers toguide the UK’s working population – and their employers – through this process. Employers need to: Employees need to: The pensions industry needs to: • Understand your employees: • Take advantage: Don’t miss out on • Listen to customers: Put the Understand the different needs and the “free money” your employer may needs of employers and employees priorities of different employees – offer as part of your company pension at the heart of all you do young and old, savers and non-savers • Educate yourself: Find out • Provide choice: Provide a range • Take action: Translate your about automatic enrolment of savings options to meet the strong awareness of automatic and its benefits – see different wants of different enrolment into positive action customers pensionsandretirementplanning • Ask for help: Ask your • Minimise opt outs: Positively financial adviser and pension • Take responsibility: The sooner sell the benefits of retirement provider for support or go to you start to plan for your retirement, saving to those who have yet to decide the better how to react to automatic enrolment • Boost engagement: Challenge ourselves to raise Aviva’s SEE Index to over 50 Working Lives Report 12
  13. 13. Appendix 1 – Questions on automatic enrolment answeredWhat is automatic enrolment? What is an eligible employee? Automatic enrolment is a new process by which employees, if they are Any employee who normally works in the UK and who earns over a limit not already in a pension scheme that meets the minimum contribution set by the Government. The limit is £8,105 for the current tax year. levels set by the Government, will join a pension scheme chosen by Employees already in a qualifying pension scheme don’t need to be their employer. Employees don’t have to do anything to join the scheme automatically enrolled into a new scheme but can stay where they are. and contributions can be taken from their salary without them having True self-employed persons are not covered nor are people who are simply to agree to it. Employees will be able to stop paying at any time and, office holders in a company, such as a company chairperson. But other if they opt out of the scheme within one month of starting, any people, including agency staff and in some cases self-employed contractors contributions they have made will be refunded to them. who are working for a ‘sole employer’, may need to be auto-enrolled.What will employers need to do? Can employers use their current scheme? Once the employer reaches their ‘staging date’ they will have to auto-enrol Employers can use their current scheme for automatic enrolment, if it can all their eligible employees who are not already in a suitable pension scheme administer automatic enrolment, or they could use a new scheme. They into an automatic enrolment pension scheme. They also have to allow their don’t have to use their current scheme if they don’t want to. other employees who are not eligible the right to opt in and may need to pay contributions for these employees as well. Employers can delay auto- enrolling eligible employees for up to three months to avoid auto-enrolling very short term, temporary employees. Working Lives Report 13
  14. 14. What is NEST? How much will this cost employers? NEST stands for the National Employment Savings Trust. NEST is a new Initially, employers will have to pay no less than 2% of an employee’s government-sponsored pension provider. It has been created to support banded earnings into a scheme. Employers can ask employees to pay as well automatic enrolment in sections of the employer market where private providers but the employer cannot pay any less than 1% of these banded earnings. For are unable to operate commercially – e.g. at the very small end of the employer the current tax year banded earnings is pay between £5,564 and £42,475. market. For more information about NEST, see It is proposed that the contribution rates increase to 5% of banded earnings from October 2017, with the employer paying no less than 2%, and 8% of banded earnings from October 2018, with the employer paying no less than 3%. The employee can be asked to make up the differences between theDo employers have to use NEST for automatic enrolment? total and whatever the employer pays. Alternatively if the employer wishes to avoid using banded earnings, contributions can be based on percentages No, NEST is one of the many alternatives available to employers. of pensionable earnings or total earnings. The percentages they must use are NEST however has a public service obligation which means that employers very similar to those stated above. who cannot find an alternative provider will be able to use NEST. Working Lives Report 14
  15. 15. MethodologyWhen do employers need to start automatic enrolment? The Aviva Working Lives Report was designed and produced by Aviva, and Wriglesworth Research in association with Opinion Leader. As part of this, 2,004 private sector employees and 210 private sector employers were interviewed in the first quarter of 2012. This is still subject to consultation. The proposals are as follows. All staging This data was combined with additional information from the sources listed below and dates relate to the first day of a month2. used to form the basis of the Working Lives Report in April 2012. • The staging dates for employers with 250 or more members are between Additional data sources include: October 2012 and February 2014 with the largest employers going earliest. 1. Aviva/Deloitte – Pensions Gap – September 2010 • Employers with 50 to 249 members will stage between April 2014 and 2. ONS – Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings – December 2011 April 2015 and those with 30 to 49 members will stage between August 3. ONS – Labour Market Statistics – March 2012 2015 and October 2015. 4. University of Strathclyde – Company Size Definitions – March 2012 5. ONS – Membership of Workplace pension schemes – February 2012 • Employers with less than 30 members will stage between January 2016 6. Bersin Associates – Cost of Recruitment – December 2011 and April 2017, apart from one test group who will stage in June 2015. • All other employers, including new employers will stage between April Technical notes 2017 and February 2018. Employers with less than 50 members will be l For the purpose of this report, a small company is defined as up to 50 employees, a medium company is defined as up to 250 employees and a large company has subdivided by their PAYE references, other larger employers stage in more than 250 employees5. accordance with their size. For further Information on the report or for a comment, please contact For more information about automatic enrolment, Diane Mangan at the Aviva Press Office on 07800 691714 / or Fiona Robertson on 07800 692299 / see Working Lives Report 15
  16. 16. WORKING_LIVES_33770 05/2012 © Aviva plc