Industrial Accidents

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Industrial Accidents

  1. 1. Presented by- Aviral Bajpai
  2. 2. ACCIDENTS  An accident is mishap ,misadventure or an unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance, often with lack of intention or necessity It usually implies a generally negative outcome which might have been avoided or prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence. Injury prevention refers to activities designed to foresee and avoid accidents.
  3. 3. O Accident at work is a "discrete occurrence in the course of work" leading to physical or mental Occupational injury. O Under factories act 1948 “an occurrence in an industrial establishment causing body injury to one or more persons which makes him unfit to resume his work for next 48 hrs.”
  4. 4. Physical and non-physical : • Physical examples of accidents include unintended collisions or falls, being injured by touching something sharp, hot, or electrical, or ingesting poison. Non-physical examples are unintentionally revealing a secret or otherwise saying something incorrectly, forgetting an appointment, etc. By activity: • Accidents during the execution of work or arising out of it are called work accidents. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than 337 million accidents happen on the job each year, resulting, together with occupational diseases, in more than 2.3 million deaths annually. • In contrast, leisure-related accidents are mainly sports injuries. By vehicle • Rail accident • Aviation accidents • Bicycle accidents • Sailing ship accidents • Traffic collisions • Train wrecks • Tram accidents • Industrial Accidents.
  5. 5.  Incidents that fall within the definition of occupational accidents include cases of acute poisoning, attacks by humans and animals, insects etc., slips and falls on pavements or staircases, traffic collisions, and accidents on board means of transportation in the course of work, accidents in airports, stations and so on. Even a minor accident may bring down the morale of workers ,it may lead to the wastage of time of the employees & organization thus leading to a lower production.
  6. 6. PRECAUTIONS  Put formal safety policies and procedures in place.  Communicate your expectations for a safe work environment.  Inspect facilities regularly with a safety coordinator.  Make right tools available so that employees don't have to improvise.  Consider investing in first-aid training or, at the very least, a first aid kit.  Make sure workplace entrances and exits are fully operational and easily accessible.  Most Important “Be Careful.”
  7. 7. • Some employees are more accident prone as compared to others. According to T.W. Harrell, “Accident Proneness is the continuing tendency of a person to have accidents as a result of his stable and persisting characteristics.” • If two individuals are working on similar machines under identical circumstances, one may commit more accidents than the other. The former employee will be called an “accident-prone operator ”.
  8. 8. • Accident proneness is a condition in which a “human being is mentally inclined, strongly disposed , attitudinally addicted or personally destined to become continually involved in an on-going and never-ending series of accidents or injuries”. • Thus, some people may be more often involved in accidents than others. In other words, they are ‘accident- prone’. • They get involved in accidents, muscular weakness, emotional instability, visual disability, recklessness, hostility and indifference. A person who is prone to accident is also known as ‘accident-repeater’.
  9. 9. Accident proneness, also known as clumsiness, is the conception that some people might have predisposition, or that they might be more likely to suffer accidents, such as car crashes and industrial injuries, than other people. Definition of Accident Proneness In other words accident prone refers to anyone who seems to be more susceptible to accidents and injuries than others. This may be due to disability or merely clumsiness.
  10. 10. 3 - KEYS 1) Openness -: This is the tendency to learn from experience and to be open to suggestions from others, but too much openness can increase accident risk. A team of British researchers identified 3 key personality traits of people who are not accident prone which are as follows -:: 2) Dependability -: This is the tendency to be conscientious and socially responsible. 3) Agreeableness -: This is the tendency to be aggressive or self controlled.
  11. 11. Accidents could be measured by Two important measures as given below↓ Frequency Rate And Severity Rate
  12. 12. FÖRMÛ£Æ For Measuring Accident Rates Accident Frequency Rate= (No. of injuries×1,00,000)∕ No. of human hours worked .. Accident Severity Rate= (No. of human day lost time×1,00,000)∕No. of human hours worked ..
  13. 13. Accident Analysis Investigating the causes of an accident or series of accidents so as to prevent further incidents of similar kind is known as “Accident Analysis” . It may be performed by a range of experts, including forensic scientists , forensic engineers or health and safety advisers.
  14. 14. Sequence Accident analysis is performed in four steps:
  15. 15. Fact gathering: After an accident happened, a forensic process starts to gather all possibly relevant facts that may contribute to understanding the accident.
  16. 16. Fact Analysis: After the forensic process has been completed or at least delivered some results, the facts are put together to give a "big picture." The history of the accident is reconstructed and checked for consistency and plausibility.
  17. 17. Conclusion Drawing If the accident history is sufficiently informative , conclusions can be drawn about causation and contributing factors.
  18. 18.  Human Error  Improper Training  Manufacturing Defect  Improper Maintenance  Inherent Hazards  Slip or fall on floors and stair casings  Collision  Some Miscellaneous Causes
  19. 19.  The number of accidents is more in manufacturing industries as compared to service industries.  Mining & construction are considered as risky industries.  The rate of accidents is generally higher in case of employees who are fatigued.
  20. 20.  The frequency of accidents on high speed machines is higher.  The possibility of accidents in case of newly employed workers and young workers is more as compared to experienced workers.  Tension or disturbed state of mind leads to more accidents.

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