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By: Avinash Kumar
2nd year
3rd group

 The intentional putting to death of a person with an
incurable or painful disease intended as an act of
mercy." Active...

 Euthanasia is derived from the Greek word meaning
‘good death’
 During the time of the ancient Greek and Roman
civili...

Types of Euthanasia
 Classification can be of 3 types—
a)Active & Passive
b)Voluntary, Non-voluntary and
Involuntary
c)...

Active euthanasia
Active
Self-administered Other-administered
Assisted Unassisted Voluntary Involuntary
Non-voluntary
ki...

Passive euthanasia
 The patient refuses to take the treatment
that could prevent him/her from dying.
Passive
Purely Oth...

Voluntary euthanasia
 : When the person who
is killed has requested
to be killed.

Non-voluntary euthanasia
 Euthanasia conducted
where the patient is
unconscious is
normally called non-
voluntary

Involuntary euthanasia
Euthanasia conducted against
the will of the
patient is termed involuntary
euthanasia.

Assisted euthanasia
 Someone provides an individual with the
information, guidance, and means to take his or
her own li...

Unassisted euthanasia
When it is a doctor who helps another
person to kill themselves.

Situation in Netherlands
(1st country to legalize euthanasia)
 Under the Penal Code, any
form of assistance to a
person...

Situation in India
 Landmark Case: Aruna
Shanbaug
 As of now, only passive
euthanasia is legal. The court
rejected Act...

Does Right to Life include Right to
Die in India?
 Article 21 of the Indian
Constitution grants its
citizens the Right ...

Continued….
 First time it came for
consideration before
Bombay High Court in
Maruti Shripati Dubal and
struck down sec...

Euthanasia in Pakistan
 Most of the doctors did not
approve of Euthanasia
 Euthanasia is still thought of as a
taboo t...

Euthanasia in China
 Case Of Xia Suwen
-suffered from liver problem
-Wang MingCheng-son
-Dr. Pu Liansheng-doctor
-it to...

Position in US
 Euthanasia is illegal in all states
of the United States.
 Physician Assisted Suicide is
legal in the ...

Some other cases
 Baxter v Montana
 Gonzales v Oregon
 Washington v. Glucksberg
 Karen Ann case
 Terri Schiavo case
End of Presentation
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Euthanasia

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Euthanasia, also known as assisted suicide, physician-assisted suicide (dying) , doctor-assisted dying (suicide) , and more loosely termed mercy killing, basically means to take a deliberate action with the express intention of ending a life to relieve intractable (persistent, unstoppable) suffering.

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Euthanasia

  1. 1. By: Avinash Kumar 2nd year 3rd group
  2. 2.   The intentional putting to death of a person with an incurable or painful disease intended as an act of mercy." Active euthanasia is: A mode of ending life in which the intent is to cause the patient's death in a single act (also called mercy killing). Euthanasia
  3. 3.   Euthanasia is derived from the Greek word meaning ‘good death’  During the time of the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations, euthanasia or ‘mercy killing’ was allowed if and only if the person concerned no longer cared for his own life. Historical Evolution
  4. 4.  Types of Euthanasia  Classification can be of 3 types— a)Active & Passive b)Voluntary, Non-voluntary and Involuntary c)Assisted & Unassisted
  5. 5.  Active euthanasia Active Self-administered Other-administered Assisted Unassisted Voluntary Involuntary Non-voluntary killing a patient by active means, for example, injecting a patient with a lethal dose of a drug. Sometimes it is called “aggressive” euthanasia.
  6. 6.  Passive euthanasia  The patient refuses to take the treatment that could prevent him/her from dying. Passive Purely Other- and Purely Self-decided Self-decided Other-decided Non-voluntary Involuntary
  7. 7.  Voluntary euthanasia  : When the person who is killed has requested to be killed.
  8. 8.  Non-voluntary euthanasia  Euthanasia conducted where the patient is unconscious is normally called non- voluntary
  9. 9.  Involuntary euthanasia Euthanasia conducted against the will of the patient is termed involuntary euthanasia.
  10. 10.  Assisted euthanasia  Someone provides an individual with the information, guidance, and means to take his or her own life with the intention that they will be used for this purpose.
  11. 11.  Unassisted euthanasia When it is a doctor who helps another person to kill themselves.
  12. 12.  Situation in Netherlands (1st country to legalize euthanasia)  Under the Penal Code, any form of assistance to a person in ending his/her life attracts punishments  However, for public policy, the courts have come up with a defence to the charge of voluntary Euthanasia.
  13. 13.  Situation in India  Landmark Case: Aruna Shanbaug  As of now, only passive euthanasia is legal. The court rejected Active Euthanasia.  The court also stated that this decision would become the law of the land till the Parliament enacts an act on Euthanasia.
  14. 14.  Does Right to Life include Right to Die in India?  Article 21 of the Indian Constitution grants its citizens the Right to Live but not the Right to Die.  Inclusion of Right to die under Article 21 will contradict the provision of Indian Penal Code under sec. 309.
  15. 15.  Continued….  First time it came for consideration before Bombay High Court in Maruti Shripati Dubal and struck down section 309 of Indian Penal Code, as unconstitutional. The court said that ‘Right to Life’ includes ‘Right to Die’ if one so desires
  16. 16.  Euthanasia in Pakistan  Most of the doctors did not approve of Euthanasia  Euthanasia is still thought of as a taboo topic in Pakistan.  Active Euthanasia is not allowed by the law in Pakistan but Passive Euthanasia does take place in Pakistan.
  17. 17.  Euthanasia in China  Case Of Xia Suwen -suffered from liver problem -Wang MingCheng-son -Dr. Pu Liansheng-doctor -it took 5 yrs. to deliver this judgment  This case shows change in attitude of people towards death. Chinese people are concerned about this word and avoid mentioning death due to the affection of Confucianism, so there is scarcely any open discussion of death.  Provincial legislature of China has rejected calls to legalize euthanasia saying such a move would be unconstitutional for the right of subsistence which is protected by their Constitution.  In large cities, especially in Beijing, many approve of euthanasia.
  18. 18.  Position in US  Euthanasia is illegal in all states of the United States.  Physician Assisted Suicide is legal in the states of Washington, Oregon and Montana.  The American Political leader Robert Ingersoll had, in 1894, supported ‘assisted suicide’ in case of persons suffering from terminal illness.
  19. 19.  Some other cases  Baxter v Montana  Gonzales v Oregon  Washington v. Glucksberg  Karen Ann case  Terri Schiavo case
  20. 20. End of Presentation

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