The amazon


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The amazon

  1. 1. The Amazon<br />By jsSlugs<br />
  2. 2. Welcome to our project!! Hope you enjoy it !!<br />
  3. 3. Facts on the Amazon<br />The Amazon River is located in South America. It runs through Guyana, Ecuador, Venezuela, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Peru.<br />The length of the Amazon River is approximately 6400 kilometres (4000 miles).<br />During the wet season, the Amazon River can reach over 190 kilometres (120 miles) in width.<br />There are no bridges that cross the Amazon, mostly because there is no need, the majority of the Amazon River runs through rainforests rather than roads or cities.<br />The largest city along the Amazon River is Manaus. Located in Brazil it is home to over 1.7 million people.<br />There are over 3000 known species of fish that live in the Amazon River, with more constantly being discovered.<br />Anacondas lurk in the shallow waters of the Amazon Basin, they are one of the largest snakes in the world and occasionally attack larger animals such as goats that get to close the water.<br />The Amazon River is also home to the piranha, a meat eating type of fish! Being carnivores, piranhas are known to attack in groups, preying on livestock that strays into the water.<br /> <br /> <br />
  4. 4. Layers of the Amazon<br />
  5. 5. Emergent layer<br /> The extreme top portion of the rainforest is called the emergent layer, which comprises tall trees sticking out from the rest of the tree population. These emergent trees form the emergent layer or the top layer of the rainforest and take the beatings from all sorts of bad weather such as scorching heat, wild wind and storm, etc. Since these trees reach great heights with no other layer above them, they have the liberty to spread out their branches and foliage wide enough so that their leaves receive maximum sunlight.Several emergent trees produce seeds with wings, thus, reproduction becomes easier with the help of wind. The emergent layer houses wild life such as capuchin monkeys, macaw, snakes, sloths, birds like hummingbirds and eagles, butterflies, bats, bugs, etc. Since the branches are not very sturdy, heavier animals do not dwell in this emergent layer. This is even better for the animals and birds living there as they can enjoy safe haven away from their nasty predators. <br />
  6. 6. Canopy Layer<br /> Directly beneath the top emergent layer is the canopy layer, which comprises of trees that are about 65 to 130 feet tall. This layer is formed by a thick, dense mesh of branches and leaves that intertwine together to form an umbrella type over the other plants and trees growing on the forest floor. The foliage of trees forming the canopy act as filters and allow only part of the sunlight falling on them to permeate to the lower layers. Because of this the underlying layers only receive flecks of direct sunlight and happen to appear greenish and dim. Similarly the canopy also reduces the intensity of rain to a great extent, thereby preventing heavy rains to fall on the underlying plant layers<br />
  7. 7. Understory Layer<br /> This layer forms the third layer from the top of the rainforest and is a layer comprising of young trees, shrubs, soft-stemmed plants, etc. Since this layer of the rainforest is shielded to a great extent from wind, rain and sunlight by the canopy layer, the plants of this layer appear dark and green. The flora in this layer have large, conspicuous flowers to attract insects to come and suck nectar and in return help in pollination. The insects in this layer are well camouflaged to resemble sticks or leaves. They may even pass off as bird droppings or poisonous animals. Snakes, jaguars, bats, birds, frogs, salamanders, etc. are found dwelling here. <br />
  8. 8. Forest Floor<br /> The final layer of the rainforest is the forest floor, which forms the base of the dense, wet and warm rainforest. This layer is quite dark and dingy, which is quite obvious as one can imagine how much sunlight actually reaches the forest floor after being filtered through three thick layers above. The plant species living here is basically the fungi variety which thrive on dead and decaying matter falling from the trees above. The decomposing flora matter also forms a source of nutrition to insects like beetles, earthworms, scorpions, millipedes, termites, sloths, etc. Jaguars, gorillas, leopards, armadillos, tigers, elephants and scores of other animals dwell on the forest floor. <br />
  9. 9. Gallery<br />