Resilience Research


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Resilience Research

  1. 1. A Study on the Identification of Resilience: How Social Work Students at the University of Wyoming Recognize Resilience in Themselves<br />by<br />Autumn Kiser, MSW Student<br />University of Wyoming<br />
  2. 2. How I Became Interested in the Topic of Resilience<br />In in my life, I have survived many adversities. When I was eight years old, my mother passed away and I was separated from my siblings. I was placed in a family where I was a victim of child abuse. I have lived through suicide attempts, domestic violence, homelessness, poverty, and being single parent in a dehumanizing welfare system. <br />The social workers I encountered in my childhood and young adulthood only focused on what was WRONG with me.<br />
  3. 3. Why I Chose to Study Resilience<br />In my undergraduate work I was trained to assess problems. <br />The assessment skills of professional social workers are often “one-dimensional, preoccupied with deficits and pathology” (Gilligan, 2004, p. 97).<br />When I returned to school to work on a graduate degree, I decided I wanted be a social worker who focuses on capabilities.<br />So I chose to study resilience.<br />
  4. 4. Literature Review<br />Resilience is a key element for succeeding in life (Hage, Romano, Conyne, Kenny, Matthews, Schwartz, & Waldo, 2007). <br />“Every person has the potential to face, overcome, and even grow through adversity” (Baruch & Stutman, 2003, p. 32). <br />
  5. 5. Literature Review<br />Understanding resilience may be a core element in building strengths and resources (Smith, 2006). <br />Social workers’ awareness of resilience could have a positive affect on their involvement with the people they serve (McMurray, Connolly, Preston-Shoot, & Wigley, 2008). <br />On the other hand, a lack of understanding of resilience may have a negative influence on the quality of service provision (McMurray, et al., 2008). <br />
  6. 6. Literature Review<br />Resilient Attributes were defined as naturally occurring characteristics that result in growth subsequent to adverse experiences (Bell, 2001; Connor & Davidson, 2003) <br />Resilient Strengths were considered attainable internal qualities as well as external resources that foster resilience for overcoming adversity (Middlemiss, 2005; Richardson, 2002; Steinhardt, & Dolbier, 2008). <br />
  7. 7. Methodology<br /> Designing an Assessment Instrument <br />Choosing a Target Population<br /> Method of Data Collection <br /> Measures and Variables<br />
  8. 8. Methodology<br />Main Research Question<br />Are social work students aware of resilience concepts and are they able to identify their own resilience?<br />Guiding Principles<br /> UW Social work students’ awareness of resilient attributes within themselves<br /> UW social work students’ perception of resilient strengths in their own life<br /> UW Social work students’ familiarity with resilience concepts<br />
  9. 9. Results<br />Resilient Attributes<br />Frequencies <br />
  10. 10. Results<br />Resilient Strengths<br />
  11. 11. Results<br />Resilient Strengths<br />
  12. 12. Results<br />What is the outcome of Resilience?<br />Resilience Concepts <br />42.9%<br />25.7%<br />31.4%<br />Adjustment following traumatic event(s)<br />
  13. 13. Results<br />Resilience Concepts <br />
  14. 14. Discussion<br />Guiding Principle<br /> UW Social work students’ awareness of resilient attributes within themselves<br />The majority of social work students in this sample were able to identify their own resilient attributes such as being committed, having a sense of humor, as well as having hope, determination, and accountability.<br />
  15. 15. Discussion<br />Guiding Principle<br />  UW social work students’ perception of resilient strengths in their own life<br />Several of social work students in this sample were able to identify resilient strengths such as having a network of support, engaging in self-care, believing in their abilities, plus feeling their life has meaning and is fulfilling.<br />
  16. 16. Discussion<br />Guiding Principle<br />  UW Social work students’ familiarity with resilience concepts<br />Many of the students were fairly familiar with resilience concepts such as fostering resilience through teachable activities and building positive social supports.<br />
  17. 17. Discussion<br />What I learned: <br />The results of the study seemed to indicate that the social work students do indeed have a basic understanding of resilience and are able to identify their own resilience.<br />Another discovery was that social work students seem to have a strong interest in learning about resilience.<br />
  18. 18. Discussion<br />Why I believe this study matters: <br />Much of the literature supports the idea of that fostering resilience can be instrumental in increasing the efficacy of social work practice.<br />Plus, services that are strength-based have the potential for not only benefiting clients but also service providers.<br />
  19. 19. Discussion<br />Why I believe this study matters: <br />“A highly demanding and frantic schedule initiated upon entering graduate school and continued throughout professional training can perpetuate a lifestyle that is imbalanced and consuming” <br />(Valente & Marotta2005, p. 68). <br />Social work practice can be extremely demanding especially for those working for public agencies (Schwartz, Tiamiyu, & Dwyer, 2007). <br />The risk of burnout in the field of social work could be reduced if students were provided opportunities to learn about resilience (Ngai & Cheung, 2009). <br />
  20. 20. Limitations of the Study<br /> Study was conducted during summers session<br /> Low response rate<br /> Many students chose not to participate<br /> Convenience sample was used<br /> The survey was pretested by only one person<br />
  21. 21. References<br />Baruch, R., & Stutman, S. (2003). The yin and yang of resilience. In Grotberg, E. H. (Ed.), Resilience for today: Gaining strength from adversity (pp. 31-52). Westport, CT; Praeger Publishers.<br />Bell, C. C. (2001). Cultivating resiliency in youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 29(5), 375-381.<br />Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R.T. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The Conner-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety, (18), 76–82.<br />Gilligan, R. (2004). Promoting resilience in child and family social work: Issues for social work practice, education and policy. Social Work Education 23(1), 93-104.<br />Hage, S. M., Romano, J. L., Conyne, R. K., Kenny, M., Matthews, C., Schwartz, J. P., & Waldo M. (2007). Best practice guidelines on prevention practice, research, training, and social advocacy for psychologists. The Counseling Psychologist 35(4), 493-566.<br />McMurray, I., Connolly, H., Preston-Shoot, M., & Wigley, V. (2008). Constructing resilience: Social workers’ understandings and practice. Health and Social Care in the Community, 16(3), 299–309. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2524.2008.00778.x<br />Middlemiss, W. (2005). Prevention and intervention: Using resiliency-based multi-setting approaches and a process-orientation. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 22(1), 85-103.<br />Ngai, S. S. Y., & Cheung, C. K. (2009). Idealism, altruism, career orientation, and emotional exhaustion among social work undergraduates. Journal of Social Work Education, 45(1), 105-120.<br />Richardson, G. E. (2002). The metatheory of resilience and resiliency. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58(3), 307-321.<br />Schwartz, R. H., Tiamiyu, M. F., & Dwyer, D. J. (2007). Social worker hope and perceived burnout: The effects of age, years in practice, and setting. Administration in Social Work, 31(4), 103-119<br />Smith E. J. (2006). The strength-based counseling model. The Counseling Psychologist 34(1), 13-79.<br />Steinhardt, M., & Dolbier, C. (2008). Evaluation of a resilience intervention to enhance coping strategies and protective factors and decrease symptomatology. Journal of American College Health, 56(4), 445-553.<br />Valente, V., & Marotta, M. (2005). The impact of yoga on the professional and personal life of the psychotherapist. Contemporary Family Therapy 27(1), 65-80. doi: 10.1007/s10591-004-1971-4<br />