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NHMRC & ARC Perspective on Data Management and Future Directions


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Justin Withers, Director, Policy and Integrity, Australian Research Council, presented at the Research Integrity Advisors Research Data Management Workshop in Hobart, 2017.

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NHMRC & ARC Perspective on Data Management and Future Directions

  1. 1. Research Integrity Advisors Workshop Data management 31 July 2017, Hobart Justin Withers (ARC) Wee-Ming Boon (NHMRC)
  2. 2. Presentation overview • Australian Research Council (ARC) & National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) overview • Open Data: Whole of Government approach • Open Data: ARC and NHMRC requirements • Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  3. 3. ARC and NHMRC Overview NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • The ARC and NHMRC are Commonwealth entities • The ARC’s main responsibilities are: o Providing funding for research through the National Competitive Grants Program (NCGP) o Evaluating the quality of research in universities under the Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) program o Developing an engagement and impact assessment framework o Providing advice on research matters to Government. • The NHMRC’s main responsibilities are: o Fund high quality health and medical research and build research capability o Support the translation of health and medical research into better health outcomes o Promote the highest ethical standards in health and medical research.
  4. 4. 2016-17 Federal Budget - $450.6 billion NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  5. 5. 2016-17 Federal Budget – R&D $10.1 billion NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  6. 6. ARC Funding ARC investment on R&D for 2016-2017 is: • ~$744.4 million • ~7.4% of Commonwealth expenditure on all R&D • research funded is across all disciplines – clinical and medical is primarily supported by the NHMRC NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  7. 7. NHMRC Funding NHMRC expenditure on health and medical research is: • ~$800 million per annum • ~15% of all Australian health R&D • ~10% of Commonwealth expenditure on all R&D NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  8. 8. Open Data Whole of Government Approach NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  9. 9. • 7 December 2015 • Grow the economy, transform policy & improve service delivery by: o Optimising the use and reuse of public data o Collaborating with private and research sectors o Releasing non sensitive data as open by default • Public data: All data collected by government entities. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Australian Govt. Public Data Policy Statement
  10. 10. Australian Government / Sector Initiatives NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Department of Education and Training working group • Developing government strategy for open access to publicly funded publications and data. • National Innovation and Science Agenda to promote innovation through publishing and sharing public data. • Boosting the Commercial Returns from Research agenda to open business and community access to publicly funded publications and data.
  11. 11. • National ICT Australia (NICTA) and CSIRO’s digital research unit merger: Data61 to connect government datasets and release them on open platforms. • to find, access, and reuse Government datasets. • Australia’s First Open Government National Action Plan 2016-18 draft. • Productivity Commission Data availability and use final report. • F.A.I.R Statement NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Australian Government / Sector Initiatives
  12. 12. Australian National Data Service • National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy funding. • Research Data Australia discovery portal that provides access for research organisations, government and cultural institutions. Australian Data Archive • Collection and preservation of digital research data for secondary analysis. • Consistent with ARC data management requirements. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Australian Government / Sector Initiatives
  13. 13. International Developments in Data Management NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  14. 14. International research funders • Data management or sharing plan: National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health (USA), Research Councils, Wellcome Trust (UK). • Retaining research datasets: Canadian Institutes of Health, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Canada). • Provide/specify which repository to use: Economic and Social Research Council, SRC, National Environment Research Council , Medical Research Council, Cancer Research, Wellcome Trust (UK). NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  15. 15. Tools being developed NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC EU Open Access Monitor
  16. 16. Academic publishers “Research data should be made available free of charge to all researchers wherever possible and with minimal reuse restrictions”. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC o Submission of data files with final manuscript o Data sharing service (Figshare)
  17. 17. ARC and NHMRC Data Management Requirements NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  18. 18. Open Data o Types of data produced o Standards and approaches to data management, analysis, archiving, storing, sharing, citation and publication o Funders and publishers are increasing support Open data and data management are dynamic and rapidly evolving NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Open Access & Open Science Open Data Community and researcher benefits
  19. 19. ARC: Open Data NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • The ARC encourages researchers to deposit data arising from research projects in publicly accessible repositories. o Included in ARC funding rules since 2007 o Where researchers are unable to meet this requirement, reasons must be provided in the Final Report. • Recognising the challenges involved in addressing the rapid growth and significant changes occurring in relation to data, the ARC has not mandated open access to research data.
  20. 20. ARC: Data Management • Effective data management is an important part of ensuring open access to publicly funded research data. • The ARC requires researchers to outline how they plan to manage research data arising from ARC-funded research. o Included as part of the NCGP application process since February 2014. • The ARC does not require full, detailed data management plans (such as those required by some funding agencies internationally). • Further information is available at:>Polices and Strategies>Strategy>Research Data Management NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  21. 21. ARC: Data Management Alignment The ARC’s requirement is consistent with: • Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007) • OECD Principles and Guidelines for Access to Research Data from Public Funding (2007) o Guidance on the management of data and primary materials. o Australia, as an OECD member, is expected (not legally bound) to implement the principles and guidelines. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  22. 22. NHMRC: Statement on Data Sharing NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC “NHMRC encourages data sharing and providing access to data and other research outputs (metadata, analysis code, study protocols, study materials and other collected data) arising from NHMRC supported research.”
  23. 23. NHMRC: Principles for accessing and using publicly funded data for health research NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • common set of priorities • encourage communication • understand each other’s roles and responsibilities • optimise data use to benefit all
  24. 24. ARC: Open Access Policy • Revised policy released on 30 June 2017. • Scope remains the same – any Research Output from ARC funded research must be made openly accessible within a twelve (12) month period from the publication date. • Key changes to the policy include: - Research outputs are to be made openly accessible either in an institutional repository or elsewhere - The types of research outputs has been clarified (all outputs not just journal articles and scholarly monographs) - Metadata must be made openly accessible ASAP, but no later than three months from the date of publication of the research output - The need for appropriate licensing of research outputs providing guidance on allowable reuse and access. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  25. 25. NHMRC: Open Access Policy • NHMRC: requires that any publication arising from NHMRC supported research must be deposited into an open access institutional repository and/or made available in another open access format within a twelve (12) month period from the date of publication. (Being reviewed) NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  26. 26. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • Spirit & integrity • Cultural continuity • Equity • Reciprocity • Respect • Responsibility
  27. 27. Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research and Data Management 2007 NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  28. 28. Responsibilities NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Management of research data (section 2) o Institutions: Ownership, data management & access o Researchers: Data management, access and privacy/ethics Dissemination of research (section 4) o Institutions: publication, promotion and communication o Researcher: dissemination and the level of coverage
  29. 29. Review of the Code • Review is to ensure the Code remains practical and relevant in an evolving research sector and landscape, both domestically and internationally. • A principles-based Code with accompanying Better Practice Guides (BPG) is currently being considered. This approach: • allows institutions flexibility in how to apply the principles and responsibilities supporting them • includes adopting an approach that is best suited to their size and internal systems. • designed to be effective across all disciplines. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  30. 30. Data management and the Code NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • A new potentially principles-based Code will specify responsibilities for both institutions and researchers in relation to the management of research data. • A specific BPG on data management is currently under development in consultation with the Australian National Data Service (ANDS). • Input from appropriately experienced individuals within institutions will also be sought.
  31. 31. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • Guide institutions and individuals to: o ensure that sufficient data and materials are retained to justify the outcomes of research o allow for appropriate access to, and use of, data and materials by interested parties, and o maximise the potential value of data and materials for future research. o provide guidance to assist researchers in management of their data. • Public consultation on the BPG will occur later in the year. Data management Better Practice Guide
  32. 32. Thank you! Research Integrity Advisors Workshop Data management 31 July 2017, Hobart Justin Withers (ARC) Wee-Ming Boon (NHMRC)