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ARC NHMRC Perspectives on data management and future direction

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Dr Boon's presentation at the Research Integrity Advisor Data Management workshop in Brisbane 31 March 2017

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ARC NHMRC Perspectives on data management and future direction

  1. 1. Research Integrity Advisors Workshop Data management 31 March 2017, Brisbane Wee-Ming Boon & Justin Withers
  2. 2. Presentation overview • Australian Research Council & National Health and Medical Research Council overview • Data Management Requirements • Research Data Initiatives in Australia • Developments in Data Management • Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  3. 3. ARC and NHMRC Overview • The ARC and NHMRC are Commonwealth entities within the Australian Government. • The ARC’s main responsibilities are: o Providing funding for research through the National Competitive Grants Program (NCGP) o Evaluating the quality of research in universities under the Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) program o Developing an engagement and impact assessment framework o Providing advice on research matters to Government. • The NHMRC’s main responsibilities are to: o fund high quality health and medical research and build research capability o support the translation of health and medical research into better health o outcomes promote the highest ethical standards in health and medical research NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  4. 4. 2016-17 Federal Budget - $450.6 billion NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  5. 5. 2016-17 Federal Budget – R&D $10.1 billion NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  6. 6. ARC Funding • ARC investment on R&D for 2016-2017 is: • ~$744.4 million • ~7.4% of Commonwealth expenditure on all R&D • research funded is across all disciplines – clinical and medical is primarily supported by the NHMRC NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  7. 7. NHMRC Funding • NHMRC expenditure on health and medical research is: • ~$800 million per annum • ~15% of all Australian health R&D • ~10% of Commonwealth expenditure on all R&D NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  8. 8. ARC and NHMRC Data Management Requirements NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  9. 9. Open Data o Types of data produced o Standards and approaches to data management, analysis, archiving, storing, sharing, citation and publication o Funders and publishers are increasing support Open data and data management are dynamic and rapidly evolving NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Open Access & Open Science Open Data Community and researcher benefits
  10. 10. ARC: Open Data NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • The ARC encourages researchers to deposit data arising from research projects in publicly accessible repositories. o Included in ARC funding rules since 2007 o Where researchers are unable to meet this requirement, reasons must be provided in the Final Report. • Recognising the challenges involved in addressing the rapid growth and significant changes occurring in relation to data, the ARC has not mandated open access to research data.
  11. 11. ARC: Data Management • Effective data management is an important part of ensuring open access to publicly funded research data. • The ARC requires researchers to outline how they plan to manage research data arising from ARC-funded research. o Included as part of the NCGP application process since February 2014. • The ARC does not require full, detailed data management plans (such as those required by some funding agencies internationally). • Further information is available at: http://www.arc.gov.au>Polices and Strategies>Strategy>Research Data Management NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  12. 12. ARC: Data Management continued The ARC’s requirement is consistent with: • Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007) • OECD Principles and Guidelines for Access to Research Data from Public Funding (2007) o Guidance on the management of data and primary materials. o Australia, as an OECD member, is expected (not legally bound) to implement the principles and guidelines. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  13. 13. NHMRC: Statement on Data Sharing NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC “NHMRC encourages data sharing and providing access to data and other research outputs (metadata, analysis code, study protocols, study materials and other collected data) arising from NHMRC supported research.”
  14. 14. NHMRC: Principles for accessing and using publicly funded data for health research NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • common set of priorities • encourage communication • understand each other’s roles and responsibilities • optimise data use to benefit all
  15. 15. Open Access Policies: Publications • ARC: any publications arising from ARC supported research Project must be deposited into an open access institutional repository within a twelve (12) month period from the publication date. o Where researchers are unable to meet this requirement, reasons must be provided in the Final Report. • NHMRC: requires that any publication arising from NHMRC supported research must be deposited into an open access institutional repository and/or made available in another open access format within a twelve (12) month period from the date of publication. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  16. 16. Research Data Initiatives in Australia NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  17. 17. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Australian Government initiatives • Boosting the Commercial Returns from Research • National Innovation and Science Agenda initiative for “Promoting innovation through publishing and sharing public data” • Whole-of-government approach to open access • Productivity Commission inquiry into data availability and use
  18. 18. Other initiatives NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • Australian National Data Service (ANDS) • Australian FAIR Access Working Group
  19. 19. International Developments in data management NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  20. 20. International research funders • Data management plan: US National Science Foundation • Data sharing plan: US National Institutes of Health • Full data management plan submitted at application: • US National Science Foundation; RCUK; Wellcome Trust. • Retaining research datasets after the completion of a grant: • Canadian Institute of Health Research; Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. • Repository for datasets – most UK funders provide or specify: • Economic and Social Research Council – UK Data Service • National Environment Research Council data centre • MRC, Cancer Research UK, Wellcome Trust: UK PubMed Central. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  21. 21. Academic publishers • Elsevier o “Research data should be made available free of charge to all researchers wherever possible and with minimal reuse restrictions”. • Wiley o “Research data should be made available free of charge to all researchers wherever possible and with minimal reuse restrictions”. o Submission of data files required with final manuscript o Data sharing service (partnership with figshare) NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  22. 22. EU Open Access Monitor NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  23. 23. Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research and Data Management NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  24. 24. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Background and purpose • The Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (the Code) came into effect in 2007. • ARC, NHMRC and Universities Australia are signatories to the Code. • Comprised of two parts: o Part A describes the principles and practices for encouraging the responsible conduct of research, for institutions and researchers o Part B provides a framework for resolving allegations of breaches of this Code and research misconduct.
  25. 25. Responsibilities NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Management of research data (section 2) o Institutions: Ownership, data management & access o Researchers: Data management, access and privacy/ethics Dissemination of research (section 4) o Institutions: publication, promotion and communication o Researcher: dissemination and the level of coverage
  26. 26. Review of the Code • To ensure the Code remains practical and relevant in an evolving research sector and landscape, both domestically and internationally. • Targeted consultation conducted in late 2015. • Feedback received with broad opinions. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC
  27. 27. Development of principles-based Code and Better Practice Guides (BPG) NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • This approach: o allows institutions flexibility in how to apply the principles and responsibilities supporting them o includes adopting an approach that is best suited to their size and internal systems. o designed to be effective across all disciplines. • Public consultation on the principles-based Code and the first BPG on managing allegations was undertaken from December 2016 to March 2017.
  28. 28. Data management and the Code NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • The principles-based Code will specify responsibilities for both institutions and researchers in relation to the management of research data. • Less details. • BPG development will seek input from appropriately experienced individuals within institutions. • A BPG on data management is currently under development in consultation with the Australian National Data Service (ANDS).
  29. 29. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC • Data Management BPG will complement the Code and guide institutions to: 1. ensure that sufficient data and materials are retained to justify the outcomes of research 2. allow for appropriate access to, and use of, data and materials by interested parties, and 3. maximise the potential value of data and materials for future research. 4. provide guidance to assist researchers in management of their data. Data management and the Code….continued
  30. 30. NHMRC & ARCARC and NHMRC Thank you

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