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Men's Resources Tasmania AGM

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This talk was presented at the Working with Men network meeting held in Hobart as part of Men's Resources Tasmania's 2017 AGM.

It was delivered by Glen Poole, Development Officer of the Australian Men's Health Forum (AMHF) and examines the social determinants that shape men and boys' health and wellbeing in Australia, with a particular focus on boys' education; involved fatherhood; male employment; social isolation and male-friendly services.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Men's Resources Tasmania AGM

  1. 1. By Glen Poole, Development Officer, AMHF The Social Factors that Shape Men’s Health
  2. 2. 2 The peak body for male health in Australia focusing on the social issues that shape men and boys’ health and wellbeing. What is the Australian Men’s Health Forum?
  3. 3. 3 “Those most at risk of premature death and illness include Indigenous males, males from rural and remote areas; those with blue collar backgrounds; males with mental illness; war veterans; gay, transgender and intersex people; males with disabilities; socially isolated and non-English speaking males.” Male health in Australia, a call to action (AMHF position paper 2016) We care about men in all their diversity
  4. 4. 4 500 people a week die prematurely, nearly two thirds are male 1 in 4 males die before they reach 65 (and 1 in 7 females) 7 out of 10 young people who die each year are male 8 people a day die by suicide, six are men and boys 96% of people who die at work are men 73% of people who die in transport accidents are male 4 times more men under 65 die from heart disease than women 100 more men than women die from cancer every week Indigenous males die 10 years younger than Non- Indigenous males 4 times more research funding is given to women’s health 10 Top Male Health Issues Notes: Workplace deaths more than 3 a week; transport accidents nearly 1,000 a year.
  5. 5. 5 What are the social determinants of health?
  6. 6. 6 WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION CANADA The social gradient Income and Income Distribution Early Life Early Childhood Development / Education Social Exclusion Social Exclusion Work Employment and Working Conditions Unemployment Unemployment and Job Security Social Support Social Safety Network Food Food Insecurity Transportation Housing Addiction Health Services Stress Gender, Disability, Race, Aboriginal status What are the social determinants of health?
  7. 7. 7 How significant are the social determinants of health?
  8. 8. ABS 4102.0: Australian Social Trends , Mar 20118 Our health is shaped by history A boy born in Australia in 2013-2015 can expect to live 80.4 years on average 33.2 years longer than a boy born in Australia in the 1880s when the average male life expectancy was 47.2 years
  9. 9. "World Health Statistics 2016: Monitoring health for the SDGs Annex B: tables of health statistics by country, WHO region and globally"9 Our health is shaped by country Male Life Expectancy: 1st: Switzerland 81.3 2nd: Iceland 81.2 3rd: Australia 80.9 10th: New Zealand 80.0 50th: Algeria 73.8 99th: Egypt 68.8 150th: Rwanda 60.9 183rd: Sierra Leone 50.8
  10. 10. OECD Regional Statistics (database) in Regions at a Glance 2016; ABS 3302.0.55.003 - Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2010-2012; ABS 1370.0 - Measures of Australia's Progress, 2010; AIHW The Health of Australian Males 2017 10 Our health is shaped by region and background The difference in life expectancy between the Capital Territory and the Northern Territory is SIX years. The difference in life expectancy between Indigenous and Non- Indigenous Males is over TEN years. The life expectancy gap between men in the highest and lowest socioeconomic groups is FOUR years. The life expectancy gap between men in Major Cities and Very Remote Areas in TWELVE years.
  11. 11. 11 What are the social determinants of health?
  12. 12. 12 Men’s health behaviours and outcomes, are easier to see…. * 7 in 10 men are overweight and obese * 1 in 2 men don’t get enough exercise * 1 in 4 men are lifetime risky drinkers * 1 in 6 men are smokers * 1 in 5 men use illicit drugs in past year * 1 in 2 men have experienced violence * 1 in 2 men have a chronic disease * 1 in 2 men have experienced a mental health problems in their lifetime *Men account for 2 in 3 premature deaths *Men account for 54% of the disease burden
  13. 13. 13 ….than the social factors that shape men’s health Do gender inequities shape men’s poorer health outcomes? Do factors such such as class; race/ethnicity; immigration status and sexual orientation impact males and females in different ways? Are men’s poorer health outcomes shaped by Institutional Inequities?
  14. 14. 14 ….and the Living Conditions that men experience How does the experience of “being a man” shape men’s health outcomes? What role does culture play a role in shaping men’s health? How do services (health care, education, social services) shape men’s health? How do the economy and work environment shape men’s health?
  15. 15. 15 WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION CANADA The social gradient Income and Income Distribution Early Life Early Childhood Development / Education Social Exclusion Social Exclusion Work Employment and Working Conditions Unemployment Unemployment and Job Security Social Support Social Safety Network Food Food Insecurity Transportation Housing Addiction Health Services Stress Gender, Disability, Race, Aboriginal status What are the social determinants of health?
  16. 16. 16 How significant are the social determinants of health?
  17. 17. 17 Boys' Education Fatherhood Work Social Isolation Access to services Some key determinant’s of Australian Men’s Health
  18. 18. 18 SOCIAL FACTORS Why are schools less effective at educating boys? Why do more women go to university? What policies can help close the Gender Education Gap? OUTCOMES/IMPACTS Poorer Education Outcomes = Poorer Health Behaviours & Poorer Wealth & Health LIVING CONDITIONS How can we make education environment more boy- friendly? How do we get more men in the school system? How does boys’ education shape men’s health?
  19. 19. 19 SOCIAL FACTORS How does Government policy shape men and women’s experience of parenting? How well does the family law system support separated fathers? OUTCOMES/IMPACTS Involved Fatherhood = better health outcomes for boys (and girls) and for dads LIVING CONDITIONS How is men’s experience of Fatherhood shaped by culture? How can schools, the health sector and other services promote involved Fatherhood? How does fatherhood shape men’s health?
  20. 20. 20 SOCIAL FACTORS How does “the system” shape men’s experience of work? OUTCOMES/IMPACTS Lack of work impacts men’s health and some types of work and workplaces also have a negative impact men’s health? LIVING CONDITIONS How can we reduce the risks associated with work and the risks associated with being out of work? How does work shape men’s health?
  21. 21. 21 UNEMPLOYMENT impacts Men’s Health more than Women’s Health EMPLOYMENT improves Men’s Health more than Women’s Health DANGER MEN AT WORK Men experience more workplace injuries and deaths HEALTHY WORKPLACES Can be a great vehicle for promoting men’s health Why is work a social determinant of men’s health?
  22. 22. 22 SOCIAL FACTORS How can “the system” promote and social connection and prevent isolation in at risk men? OUTCOMES/IMPACTS Loneliness exacerbates ill health and shortens life expectancies. LIVING CONDITIONS Australian men endure serious loneliness for longer periods than women. Separated men and older men are at high risk. How does social isolation shape men’s health? Don’t be fooled, loneliness affects men too by Dr Roger Patulny, Senior Lecturer at the University of Wollongong, Australia (The Conversation, July 11, 2013 )
  23. 23. 23 SOCIAL FACTORS What are the systemic changes that could make us more effective at promoting men’s health and wellbeing. OUTCOMES/IMPACTS Services are less likely LIVING CONDITIONS What are the cultural factors that make us less effective at helping men and boys? How can we make all services more male-friendly> How does “access to services” shape men’s health?
  24. 24. 24 •Developing our resources and information about the social factors that shape men’s health. •Raising awareness, knowledge and understanding of men and boys’ health issues among politicians, the health sector, the media and the general public. •Building our national network of people concerned about and committed to improving Some key things AMHF is doing…..
  25. 25. 25 •Develop your understanding of the key issues affecting men and boys and the social factors that shape those issues •Be an advocate for men and boys in you organisation, local area and/or state •Sign up for the AMHF newsletter, read it and pass it on to others Some things you can do……
  26. 26. Any questions? Who What When Where Why How
  27. 27. 27 Don’t be a stranger…. Glen Poole Development Officer Australian Men’s Health Forum development@amhf.org.au www.amhf.org.au

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