Growing Tips
Shrubs & Ground Covers
AgapanthusAgapanthus africanus Growing Tips    • Well drained soil    •Tolerant of salt air    • Full sun for optimal bloo...
ArbicolaSchefflera arbicola Growing Tips     • It is commonly grown as an indoor plant     • Popular for its tolerance of ...
Asiatic JasmineJasmine asiaticum Growing Tips    • Full sun to part shade    • Medium tolerance to drought and salt    • I...
African IrisDietes iridioides Growing Tips     • Shade to full sun     • Tolerates poor, dry soils, but does best in a wel...
AzaleaRhododendron spp. Growing Tips    • Partial/full shade    • Moisture requirements are high    • Occasional thinning ...
Burfordi HollyIlex cornuta ‘Burfordi’ Growing Tips     • Full sun to partial shade     • Medium moisture requirements     ...
BouganvilleaBouganvillea spp. Growing Tips     • Full sun to partial shade     • Low moisture requirements     • Does best...
CamelliaCamellia japonica Growing Tips     • Best in part shade     • Medium fertility     • Soil should provide good drai...
Confederate JasmineTrachelospermum jasminoides Growing Tips    •Part shade to full sun    • High fertility    • High pruni...
CoontieZamia floridana Growing Tips    • Native plant    • Full sun to dense shade    • Tolerates various soil types    • ...
CrotonCodiaeum variegatum var. pictum Growing Tips    • Full sun to part shade    • Well-drained soil    • Prune to remove...
DaylillyHemerocallis x. Growing Tips     • Full sun to part shade     • Prefers soil with good drainage     • Tolerates dr...
Golden-DewdropDuranta repens Growing Tips    • Full sun for best flowering    • Endures partial shade    • Tolerates vario...
GardeniaGardenia jasminoides Growing Tips    • Full sun to part shade    • Medium drainage    • Medium to high fertility w...
HibiscusHibiscus spp. Growing Tips     • Full sun to part shade     • Moderate moisture     • Moderate fertility     • Lik...
HollyIlex spp.            Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
American HollyIlex opaca Growing Tips     • Full sun to part shade     • Well-drained soil     • Medium fertility     • Me...
Chinese HollyIlex cornuta Growing Tips     • Full sun to part shade     • Well-drained soil     • Medium fertility     • M...
YauponIlex vomitoria Varieties     • ‘Nana’ – dwarf     • ‘Pendula’ – weeping                             Austin Outdoor |...
Indian HawthorneRaphiolepis indica Growing Tips     • Full sun or shade     • Moderate moisture     • Moderate fertility  ...
Shore JuniperJuniperous conferta Growing Tips     • Full sun or shade     • Low moisture     • Low fertility     • Likes s...
Creeping JuniperJuniperous horizontalis Growing Tips     • Full sun or shade     • Low moisture     • Low fertility     • ...
LantanaLantana X Growing Tips    • Full sun    • Low moisture    • Low fertility    • Most soils suitable    • Very tolera...
Glossy PrivetLigustrum lucidium Growing Tips    • Full sun or partial shade    • Medium moisture    • Medium fertility    ...
Japanese PrivetLigustrum japonicum Growing Tips    • Full sun or partial shade    • Medium moisture    • Medium fertility ...
LoropetalumLoropetalum chinense Growing Tips    • Sun to part shade    • Well-drained soil    • High fertility (acid pH)  ...
Mondo GrassOphiopogon japonicus Growing Tips    • Medium sun to shade    • Soils need good drainage    • Medium fertility ...
Oleander (Regular & Dwarf)Nerium oleander Growing Tips    • Full sun    • Tolerant to most soils    • Medium fertility    ...
PlumbagoPlumbago ‘Imperial Blue’ Growing Tips     • Full sun     • Flowering will be reduced in partial shade     • Surviv...
PittosporumPittosporum tobira Growing Tips     • Sun to shade     • Soils need good drainage     • Medium fertility     • ...
PodocarpusPodocarpus macrophyllus Growing Tips    • Full sun to shade    • Soils need medium drainage and moisture    • Me...
ThryallisThryallis glauca Growing Tips     • Full sun     • Soil types vary     • Medium drainage and moisture     • Mediu...
Sweet ViburnumViburnum odoaratissimum Growing Tips    • Full sun or partial shade    • Tolerant to a wide variety of soils...
Ornamental Grasses
FackahatcheeGrowing Tips    • One of the largest varieties of native ornamental grasses    • Needs annual rejuvenation pru...
FountaingrassPennisetum spp. Growing Tips    • Full sun or partial shade    • Soil types vary    • Medium to low drainage ...
Paspalum quardrifoliumCrown grass Growing Tips    • Full sun or partial shade    • Tolerant to a variety of soil types    ...
SpartinaGrowing Tips    • Full sun    • Tolerant to a wide variety of soil types    • Drought tolerant    • Low fertility ...
Palms
European FanChamaerops humilis Growing Tips    • Full sun to part shade    • Very drought tolerant once established    •Co...
Canary Island Date PalmPhoenix canariensis Growing Tips     • Likes a bright, sunny situation     • Adult specimens are dr...
Phoenix dactylifera ‘Medjool’ Growing Tips    • High light requirements    • High drought tolerance    • High salt toleran...
Phoenix reclinataSenegal Date Palm Growing Tips    • Full sun to part shade    • Tolerates variety of soil types    • Hand...
Phoenix roebeleniiPygmy date palm Growing Tips    • Full sun to part shade    • Needs adequate moisture for best look    •...
PindoButia capitata Growing Tips     • Full sun for best fruiting     • Tolerant of salt air back of strand     • Tolerant...
Lady PalmRhapis excelsa Growing Tips     • Full to part shade     • Not salt tolerant     • Moist and fertile soil     • M...
Queen PalmArecastrum romanzoffianum Growing Tips    • Full sun    • Moderately drought tolerant    • Medium salt tolerance...
Cabbage PalmSable Palmetto Growing Tips     • Full sun or shade     • High moisture when young     • Very high salt tolera...
WashingtoniaWashingtonia robusta Growing Tips    • Full sun    • High drought tolerance    • Moderately tolerant to salt  ...
Learn More!resources.austinoutdoor.com  Creating premier properties. Building lasting relationships.                      ...
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Growing Tips for 48 Different Shrubs, Groundcovers, Grasses and Palms!

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Growing tips for over 40 different types of shrubs, ground covers, grasses and palm trees.

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Growing Tips for 48 Different Shrubs, Groundcovers, Grasses and Palms!

  1. 1. Growing Tips
  2. 2. Shrubs & Ground Covers
  3. 3. AgapanthusAgapanthus africanus Growing Tips • Well drained soil •Tolerant of salt air • Full sun for optimal bloomsPests • Mealy bug • Red spider mite Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  4. 4. ArbicolaSchefflera arbicola Growing Tips • It is commonly grown as an indoor plant • Popular for its tolerance of neglect and poor growing conditions Pests • Scale • Mealybug Varieties • Trinette • Gold Capella • Green Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  5. 5. Asiatic JasmineJasmine asiaticum Growing Tips • Full sun to part shade • Medium tolerance to drought and salt • Is a groundcover that should be mowed to promote uniform growth • Takes most soil typesPests • None Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  6. 6. African IrisDietes iridioides Growing Tips • Shade to full sun • Tolerates poor, dry soils, but does best in a well-drained soil with regular watering during the growing season • Reduce water and fertilize after flowering Pests • None Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  7. 7. AzaleaRhododendron spp. Growing Tips • Partial/full shade • Moisture requirements are high • Occasional thinning • Deadheading will promote more blooms later in the yearPests • Lacebug • Spider mites • Petal blight • Root rot Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  8. 8. Burfordi HollyIlex cornuta ‘Burfordi’ Growing Tips • Full sun to partial shade • Medium moisture requirements • Occasional thinning required • Rapid growth rate • Requires frequent pruning to keep formal shape Pests • Tea scale • Leaf spots • Scale leaf miner • Sooty mold Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  9. 9. BouganvilleaBouganvillea spp. Growing Tips • Full sun to partial shade • Low moisture requirements • Does best under stress • Heavy fertility •Mild tolerance to salt drift Pests • Aphid • Cabbage hopper Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  10. 10. CamelliaCamellia japonica Growing Tips • Best in part shade • Medium fertility • Soil should provide good drainage • Medium moisture requirements • Rapid grower Pests • Scale • Root rot Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  11. 11. Confederate JasmineTrachelospermum jasminoides Growing Tips •Part shade to full sun • High fertility • High pruning • Moderate to rapid grower • High moisture needs •Great vine for screening on fencesPests • Scale • White fly Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  12. 12. CoontieZamia floridana Growing Tips • Native plant • Full sun to dense shade • Tolerates various soil types • Salt drift tolerantPests • Red scale • White fly Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  13. 13. CrotonCodiaeum variegatum var. pictum Growing Tips • Full sun to part shade • Well-drained soil • Prune to remove old and diseased leaves • Mild tolerance to salt drift • Not cold tolerantPests • Scale • Thrips • Mites • Root Rot • Mealybug Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  14. 14. DaylillyHemerocallis x. Growing Tips • Full sun to part shade • Prefers soil with good drainage • Tolerates dry conditions • Remove scrape and shear after flowering Pests • Scale • Caterpillars • Thrips • Aphids • Grasshoppers Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  15. 15. Golden-DewdropDuranta repens Growing Tips • Full sun for best flowering • Endures partial shade • Tolerates various soil types •Can be shaped to a small treePests • Nematodes • Caterpillars • Birds Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  16. 16. GardeniaGardenia jasminoides Growing Tips • Full sun to part shade • Medium drainage • Medium to high fertility with Iron added • Medium pruning • Medium irrigation • Prune lightly after floweringPests • White fly • Nematodes • Mealybug • Thrips • Sooty mold • Lacewings Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  17. 17. HibiscusHibiscus spp. Growing Tips • Full sun to part shade • Moderate moisture • Moderate fertility • Likes slightly acidic soil • Mild salt tolerance • Heavy winter pruning brings blooms & new growth Pests • Aphids • Thrips • Scale • Leaf spot • Nematodes • Mealybug • Mites Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  18. 18. HollyIlex spp. Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  19. 19. American HollyIlex opaca Growing Tips • Full sun to part shade • Well-drained soil • Medium fertility • Medium to high moisture • Pruning needed to maintain balance and central leader • Tolerant of salt air back of dunes Pests • Leaf miner • Tea scale • Spittle bugs Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  20. 20. Chinese HollyIlex cornuta Growing Tips • Full sun to part shade • Well-drained soil • Medium fertility • Medium moisture • Pruning needed to control form • Not salt tolerant on dunes Pests • Tea scale • Spittle bugs Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  21. 21. YauponIlex vomitoria Varieties • ‘Nana’ – dwarf • ‘Pendula’ – weeping Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  22. 22. Indian HawthorneRaphiolepis indica Growing Tips • Full sun or shade • Moderate moisture • Moderate fertility • Likes slightly alkaline soil • Tolerant to salt drift • Minimal pruning Pests • Scale • Leaf spot Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  23. 23. Shore JuniperJuniperous conferta Growing Tips • Full sun or shade • Low moisture • Low fertility • Likes slightly alkaline soil • Tolerant to moderate salt spray Pests • Red spider mites • Blight Varieties • ‘Blue Pacific’ • ‘Compacta’ Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  24. 24. Creeping JuniperJuniperous horizontalis Growing Tips • Full sun or shade • Low moisture • Low fertility • Likes slightly alkaline soil • Tolerant to salt drift • No pruning Pests • Bagworm Varieties • ‘Blue Rug’ Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  25. 25. LantanaLantana X Growing Tips • Full sun • Low moisture • Low fertility • Most soils suitable • Very tolerant to salt spray • Pruning lowPests • Mites • MealybugVarieties • Anne Marie & Gold Mound Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  26. 26. Glossy PrivetLigustrum lucidium Growing Tips • Full sun or partial shade • Medium moisture • Medium fertility • Most soils suitablePests • White flies • Scale Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  27. 27. Japanese PrivetLigustrum japonicum Growing Tips • Full sun or partial shade • Medium moisture • Medium fertility • Most soils suitable • Not tolerant to salt • High level of pruning required – pocket pruning advantageousPests • White flies • Scale Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  28. 28. LoropetalumLoropetalum chinense Growing Tips • Sun to part shade • Well-drained soil • High fertility (acid pH) • Low salt tolerance • Moderate level of pruningPests • Mites Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  29. 29. Mondo GrassOphiopogon japonicus Growing Tips • Medium sun to shade • Soils need good drainage • Medium fertility • Medium drainage • Pruning may be done in Feb – cut tops to within 1” of ground with shearPests • ScaleVarieties • ‘Nana’ • Standard Mondograss Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  30. 30. Oleander (Regular & Dwarf)Nerium oleander Growing Tips • Full sun • Tolerant to most soils • Medium fertility • Medium drainage • Very tolerant to salt • Pruning may be done early to late springPests • Scale • Oleander caterpillar • Witches’ broom • Mushroom root rot Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  31. 31. PlumbagoPlumbago ‘Imperial Blue’ Growing Tips • Full sun • Flowering will be reduced in partial shade • Survives with little moisture once established • Considered moderately drought tolerant • Low level of pruning is needed to ensure consistent blooming Pests • Scale • Mites • Cottony cushion Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  32. 32. PittosporumPittosporum tobira Growing Tips • Sun to shade • Soils need good drainage • Medium fertility • Very tolerant to salt • Pruning must be started when young Pests • Scale • Leaf spot • Root rot • Nematodes Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  33. 33. PodocarpusPodocarpus macrophyllus Growing Tips • Full sun to shade • Soils need medium drainage and moisture • Medium fertility • Very tolerant to salt • Pruning – easily shaped to many forms, typically used as hedges or plant screening, very upright in growth habitPests • Tea scale • Sooty mold Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  34. 34. ThryallisThryallis glauca Growing Tips • Full sun • Soil types vary • Medium drainage and moisture • Medium fertility • Can experience freeze damage • Pruning – very little maintenance required, typically used in natural, free-form setting, some rejuvenational pruning required Pests • Freeze Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  35. 35. Sweet ViburnumViburnum odoaratissimum Growing Tips • Full sun or partial shade • Tolerant to a wide variety of soils • Drought tolerant once established • Medium fertility required • Pruning – typically used as formal hedge or large plant screen, if used as a hedge it will require a heavy amount of pruningPests • Sooty mold • Aphids • Thrips • White fly • Mites • Sooty mold • Stem canker Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  36. 36. Ornamental Grasses
  37. 37. FackahatcheeGrowing Tips • One of the largest varieties of native ornamental grasses • Needs annual rejuvenation pruning • Best used in large masses or incorporated into natural settings Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  38. 38. FountaingrassPennisetum spp. Growing Tips • Full sun or partial shade • Soil types vary • Medium to low drainage • Low moisture • Medium fertility • Not cold tolerantPests • NoneVarieties • Red & white Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  39. 39. Paspalum quardrifoliumCrown grass Growing Tips • Full sun or partial shade • Tolerant to a variety of soil types • Low fertility • Pruning –annual hard pruning requiredPests • None Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  40. 40. SpartinaGrowing Tips • Full sun • Tolerant to a wide variety of soil types • Drought tolerant • Low fertility • Salt tolerant • Pruning – requires hard pruning every 2 yearsPests • Round up Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  41. 41. Palms
  42. 42. European FanChamaerops humilis Growing Tips • Full sun to part shade • Very drought tolerant once established •Cold tolerant to 5 F • Medium to high fertility • Tolerates a variety of well drained soils • Poor tolerance to saltPests • None Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  43. 43. Canary Island Date PalmPhoenix canariensis Growing Tips • Likes a bright, sunny situation • Adult specimens are drought resistant • Water young plants for healthy look and fastest growth • Frost tolerant – can survive 28 F • Tolerant of salt back from frontline dunes • Prefers well-drained soil Pests • Leaf spot • Palm weevil Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  44. 44. Phoenix dactylifera ‘Medjool’ Growing Tips • High light requirements • High drought tolerance • High salt tolerance • High wind tolerance • Medium to high soil requirements • Adaptable moisture tolerancePests • Leaf spotNote • This palm is also susceptible to lethal yellowing disease and should not be planted where other palms are suffering from this always fatal disease. Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  45. 45. Phoenix reclinataSenegal Date Palm Growing Tips • Full sun to part shade • Tolerates variety of soil types • Handles wet feet • Moderately salt tolerant • Good moisture tolerancePests • Leaf spot Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  46. 46. Phoenix roebeleniiPygmy date palm Growing Tips • Full sun to part shade • Needs adequate moisture for best look • Some drought tolerance when mature • Mild salt tolerance • Well-drained, fertile soil • Moderate nutritional requirementsPests • Leaf spot • Scale • Caterpillars Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  47. 47. PindoButia capitata Growing Tips • Full sun for best fruiting • Tolerant of salt air back of strand • Tolerant of varying soil types in Florida • Moderate to high fertility • Pruning – prune back close to trunk Pests • Palm leaf skeltonizer Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  48. 48. Lady PalmRhapis excelsa Growing Tips • Full to part shade • Not salt tolerant • Moist and fertile soil • Moderate to high fertilizer • Prone to Magnesium deficiencies Pests • Scale • Caterpillars Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  49. 49. Queen PalmArecastrum romanzoffianum Growing Tips • Full sun • Moderately drought tolerant • Medium salt tolerance • Slightly acidic, well-drained soil • Subject to Magnesium and Potassium deficiencyPests • Scale Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  50. 50. Cabbage PalmSable Palmetto Growing Tips • Full sun or shade • High moisture when young • Very high salt tolerance • Extremely tolerant of varying soil conditions • Fertilize in March, June and October Pests • Palm leaf skeletonizer • Palmetto weevil Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  51. 51. WashingtoniaWashingtonia robusta Growing Tips • Full sun • High drought tolerance • Moderately tolerant to salt • Widely adaptable to soilsPests • Scales • Palmetto weevils • Bud rot (when over-watered) Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips
  52. 52. Learn More!resources.austinoutdoor.com Creating premier properties. Building lasting relationships. Austin Outdoor | Growing Tips

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