Sandridge Railway Trail


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Sandridge Railway Trail

  1. 1. SANDRIDGERAILWAY TRAILFollow the route of Australia’sfirst steam railway, still evident after150 years, and discover the earlyheart of Melbourne. A self guidedwalking and light rail trail fromFlinders Street Station to Sandridge,now known as Port Melbourne. RAILW AN E ATVICTORI AY 150 EBR CEL S RS Y Y EA AR A S NN IVER
  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONTHE TRAIL You can follow the entire trail SERVICESThe Sandridge Railway on foot via Flinders Walk Tram Services on weekendsopened in 1854 to serve and the Sandridge Light Rail are every 10-12 minutes,what was then Australia’s Trail which are both marked except before 11am on on the map below. Sundays when they run everybusiest shipping port. The terrain is flat following 30 minutes. On weekdaysThis trail follows the original a formed path with just a few trams run every 8 minutestrain route from Flinders stairs as marked. and every 4 minutes duringStreet Station to Port DISABLED ACCESS peak periods. (The tramMelbourne. Made up of three Wheelchair users can follow journey from Spencer Streetsections, this trail involvesa walk, a tram ride, and an the trail from the start by to Port Melbourne on theopportunity to explore. proceeding along Swanston 109 is within Zone 1). For Street, and down Flinders further information call1 Walk from Princes Bridge Street to join Flinders Walk METLINK on 131 638 or visitin the city to Spencer Street. at Queens Bridge. All the Ride on the light rail 109 trams are wheelchairtram, route 109 from Spencer TIME REQUIRED friendly but must be joinedStreet along the former The Flinders Walk section at stop 125A just pastSandridge railway line to takes approximately 15 Clarendon Street orPort Melbourne. minutes and the tram section alternately at the corner of around 10 minutes. Spending 3 Explore the waterfront Swanston and Collins Streets. approximately half an hour atarea of Beacon Cove and the Port Melbourne end thePort Melbourne. entire return journey takes Y MELBOURNE one and a half to two hours. A CONCERT HALL R R A E G SOUTHBANK BRID CES START HERE PRIN R STEPS FL I V SO UT FEDERATION SQUARE 1 IN DE E R HB AN K RS ET PR OM GE STRE W AL ID EN K T BR AD E OO N FLINDERS STREET F NSTO STATION SANDRIDGE RAILWAY BRIDGE SWA ST PAULS CATHEDRAL BANANA YOUNG AND FLIND ALLEY JACKSON ERS T TREE ETH S B ELIZA REET EET N ST IMMIGR T STR MUSEUM QUEE KE MELBOURNE MAR
  3. 3. 1 WALK FROM PRINCES BRIDGE TO SPENCER STREET The trail begins on the After a hump in the path, shipping. The first customs river side of Flinders Street where the former Elizabeth house was built in Flinders Station where it meets Street Creek joins the Yarra, Street in 1840. It was rebuilt Princes Bridge. Take the you will pass under the foot in 1876 and is now the bridge to view the long, grey Immigration Museum. Sandridge Railway Bridge. It crosses the Yarra where a rocky waterfall once provided a dividing line between fresh and salt water, and also a barrier preventing ship SANDSTONE ENTRANCE TO access further upstream. FLINDERS WALK SANDRIDGE RAILWAY BRIDGE In 1835 John Fawkner, bluestone steps down to one of Melbourne’s The present Sandridge Flinders Walk which follows founding fathers, landed Railway Bridge was the the platform where the just below the waterfall third structure to carry the Sandridge trains once with his settlement party railway line over the river. pulled in. Note this platform in the ‘Enterprize’. Then in Built by David Munro & Co, has retained its name 1837 Queens Wharf was and opened in 1888, it was ‘Melbourne’, the name of established nearby. There the first railway bridge in the Hobson Bay Railway was a natural deep pool Victoria to use steel girders. Co’s original terminus. below the falls that provided It is to be redeveloped as a an ideal anchorage and cycle and pedestrian link. was later widened to form a turning basin for larger EET N STR ENDO KINGS WAY CLAR MELBOURNE FLINDERS STREET FORMER 125 PLATFORM SIGN SANDRIDGE LINE TEA HOUSE 124B CROWN COMPLEX GE RID RAILWAY VIADUCT 124A SB EN E IDG E QU BR STEPS TURNING BASIN G KIN FORMER QUEEN’S WHARF HELIPAD MELBOURNE AQUARIUM BATMAN PARK Y A ENTERPRIZE PARK R RRATION M 2 MELBOURNE T 124 TREE CONVENTION QUEEN’S WHARF ROAD STRE CENTRE ET IAM S WILL ET STRE SPENCER STREET KING TRAM 109 TO BOX HILL
  4. 4. Cross the road at Queens Bridge then Queens Wharf Road (watch for trams). You’ll see five huge figureheads reminding us this was formerly Queens Wharf and the turning basin, now BANANA ALLEY IMMIGRATION MUSEUM (FORMER flanked by Enterprize Park. CUSTOMS HOUSE) On your right you’ll pass Overhead to your right is the The museum is hosting an the Banana Alley vaults railway viaduct from Flinders exhibition about Station Pier (1891-92). Originally known Street to Spencer Street. (the original end of the as the Viaduct Buildings, First built during 1888-91 Sandridge Railway), entitled the vaults contained a and duplicated in 1913-15, ‘Station Pier – Gateway to a banana store and numerous the viaduct provided the New Life’, from October 2004 produce agents. final link in Victoria’s railway till September 2005. At the end of the vaults is network joining all lines Follow the riverbank around Queens Bridge. If you look to the east, west and north the Aquarium, cross King back to Sandridge Bridge of Melbourne. Street and proceed through you can see how abruptly Behind the viaduct on the Batman Park (Batman was it terminates, making way far side of Flinders Street another of Melbourne’s for the city’s more recent you can just see the large founding fathers), to the tram developments – Southbank classically designed former stop No.124 in Spencer Street. and Crown. Customs House – now the Here you can join the 109 Immigration Museum. tram to Port Melbourne. ET STRE ARS WE FERR MONTA ST GA TE 125A GLADSTONE STREET 12 NO RM SOUTHBANK TRAM DEPOT AN FR BY EEMELBOURNE EXHIBITION CENTRE WA Y ROAD MONTAGUE POLLY WOODSIDER A R IV E R WALK TRAIL LIGHT RAIL (ON TRAM TRACK) LIGHT RAIL (ON ORIGINAL RAIL LINE)
  5. 5. 2 RIDE FROM SPENCER STREET TO PORT MELBOURNE Joining the tram you’ll cross On the right is the Just past Montague the the river then pass the red Southbank Tram Depot, tram follows the middle of brick Tea House on your where a collection of early the Railway Reserve, which right, a survivor of the Melbourne trams, including here retains it original historic 19th century stores the Restaurant Tram, is 100m width. Locals initially and warehouses in this area. usually on show. The tram used the ‘long paddocks’ The tram turns right off then stops at the former each side of the railway Clarendon Street and joins Montague, North Port and tracks for grazing livestock. the route of the original Graham railway stations The borough council later Sandridge Railway line. before terminating at Port turned the paddocks into Soon the tracks pass over Melbourne. ornamental gardens. They the original railway ballast Montague, North Port and are now landscaped all the and under overhead railway Graham stops all retain way to Port Melbourne. stanchions installed when the red brick and bluestone the railway was converted and asphalt ‘platforms’ from steam to electric more commonly associated traction in 1919. with their earlier railway station identity. The Port Melbourne railway station is still intact. ROUTE 109 FEATURING RAILWAY BALLAST AND STANCHIONS STREET STREET STREETAGUE NORTH PORT STATION RAILWAY26 127 WOODGATE STREET EVANS BOUNDARY RAGLAN INGLES 125 126 0 METRES OPTIONAL WALKING LIGHT RAIL TRAM STOP TRAM (STATION) WHEELCHAIR TOILETS ROUTE TO TO BOX HILL STOP ACCESS PORT MELBOURNE
  6. 6. 3 EXPLORE THE PORT MELBOURNE AREA The tram crosses Beach Facing Rouse Street the Street ‘pulling in’ alongside former Swallow and Ariell the Port Melbourne station. Steam Biscuit Manufactuary, now residential apartments, commenced manufacturing ‘ships biscuits’ here in 1854, the year the railway opened. CENTENARY BRIDGE COLUMN which carried traffic over the pier railway sidings. LIGHT RAIL TRAM PULLING INTO PORT MELBOURNE STATION It was demolished in 1991. Station Pier is still a busy You can explore the area place hosting some twenty behind Beach Street and international cruise liners Beacon Cove to discover SWALLOW AND ARIELL BUILDING each summer, visiting naval the new face of Port Strategically located near ships and the daily Bass Melbourne, especially the Sandridge wharfs it Strait ferry. along Bay Street, Stokes was the first industrial Going home you can catch Street and Rouse Street. establishment of its kind a tram back or walk all or in Victoria. some of the trail, from Port East along Beach Street Melbourne. However if you there is a relic of the 1934 have time, you might like ROUS Victorian Centenary Bridge, ES PORT MELBOURNE REET ES ST PRINC STREET GRAHAM STREETY RESERVE 128 STREET GRAHAM STREET BRIDGE SANDRIDGE LIGHT RAIL TRAIL – SOUTHBANK TO PORT MELBOURNE 250 500 S E W N
  7. 7. to walk to Beacon Vista (see Produced by Museum Victoria map) to see the ‘leading Designed by Heine Jones Design light’ beacons erected All PROV images reproduced with the permission of the Keeper of Public Records, in 1924. These were to Public Record Office Victoria, Australia guide ships approaching ©State of Victoria the pier. From Beacon Vista All contemporary images provided you can see how they ‘line by Justin Francis, Museum Victoria up.’ From there you can Funded by the Victorian Government walk through the park back Supported by Yarra Trams to Graham light rail stop. LEADING LIGHT BEACONS BEAC H ST REET STATION PIER FORMER SWALLOWSTRE AND ARIELL FACTORY ET STATION PIER CUSTOMS GATE PORT MELBOURNE WATERFRONT PLACE BEAC HOBSON’S BAY H 129 3 LIGHT BEACON ST RE E T ET BEACON COVE STRE LOW SWAL MORL B O EY ST A R D W REET A LK TA PRINCES PIER THE VIS CR ES CE NT ON AC BE LIGHT BEACON
  9. 9. BACKGROUND RAILWAY However, by 1861, the DEVELOPMENT Sandridge Railway wasIn 1852, just one year carrying over half aafter the Victorian Following the opening million passengers andgold rushes began, of the Sandridge line, 150,000 tons of freightVictoria’s population Victoria entered a long annually. In 1865, itwas exploding. Each railway boom. In 1857 merged with Melbourne’sweek dozens of ships the Hobson’s Bay Co remaining private railwaywere dropping anchor in built a branch line to companies forming theHobson’s Bay offloading St Kilda. It was soon Melbourne & Hobsonsthousands of diggers Bay United Railwayand hundred of tons of Company. In 1878,cargo onto the beach at this new company wasSandridge. inturn taken over byAs the Yarra River was the Victorian Railwaystoo narrow and shallow Department, becomingfor larger ships to pass part of a 1,600 kilometreupstream, merchants SAILING SHIPS AT SANDRIDGE PIER network of railways MUSEUM VICTORIAand diggers were left to radiating from huge sums to catch joined by further private Railways had become aa cart or a ferry to carry railways to Hawthorn, great catalyst for economictheir luggage and goods Brighton, Essendon and progress, carrying overto Melbourne. Geelong. With the five million passengerEntrepreneurs sawan opportunity totake people and goodsdirect from Sandridgeto the city and formedthe Hobson’s BayRailway Company. Thegovernment set aside arailway reserve, whichstarting from SandridgeBeach, curved initiallynorth-eastwards beforerunning in a direct lineto the city. It crossedthe Yarra River nearQueen Street to endat what was to become exception of the journeys and a millionFlinders Street Station. Sandridge line, none tons of freight a year –Construction of the of these railways from imports to locallyrailway commenced were profitable and it manufactured goods andin early 1853 and was fell to the Victorian farm produce. Withincompleted in 18 months Government to continue the next two decades theat a cost of £388,000. railway development. Victorian Railway system would treble in size.
  10. 10. SOCIAL IMPACT Sandridge Railway THE FIRST TRAIN continued to serve theThe Sandridge line On the morning of Port Melbourne piershad a social as well as 12 September 1854, for over 120 yearsan economic impact. thousands, including but, with the declineThousands of troops officials in top hats andtravelled the line to of immigration by sea stove pipe trousers andsail from Station Pier after 1970 and the colourful crinolined(formerly Railway Pier) move to containerised ladies assembled alongand Princes Pier for cargo handling, the Flinders Street and thethe First World War importance of the railway route, to witnessbattlefields. Later, at railway declined. It Melbourne’s first steamthe conclusion of the became a local passenger train. The Lieutenant-Second World War, the service and was Governor Charles Hothamline carried thousands converted to light-rail and Lady Hotham wereof displaced persons and tram operation in 1987. presented with copies ofassisted immigrants the train’s timetable andfrom Europe and Britain the company’s by-lawsto start a new life in printed on silk.Melbourne and beyond. Behind a small locally-The one-millionth made engine were twoAustralian post-war first class carriages formigrant arrived at dignitaries, one secondStation Pier in 1955. class carriage for other guests and an open wagon carrying a regimental band. At precisely 12:20 pm, amid clouds of smoke, steam, showers of sparks and much tooting of the whistle, the train pulled out, completing the 2 mile (4.5 km) journey in just 10 minutes. The press happily observed that the first railway journey inTHE CITY OF MELBOURNE 1855 AustraliaN. WHITTOCK (HIGHLIGHTINGTHE SANDRIDGE RAILWAY) had beenLA TROBE PICTURE COLLECTIONSTATE LIBRARY OF VICTORIA accomplished without loss of life, limb or luggage! COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL (1914) MARKING THE 60TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE OPENING OF AUSTRALIA’S FIRST RAILWAY PHOTOGRAPHER JON AUGIER MUSEUM VICTORIA
  11. 11. EARLY then North Sandridge DEVELOPMENT (1867) before adopting ALONG THE its present name. By LINE the 1870s it was in a well settled residentialWhen the Montague area, with the LordStreet Station was Raglan Hotel (1864)opened (1883) it and numerous local PORT MELBOURNE STATION ABOUTserviced a residential 1890 (DETAIL) tradespeople and shops. PROV 12800/PI H2820neighbourhood which Further away from the their way home or to thehad a few shops, the station there were mostly North Port Station.Golden Fleece Hotel,State School No. 2784 empty mud flats except South of the station the for the recreation reserve original Port Melbourne (1874) and Kitchen’s loco depot was retained Soap and Candle Works by the Victorian in Ingles Street. Beyond Railways until 1888 Kitchen’s Soap Works when a new depot there was an abattoir, was built at North several boiling-down Melbourne and the old works, and manure and site was demolishedFLINDERS STREET STATION IN 1854LOOKING WEST (DETAIL) glue factories. for housing.DRAWING BY S.T. GILLPROV 12800/PI H4402 The recreation reserve Just past Graham(1886) in Montague was the home of station is the GrahamStreet and St Barnabas the formidable Port Street overpass, builtAnglican Church (1878). Melbourne Football Club. to avoid the bottleneck A win on Saturday was caused by rail traffic.Just north of the station good for business at localwas the Montague hotels as barrackers maderailway shipping andcustoms shed (c.1919).It was used for holdingcargo railed up fromStation Pier. The shedlater fell into disuse andwas demolished for theSouthbank Tram Depot.The next station, NorthPort was first namedRaglan Street (1859),
  12. 12. SANDRIDGE Queenscliff and other AND PORT destinations around MELBOURNE Port Phillip Bay. The ‘Bay’ steamers docked atThe Port Melbourne two wing piers, one ofrailway station building which still exists. After(1890) is a neatly 1945 Station Pier andconstructed suburban railway was kept busyred brick station, listed receiving boatloads ofon the Victorian immigrants.Heritage Register.When the railwayopened in 1854 it ranbeyond Port MelbourneStation onto RailwayPier, which extended500m out into the deep-water of Hobson’s Bay.The large Station Pierwas rebuilt between1922 and 1930.Both piers handled cargoships, passenger shipsand a fleet of excursionsteamers that operatedtrips to Sorrento, COVER FORMER PIER SHUNTING LOCO FROM SANDRIDGE RAILWAY PIER (DETAIL) PROV 12800/PI H1672 DISPLACED PERSONS ON BOARD A TRAIN FROM PORT MELBOURNE TO BONEGILLA 1947 (DETAIL) THE DEPARTMENT OF IMMIGRATION AND MULTICULTURAL AFFAIRS